Amy Pickard

Amy Pickard
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology | CEH · UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Bush Estate (Edinburgh)

MSci (Hons) PhD

About

29
Publications
4,721
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170
Citations
Citations since 2017
23 Research Items
168 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080

Publications

Publications (29)
Article
Full-text available
Aquatic systems draining peatland catchments receive a high loading of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from the surrounding terrestrial environment. Whilst photo-processing is known to be an important process in the transformation of aquatic DOC, the drivers of temporal variability in this pathway are less well understood. In this study, 8 h laborat...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the concentration and composition of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in glacial ecosystems is important for assessments of in situ microbial activity and contributions to wider biogeochemical cycles. Nonetheless, there is limited knowledge of the abundance and character of DOC in basal ice and the subglacial environment and a lack of qua...
Article
Full-text available
This study trialled a convolutional neural net (CNN)-based approach to mapping peat ditches from aerial imagery. Peat ditches were dug in the last century to improve peat moorland for agriculture and forestry at the expense of habitat health and carbon sequestration. Both the quantitative assessment of drained areas and restoration efforts to re-we...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the UK most large reservoirs constructed for public water supply are in upland areas and situated in catchments that contain at least some organic-rich soils. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) leaching from these soils imparts a brownish colour to water and raises treatment challenges for the water industry since excessive post-treatment concentrat...
Article
Dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) fluxes from the land to ocean have been quantified for many rivers globally. However, CO2 fluxes to the atmosphere from inland waters are quantitatively significant components of the global carbon cycle that are currently poorly constrained. Understanding, the relative contributions of natural and human-impacted pro...
Article
Full-text available
Direct land-to-atmosphere carbon exchange has been the primary focus in previous studies of peatland disturbance and subsequent restoration. However, loss of carbon via the fluvial pathway is a significant term in peatland carbon budgets and requires consideration to assess the overall impact of restoration measures. This study aimed to determine t...
Article
Biologically productive regions such as estuaries and coastal areas, even though they only cover a small percentage of the world's oceans, contribute significantly to methane and nitrous oxide emissions. This paper synthesises greenhouse gas data measured in UK estuary studies, highlighting that urban wastewater loading is significantly correlated...
Article
Full-text available
The flux of terrigenous organic carbon through estuaries is an important and changing, yet poorly understood, component of the global carbon cycle. Using dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and fluorescence data from 13 British estuaries draining catchments with highly variable land uses, we show that land use strongly influences the fate of DOC across...
Article
Full-text available
Inland waters are important sources of greenhouse gases and emissions from polluted subtropical systems may be contributing to the observed global increase in atmospheric methane concentrations. Here we detail a scoping study where dissolved concentrations of greenhouse gases methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) were measured...
Article
Full-text available
Inland waters play an active role in the global carbon cycle and emit large volumes of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2). A considerable body of research has improved emissions estimates from lakes, reservoirs, and rivers but recent attention has been drawn to the importance of small, artificial waterbodies as poorl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Maintenance and enhancement of peatland carbon storage is a major policy objective towards meeting greenhouse gas (GHG) targets. Management interventions can influence both the storage capacity and the vulnerability of the stock to climate-change induced increases in drought frequency and severity, and incidence of wildfires. Quantification of thes...
Article
Full-text available
The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) export from land to ocean via rivers is a significant term in the global C cycle, and has been modified in many areas by human activity. DOC exports from large global rivers are fairly well quantified, but those from smaller river systems, including those draining oceanic regions, are generally under-represented i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rising dissolved organic matter (DOM) concentrations, and associated increases in water colour, have posed a potential problem for the UK water industry since the phenomenon was first reported in the early 1990s. Elevated DOM concentrations in raw water are of particular concern in upland catchments dominated by organic soils where DOM production t...
Article
Full-text available
Three different nitrogen (N) fertiliser types, ammonium nitrate, urea and urea coated with a urease inhibitor (Agrotain®), were applied at standard rates (70 kg N ha−1) to experimental plots in a typical and intensively managed grassland area at the Easter Bush Farm Estate (Scotland). The nitrogen use efficiency of the fertilisers was investigated...
Article
Full-text available
The transport of dissolved organic matter (DOM) across the land-ocean-aquatic-continuum (LOAC), from freshwater to the ocean, is an important yet poorly understood component of the global carbon budget. Exploring and quantifying this flux is a significant challenge given the complexities of DOM cycling across these contrasting environments. We deve...
Article
The role of plant phenology as regulator for gross ecosystem productivity (GEP) in peatlands is empirically not well constrained. This is because proxies to track vegetation development with daily coverage at the ecosystem scale have only recently become available and the lack of such data has hampered the disentangling of biotic and abiotic effect...
Poster
Since 2017, we investigated iDOM in tropical and temperate rivers across Amazonia and Scotland using the next-generation liquid chromatography organic carbon detection – organic nitrogen detection system utilised by Pereira et al. (2014). Monthly sampling of rivers including the Cree, the Clyde and the Forth show evidence for iDOM mobilisation, but...
Article
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/364/6438/eaav5570/tab-e-letters Letter submitted in response to Perino, A., Pereira, H.M., Navarro, L.M., Fernández, N., Bullock, J.M., Ceaușu, S., Cortés-Avizanda, A., van Klink, R., Kuemmerle, T., Lomba, A., Pe’er, G., Plieninger, T., Benayas, J.M.R., Sandom, C.J., Svenning, J.C., Wheeler, H.C., Rewilding C...
Presentation
We investigated the riverine carbon exports from a two headwater peatland environments in the UK, and examined the potential uncertainty of quantification due to the role of optically “invisible” dissolved organic matter (iDOM). Importantly, our work captured compositional changes of riverine DOM in during an exceptionally dry period and compared t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The delivery of organic matter (OM) from land to freshwaters constitutes a significant flux within the global carbon cycle, with particularly high OM loading in aquatic systems draining organic carbon rich peatlands. However, the reactivity and therefore the fate of OM within the aquatic continuum is not fully understood. In this study, OM concentr...
Article
Full-text available
Three different nitrogen fertilizer types, ammonium nitrate, urea and urea coated with a urease inhibitor (Agrotain®), were applied at standard rates (70 kg N ha−1) to experimental plots in a typical and intensively managed grassland area at Easter Bush Farm Estate (Scotland). The nitrogen use efficiency of the fertilisers was investigated as well...
Article
Full-text available
Aquatic systems draining peatland catchments receive a high loading of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from the surrounding terrestrial environment. Whilst photo-processing is known to be an important process in the transformation of aquatic DOC, the drivers of temporal variability in this pathway are less well understood. In this study, laboratory...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Open-water pools are widespread in peatlands and are considered to represent biogeochemical hotspots within the peatland landscape. However the contribution of pool systems to wider peatland C cycling has not been quantified fully and there is a lack of knowledge of the role of photochemical processes in such environments. In this study, light expo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aquatic systems draining peatlands receive a high loading of dissolved organic matter (DOM) from surrounding terrestrial environments. However the fate of aquatic DOM remains poorly constrained, in part due to lack of knowledge regarding the photoreactivity of DOM and how this changes as a function of variability in source material. In this study w...
Article
Full-text available
Glacial runoff is an important source of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) for downstream heterotrophic activity, despite the low overall DOC concentrations. This is because of the abundance of bioavailable, low molecular weight (LMW) DOC species. However, the provenance and character of LMW-DOC is not fully understood. We investigated the abundance a...

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