Ana María Niveau de Villedary y Mariñas

Ana María Niveau de Villedary y Mariñas
Universidad de Cádiz | UCA · Department of History, Geography and Philosophy

Doctor of Philosophy PhD

About

47
Publications
10,453
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
289
Citations

Publications

Publications (47)
Chapter
Full-text available
La interpretación de la relación entre Cartago y Gadir ha variado a lo largo de la historia. A un primer paradigma imperialista, que hacía dueña de parte del territorio hispano (Gadir incluida) a la metrópolis centroafricana, le han seguido los que han visto en Cartago una hegemonía solo desde el punto de vista comercial e incluso los que negaban c...
Chapter
Full-text available
This project focuses on the analysis and critical review of a characteristic type of deposits located in the city of Gadir (Cádiz), known in the scientific literature as “ritual wells”. They are underground structures that appear clogged with materials and organic remains as a result of the celebration of different ritual acts. The main objective i...
Article
This study examined a set of Red Slip Ware (RSW) from Cánovas del Castillo and a sector of the Phoenician necropolis of San Severiano/Guardia Civil (Cádiz, Spain), dating back to the 8th – and 6th century B.C. Optical Microscopy (OM), X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD) and Electron Microscopy coupled with EDS system (SEM-EDS) allowed to characterize t...
Chapter
Full-text available
The finding of a base of a Greek amphora painted «à la brosse» among the filling of a bustum from the Phoenician necropolis of Gadir lets us to reflect on the arrival of Greek products to the extreme-western city and to deepen into the knowledge of the funerary ritual practiced in the extreme-western necropolis.
Article
Full-text available
Proyecto Utica (Túnez). Excavaciones en la ciudad fenicio-púnica. Resultados de la campaña de 2016 Utica Project (Tunisia). Excavations in the Phoenician-Punic city. Results of the 2016 season Resumen Se presentan los resultados de la campaña de excavaciones de 2016 en Utica (Túnez). En la Zona II se continuó excavando en el corte 21 buscando la de...
Article
Full-text available
El descubrimiento casual del sarcófago antropomorfo sidonio en 1887 despertó una gran expectación tanto entre la población y las autoridades gaditanas como en los especialistas contemporáneos, hasta el punto de que fueron muchos los investigadores que se interesaron por su estudio, así como por el del esqueleto hallado en su interior, aunque nunca...
Presentation
Full-text available
Webbinaire 26th, May, 2021-8.30 AM https:// meet.google.com/ttu-vfgm-mek The interaction between humans and carnivores have always been constant, complex and, sometimes difficult. In order to better understand the evolution of these relationships and improve the current ones, we would like to attract researchers in different fields of science relat...
Article
Full-text available
This work analyses the social impact of the landing of the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca on Gadir in 237 BCE, as well as the influence exerted in a pre-war and war context, between the later “occupation” of the Phoenician city by the North African army and the defeat of Gadir in 206 BCE. The arrival of such substantial forces, although they w...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Phoenician city of Gadir has generated since ancient times enormous interest, but it has not been until relatively recently when urban remains have appeared. These remains allow supporting objectively the thesis that old Tyrian foundation took place in the historic center of the modern city of Cádiz, in the place where it has been traditionally...
Article
Full-text available
The following work details the educational and informative opportunities offered by the current city of Cádiz (Spain) in relation to its Phoenician past. For this reason, the main objective of this study has been to expose the benefits that, from the historical and archaeological point of view, the European Cultural Itinerary “Route of the Phoenici...
Chapter
Full-text available
Can you imagine Gods and devots, bereaved and deceased together, sharing table, drink and food? The scene outlined by some material contexts from Phoenician-Punic sacral and funerary environments allows us to speak about the regularity with which joint rituals of commensality were carried out between the two spheres, the earthly and "Afterlife". In...
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo se analiza la incidencia del factor visibilidad en la configuración del paisaje arcaico de la ciudad fenicia de Gadir (Cádiz, Sur de España) utilizando como referencia los tres núcleos urbanos fenicios hasta hoy día hallados en la Bahía gaditana y su relación con los santuarios que citan las fuentes clásicas. Se aplica el método de...
Article
Full-text available
Con este trabajo se implementaron las distintas competencias educativas presentes en los proyectos curriculares relacionados con el área de Didáctica de las Ciencias Sociales y de la Historia. Como objetivo principal nos propusimos contextualizar al alumnado de tercer curso del Grado de Educación Primaria con la elaboración de una serie de talleres...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es intentar reconstruir la topografía y la morfología de la antigua fundación tiria a partir de los datos materiales aportados por las intervenciones arqueológicas más recientes. A los primeros restos aislados y descontextualizados, se han incorporado en los últimos quince años una serie de contextos y secuencias estrati...
Article
A bronze axe of the Iron Age found in Motya (Sicily, Italy), in prehistoric strata dating from the 10th century BC (before the foundation of the Phoenician colony), has been characterised using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM-EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Electron Microprobe Analysis (EMPA). The axe was studied using micro-and invasive analys...
Article
Solid state electrochemistry based on the voltammetry of immobilized microparticles (VIMP) methodology is applied to a series of 80 Phoenician Red Slip samples from the archaeological sites of Motya (Sicily, Italy), Mogador (Morocco), Ramat‐Rahel (Israel), Sulky (Sardinia, Italy), Tas Silg (Malta), Pantelleria (Italy), and Cádiz (Spain), dated from...
Article
Full-text available
This work analyses the influence of the visibility factor on the configuration of the archaic landscape of the Phoenician city of Gadir (Cadiz, Southern Spain) using the three shrines mentioned by classic sources as a reference. Theoretical or cumulative viewshed analyses are the methods used to investigate the visibility relationships each of the...
Article
Full-text available
La investigación de la antigua ciudad fenicia de Gadir ha estado condicionada históricamente por la falta de evidencias materiales urbanas, lo que ha propiciado que durante siglos se fijara una imagen en extremo idealizada de la ciudad basada en la lectura acrítica de los testimonios literarios y su (re) interpretación por la historiografía posteri...
Article
Full-text available
Classical sources and academic tradition situate the Tyrian colony of Gadir under the current city of Cádiz, in southern Spain. However, it was not until the beginning of our millennium that archaeological research unearthed part of the urban grid, linked to the ancient foundation, confirming its location and antiquity. The aim of this paper is to...
Article
Full-text available
The campaign of 2015 in Utica has had limited aims but interesting results. The excavation of the well 20017 in the square 20 was concluded, confirming its character of closed finding of the 9th century B.C. In the square 21 the surface of excavation was extended into the attached building to the well, locating Phoenician strata and structures of m...
Article
Full-text available
We have taken, as a subject of our study, a homogeneous set of red indigenous glazed plates with a very particular profile and without a parallel known for the present time. The above mentioned set was part of the ritual deposit found in Zacatín, a very typical street from Granada. This deposit is a pit close to the River Darro which was filled wit...
Article
Full-text available
La reafirmación del modelo político-administrativo ciudadano tras la fase arcaica colonial abre una nueva etapa de prosperidad en la antigua fundación tiria. El esplendor de Gadir en el s. V a.C. se refleja en los textos clásicos y en los hallazgos arqueológicos y, sin embargo, nuestros conocimientos sobre el desarrollo histórico de la ciudad de ép...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the mid-1960s surveys and excavations undertaken by M. Ponsich in northern Morocco uncovered the remains of an Atlantic coastal settlement (Kuass) closely linked to productive and exchange activities. The analysis of the sequence and contexts revealed the existence of a local pottery production activity, focusing on transport amphoras, but also...
Article
The reaffirmation of the citizen's political-administrative model opened up a new stage of prosperity in this ancient city of far western Spain. The splendour of Gadir in the 5th century B.C. has been revealed in classic texts and archaeological findings. Clearly, our knowledge of the urban morphology and historic development of the Punic city is q...
Article
Full-text available
The malacological sample which has been studied belongs to three different ritual contexts of the Barcid period (late 3rd century B.C.) of the late Phoenician-Punic Necropolis in Cadiz. Archeological research has evidenced a frequency in the offering of marine animals in the Phoenician-Punic Necropolis in Cadiz, which has been interpreted either as...
Article
Full-text available
The excavations carried out since the end of the Nineteenth century in Cadiz (Spain) have brought to light a great part of the Punic cemetery (6th–3rd centuries BC) of the ancient Phoenician colony of Gadir. Close to the graves have been found a group of structures and materials that bear witness to the regular practice of burial feasts. In order t...
Article
Full-text available
Las excavaciones que se realizan desde hace más de un siglo en el solar de la actual ciudad de Cádiz (España) han sacado a la luz gran parte del cementerio de época púnica (ss. VI-III a.C.) de lo que fue la antigua colonia fenicia de Gadir. Junto a los enterramientos, se ha localizado un conjunto de estructuras y materiales que evidencian la prácti...
Article
Full-text available
En la necrópolis de época púnica de Gadir se registran con relativa abundancia restos arqueológicos, entre ellos restos óseos de cánidos, depositados intencionadamente en estructuras hechas para tal efecto (pozos y fosas), depósitos que hemos relacionado con la amortización de objetos y alimentos que han sido utilizados y consumidos en las ceremoni...
Article
Full-text available
La reciente sistematización de la llamada "cerámica de tipo Kuass" a partir del amplio conjunto material procedente de los niveles del s. III a.C. del yacimiento fenicio-púnico del Castillo de Doña Blanca (El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz), ha posibilitado la ordenación de la producción local gaditana de cerámica barnizada bajo un sistema de referen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the possible ritual uses of the tableware in the funeral context. The information is provided by the materials founded inside the abundant ritual wells and graves of the necropolis. Pottery and organic remains used in sacred ceremonies are buried in these deposits. At first, our purpose is to classify morphologically the punic-g...
Article
Full-text available
El reciente descubrimiento, en el curso de una intervención de urgencia, de un depósito compuesto por un conjunto de fragmentos de terracotas femeninas (pebeteros y figuras curótrofas), junto a restos de vajilla fina y otros de carácter orgánico en niveles de cenizas, nos permite reflexionar sobre el supuesto culto que en Cádiz se rindió a Tanit; a...
Article
Full-text available
Con este trabajo queremos contribuir a la delimitación temporal de una etapa, el s. III a.c., tradicionalmente indefinido por el desconocimiento de su cultura material y, sobre todo, por la ausencia de fósiles guía que, al estilo de la cerámica ática para el s. IV y la campaniense para el II a.c., sirvieran para reconocer los contextos de este sigl...
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo presentamos un ensayo tipológico de las ánforas del tipo Pellicer o Macareno D, de acuerdo alas diferencias morfológicas que presentan los bordes, principal rasgo discriminatorio de estos envases, típicos de los últimos momentos turdetanos (s. 1V-II a.C.)
Article
Full-text available
The main purpose of the present paper is to define, culturally and spatially, the underlying concept under the expression «Circle of the Straight». This term, very successful since it was coined by Tarradell in the sixties, has been used by researchers to refer to the area of economic and political influence of Gadir following the fall of Tiro. How...
Article
Conocida y excavada desde el siglo pasado, la necrópolis púnico-gaditana sigue siendo una incógnita para el investigador. La búsqueda casi obsesiva de la ciudad antigua ha relegado a un injusto segundo plano el estudio de la necrópolis, que hoy por hoy se constituye en el único vestigio material del solar de la actual ciudad de Cádiz. Esta falta de...
Article
Full-text available
A fines de la década de los sesenta el investigador francés Michel Ponsich publica los resultados prelimi-nares de sus excavaciones en el yacimiento norteafricano de Kuass (Arcila, Marruecos), y llama la aten-ción sobre una serie de vasos que recuerdan las producciones campanienses, aunque con una serie de particularidades que le llevan a proponer...
Article
Las excavaciones que se realizan desde hace más de un siglo en el solar de la actual ciudad de Cádiz (España) han sacado a la luz gran parte del cementerio de época púnica (ss. VI-III aC.) de lo que fue la antigua colonia fenicia de Gadir. Junto a los enterramientos, se ha localizado un conjunto de estructuras y materiales que evidencian la práctic...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project analyses the social impact of the landing of the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca on Gadir in 237 BC, as well as the influence exerted in a pre-war and war context, between the later “occupation” of the Phoenician city by the North African army and the defeat of Gadir in 206 BC. The arrival of such substantial forces, although they were supposedly “friends” and “allies”, should necessarily have both quantitative and qualitative consequences on the social balance of Gadir. Two factors in particular must be taken into account when examining these decades: 1) a remarkable increase of population in a city with limited space and 2) the forced cohabitation between the inhabitants of Gadir and people of various ethnic and social backgrounds, who had their own religious practices and beliefs and were mainly male members of an army waiting to go into action. Although textual evidence is available on these stages, the sources regard mainly very specific aspects and events leading up to the Second Punic War, with little reference to the social context of a “de facto” occupied city. The silence of the written sources notwithstanding, archaeology does provide evidence suggesting that the interaction between the local population and the Carthaginian army was not without conflict and allowing us to investigate strategies for channelling those social tensions. In particular, we suggest including the “ritual wells” among the religious responses to the social tension occurring during the second half of the 3rd century BC. This peculiar ritual practice, indeed, is currently attested at Gadir only during this time span and it is likely to be connected to these “times of crisis”. Using a multidisciplinary methodological approach, our project aims at analysing these architectural structures (i.e. the wells) and the ritual performed inside them, with special emphasis on the most characteristic sacrifices, those of the canids, but considering also other animal species (e.g. Suidae, malacofauna, etc.) and the extraordinary occurrence of human skeletal remains. This study will be also extended to the other material and organic evidence that is useful to defining and interpreting the various ritual actions taking place inside the wells. However, the project will take into account also further paths of research. First of all, it aims at defining role, ethnicity, social status and gender of those taking part in these rituals (i.e. promoters and participants). Secondly, it will investigate the possible meaning of these rituals, as well as the dialectical relationship between the collective habitus and the individual agency of the cult operators, who perform a ritual that, although it was regulated and programmed, remains dynamic and continually in progress. Finally, adopting the theoretical-conceptual framework of the so-called "Archaeology of Gesture", we aim at establishing the ritual “operational sequence", so as to determine all ritual actions and consider also immaterial components of the ceremony (e.g. dramatization, music, dances, etc.).