Amy Javernick-Will

Amy Javernick-Will
University of Colorado Boulder | CUB · Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering (CEAE)

PhD

About

163
Publications
45,453
Reads
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1,897
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2010 - present
University of Colorado Boulder
Position
  • Assistant Professor, Nicholas R. and Nancy D. Petry Professor in Construction Engineering and Management
August 2006 - September 2009
Stanford University
Position
  • Graduate Research Fellow

Publications

Publications (163)
Article
Background Socially engaged engineering activities such as community development have grown rapidly in popularity. The engineers who participate in these activities seem more diverse and more broadly interested than the larger population of engineers in the United States. Purpose/HypothesisThis article compares the personal attributes, specifically...
Article
Knowledge is a fundamental resource for project-based organizations, and it resides within individual employees. By dividing employees according to their abilities, job roles, and areas of expertise (e.g. business units, functional disciplines), managers create groups within the organization without seeing the impact on underlying knowledge flows....
Article
Full-text available
Engineers must acquire increasing technical and professional skills to meet pressing global challenges, but fitting training for these skills into already crowded curricula is difficult. Engineering service may provide opportunities to gain such skills; however, prior research about learning outcomes from such activities has been primarily small-sc...
Article
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As disaster losses continue to rise around the world, it has become increasingly important to understand the long-term outcomes of post-disaster recovery programmes. Often, disaster recovery projects have an abbreviated planning period, involve multiple NGOs, and lack long-term plans for evaluation. This article describes outcomes of the shelter re...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this research is to examine why communities facing the same disaster recover differentially and determine pathways to successful disaster recovery in the research setting of New Orleans neighborhoods affected by Hurricane Katrina. While previous studies suggest that there are a variety of pathways to recovery, a broader cro...
Article
This study maps and quantitatively analyzes the interaction of factors that drive (un)sustainable rural water service delivery in five regions across Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya by combining the knowledge and experience of 210 service delivery stakeholders, ranging from government officials, service providers and the private sector. We used semi-st...
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This study assesses the wind performance of various housing typologies representing informal construction practices in Puerto Rico to suggest modifications to enhance housing resilience in hurricanes. Based on fieldwork and interviews, the study defined four base housing typologies and possible variations in design and construction details. Each ho...
Article
This study sought to coalesce sector knowledge on the use of systems approaches for sustainable water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) service delivery in low-income countries. To accomplish this objective, we remotely convened a panel of WASH sector experts within a multiround survey to identify, characterize, and prioritize the necessary attribute...
Article
This study investigates areas where perceptions of those working in Puerto Rico's informal construction sector and engineering assessments of housing safety in future disasters misalign, identifying areas for construction capacity development to reduce hurricane and earthquake risk. We compared survey results from 345 individuals building and advis...
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The central USA has experienced an increase in the frequency and magnitude of human-induced earthquakes. The earthquakes are caused by the deep-well injection of water produced from oil and gas development. However, the novelty of these earthquakes and the politicized nature of oil and gas have resulted in competing explanations for their causes, l...
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Globally, hazards are increasingly threatening housing each year, and housing constructed outside the formal sector may be particularly vulnerable. Yet, limited studies have investigated the perceptions of those responsible for designing and building this housing. These safety perceptions motivate the informal housing construction practices that ul...
Article
Professionalized maintenance arrangements are emerging and growing to improve rural water service sustainability across sub-Saharan Africa, where local governments often act as rural service authorities. Uganda’s Ministry of Water and Environment released a novel policy in 2019 to promote professionalization, outlining requirements of local governm...
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Decentralization in many African countries makes local governments responsible for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) service provision. Yet service provision is complex and requires concerted inputs from many actors, thus local governments are increasingly collaborating with internal and external stakeholders. These ‘collaborative approaches’,...
Article
Post-disaster relocation permanently moves households out of areas highly exposed to hazards, yet risk remains. Communities relocated after a disaster may continue to be exposed and ill-prepared to respond to hazards. To investigate the efficacy of relocation, we studied exposure and preparedness at relocation sites in the Philippines in the wake o...
Article
Despite decades of global development programming, poverty persists in the low-and-middle-income countries targeted by these efforts. Training approaches to global development must change and the role of engineers in these efforts must evolve to account for structural and systemic barriers to global poverty reduction. Rapid growth in Global Enginee...
Article
Systems for regular, preventive maintenance of infrastructure are needed to ensure safe water access globally. Emerging and growing across rural sub-Saharan Africa, professionalized maintenance arrangements feature legal, regulated service providers who maintain infrastructure in exchange for consumer payment through contracts. However, little is u...
Article
Although organizations build housing in resource-limited contexts after typhoons and other disasters that is intended to be safer than what existed previously, the performance of these houses in future typhoons—and the factors influencing their performance—is unknown. This study developed a component-level, performance-based wind engineering assess...
Article
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Collaborative approaches are seen as a promising way to strengthen Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) service delivery systems when challenges exceed the mandates and capabilities of any single entity. While collaborative approaches are well studied in high-income country contexts, current understanding of their application to international deve...
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Global engineers must be taught to consider the historical and present causes of persistent poverty and systemic barriers to prosperity. Such training will better inform the choices engineers make and help move the engineering sector away from a product and community-level focus towards working to address the root causes of poverty. A framing for G...
Article
A relatively new term for categorizing hazards is that of “techna” hazards, or seemingly natural phenomena induced by human technology or activity. The human origin of these hazards means that mitigation aimed at addressing the underlying cause of the hazard is a possibility, which is often not considered possible with traditional natural hazards....
Article
Continued access to sanitation and the improvements to public health that it provides requires safe fecal sludge management (FSM). Trained service providers offer the best path to achieve safe FSM in rural communities, but this service industry is hindered by a lack of understanding household valuation of FSM services in rural Cambodia. Using a dis...
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Despite the knowledge gained on post-disaster sheltering and housing over the last several decades, there remains a disconnect in the evidence needed by humanitarian practitioners and the learning that the research community is capturing. To determine the research needed by practitioners, we assembled a Delphi panel of experts in humanitarian shelt...
Article
Building capacity for disaster risk reduction requires integrating local and scientific knowledge. We focus on local and scientific knowledge of the safety of housing in typhoons' wind, focusing on roof and wall systems. To identify alignments and misalignments between household and engineering understanding of safe housing, we conducted semi-struc...
Conference Paper
In the central United States, the frequency of earthquakes has risen significantly in the past decade. Many scientists have argued that these earthquakes are induced by injecting vast quantities of salty wastewater, a byproduct of oil and natural gas production via hydraulic fracturing, deep underground. Because of the connection to oil and gas pro...
Article
Surveys and questionnaires are common tools used in construction and engineering project organization research, though there is a dearth of literature on how to best conduct surveys of issues related to these topics. In this paper, we analyzed how three factors—choice of response mode, incentive timing, and urbanicity—affect response rate, response...
Article
Surveys and questionnaires are common tools used in construction and engineering project organization research, though there is a dearth of literature on how to best conduct surveys of issues related to these topics. In this paper, we analyzed how three factors—choice of response mode, incentive timing, and urbanicity—affect response rate, response...
Article
Full-text available
To address the complex challenge of sustaining basic water and sanitation services in low income settings, international organizations and local and national government entities are beginning to design and implement interventions explicitly aimed at addressing system weaknesses. Often referred to as “systems approaches,” these interventions seek to...
Article
Group model building (GMB) approaches have been shown to improve participants' understanding of complexity by shifting and aligning individuals' mental models of the interconnections within complex systems. However, reviews of GMB literature have identified knowledge gaps for assessing the efficacy of GMB activities. To address these gaps, these st...
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How residents perceive housing safety affects how structures are designed, built, and maintained. This study assesses the perceptions of housing safety through a survey of over 450 individuals in communities that received post-disaster housing reconstruction assistance following 2013’s Typhoon Yolanda, and that were potentially vulnerable to earthq...
Article
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Mass relocation—the transfer of communities to new housing developments—is often implemented following disasters, despite criticism that past projects have not created livable communities for residents. Livable relocation communities are those where residents experience quality housing, utilities, social infrastructure, neighborliness, safety, and...
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The international development sector is increasingly implementing collaborative approaches that facilitate a range of sectoral-level stakeholders to jointly address complex problems facing sustainable public service delivery, for which guidance does not explicitly exist. The literature on collaborative approaches has been built on experiences in hi...
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The central United States has seen an increase in earthquakes in recent years, spurring academics to research this new hazard and communicate their findings to the public—that the earthquakes are human-induced and tied to activities associated with oil and gas development. However, individuals receive information from a variety of sources and accep...
Article
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Finite storage capacities of household pit latrines make safely managing fecal sludge a recurring challenge for 2.7 billion people globally. Frequently without guidance from standards or regulation, rural latrine owners choose how to manage their own fecal sludge. However, their intentions – what behavioral science says are the best predictors of f...
Article
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Rural water supply services worldwide consistently fail to deliver full public health impacts as intended due to a low service sustainability. This failure is increasingly attributed to weak local systems composed of social, financial and environmental factors. Current approaches in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector for understanding...
Article
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Endemic issues of sustainability in the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sector have led to the rapid expansion of ‘system approaches’ for assessing the multitude of interconnected factors that affect WASH outcomes. However, the sector lacks a systematic analysis and characterization of the knowledge base for systems approaches, in particular...
Article
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Peer review is a cornerstone of high-quality research. While attending PhD programmes, we mostly interact with advisors, however the academic quality of our work is ultimately judged by a broader range of academic peers. For early career researchers, transitioning into independent thought-leaders requires increasing exposure with our community of p...
Article
The importance of knowledge sharing within engineering organizations is well acknowledged within the literature. A critical step to organizational knowledge sharing involves expertise visibility, or knowing who knows what, as employees must first identify who has the knowledge needed for project or organizational tasks before engaging in knowledge...
Article
Diverse and numerous sanitation sustainability assessment frameworks have been created to enhance the ability of systems to provide safe sanitation services, especially in resource-limited contexts. However, many go unused while new frameworks are developed and high sanitation system failure rates persist. To better support the Sustainable Developm...
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Participation has long been considered important for post-disaster recovery. Establishing what constitutes participation in post-disaster shelter projects, however, has remained elusive, and the links between different types of participation and shelter programme outcomes are not well understood. Furthermore, recent case studies suggest that misgui...
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This study analyzed combinations of conditions that influence regular payments for water service in resource-limited communities. To do so, the study investigated 16 communities participating in a new preventive maintenance program in the Kamuli District of Uganda under a public–private partnership framework. First, this study identified conditions...
Article
Networks that generate collaboration and innovative ideas on a regular basis are characterized in this paper as high-value, collaborative networks. The initiation and development of these networks outside of the confines of a formal organization is analyzed in the context of the Engineering Project Organization Society (EPOS). The society, initiate...
Article
Sanitation systems globally fail at high rates. Researchers and practitioners attribute the causes of both sanitation success and failure to numerous factors that include technical and non-technical issues. A comprehensive understanding of what leads to sanitation failure and how to achieve sanitation success is imperative to prioritize the use of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Water and sanitation service delivery is complex and cannot be sustained by any one single actor. Recognising this prompts the need for approaches that integrate the diverse perspectives of the many actors involved in delivering services, align incentives, and strengthen collaboration. Countless methods and models for collaborative, action-based ap...
Article
Engineering and construction organizations realize that knowledge sharing between employees is essential to be competitive, yet few understand how knowledge sharing is affected by management choices. This paper examines how managerial control systems, the structures and routines used to influence organizational activities, influence knowledge acces...
Article
Sanitation acceptance is unlikely if user priorities are not addressed. However, sanitation systems are commonly implemented, especially in resource-limited communities, without incorporating local context. Understanding sanitation systems’ abilities to address different priorities will further inform technology selection processes. Therefore, a pr...
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The delivery of post-disaster shelter assistance continues to be fraught with challenges derived from the coordination of resources, involvement of project stakeholders, and training of households and builders. There is a need to better understand what project elements in the delivery of post-disaster shelter projects most influence resilience and...
Article
In the aftermath of a disaster there is often a call for mass relocation of exposed populations. The surrounding institutional context, comprised of normative and cultural-cognitive elements in addition to regulations, guides decisions made by relocation organizations. The theory of organizational institutionalism provides a window into beliefs, so...
Article
Addressing priorities is essential for the success of water and sanitation projects, especially in resource-limited communities. In order to quickly assess a resource-limited community’s priorities and sanitation needs, sanitation implementers often rely on a single method for priority assessment without understanding its effectiveness, such as its...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As the international water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) sector moves towards approaches that strengthen the wider political, social, technical, institutional, and environmental sub-systems that keep WASH infrastructure functioning, there is a growing need to understand the organizations, governments, and people that manage and rely on these sub-...
Conference Paper
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In resource-limited communities, up to 70 percent of sanitation systems fail within two years of construction, leading to diminished public and environmental health and heightened economic costs. Previous research has focused on isolated factors that influence success or failure, neglecting to evaluate the effects of multiple factors in In resource...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Pit latrines are used by 3.4 billion people around the world, but little is known about how to manage full pits safely and effectively in real-world contexts where human behavior strongly affects outcomes. This imminent problem of safe and effective fecal sludge management (FSM) must be solved to maintain access to improved sanitation services and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Houses are often significantly damaged during disasters, due in part to poor housing design and construction practices. Post-disaster, organizations and governments often aim to "build back better", using safer designs, but little research has been done to understand how households perceive the safety of their shelters. This study examines househol...
Article
Organizational structures in public-private partnerships (P3s) have the potential to decrease fragmentation and increase collaboration between key project-team stakeholders across the lifecycle phases of a project. These outcomes, in turn, also enhance the realization of an improved lifecycle design. In this exploratory study, the interorganization...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Participation in post-disaster shelter reconstruction is recognized as an important factor for supporting the sustainability and resiliency of the built environment. Engaging communities in the reconstruction process can help build community capacity and lead to sustained success of recovery projects. However, existing practice often assumes that d...
Conference Paper
After many recent disaster events, community members, government officials, and others are increasingly using social media, particularly Twitter, to seek and share hazard-related information. In some states, such as Oklahoma, the frequency of earthquakes has risen significantly in the past decade, with many scientists arguing that these earthquakes...
Article
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The incorporation of safer building practices into shelter after disasters continues to plague recovery efforts. While limited resources are one potential cause, evidence from case studies suggests that poor adoption of safer construction may stem from a knowledge deficit. Despite these shortcomings, previous research has done little to examine the...
Article
Within many construction and engineering organizations, communities of practice (CoPs) have become an important means for managing knowledge. They are employed to connect employees with technical specialists, which should reduce repeated mistakes, improve technical practice, and generate thought leadership. While organizations often implement CoPs...
Poster
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Shit-flow diagrams (SFDs) – also referred to as fecal sludge diagrams – have become a widely accepted tool for mapping the pathways and fate of fecal waste in urban sanitation contexts. SFDs provide impactful visualizations of the status of current sanitation services and have been shown as an effect approach for provoking action at local levels. H...