Ana Cruz

Ana Cruz

PhD Interdisciplinary

About

132
Publications
38,310
Reads
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2,188
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
April 2006 - March 2009
European Commission
Position
  • Joint Research Centre

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
Full-text available
Effective risk communication is essential for disaster risk management. Apart from empowering communities to make informed risk choices, risk information disclosure can also drastically enhance their disaster preparedness, especially concerning conjoint scenarios of technological and natural hazards (Natech). A fundamental precondition is the actua...
Article
Technological accidents triggered by natural hazards are considered as Natech events. Natech events involve chemical releases, which could cause serious health and environmental problems and large economic losses. Several studies have pointed out that the number of Natech events is on the rise. Learning lessons from Natech event data could provide...
Article
A growing number of natural hazard-triggered technological accidents (Natech) has been reported by several researchers, and this trend is expected to continue due to climate change. As a result, some governments have initiated direct efforts to manage Natech risks, particularly in the United States and Europe. However, two surveys conducted by the...
Article
Full-text available
Several tsunami record catalogues have been developed for extensive tsunami research. However, completeness analysis of tsunami catalogues, an important step in using these catalogues for tsunami research, has not received sufficient attention. This could result in many biases and incorrect results. In this study, two methods proposed are employed...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigated households' perceptions concerning the effects of a natural hazard-triggered chemical accident (known as a Natech) on residential property values in Ichihara city, Japan, where a Natech accident occurred in 2011 following the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami. Furthermore, the household survey investigated household...
Article
Full-text available
A U.S.-Japan expert workshop on mobile alert and warning was held online 8–10 September 2021. Funded by the Japan Foundation’s Center for Global Partnership (CGP) and responding to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the workshop compared U.S. and Japanese mobile alert and warning contexts, systems, policies, and messages to...
Article
Purpose This study investigated pre-evacuation times and evacuation behaviors of vulnerable people during the 2018 flooding in Shimobara, Okayama, Japan, and the flood-triggered factory explosion, a natural hazard-triggered technological accident known as a natural-hazard-triggered technological accidents (Natech). This study examined factors that...
Article
This study investigates an oil spill which involved an ironworks factory in Saga prefecture, during the severe flooding that hit southwestern Japan in late August 2019. The aim of the study is to provide an overview of the accident, highlighting the causes and the consequences of this compound disaster. Furthermore, the study analyses the emergency...
Article
An increasing trend in the number of reported natural hazard-triggered technological accidents (Natechs) worldwide has led to the development of contributions in Natech risk assessment and management, risk reduction and emergency response strategies, risk communication, risk perception, and risk governance. Yet, although some studies have underscor...
Article
Almatourism - University of Bologna The World Tourism Organization proposed to examine studies on previous infectious disease outbreaks (epidemics), in particular the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic of 2002–2004, to better managing the impact of the COVID-19 on the tourism industry. We followed this suggestion by analysing touris...
Article
Natural hazard triggered hazardous materials (hazmat)-release accidents, known as Natechs, can cause extensive damage and losses. Several studies found that tropical storms are becoming an important cause of Natechs. Understanding whether and how climate change affects the incidence of tropical storms-related Natechs becomes a crucial issue for ind...
Article
Introducción: dentro de las tres causas de muerte más frecuentes en adolescentes de 15 y más años de edad se encuentra el suicidio. Objetivo: caracterizar los factores de riesgo y la tipificación de la conducta suicida en adolescentes dispensarizados en la atención primaria desde el enfoque comunitario. Métodos: se realizó en el Policlínico “Mart...
Article
Full-text available
The Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami in 2011 triggered multiple releases, fires and explosions at chemical process installations. Based on the analysis of available accident data, this article identifies the main impacts and consequences and highlights gaps in Natech prevention, preparedness and response. It also presents changes in Natech r...
Article
Introducción: la primera causa de muerte en los gerontes son las enfermedades oncológicas, que requieren de calidad en la actuación del cuidador con enfoque bioético en el domicilio. Objetivo: diseñar un sistema de acciones con enfoque bioético para cuidadores de pacientes oncogeriátricos con estado avanzado de la enfermedad e ingreso domiciliario...
Article
Full-text available
Natural hazard-triggered technological accidents (Natechs) refer to accidents involving releases of hazardous materials (hazmat) triggered by natural hazards. Huge economic losses, as well as human health and environmental problems are caused by Natechs. In this regard, learning from previous Natechs is critical for risk management. However, due to...
Article
Full-text available
An explosion at an aluminum factory occurred due to floods in Soja City, Okayama Prefecture, in July 2018. This study investigates the accident, its overall impact on local residents, and emergency management activities. The results of the study showed that several nearby structures and homes were damaged by the explosion. Concern for more explosio...
Article
Full-text available
After the Wenchuan earthquake, the overall post-reconstruction of the affected area was completed in 2 years with significant achievements in a top-down fashion. However, the secondary large-scale mass movements and floods that followed the earthquake have shattered mountain settlements and resulted in serious loss of life and property over the las...
Presentation
Full-text available
Chemical release accidents triggered by natural hazards are known as Natechs. Evidence from past Natechs show that these types of cascading events can result in a high economic losses and long-term environmental problems. One type of natural hazards, namely, tropical storms are becoming an important cause of Natechs in the United States (US) accord...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the aim of extracting lessons learned, this study investigated a large oil spill at an ironworks factory in Saga prefecture, during the severe flooding that hit southwestern Japan in late August 2019. The oil spill dispersed by the flood waters contaminated adjacent crops, irrigation canals and citizens homes in a large area of Omachi town. Ma...
Article
There is growing awareness in the international community of the effects of technological accidents triggered by natural hazards, also known as Natechs. Population growth, migration to urban areas, and proximity to industrial developments in hazard-prone areas have aggravated communities’ exposure and vulnerability. As a result, governments have st...
Article
This study focuses on the promotion and use of tourist-oriented built-for-disasterpurpose mobile applications. The investigation relies on two trends that are characterizing modern societies. The first trend refers to the fact that recently, rapidly, and worldwide, the number of mobile applications users increased. The second trend refers to the fa...
Chapter
Natural hazard triggered technological accidents (known as Natechs) are a subject of increasing concern due to the growing exposure of highly industrialized and urbanized areas to natural hazards. The increasing trend of such accidents along with their potentially devastating consequences has led to growing awareness and international efforts aimed...
Article
Full-text available
Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, suffers from severe air pollution during the long winter months, and its air pollution levels are among the highest in the world. Residents in the ger areas of Ulaanbaatar are unable to take advantage of the laws and policy regulations to reduce air pollution despite years of efforts to address this issue by in...
Article
This study compares the perspectives of government agencies, academic experts, and tourism suppliers on providing tourists with tsunami risk information. Previous studies highlight that government agencies are often in charge of developing tourism-oriented risk communication plans; academic experts are recognized as having a more in-depth understan...
Article
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160738319301604?dgcid=author During the last two decades, inbound tourism has rapidly increased in Japan. The country is prone to several natural hazards which create risk for tourists. Previous studies highlight a low level of disaster preparedness among tourists suggesting the need for developi...
Poster
Full-text available
Natech events are generally considered as hazardous material (hazmat) release accidents that happened when natural hazards impact an industrial facility or chemical processing equipment. Many studies have found that Natech events can severely affect regions with no preparation for Natech eventsfrom public security, health, environment, and economic...
Article
Full-text available
Disaster management is a global challenge, but disasters do not affect men and women equally. In most of the world’s disasters, more females are impacted than males, and in Afghanistan the disparity between female and male victims is even greater. This study identifies and maps the relationships between the factors that make Afghan rural women more...
Article
Full-text available
Natural hazard triggered technological accidents involving the releases of hazardous materials (hazmat) are known as Natechs. These types of complex events were studied for the first time at the end of the 1970s, and in recent years have gained importance due to their increasing trend. This paper presents an overview of the advances in Natech resea...
Article
In recent years, the severity of technological accidents caused by natural hazards (Natechs) has been increasing. This trend has resulted from the combination of several factors including three main causes, a growing population worldwide, rapid urbanization, and an increasing number of industrial facilities located close to communities in natural h...
Article
Natural hazard triggering technological disasters (Natech) events pose risks to industrial facilities and process plants. As these plants handle hazardous materials, they can endanger nearby residential areas and have financial consequences. Thus, proper Natech risk assessment is required for effective prevention, mitigation and emergency response...
Poster
Full-text available
Natural hazards triggered technological accidents (Natechs) which involve fires, explosions, oil spills, and toxic chemical releases from damaged facilities and hazardous material (hazmat) storage tanks. Consequently, huge economic losses, human health, and environmental problems may be caused by Natechs. Learning from historical Natech accidents i...
Article
Full-text available
The pep4um gene (um04926) of Ustilago maydis encodes a protein related to either vacuolar or lysosomal aspartic proteases. Bioinformatic analysis of the Pep4um protein revealed that it is a soluble protein with a signal peptide suggesting that it likely passes through the secretory pathway, and it has two probable self-activation sites, which are s...
Article
Aims To describe the methodology of the EPISER 2016 (study of the prevalence of rheumatic diseases in adult population in Spain), as well its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren...
Article
In the teaching-learning model focused on the student, the development of communication skills is very important. The objective of this article is to deepen on the subject in a general way, in its relationship with pedagogical communication, the personological components of the teaching-learning process and the levels of structure of communication...
Article
The Japanese government has recently demonstrated interest in increasing tourists’ disaster preparedness. This is in part due to the need to develop an efficient disaster preparedness plan for the upcoming Olympic Games in 2020 that will be held in Tokyo. The aim of this paper is to present opportunities for future research able to facilitate a mor...
Chapter
A key point for tech-transfer and innovation is financing, especially for small and medium enterprises. In this case, the authors explore the different European instruments of financing and how they have been applied to the creative industries. Starting from an analysis of the type of projects funded by previous European Framework Programmes for Re...
Chapter
Full-text available
The most common cause of fractures in the elderly is falling, usually from standing height, and falling is the leading cause of hospitalisation due to accidental injury, with significant risk of death in the following year due to complications [1]. Low bone density due to osteoporosis or osteopenia means that falls easily result in fractures, even...
Book
Depuis une trentaine d’années, la connaissance des inondations s’est démultipliée ; de la pure science hydrologique et hydraulique, elle s’est ouverte à d’autres disciplines comme l’économie ainsi que les sciences humaines et territoriales.Inondations 1 : la connaissance du risque offre une revue des connaissances actuelles sur le risque inondation...
Article
Full-text available
Natural hazard triggered technological (Natech) events are low probability but high impact events. It is a relatively new challenge faced by the people involved in disaster risk management and can be particularly complicated. Their rarity signifies the importance to study and analyze past events. The lessons learnt from those accident investigation...
Conference Paper
The increasing search for the development of technologies and constructive cultures for the construction of social housing, with optimization of production and consequent reduction of cost, motivated the accomplishment of this work. The study proposes to present the constructive systems used in civil construction in Brazil and identify the factors...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Considering the environmental and economic impacts that materials and components used in construction can cause during their life cycle, increasing their useful life by inserting them into the concept of sustainable development becomes imperative. Durability is not an intrinsic quality of a material, changes in process details that provide greater...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The road transport in Brazil is the main logistics system in the country, with an approximate network of 751 km of highways where 56% of the cargo moved in the Brazilian territory. After the advent of Rio + 20, it became necessary to implement green solutions and technologies to ensure durability in this type of transportation system. The trend for...
Chapter
Over the past decade there have been increasing efforts to tackle the problem of hazardous-materials releases from industrial installations in the wake of natural disasters. However, increasing urbanization and industrialization coupled with climate change brought about by global warming highlights the need to address the remaining research and pol...
Chapter
Numerous past Natech accidents are testimony to the dangers that can arise when the natural and technological worlds collide. Past experience also teaches that Natech accidents can in principle be triggered by any kind of natural hazard and that it does not necessarily require a major natural-hazard event, such as a strong earthquake or a hurricane...
Chapter
In many countries, a legal framework for chemical-accident prevention and mitigation exists and some programs address Natech risk directly or implicitly. Nonetheless, the repeated occurrence of Natech accidents raises questions about the effectiveness of these frameworks. This chapter provides examples of current national approaches and internation...
Chapter
Structural prevention and mitigation measures can help prevent damage and hazardous-materials releases at industrial facilities, and contribute to reducing their consequences if releases do occur. This chapter introduces a selection of available structural protection measures for different types of natural hazards.
Chapter
Dealing with Natech risk effectively involves a wide range of prevention and mitigation measures that can be physical or administrative in nature. A mix of both types of measures is commonly required for optimum protection. This chapter introduces selected organizational measures for Natech risk reduction.
Chapter
Risk assessment is a prerequisite for understanding the Natech risk and for determining if and which prevention and preparedness measures should be implemented to reduce the risk. The analysis of multihazard risks is a highly complex task and there is no consolidated methodology for assessing the Natech risk. This chapter introduces selected qualit...
Chapter
This chapter sets the stage for the chapters that follow by introducing the topic of Natech risks, including a definition of the term, presenting the main characteristics of Natech accidents, and giving an overview of the objectives and scope of the book.
Article
Full-text available
On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJET) triggered the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. This event caused immense damage releasing large amounts of radioisotopes to the environment. As consequence, safety concerns have arisen for food safety and marine products. Our research contributes to invest...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: To describe the methodology of the EPISER 2016 (study of the prevalence of rheumatic diseases in adult population in Spain), as well its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögr...
Article
One of the most prominent urban problems European cities face, is not only the physical degradation of its historic city centers, but also the degradation of their social, economic and environmental context. Moreover, common rehabilitation methods and strategies are often unsuccessful combatting such problem, and new ways and strategies must be res...
Article
Full-text available
The Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes held its 3rd Global Summit of Research Institutes for Disaster Risk Reduction at the Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Japan, 19–21 March, 2017. The Global Alliance seeks to contribute to enhancing disaster risk reduction (DRR) and disaster resilience through the collaborat...
Research
Full-text available
Extended Abstract at "DPRI Annual Meeting, 2017", Kyoto University. http://www.dpri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/campus_en/
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Workshop on Tools for Natech Risk Management was organized and hosted by the Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI) at Kyoto University, Uji Campus, on March13th 2017. The Natech workshop was carried out in an effort to do a hands-on practical demonstration of some available tools for Natech risk assessment, risk mitigation and emergency...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes data on households’ risk perception and protective behavior following a natural disaster triggered technological accident (Natech accident) that occurred at an industrial park in Sendai during the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, on 11 March 2011. The results indicate that some households carried out multiple evacuations...
Article
During the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJET), many industrial facilities were affected to different extents by the earthquake and/or tsunami. Damages and reasons for hazardous materials releases were reported by former studies. This paper provides further details concerning the impact of GEJET, by the data collected from a series...
Book
Full-text available
This book covers the entire spectrum of issues pertinent to Natech risk assessment and management. After a thorough introduction of the topic, the authors discuss various examples of international frameworks for major accident prevention and provide a detailed view of the implementation of Natech risk management in the EU and OECD. The book include...
Article
Natech risk refers to risk originating from conjoint natural and technological hazards. In this chapter, we are concerned with risk governance of Natechs involving technological hazards arising from the processing, handling and/or storage of hazardous materials (hazmats), as well as the transportation of oil and gas by pipeline. Examples of Natechs...
Article
Fingolimod 0.5 mg is an orally active sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor modulator approved for use in adults with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS). The efficacy and safety profile of fingolimod has been well characterized in a large clinical development program. Here, we report the safety and tolerability of fingolimod in relapsing-remitting MS (RR...
Article
Full-text available
O presente estudo consiste no tratamento taxonômico do gênero Abuta no Estado de Rondônia. São apresentadas chave de identificação, descrições e ilustrações das espécies, bem como dados adicionais sobre distribuição geográfica e comentários das mesmas. O gênero está representado na área por oito espécies: Abuta grandifolia, A. imene, A. obovata, A....
Conference Paper
The introduction of the Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta) in natural habitats in Europe is of special concern for freshwater native species, as it is classified among the 100 most harmful invasive species in the world. To investigate new forms to mitigate this problem and to evaluate the possibility of eradication of this species from the wetlan...
Article
Ovarian cancer is a lethal gynecologic malignancy with greater than 70% of women presenting with advanced stage disease. Despite new treatments, long term outcomes have not significantly changed in the past 30 years with the five-year overall survival remaining between 20% and 40% for stage III and IV disease. In contrast patients with stage I dise...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabalho consiste no tratamento taxonômico de Sapindaceae Jusss. nas restingas do litoral paraense. A metodologia desse estudo compreendeu a análise do material proveniente de coletas e exsicatas dos herbários do Museu Goeldi (MG) e do Instituto Agronômico do Norte (IAN), além de literatura especializada. São apresentadas chave de identificaçã...
Article
A changing climate and more frequent extreme weather events pose challenges to the oil and gas sector. Identifying how these changes will affect oil and gas extraction, transportation, processing, and delivery, and how these industries can adapt to or mitigate any adverse impacts will be vital to this sector’s supply security. This work presents an...