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Ana Maria Martins

Ana Maria Martins
Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal · CLUL / FLUL

PhD

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95
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates expressions that convey 'objection' in the sense of Horn (1989), dealing with data from Portuguese, Spanish, French, English and Hungarian. It shows that such expressions, which include idioms/swear words, locative/temporal deictics, wh-words and lexical instantiations of 'nothing', behave as metalinguistic negation (MN) mar...
Article
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This article studies clitic placement in the Portuguese dialects of Azores and Madeira. Its empirical basis is the Syntax-oriented corpus of Portuguese dialects (CORDIAL-SIN). An initial descriptive overview shows that these dialects typically display the general European Portuguese pattern of clitic placement, but they also admit atypical instance...
Article
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The expansion of proclisis in contexts that typically exclude it in European Portuguese has been described as a syntactic feature that characterizes Angolan Portuguese. This article studies the presence of this feature in the literary language, based on a corpus of texts by Angolan and Mozambican authors, representing two generations: authors born...
Article
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This paper discusses the syntactic and interpretive properties of declarative sentences with immediately postverbal subjects in European Portuguese. The primary aim of this investigation is to examine whether the VSX constituent order corresponds to one or several syntactic structures with concomitant interpretive effects. The conclusion is that VS...
Book
Full-text available
Este volume de quase 1600 páginas é constituído por 60 estudos linguísticos e filológicos oferecidos a Ivo Castro por colegas de Portugal, Brasil, Espanha, Itália, Reino Unido, Suiça, Alemanha, Holanda e Polónia. Foram convidados a contribuir para esta homenagem todos os participantes, com comunicação, no IV Congresso Internacional de Linguística H...
Preprint
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This chapter introduces the reader to the concept of 'metalinguistic negation' as defined by Horn (1989), the extensive bibliography on the topic, and the main issues it considers and debates. Besides the pragmatic and semantic matters that have been at the heart of the literature's discussions, the chapter also considers syntactic aspects of metal...
Preprint
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This paper revisits the hypothesis that the verb-second property was a shared fea-ture of the Old Romance languages by investigating Old Portuguese. It demon-strates, on the basis of positive empirical evidence, that Old Portuguese allowed clausal configurations that could not have been derived by a verb-second system. It is shown that clitic place...
Book
This volume explores word order change within the framework of diachronic generative syntax. Word order is at the core of natural language grammatical systems, linking syntax with prosody and with semantics and pragmatics. The chapters in this volume use the tools provided by the generative theory of grammar to examine the constrained ways in which...
Chapter
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This introductory overview chapter focuses on the relation between movement operations and word order by assembling the pieces of information offered by the book's authors. It shows how the essays published in the book indicate, when considered together, that word order change is mainly the effect of the interaction between clause structure and syn...
Chapter
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This paper traces the diachrony of three alternative configurations of infinitival complementation with causative and perception verbs in Portuguese, namely the faire-infinitive, the Exceptional Case Marking and the inflected infinitive constructions. It is shown that the faire-infinitive construction is the earlier pattern of infinitival complemen...
Article
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In this paper we discuss two types of co-occurrence restrictions involving reflexive clitics in European Portuguese and examine their implications for obligatory control. We argue that these restrictions may shed some light on where the “controller” is generated, thus making it possible to empirically test three minimalist approaches to control: th...
Article
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The impersonal verb custar (lit. 'cost') in European Portuguese selects for a dative experiencer argument and an infinitival clause, which may be preceded by the preposition a. Interestingly, a reflexive clitic co-referential with the experiencer argument can be deleted (under conditions to be specified) if it is within the prepositional infinitiva...
Chapter
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This chapter deals with two main topics: constituent order (focusing on the interaction between subject positions and interpretation), and null subjects. Both issues relate to case, agreement and expletives. The chapter discusses what motivates and licenses verb-subject orders in Romance non-wh sentences and identifies focalization, theticity and n...
Preprint
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Neste capítulo,descrevem-se as construções da gramática do português que correspondem a estratégias de marcação de foco, quer essas estratégias usem as diferentes possibilidades de alteração da ordem básica SVO/SVX, quer recorram às estruturas clivadas. O capítulo está dividido em duas grandes secções. Em 50.1, descreve-se a marcação de foco (infor...
Chapter
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Depois de uma breve apresentação da estrutura do Manual de Linguística Portuguesa, identificam-se neste capítulo as principais mudanças linguísticas que, ao longo do tempo, reconfiguraram a língua portuguesa, nos planos da fonologia, da morfologia, da sintaxe e da semântica lexical (ou outras vertentes da evolução do léxico). Em articulação com a p...
Chapter
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Neste capítulo descreve-se a colocação dos pronomes clíticos no português europeu contemporâneo, pondo em destaque as especificidades do português europeu no quadro das línguas românicas. Depois oferece-se uma perspetiva diacrónica que identifica os pontos de estabilidade e de mudança no sistema de colocação dos pronomes clíticos e mostra como, ao...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses some main properties of constructions involving participial passives, passive se, and impersonal se in Portuguese, focusing on its two main varieties, European Portuguese (EP) and Brazilian Portuguese (BP). It first deals with participial passives, distinguishing between adjectival and verbal passives and between the particip...
Article
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This work reexamines in the light of new data a proposal put forward in Martins (2011) concerning the historical development of clitic placement in Portuguese. Prima facie, this syntactic change follows a surprising path apparently involving a sudden reversal in the direction of change after the sixteenth century. It is argued in this paper that pr...
Article
Full-text available
This work deals with the interpretive contrast that results from placing the indefinite quantifier algum in prenominal or postnominal position (e.g. alguma coisa ‘something' vs. coisa alguma ‘nothing') and seeks to explain the observed relationship between word order and polarity (i.e. the opposition positive/negative) in a formal, diachronic and c...
Article
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This paper studies two types of indicative structures displaying subject-verb inversion which have received little attention in the literature on VS order in European Portuguese. Both types of structures involve coordination as a means to overtly express comparison/contrast, show a VSO pattern, and can be characterized as non-degree exclamatives. W...
Article
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This paper deals with denials. ‘Emphatic polarity’ is here approached from a well-defined perspective that focuses on the syntactic expression of reversing reactions to assertions.Three syntactic strategies to convey emphatic affirmation in the Romance languages are described and their distribution across languages elucidated, namely: the verb redu...
Article
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This paper explores the syntax of unambiguous metalinguistic negation (MN) markers in European Portuguese (EP) with the main goal of demonstrating the syntactic import of MN. Taking the EP facts as a means to gain insight into the grammatical encoding of MN in natural language, the paper shows that unambiguous MN markers split into two types: perip...
Book
Este volume, en homenaxe ó profesor Ivo Castro (Universidade de Lisboa), contén arredor de trinta artigos de importantes investigadores das filoloxías galega e portuguesa. Os contributos céntranse en tres liñas: historia da lingua, gramática diacrónica e edición de textos, referidas tanto a galego como a portugués, cun límite temporal na fin do séc...
Presentation
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This talk explores the correlation between word order and polar interpretation displayed by DPs with algum/alguno ('some') in European Portuguese (EP) and Spanish. EP offers strong empirical evidence to support the analysis of the string [N+algum] as an NPI unit composed in the syntax. On comparative grounds, EP displays a higher level of grammatic...
Chapter
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This chapter discusses how the deictic locatives lá/cá ('there/here') developed into metalinguistic negation markers in European Portuguese, while preserving their regular working as locatives. It is shown that lá/cá entered the functional system as T-related emphatic markers, which later developed into C-related elements. The crucial property of E...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes that object scrambling both in Old and Contemporary Portuguese is a strategy to create appropriate information focus configurations. Essentially, it makes the rightmost constituent that would otherwise bear the neutral sentence nuclear stress escape it. In narrow information focus structures this amounts to defocusing of the scr...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines the change that contributes to the extension of inflected infinitives to the complement of Exceptional Case Marking (ECM) verbs from the sixteenth century on. The chapter is organized in six sections. Section 14.2 draws some diachronic parallels between ECM verbs and control/raising verbs. Section 14.3 shows that causative and...
Article
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This paper characterizes Contrastive Focus Fronting (CFF) in European Portuguese, distinguishing it from Topicalization and Evaluative exclamatives on the basis of syntactic and interpretational tests illustrated with empirical evidence from intuition/introspective judgments and different types of written sources. It reveals that the lack of consen...
Article
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This paper reexamines clitic placement in the history of Portuguese from the perspective of new data and the concept of 'grammar competition' (Kroch 1989, 2001). On the basis of a small corpus extracted from the plays of Gil Vicente, it is shown that in sixteenth century Portuguese, in addition to the 'proclitic' grammar that pervades written texts...
Chapter
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This chapter argues that constructions that apparently involve hyper-raising with resumption in Brazilian Portuguese actually result from A-movement of an embedded topic. This chapter accounts for the mixed A/A'-properties of the matrix subject of these constructions and provides independent evidence for Chomksy's (2001) version of the Phase Impene...
Chapter
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In this chapter we will discuss how the two different values of clausal polarity, namely positive and negative, are grammatically encoded and describe the particular manifestations of polarity distinctions in European and Brazilian Portuguese. The chapter is organized in three main parts: (i) section 6.2, which is dedicated to the Portuguese answe...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the emergence of hyper-raising constructions in Brazilian Portuguese (BP). Assuming Dresher's (1999) cue-based approach to language acquisition, it argues that the loss of Romance-type pro-drop in BP prompted a chain reaction that led to a reanalysis of finite Ts as optional Case-assigners/checkers (Ferreira 2000) and, theref...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses perception and causative verbs in English and European Portuguese within Chomsky’s (2000, 2001) Agree framework and provides an answer for the old riddle of why these verbs appear to select for different infinitival complements in their active and passive forms. Assuming that infinitival clauses are Case-bearing projections (Ra...
Chapter
Full-text available
1. INTRODUÇÃO: FACTOS PRINCIPAIS E REFERÊNCIAS O presente artigo é uma versão da comunicação que apresentei no colóquio Na nosa lyngoage galega. A emerxencia do galego como lingua escrita na Idade Media no final de Novembro de 2005, em Santiago de Compostela. Embora se ocupe das manifestações iniciais do português escrito, e não do galego escrito,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses perception and causative verbs in English and European Portuguese within Chomsky's (2000, 2001) Agree framework and provides an answer for the old riddle of why these verbs appear to select for different infinitival complements in their active and passive forms. Assuming that infinitival clauses are Case-bearing projections (Ra...
Article
Full-text available
The central issue discussed in this paper is the appearance of the inflected infinitive in the clausal complements of Exceptional Case Marking (ECM) verbs in Portuguese. This change is related to other changes (which also characterize Control and Raising structures) that affected the infinitival complements of ECM verbs, namely, the emergence of pr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a comparative investigation contrasting Brazilian Portuguese and European Portuguese with respect to raising constructions. We provide an account of the attested fluctuation among raising, control, and impersonal constructions based on the Case- and θ-properties of the structures involved in each dialect. We also discuss the per...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter accounts for variation and change with respect to clitic placement, VP-ellipsis, and scrambling in non-V1 finite clauses in Romance. The chapter is organized in five sections. Section 11.2 shows that in Romance there is a correlation which holds both synchronically and diachronically between the availability of VP-ellipsis and enclisis...
Article
Full-text available
In this article a classical topic of the studies on historical syntax is analysed: the enclitical or proclitical collocation of atonic pronouns in Catalan. From a Romanic and comparative prespective, it is shown that the clitical pronouns in Old Catalan have a very similar behaviour to the atonic ones in other Romanic lenguages such as, for instanc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Throughout this chapter, I will be mainly looking at diachronic and geographical variation in the domain of Romance negative polarity items (9.2 and 9.3). Variation with respect to affirmative polarity items, however, will also be examined (9.4). It will be shown that in Romance, negative words evolved from weak polarity items to strong polarity it...
Article
Full-text available
In Romance, enclisis in tensed clauses correlates with the possibility of VP-deletion. To account for this fact, it is hypothesized that both phenomena emerge in languages where the functional category Sigma(Σ) — the locus for Affirmation/Negation — has strong V-features (Old Romance, Modern Portuguese and Modern Galician), whereas such phenomena a...

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