Ana M. Guillén

Ana M. Guillén
University of Oviedo | UNIOVI · Department of Sociology

BA History, MA Social Sciences, PhD Sociology

About

161
Publications
32,130
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2,075
Citations
Citations since 2016
55 Research Items
1049 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
September 1991 - present
University of Oviedo
Position
  • Full professor of Sociology

Publications

Publications (161)
Chapter
Full-text available
Social policy scholars and practitioners have long worked with concepts such as “welfare state” and “social security”—but where do these concepts come from and how has their meaning changed over time? What characterizes social policy language in different places, and how do some social concepts travel between them? Addressing such questions in a sy...
Book
Full-text available
Following the death of Franco, Spain underwent a transition to democracy in the mid-1970s. Although a rapid process of modernization occurred, the Spanish welfare state was seen, until fairly recently, as relatively underdeveloped. Split into three sections, this book addresses the consolidation path of social protection policies, governance issues...
Chapter
Southern European welfare states had to face since the mid-2000s two major challenges. First, the financial crisis started in 2007-08 was followed by austerity policies and a “Great Recession” for a good part of the 2010s. Then, at the beginning of 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic set in. This chapter focuses on the healthcare sector in these four countr...
Conference Paper
This article investigates the transformative potential of the Next Generation EU (NGEU) initiative in social protection taking South European (SE) countries as a test case. It starts with a brief examination of the main social parameters of the EPSR and how these intertwine with the NG-EU strategy that links recovery from the pandemic with the EU’s...
Article
This article lays out a research agenda on the social policy challenges faced by the EU under the combined impact of a triple transition: green, digital and demographic. It takes as a staring point the double bind in which the welfare state is caught, between pressures from increased costs and serious socio-ecological concerns, and a need, more dau...
Article
This article lays out an agenda for researching the social policy challenges facing the EU under the combined impact of a triple transition: green, digital and demographic. It takes as its starting point the double bind confronting the welfare state, pressured by increasing costs and serious socio-ecological concerns on the one hand, and the need,...
Article
This article aims to interpret trade unions’ role in reconciliation policies during the current pandemic in Italy and Spain. Questions to be answered include whether and to what degree unions have been present in the public debate, have participated in the policy-making process, have acted as policy reform protagonists or have consented to it, and...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo examina la trayectoria de la reforma del bienestar en Alemania y en los cuatro países del Sur de Europa: España, Italia, Grecia y Portugal. El análisis del cambio institucional comprende las transformaciones producidas en las dos últimas décadas, incluyendo los periodos anterior y posterior a la crisis económica y financiera de 2008. La...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo examina la trayectoria de la reforma del bienestar en Alemania y en los cuatro países del Sur de Europa: España, Italia, Grecia y Portugal. El análisis del cambio institucional comprende las transformaciones producidas en las dos últimas décadas, incluyendo los periodos anterior y posterior a la crisis económica y financiera de 2008. La...
Article
Full-text available
This article asks whether the novel EU approach to member states’ economic adjustment strategies constitutes a ‘social investment turn’ by the Italian and Spanish welfare states. The analytical framework combines insights from different strands of the literature on policy change, in particular those devoted to policy legacies and to policy-making ‘...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines the idea that a distinct Southern European welfare model exists within European social protection systems. It focuses on the core social protection pillars: pensions, labor market policies, social assistance, health care, social care, and family policies. The chapter looks at the reforms in welfare systems in Italy, Portugal,...
Chapter
This chapter examines the idea that a distinct Southern European welfare model exists within European social protection systems. It focuses on the core social protection pillars: pensions, labor market policies, social assistance, health care, social care, and family policies. The chapter looks at the reforms in welfare systems in Italy, Portugal,...
Conference Paper
This paper lays out a research agenda for the challenges faced by the EU under the combined impact of the “green and just transition”, the accelerating digital transformation and the unfolding of unprecedented societal complexities by the covid-19 pandemic. Over the last decade the multifaceted relations between environmental policies and social we...
Article
Full-text available
Social investment has become the dominant paradigm guiding the reform of European welfare states. Beyond its normative postulates, social investment is a useful analytical framework for the study of ongoing changes in social policy. From this perspective, this article finds evidence of a turn toward social investment in the welfare budget in Spain...
Article
Full-text available
El mantenimiento de los trabajadores de mayor edad (55 y más años) en el mercado de trabajo y el alargamiento de la vida laboral van a ser dos de los mayores retos que deberán afrontar, conjuntamente, los mercados de trabajo y los sistemas protección social en el medio y largo plazo en el viejo continente. En este texto se repasan algunos de los fa...
Article
Full-text available
La inversión social se ha consolidado como paradigma dominante para orientar la reforma de los estados de bienestar europeos. Más allá de sus postulados normativos, la inversión social se presenta como un marco analítico útil para el estudio de las transformaciones en marcha en la política social. Desde esta perspectiva, en este trabajo se detecta...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the question of whether the austerity-induced reforms have reconfigured the scope and scale of the public welfare systems, undermined political trust and nurtured populism in South Europe. We start by highlighting cross-country commonalities and differences, prior to the Great Recession, in modernizing/rationalizing the main...
Conference Paper
This paper aims to lay out a tentative research agenda regarding the challenges faced by the EU under the combined impact of the “green and just transition”, the accelerating digital transformation and the unfolding of unprecedented societal complexities by the covid-19 pandemic. Over the last decade the mutual impact of environmental policies and...
Article
This article argues about the need for a step change in approach for bolstering the EU’s just transition goal. It briefly assesses the strength and possible effectiveness of the equity dimension of the European Green Deal on the basis of the following parameters: (a) the scope of the “just transition”, (b) the status of the European Pillar of Socia...
Chapter
Full-text available
El capítulo examina la trayectoria de reforma reciente del Estado de Bienestar en Alemania y en los cuatro países del Sur de Europa, España, Italia, Grecia y Portugal. La pregunta de investigación es si el cambio institucional y la evolución del gasto social han conducido o no a una mayor divergencia entre los modelos de protección social alemán y...
Article
The European debt crisis stimulated debate about the future of national health systems. The objective of this article is to contribute to this debate by examining any changes in the scope and content of universal coverage and underlying pattern of solidarity in South Europe. Access to healthcare provides the vantage point for our analysis. Ine-qual...
Article
Using an interpretative comparison in search for cross-case similarities and differences, we examine the evolution of equity of access to healthcare during the economic crisis in two potentially vulnerable Eastern and Southern European countries – Lithuania and Spain. While the type of healthcare system may have shown higher resilience, i.e. equity...
Article
Full-text available
En este texto se analiza la opinión pública sobre el Sistema Nacional de Salud, probablemente, la joya de la corona del Estado de bienestar español. Las restricciones del gasto público y las reformas rea-lizadas han tenido un claro efecto sobre el funcionamiento de los servicios sanitarios y sobre la opinión ciudadana. A pesar de que la valoración...
Book
Full-text available
Este libro reúne contribuciones de un conjunto de autores que han encontrado estimulo intelectual en la “imaginación sociológica”, inquisitiva y crítica de Luis Moreno. Un buen número de ellos y ellas han publicado junto a Moreno en las diferentes líneas de investigación que han marcado la fructífera y productiva carrera de uno de los científicos s...
Conference Paper
This paper comparatively examines trends in healthcare policy, governance and inequality in Spain, Italy, Portugal and Greece, from 2008 to present. Over the last few years South European countries have been on a steady path to recovery (though pace significantly differs among them). Nevertheless, the grip of fiscal tightness on their national heal...
Conference Paper
The European debt crisis stimulated debate about the future of national health systems. The objective of this paper is to contribute to this debate by examining any changes in the scope and content of universal healthcare coverage and underlying pattern of solidarity in South Europe. Our central research question is whether, and to what extent, aus...
Article
This article answers the fundamental question of whether structural reforms on labour market regulation and social protection in Italy, Portugal and Spain passed during the sovereign debt crisis endured or were reversed once external conditionality waned. The study defines categorises and illustrates structural policy reversals. It finds there have...
Chapter
Full-text available
El capítulo analiza la trayectoria y los avances en la "europeización" de las políticas sociales a lo largo del último cuarto de siglo. Desde finales del siglo pasado se observa el surgimiento de iniciativas a nivel europeo destinadas a coordinar estándares y políticas sociales y crear instrumentos, como el Fondo Social Europeo, el Método Abierto d...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Documento de Trabajo 4.3 para el VIII informe FOESSA
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este documento intenta ofrecer un panorama del desarrollo del bienestar ocupacional en España, el que con más propiedad puede ser calificado de complementario del pilar público. Se intenta, siempre que los datos lo permiten, limitarse a la contribución del sector privado empresarial. El desarrollo del bienestar ocupacional se va seguir en dos esfer...
Article
Full-text available
El Bienestar ocupacional (beneficios y servicios sociales proporcionados por las empresas a sus trabajadores) ha ganado peso en el agregado de bienestar (welfare mix) europeo desde los años noventa. No obstante, existen importantes diferencias entre países en cuanto a su desarrollo. Además, la cobertura de los programas ocupacionales no es homogéne...
Chapter
Full-text available
We address the crisis management strategies of Spain’s long-lasting recession and its associated protracted period of austerity. The Spanish economy enjoyed two decades of very intense expansion prior to the onset of the recession in 2008. That expansion was, nonetheless, unsustainable. Hence Spain went into a profound crisis with harsh social and...
Article
Full-text available
Esta nota de investigación examina comparativamente el cambio institucional reciente de los Estados del bienestar en los países del Sur de Europa. La irrupción de la crisis económica y financiera en 2008 dispuso un nuevo escenario para la reforma del bienestar. Los sistemas de protección social se enfrentaron a una coyuntura de transformación bajo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Este artículo explora los usos de Europa como un recurso autoritario por los agentes de la política en el contexto de la austeridad. El enfoque se centra en el posicionamiento político en cuanto a los 2010-2011 y 2012 que rompen las reformas del mercado de trabajo en España. Se plantea la hipótesis de que, si bien la mayor influencia europea es dec...
Presentation
Full-text available
Esta comunicación explora los usos de Europa como un recurso autoritario por los agentes de la política en el contexto de la austeridad. El enfoque se centra en el posicionamiento político en cuanto a los 2010-2011 y 2012 que rompen las reformas del mercado de trabajo en España. Se plantea la hipótesis de que, si bien la mayor influencia europea es...
Article
Full-text available
La inversión social ha emergido como paradigma dominante para orientar la reforma de la política social en Europa. La nueva lógica de bienestar que propone la estrategia de la inversión social es la de “preparar” en lugar de “reparar”, fortalecer las capacidades de las personas para facilitar su integración social a través de la participación en el...
Chapter
We started this book by asking whether and to what extent European and national policies enhance the Active Citizenship of persons with disabilities. The previous chapters have examined whether such policies have included explicit goals, appropriate means and coordinated efforts. Several of the chapters have identified changes that may improve the...
Book
Full-text available
Being an ‘active citizen’ involves exercising social rights and duties, enjoying choice and autonomy, and participating in political decision-making processes which are of importance for one’s life. Amid the new challenges facing contemporary welfare states, debate over just how ‘active’ citizens can and ought to be has redoubled. Presenting resear...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The post-industrial period requires that welfare states of advanced economies pay attention to NSR and needs throughout the life cycle in order to support economic growth and ensure the wellbeing of households. This article assesses comparatively the extent to which the Spanish and Italian welfare states have addressed new social risks in terms of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper explores the use of Europe by national policy actors as an authoritative resource to support labour market reform in Spain in the context of austerity. Spain experienced one of the largest falls in employment of all European Union (EU) member states after the recession of 2008. We focus on the political discourse behind the 2010 and 2012...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In post-industrial societies, the well-being of families and households depends to a large extent on the efforts made by welfare states to address the New Social Risks (NSR). The post-industrial period requires that welfare states in advanced economies pay attention to NSRs and needs throughout the life cycle in order to support economic growth and...
Chapter
In this book we ask whether European and national polices are enhancing the Active Citizenship of persons with disabilities. More specifically, we investigate whether such policies include explicit goals, appropriate means and coordinated efforts. To the extent that the answer is no, we consider what kinds of changes are called for in the design an...
Chapter
Full-text available
This entry presents an overall description of the welfare state in Spain, including its historical foundations, recent developments and currrent institutional features. Although the Spanish welfare State shows more similarities than differences with other Western European welfare states, both in design and service provision, its evolution has under...
Article
Full-text available
La crisis económica iniciada en 2008 ha sido más intensa en los países del Sur de Europa que en otros socios comunitarios. Las dificultades de financiación pública afrontadas por España, Grecia, Italia o Portugal han situado a sus sistemas de protección social bajo especiales circunstancias de presión. El imperativo de consolidación fiscal ha forza...
Article
Full-text available
Southern European countries have been impacted longer and harder than other European Union members by the post-2008 economic crisis. The financial difficulties faced by Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain have brought their welfare states under intense strain. Bail-outs and political surveillance by the European Union have triggered reform in several...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Spanish and Italian welfare states are among those most affected by the recession because of the sharp increase in social needs and, in parallel, the intense pressures towards the achievement of fiscal balances. Moreover, the post-industrial period requires that welfare states of advanced economies pay attention to new social risks and to needs...
Chapter
Full-text available
La formulación de la etiqueta Modelo Social Europeo (MSE) se atribuye al Comisario Jacques Delors, en el marco de la Cumbre del Consejo Europeo de Val Duchesse (1985) y dentro del debate político que da origen a la última fase de construcción de la Europa social. A pesar de la inexistencia de una definición común del MSE, sí es posible encontrar co...
Book
Full-text available
El libro consta de dos partes. En la primera se analizan las transformaciones de los cuatro regímenes de bienestar que agrupan a la mayoría de los países europeos y de América del Norte. Además, la nueva edición de este libro incluye también capítulos sobre el régimen de bienestar postcomunista, el denominado modelo social europeo y los sistemas de...
Chapter
This chapter makes a comparative analysis of the trajectories of welfare change in Italy and Spain since the outbreak of the financial crisis. We look at the differences in the types of institutional design to study welfare reform in these two countries and assess how recent changes have affected welfare state institutions. This chapter also assess...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo aborda las transformaciones del sistema de producción de políticas públicas en España, Italia, Irlanda y Portugal en el contexto de la crisis económica. Desde 2008, los países de la periferia del Euro han sido sometidos a intensas presiones financieras, que han reducido el margen de discrecionalidad de los actores nacionales en los proc...
Article
By looking at the main welfare state reforms undertaken by the Italian and Spanish governments since the outbreak of the financial crisis, this article explores changes resulting from the implementation of austerity policies. In light of the way in which unpopular fiscal adjustment measures have been introduced in both countries, especially since 2...
Article
Full-text available
This article makes a comparative analysis of the trajectories of welfare change in Italy and Spain since the outbreak of the financial crisis. We look at the differences in the types of institutional design to study of welfare reform in these two countries and assess how recent changes have affected welfare state institutions. The article also asse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Unemployment among young people has mushroomed during the past years in the EU due to the economic and financial crisis. Spain stands out as one of member states suffering from one of the most staggering rates. This paper focuses on the situation of Spanish youth vis à vis employment and unemployment. The first section analyzes youth (un)employment...
Article
Full-text available
La crisis del Modelo Social Europeo (MSE) es un síntoma de los problemas enfrentados por el proyecto de integración en los últimos tiempos. El cuestionamiento del papel de Europa en el mundo, de su proyecto político de unión supra-nacional o de la capacidad de su economía para seguir siendo competitiva a nivel global se ha visto acompañado de un de...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the question of whether the economic crisis provides a politically opportune time to drastically curtail public healthcare in South Europe or whether, instead, there are signs of longer-term reform strategies for potentially balancing fiscal targets with the quest for enhanced value and health outcomes, when eventually growth...
Article
Full-text available
South European countries have been hit hardest and longest by the post-2008 economic crisis. This has brought their welfare states under acute strain. Unmet need has sharply increased while significant welfare reforms and (more or less) deep cuts and changes in social spending have been prominent in the repertoire of the crisis management solutions...
Chapter
Over the last two decades, health care systems have been put under various types of pressure. The most visible one has, of course, been economic pressure, with health care spending continuing to grow much faster than GDP. But health care systems have also been challenged from a social point of view, since, in many countries, the debate about inequa...
Book
Over the last two decades, health care systems have been put under various types of pressure. The most visible one has, of course, been economic pressure, with health care spending continuing to grow much faster than GDP. But health care systems have also been challenged from a social point of view, since, in many countries, the debate about inequa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Los acuerdos corporatistas han constituido uno de los elementos centrales del modelo de definición de políticas públicas en España y Portugal desde la Transición a la Democracia. La existencia de un soporte corporatista tras las iniciativas de desarrollo y reforma de las políticas de bienestar y del mercado de trabajo es un rasgo persistente en amb...
Book
Full-text available
La intensa crisis económica de alcance internacional y originada en el ámbito de las finanzas está teniendo un gran impacto en las economías nacionales. Entre las consecuencias más directas debemos citar el descenso de la actividad económica, el declive de las inversiones y el consumo, además de una fuerte caída del empleo en la mayoría de los país...
Chapter
As this book well illustrates, young adults finishing education, leaving the parental home, entering the labour market, and starting families face many different challenges (and threats). The risk of becoming poor is one of the most relevant given that the economic crisis has hit young adults extremely hard in some European countries. Interestingly...
Article
Good jobs can generate capabilities that allow employees to avoid tensions between work and family/home. Following the conceptual framework of Amartya Sen, we examine how job-related demands and resources are related to the level of interference, as well as satisfaction with managing work and home in Spanish and German employees, using three differ...
Article
Full-text available
The paper approaches the main reform episodes that have taken place in Spain in the field of reconciliation between work and family life. It addresses the different phases of political design on reconciliation, tackling the ‘utilization’ of European recommendations, references and standards by the actors involved. The analysis covers the period fro...
Chapter
The attainment of a satisfactory work-life balance has gained an increasingly prominent position in the aspirations of citizens in developed democracies, which is highly unlikely to disappear even in the face of a deep economic crisis such as the present one. The possibilities of attaining a balance are closely linked to tensions between work and w...
Chapter
A Long Goodbye to Bismarck? is the first study to provide an exhaustive comparative account of all welfare reforms in continental Europe during the past three decades, covering Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, and Switzerland.
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses social policy reform in the past 30 years in Spain from a novel point of view, namely, that of the institutional capabilities of Bismarckian welfare states to reinvent themselves and to successfully adapt to an era of austerity and open economic competition. After a brief introduction aiming at signaling the main characteristics...
Article
Earnings are one of the most relevant dimensions of job quality. They are the main reward within the employment relation, the one most valued by workers and the most multi-faceted instrument for achieving other goals. Very frequently, it is also closely associated with other objective and subjective dimensions of employment quality. Still, sociolog...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de la presente contribución es analizar la ‘utilización’ de los recursos comunitarios en el diseño y desarrollo de las políticas de conciliación de la vida laboral y familiar en España a lo largo de los últimos 30 años. El caso español resulta especialmente interesante, dadas sus características. Por un lado, es uno de los modelos de Es...
Book
Full-text available
La creación de empleo ha ocupado un lugar fundamental dentro de las agendas políticas nacionales desde las crisis de la década de los años 70. La visión dominante en torno al problema del empleo (y del desempleo) ha partido de una perspectiva esencialmente cuantitativa. Los cambios en la organización del trabajo, la aparición de nuevas formas de co...
Chapter
Full-text available
El ánimo de este volumen es abordar con rigor la aparición y progresiva consolidación, dentro de las agendas políticas sobre mercado de trabajo, protección social y relaciones laborales, de una creciente preocupación en torno al problema de la calidad del trabajo y de los resortes utilizados para la promoción del empleo. La cuestión de las tensione...
Article
Full-text available
La cuestión de la calidad del empleo, que hace su aparición en la agenda política comunitaria a mediados de la década de los años 90, ha cobrado especial relevancia en los últimos tiempos. La aplicación de las directrices de calidad de las instituciones europeas por parte de los socios miembros se ha traducido en una incorporación progresiva de las...
Article
This article analyses recent changes in the Greek and Spanish national health services. The aim is to assess how the period of austerity and further recovery during the 1990s and early 2000s impacted on them in terms of equity and efficiency. This is of interest because of the closeness in time between the universalizing reform laws and the arrival...
Article
The economical and political integration project of the European Union opens new room for participation in decision-making for trade unions and employers' associations. However, it also poses significative challenges, both in strategical and structural terms to these groups of interest representation. The active role played by these actors in polit...
Article
Full-text available
El proyecto de integración económica y política de la Unión Europea ofrece importantes opciones de participación para las organizaciones representativas del empresariado y de los trabajadores, pero también plantea fuertes retos de carácter estratégico y estructural. La posibilidad de que estos actores tomen parte en la toma de decisiones políticas...

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