Ana Hernández

Ana Hernández
University of Valencia | UV · Metodologia de las ciencias el comportamiento e Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Psicología de los Recursos Humanos, del Desarrollo organizacional y de la Calidad de Vida Laboral (IDOCAL)

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79
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Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
We tested a mediation model of the influence of teacher-student relationship quality on student group performance in a higher-education context where a group-oriented learning approach is implemented. Specifically, we posit that the relationship between teacher-student relationship quality at the group level and group performance is mediated by pos...
Conference Paper
Measurement invariance analyses across gender groups are a prerequisite for meaningful gender group comparisons. However, measurement invariance studies are typically carried out without a priori hypotheses about expected differences in item responses, which would contribute to understanding the way different gender groups interpret the constructs....
Article
Multilevel methods allow researchers to investigate relationships that expand across levels (e.g., individuals, teams, and organizations). The popularity of these methods for studying organizational phenomena has increased in recent decades. Methodologists have examined how these methods work under different conditions, providing an empirical base...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to present the activities and projects carried out by the Spanish Test Commission, established by the Spanish Psychological Association to improve the quality and use of tests. The most relevant projects of the commission during its twenty-five years of existence are reviewed, describing the work carried out: a) to un...
Conference Paper
Labour market uncertainty makes difficult to get (and keep) a high-quality job even for graduate students. Moreover, this situation has been worsened due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study is to test the influence that personal employability has on maintaining (or being able to find a new) high-quality job in a sample of young universi...
Article
Full-text available
In applied organizational research, where economy of scale is often a crucial factor in successful assessment, ultra-short measures are often needed. This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Reduced Affective Well-Being Scale (RAWS), an ultra-short measure of positive and negative affect in the workplace. This 6-item ultra-short v...
Article
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Introduction: Being an informal caregiver can have both negative and positive consequences for well-being. Within the framework of the stress process model, few studies have examined values and perceived gains of caregiving as mediating variables of life satisfaction. Aim: To explore the role of character strengths and perceived gains as mediato...
Article
El objetivo del presente trabajo es ofrecer una visión general sobre la práctica de los test en España y Latinoamérica, así como apuntar algunos de los retos que tiene planteados la evaluación psicológica cara al futuro. En primer lugar, se revisa cómo se lleva a cabo la formación psicométrica de los profesionales de la psicología en los distintos...
Article
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Job quality is critical for policy makers, but little is known about the factors that shape perceived job quality among employees. This study aimed to explore the importance of several traditional job quality indicators: employment characteristics (type of contract, employment relationship, schedule predictability) and educational misfit (horizonta...
Article
This study examines predictors and outcomes of intra‐individual mood variability in the workplace. During a 3‐month weekly study, we collected data on personality (extraversion and neuroticism), positive and negative workplace mood, and job performance from 357 participants. Path analysis revealed a positive relationship between neuroticism and int...
Article
Background: To improve the quality of test translation and adaptation, and hence the comparability of scores across cultures, the International Test Commission (ITC) proposed a number of guidelines for the adaptation process. Although these guidelines are well-known, they are not implemented as often as they should be. One possible reason for this...
Article
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Personal resources and labor market are factors that contribute to perceived employability. However, how changing labor market conditions affect the relationship between personal resources like career enhancing strategies, personal initiative, and career passivity with self-perceived employability remains unclear. Recent events in Spain give an opp...
Article
Based on contradictory arguments about whether the frequency of the interactions between team managers and the teams they manage is positive or negative for teams, we hypothesize a curvilinear relationship. Focusing on positive team mood and based on the leadership literature and the conservation of resources theory, we hypothesize an inverted‐U‐sh...
Article
Full-text available
Test Use in Spain: The psychologists’ viewpoint. Tests are the measuring instruments most used by psychologists to obtain data that help them make decisions about people. It is essential to understand the opinions of psychology professionals regarding the practical implementation of tests, in order to propose and organize actions aimed at improving...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the antecedents of the quality of graduates’ jobs when they enter the job market after university graduation. Design/methodology/approach Survey data collected from 173 Spanish bachelor and master’s degree university graduates at two time points (two months before and six month...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
University graduates’ overqualification (i.e., having more education, qualification and/or skills than one’s job requires) has important negative consequences. However, much less is known about its antecedents. This represents an important gap in the literature. In order to fill this gap, the goal of this study is to test a mediational model on the...
Article
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The aim of the present study is to illustrate how the appropriate or inappropriate application of exploratory factor analysis (EFA) can lead to quite different conclusions. To reach this goal, we evaluated the degree to which four different programs used to perform an EFA, specifically SPSS, FACTOR, PRELIS and MPlus, allow or limit the application...
Article
Organizations are multilevel systems. Most organizational phenomena are multilevel in nature, and their understanding involves variables (e.g., antecedents and consequences) that reside at different levels. The investigation of these phenomena requires appropriate analytical methods: multilevel modeling. These techniques are becoming increasingly p...
Article
Full-text available
In order for practitioners to be able to use tests appropriately, they must have rigorous information on the quality of the tests. This is why the Spanish test review model (Prieto & Muñiz, 2000) has been applied for a number of years. The goal of this paper is to update and revise this model in order to incorporate the recommendations that have be...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated whether the number of innovations implemented in work teams is positively related to team task conflict and negative team mood, and whether the latter variables mediate the relationship between the number of innovations implemented and aggregate job satisfaction and team performance. The results obtained in a sample of 89 bank branc...
Article
Full-text available
Background. In order to carry out a rigorous psychological evaluation, three conditions must be met: the practitioners must have the appropriate qualifications, the tests must show good psychometric properties, and they must be used correctly. The aim of this paper is to present the recent guidelines developed by the International Test Commission o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this work is to test the role of the level of generic competences developed during University studies and the professional and practice orientation of instruction (PPOI) in the prediction of graduates’ initial vertical fit and vertical fit change over an 8-year period. The study sample comprised 334 graduates who finished their degrees t...
Article
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Con el fin de proporcionar información técnica sobre los tests editados en España, y siguiendo el proceso de evaluación de algunos de los tests más empleados en nuestro país, el presente artículo presenta los resultados de la tercera evaluación de tests llevada a cabo desde la comisión de tests del Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos. En concreto se han...
Article
We investigated whether climate uniformity (the pattern of climate perceptions of organizational support within the team) is related to task conflict, team communication quality, and team performance. We used a sample composed of 141 bank branches and collected data at 3 time points. The results obtained showed that, after controlling for aggregate...
Article
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Abstract: Exploratory Factor analysis is one of the techniques used in the development, validation and adaptation of psychological measurement instruments. Its use spread during the 1960s and has been growing exponentially thanks to the advancement of information technology. The criteria used, of course, have also evolved. But the applied researche...
Data
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El Análisis Factorial Exploratorio es una de las técnicas más usadas en el desarrollo, validación y adaptación de instrumentos de medida psicológicos. Su uso se extendió durante los años 60 y ha ido creciendo de forma exponencial al ritmo que el avance de la informática ha permitido. Los criterios empleados en su uso, como es natural, también han e...
Article
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This paper takes the first steps to empirically validate the widely used model of safety culture of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), composed of five dimensions, further specified by 37 attributes. To do so, three independent and complementary studies are presented. First, 290 students serve to collect evidence about the face validity...
Article
This study aims to analyze the mediating role of team trust in the relationship between virtuality level and task-related collaborative behaviors. Three types of task-related collaborative behaviors were studied, namely team coordination, team cooperation, and team information exchange. Drawing upon theory and research on virtual teams and trust, w...
Chapter
The issue of underemployment is one of increasing concern for countries across the globe. For example, in the USA estimates have put the number of underemployed as high as 20.3%, while in Europe the number of overqualified workers (just one dimension of underemployment) has been estimated at 21.5% (Groot & Maassen van den Brink, 2000). Unfortunatel...
Article
The authors argue that over time the difference between team members' perception of the organizational support received by the team (or team climate for organizational support) and their manager's perception of the organizational support received by the team has an effect on important outcomes and emergent states, such as team performance and team...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we evaluate the role of leader charisma in fostering positive affective team climate and preventing negative affective climate. The analysis of a longitudinal database of 137 bank branches by means of hierarchical moderated regression shows that leader charisma has a stronger effect on team optimism than on team tension. In addition,...
Article
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The present study evaluates the extent to which central categories explicitly labeled as being in the middle of the other response categories, specifically Middle Level and Sometimes, function as expected according to the integer scoring system. The assumptions are tested by means of Bock's Nominal Model in two 5-response scales. Results show that...
Article
In this simulation study, we investigate the power and Type I error rate of a procedure based on the mean and covariance structure analysis (MACS) model in detecting differential item functioning (DIF) of graded response items with five response categories. The following factors were manipulated: type of DIF (uniform and non-uniform), DIF magnitude...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were to investigate whether the 6 items of the Physical Appearance Scale (Marsh, Richards, Johnson, Roche, & Tremayne, 1994) show differential item functioning (DIF) across gender groups of adolescents, and to show how this can be done using the multigroup mean and covariance structure (MG-MACS) analysis model. Two samples co...
Article
Researchers have studied whether there are classes of people who differ systematically in the way they respond to polytomous ordered scales with a middle category such as ?. The mixed-partial credit model was fitted to a number of scales of a personality questionnaire. Most of the scales fit better with the use of 2 latent subpopulations. The most...
Article
We use simulated data to evaluate the adequacy of the Multiple-Group (MG) extension of the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) with Mean and Covariance Structure (MACS) model for the detection of differential item functioning (DIF) in polytomous graded response items. Two factors are varied to generate the DIF conditions: type of DIF (uniform and no...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluación del modelo multigrupo de análisis de estructuras de medias y covarianzas para la detección del funcionamiento diferencial de ítems politómicos de respuesta graduada. Se evalúa la adecuación de la extensión multigrupo del análisis factorial confirmatorio con estructura de medias y covarianzas latentes (MG-CFA-MACS) para el análisis del fu...
Article
The aim of this article is to address the question of whether empirical multitraitmultioccasion data conform more closely to multiplicative models than to additive models. Four additive models and two versions of the multiplicative Direct Product (DP) model (Browne, 1984) are tested. A set of 21 multitrait-multioccasion matrices is analyzed by mean...
Article
Full-text available
En tests de actitudes y de personalidad es frecuente utilizar escalas de respuesta tipo Likert. En este tipo de escalas es frecuente también que se presente una categoría intermedia. Esta categoría representa una posición intermedia a lo largo del continuo y entre las categorías adyacentes. El presente estudio evalúa si las categorías de las escala...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente estudio se ha evaluado la adecuación diferencial de ciertos modelos factoriales aditivos (AFC general, AFC-MI y AFC-UC) y multiplicativos (PD-H y PD-C) en el análisis de matrices multirrasgo-multiocasión (MRMO), en las que cabe esperar efectos de método multiplicativos. Para ello un total de 18 matrices MRMO han sido analizadas media...
Article
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En el presente estudio se evalúa el modo en que la variación del número de categorías de respuesta en escalas ordinales afecta al comportamiento del modelo de respuesta graduada en la versión propuesta por Muraki (1990). Dicho comportamiento es evaluado mediante el programa Parscale 3.2 (Muraki y Bock, 1998) a partir de un conjunto de datos simulad...
Article
Full-text available
Effects that variation in the number of categories in ordinal scales has on the Graded Response Model (as proposed by Muraki (1990)) are evaluated by means of Parscale 3.2 (Muraki and Bock, 1998). Two sets of simulated data (unidimensional and bidimensional) and an empirical data set are analyzed. General results show that when data are unidimensio...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del estudio es analizar los efectos del acceso a una información adecuada relativa a la menstruación sobre las actitudes hacia ésta. Se realizaron comparaciones entre dos grupos de 8 mujeres, uno de los cuales recibe una charla informativa sobre el ciclo menstrual y el otro recibe una charla placebo. La actitud se mide mediante una vers...
Article
The purpose of this work is to test if the inclusion of some effects that the antecedents of role stress –role overload, opportunity of control and leader's initiating structure and consideration behaviors- exert on anxiety and job satisfaction leads to the elimination of the effects of role conflict and c1arity on such variables. In order to verif...

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Projects (2)
Project
The general goal of this research project is to test a dynamic model that emphasizes a person-centric approach. Specifically starting from a multidimensional conceptualization of JQ, we propose that: 1) changes in JQ over time are related to changes in health and SWB; 2) this dynamic relationship is mediated by two psychological mechanisms (work engagement and perceived job insecurity); and 3) gender (a key variable according to Spanish Strategy of Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation 2013-2020), age, work centrality, personal preferences for specific jobs and employment characteristics, and perceived employability play a moderating role in these relationships. Finally, we propose that enhancing personal employability contributes to improving JQ
Project
To improve our understanding about the antecedents and consequences of Spanish new graduates’ overqualification, paying attention to the mediators and moderators involved in the phenomenon; in order to propose strategies at different levels (individual, organizational, and educational system) to improve the fit of Spanish graduates and mitigate the dysfunctional consequences of their overqualification.