Ana S. Ramirez

Ana S. Ramirez
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | ULPGC · Department of Animal Pathology, Animal Production, and Food Science and Technology

PhD

About

117
Publications
10,236
Reads
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816
Citations
Citations since 2016
19 Research Items
449 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - present
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg) is a highly contagious avian pathogen responsible for significant economic losses for the poultry industry. In some circumstances, antimicrobial treatment is useful to contain clinical signs of Mg infection in birds. However, antimicrobial resistance emergence is now common among animal pathogens, becoming a worldwide...
Article
Full-text available
Acholeplasma (A.) laidlawii is an opportunistic pathogen with the ability to disseminate resistance determinants to antibiotics; however, its resistance to macrolides has been less studied. The aim of the present study was to characterize the mechanisms responsible for the resistance to macrolides, tiamulin and lincomycin found in a strain of A. la...
Article
Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) is a leading cause of human community-acquired pneumonia. To investigate the pathogenesis of the infection, 36 gerbils were intranasally inoculated with Mp culture (30 animals) or sterile mycoplasma broth (6 animals) and euthanized from 1 to 5 weeks post infection. A morphological and immunohistochemical study was carried...
Article
Background: MDR bacterial infections are currently a serious problem for clinicians worldwide. Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter spp., among Enterobacteriaceae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are part of the group of ESCAPE pathogens or bacteria that 'escape' from common antibacterial treatments. The lack of effectiveness of the first common lin...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mycoplasma (M.) hyopneumoniae, M. hyorhinis and M. hyosynoviae are significant pathogens for the porcine industry worldwide. The aim of the present study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of six key antimicrobials (tylosin, tilmicosin, tylvalosin, lincomycin, tiamulin and valnemulin) routinely used for treating infectio...
Article
Full-text available
Kudoid myxozoans have been reported causing serious chronic problems in marine fisheries, by reducing the market value of infected fish through pathological damage to the host musculature. We report here the overall prevalence of a Kudoa species in 84/277 (30.3%) fishes from 20 different species of high commercial value captured between October 201...
Poster
Full-text available
Kudoid Myxozoans and Microsporidia have been reported causing serious problems in fisheries with significant economic losses, not only by mortality, by causing deformities and white tumor-like lesions in muscle and peritoneum, which reduces its market value. In Canary islands, there is no knowledge about the epidemiology of fish parasites, if they...
Article
The consensus of the members of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes' Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Mollicutes is that recently proposed sweeping changes to nomenclature of members of the Mycoplasmatales, specifically involving introduction of the names Malacoplasma gen. nov., Mesomycoplasma gen. nov., Metamycoplasma gen. nov...
Article
In veterinary diagnostic laboratories identification of mycoplasmas is achieved by demanding, cost-intensive and time-consuming methods that rely on antigenic or genetic identification. Since MALDI-ToF MS seems to represent a promising alternative to the currently practiced cumbersome diagnostics we assessed its applicability for the identification...
Article
Two moderately halophilic and psychrotolerant new Mycoplasma species were isolated from common cephalopods. Three strains were isolated in pure culture from two individual European flying squid (Todarodes sagittatus), and two individual octopuses (Octopus vulgaris). The strains showed optimal growth at 25 °C and a salinity of 3% (w/v) NaCl. Molecul...
Article
A mycoplasma isolated from the liver of a dead Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) and designated strain 56A97T, was investigated to determine its taxonomic status. Complete 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the organism was most closely related to Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma imitans(99.7 and 99.9 % similarity, respecti...
Article
Full-text available
Background Mollicutes detection can be cumbersome due to their slow growth in vitro. For this reason, the use of DNA based on generic molecular tests represents an alternative for rapid, sensitive and specific detection of these microorganism. For this reason, six previously described nucleic acid testing assays were compared to evaluate their abil...
Article
Phytoplasmas and mycoplasmas are bacteria belonging to the class Mollicutes. In this study, a fine tuning of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) with a universal mycoplasma primer pair (GPO3F/MGSO) targeting the 16S rRNA gene was carried out on phytoplasmas. The dissociation curves of DNAs from Catharanthus roseus phytoplasma-infected mic...
Article
Mycoplasma synoviae (Ms) is considered to be an economically important poultry pathogen. Although the full economic costs of infection in layer chickens are still under debate, the prevalence of Ms is known to be high in some countries and earlier reports have shown a correlation between infection and Eggshell Apex Abnormality (EAA). This work is a...
Article
Full-text available
The role of wild birds in the transmission and spread of mycoplasmas is not clear. Up to now different Mycoplasma species have been isolated from wild birds many of which are not considered pathogens sensu stricto for domestic flocks. This report describes the first isolation of Mycoplasma synoviae in a captive lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor)...
Article
The pathogenesis and persistence of Mycoplasma bovis (Mb) infection of the respiratory tract is incompletely understood. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is overexpressed during inflammatory responses by different cell types in the lung. This study evaluated COX-2 expression immunohistochemically in the inflammatory lesions of calves with naturally occurring...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is involved in the porcine enzootic pneumonia and respiratory disease complex; therefore, the search for new treatment options that contribute to the control of this organism is relevant. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal bactericidal concentrations of tylvalosin and 19 other antimicrobial agents agai...
Article
Full-text available
In scientific literature, a small amount of information is found concerning mycoplasmosis in camel species. Mycoplasma (M.) arginini, Acholeplasma (A.) laidlawii, and Acholeplasma oculi have been reported to be isolated from these host species. Serologically positive results have been reported for Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC type, Mycopl...
Article
Full-text available
The methanol extracts of leaf skins and flowers of Aloe vera from the Canary Islands were analyzed for their phenolic profiles and screened for their antioxidant and antimycoplasmic activities. The use of reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) allowed the identification of 18 phenolic constituents. Leaf skin extracts were c...
Article
Mycoplasma iowae is primarily a pathogen of turkeys and, although uncommon, it still persists in some areas of the world, where it may cause embryo mortality and leg lesions. A species-specific diagnostic polymerase chain reaction was developed using a forward primer based in the intergenic spacer region between the 16S rRNA and the 23S rRNA riboso...
Article
Full-text available
Six strains with the typical characteristics of mycoplasmas were isolated from the tracheae of six Canarian Egyptian vultures (Neophron percnopterus majorensis). The results of biochemical, serological and molecular genetic studies showed that the isolates were nearly identical and that they could be considered as representing a novel species of th...
Article
Full-text available
M. hyorhinis is considered one of the etiological agents of arthritis in sucking pigs, but recently as seen, some strains can produce pneumonia that could not be distinguished from the mycoplasmosis caused by M. hyopneumoniae. The study was conducted to research the presence of Mycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis ) in different regions of the countr...
Article
Full-text available
M. hyorhinis is considered one of the etiological agents of arthritis in sucking pigs, but recently as seen, some strains can produce pneumonia that could not be distinguished from the mycoplasmosis caused by M. hyopneumoniae. The study was conducted to research the presence of Mycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis ) in different regions of the countr...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasma synoviae has been associated with economic loss in the chicken and turkey industries. The molecular characterization of M. synoviae at strain level allows the analysis of relationships between strains that may be valuable in epidemiological investigations. In the present study, the intergenic spacer region (ISR) between the 16S and 23S r...
Article
Given recent evidence of a possible role of camelids in the epidemiology of diseases caused by mycoplasma species in other ruminants, we examined the prevalence of the mycoplasmas most commonly responsible for contagious agalactia (CA) in small ruminants among the dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) of Lanzarote. On this island, one of the most arid...
Article
Using published primers, detection of Mycoplasma synoviae and strain identification using the vlhA gene sequence was attempted. However, of 21 M. synoviae strains examined, three could not be amplified, so a new reverse primer was designed with a target in the conserved region of the vlhA gene. This allowed all 21 M. synoviae strains, a further nin...
Article
In order to investigate its value for phylogenetic analysis, species characterisation and diagnosis, the 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer regions (ISRs) of the type strain of 23 avian Mycoplasma species were amplified and the sequences determined. Also sequenced were the reference strains of Mycoplasma iowae serotypes J, K, N, Q and R and a number of...
Article
The composition of the medium used to cultivate Mycoplasma species is very important. Serum is one of the most important additives as it contains lipids (cholesterol) and serum proteins, which are essential for the growth of the organisms. This work reports the development of a semi-defined medium, called MWS (Medium Without Serum) produced without...
Article
Full-text available
The detection of mycoplasma in milk can be performed by either culture techniques or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based methods. Although PCR can reduce the average diagnostic time to 5 h in comparison with the several days for the isolation of the agent, there is still a need to develop methods, which could give earlier results. For this purpos...
Article
Two vaccines against Mycoplasma agalactiae and Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (large colony type) were developed using inactivated strains selected in previous characterization studies. Formaldehyde and phenol were used as the inactivating agents for vaccines A and B, respectively. Aluminium hydroxide plus purified saponin (Quil-A) were added...
Article
Full-text available
Assunção, P., Machado, M.P., Fe, CD., Ramírez, A.S., Rosales, R.S., Antunes, N.T., Poveda, C. and Poveda, J.B. 2007. Prevalence of pathogens in great white pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus) from the Western Cape, South Africa. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 32: 29–32. Great White pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus) breed in Africa, Europe and Asia from Greece to...
Article
During an unusually long period of bad weather, several outbreaks of caprine contagious agalactia (CCA) were reported in a number of flocks on the island of Lanzarote (Canary Islands, Spain). Clinical and subclinical mastitis in lactating goats and some cases of arthritis and pneumonia in kids were observed in the affected flocks. Mycoplasma capric...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoplasma synoviae (Ms) is an important pathogen of poultry, causing economic losses to this industry. Early and reliable diagnosis is a key to controlling the spread of this organism. In this study, a polymerase chain reaction with one primer based on the intergenic spacer region (ISR) was validated for detection of Ms. The ISR primer was paired...
Article
Full-text available
Porcine enzootic pneumonia (PEP), with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae as the primary agent, is a chronic respiratory disease that causes major economic losses to the pig industry worldwide. The aim of this work was to analyse 18 field strains of M. hyopneumoniae isolated in Gran Canaria (Spain) and the reference M. hyopneumoniae strain by SDS-PAGE and im...
Article
The pattern and kinetics of substrate oxidation by type and recent field strains of Mycoplasma agalactiae, Mycoplasma bovis, Mycoplasma bovigenitalium and Mycoplasma ovine/caprine serogroup 11 were investigated by measurement of oxygen uptake. Metabolism of a range of organic acids, sugars and alcohols was detected. All the test strains were unable...
Article
Full-text available
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has a complex and multifactorial aetiology. Infectious agents could start this disease. The majority of the characteristics of this infirmity can be observed in chronic arthritis produced by mycoplasmas in animals. In this study the association between Mycoplasma pneumoniae and RA has been evaluated. A case-control study w...
Article
Full-text available
Assunção, P., Fe, C. de la, Ramírez, A.S., Sarradell, J.E. and Poveda, J.B. 2004. Characterization of a Mycoplasma agalactiae strain, candidate to an attenuated vaccine. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 26: 1–5.The aim of this work was to study the stability of a M. agalactiae attenuated strain after lyophilization and its characterization by sodium dodecyl su...