Amy Iversen

Amy Iversen
King's College London | KCL · Department of Psychological Medicine

About

48
Publications
12,912
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,752
Citations

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
Background Little is known about the social and emotional well-being of children whose fathers have been deployed to the conflicts in Iraq/Afghanistan or who have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Aims To examine the emotional and behavioural well-being of children whose fathers are or have been in the UK armed forces, in particular the effec...
Article
Full-text available
Different countries have varying definitions of the word “veteran”, which in turn influence the benefits that ex-Service personnel receive. However, public opinion does not necessarily reflect official definitions. This paper seeks to identify whether characteristics by which UK ex-Service personnel self-identify as veterans are aligned with offici...
Article
Full-text available
To compare attitudes to mental illness in the U.K. military and in the general population in England. Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 821 U.K. military personnel and a separate cross-sectional survey of 1,729 members of the general population in England, levels of agreement with five statements about mental illness were compared in the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most assessments of the quality of postgraduate training are based on anonymised questionnaires of trainees. We report a comprehensive assessment of the quality of training at a large postgraduate psychiatry training institute using non-anonymised face-to-face interviews with trainees and their trainers. Methods Two consultant psychiatr...
Article
: To assess (a) the prevalence of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in UK military personnel deployed to Iraq and/or Afghanistan, (b) the risk factors associated with mTBI, and (c) the association between mTBI and subsequent postconcussion symptoms (PCS). : A total of 4620 personnel deployed to Iraq and/or Afghanistan who completed a questionnaire...
Article
Full-text available
Concern has been raised over alleged increases in antisocial behaviour by military personnel returning from the deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan. U.S.-based research has shown that post-deployment violence is related not only to combat experience, but also to pre-enlistment antisocial behaviour (ASB). This study aimed to examine the association b...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives For some individuals leaving the Armed Forces, the return to civilian life can be problematic. Social exclusion describes a process of detachment from normal participation in the activities of society. This study aims to identify risk factors associated with social exclusion amongst ex-service personnel, using measures of employment. Me...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of increasing concerns for the health of UK armed forces veterans, this study aims to compare the prevalence of current mental, physical and behavioural difficulties in conscripted national service veterans with population controls, and to assess the impact of length of service in the military. The compulsory nature of national servi...
Article
Full-text available
Little has been reported on self-harm among the UK Armed Forces, partly due to the difficulties in recording self-harm, within an often-difficult-to-reach population. This study assesses the lifetime prevalence of attempted suicide and self-harm within currently serving and ex-service personnel of the UK Armed Forces. Telephone interviews were cond...
Data
Appendix. Questions used as quantitative measures.
Article
Full-text available
The professional development of under-represented faculty may be enhanced by mentorship, but we understand very little about the mechanisms by which mentoring brings about change. Our study posed the research question, what are the mechanisms by which mentoring may support professional development in under-represented groups? The study aims to: (i)...
Article
Full-text available
The legacy of Gulf War Syndrome led to fears that the deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan since 2003 would have an effect on the mental health of the UK armed forces. Contrary to many people's expectations, deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan has not led to an increase in mental health problems and the overall number of personnel with symptoms of po...
Article
Deployment has well documented psychological consequences for military personnel. To fully understand the human cost of war, the psychosocial impact of separation and homecoming of military personnel on their families must also be considered. Recent arduous conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan make understanding the impact of war on spouses topical an...
Article
The aim of this review is to evaluate what is known about the impact on children of parental deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. We searched for relevant studies with a minimum sample size of 50 which were published between 2003 and 2010 using Google Scholar, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science. Bibliographies of retrieved articles were als...
Article
Full-text available
As with the general population, a proportion of military personnel with mental health problems do not seek help. As the military is a profession at high risk of occupational psychiatric injury, understanding barriers to help-seeking is a priority. Participants were drawn from a large UK military health study. Participants undertook a telephone inte...
Article
Full-text available
while low response rates need not introduce bias into research, having a lower percentage of responders does increase the potential for this to occur. This is of particular concern given the decline that has been occurring in response rates since the 1950s. However, there are various methods that can be incorporated into the study design, which can...
Article
Full-text available
For armed forces personnel, data on help-seeking behaviour and receipt of treatment for mental disorders are important for both research and policy. To examine mental healthcare service use and receipt of treatment in a sample of the UK military. Participants were drawn from an existing UK military health cohort. The sample was stratified by reserv...
Article
Full-text available
Trauma Risk Management is a peer-support program that aims to promote help-seeking in the aftermath of traumatic events. Prior to its implementation, the British military conducted a randomized controlled trial of Trauma Risk Management against standard care in 12 warships; 6 were randomized to use Trauma Risk Management after collecting baseline m...
Article
Concerns have been raised about the psychological effect of continued combat exposure and of repeated deployments. We examined the consequences of deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan on the mental health of UK armed forces from 2003 to 2009, the effect of multiple deployments, and time since return from deployment. We reassessed the prevalence of pr...
Article
Full-text available
US research suggests that military personnel suffering from mental health problems are reluctant to seek help because of stigma. First, to identify the prevalence of mental health stigma beliefs in a UK military sample. Second, to investigate whether distressed personnel report more stigma than those who are not distressed. A survey of 1599 naval p...
Article
Full-text available
The mental health of the Armed Forces is an important issue of both academic and public interest. The aims of this study are to: a) assess the prevalence and risk factors for common mental disorders and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, during the main fighting period of the Iraq War (TELIC 1) and later deployments to Iraq or elsewher...
Data
Supplementary table 1 (S1) and Supplementary table 2 (S2). Table S1: Sampling weights used to generate weighted prevalences, number and percentage (%) within each 2 × 2 table: The data provided presents the weighted prevalences. Weighting was based on the inverse of the sampling weight for the three characteristics that were over-sampled in the stu...
Article
SummARy The psychiatric problems of combat returnees are a topical and important issue given the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Despite the media prominence afforded to post-traumatic stress disorder, the most common disorders in the UK armed forces post-deployment are depression, alcohol misuse and anxiety disorders. Although the major...
Article
This study assessed the contribution of baseline psychological symptoms, combat exposure, and unit support in the etiology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and psychological distress. From 2004-2006, 67% of a random sample of 2,820 participants who had been assessed for psychological symptoms in 2002 were reassessed. Baseline psychological...
Article
Junior doctors can take action to avoid stress and depression associated with their workload. This article explains how, and gives advice on who to seek help from if the need arises
Article
The aims of this study were to assess: (1) the relationship between PTSD and impairment, (2) whether there is a threshold in the association of PTSD score and impairment, and (3) whether any of the PTSD criteria are more strongly associated with impairment. We studied 10,069 service personnel from a representative sample of the British Armed Forces...
Article
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death for service personnel from the United Kingdom (UK). Little is known about the pattern of risky driving by these service personnel. Cross-sectional data (collected postdeployment, between June 2004 and March 2006) were analyzed from a large, randomly selected cohort of military personnel from the...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to measure prevalence of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of UK Armed Forces peacekeepers. The study also aimed to explore the influence of deploying without an established peer group (deployment status) upon health outcomes using an accepted diagnostic tool for PTSD (PCL-M) and an alternative measure of post-traum...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on a statistically significant association between alcohol use and deployment to the 2003 Iraq War. It assesses the occupational factors and deployment experiences associated with heavy drinking in regular UK servicemen deployed to Iraq in the first phase of the 2003 Iraq War (Operation TELIC 1, the military codename for the conf...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to childhood adversity may explain why only a minority of combatants exposed to trauma develop psychological problems. To examine the association between self-reported childhood vulnerability and later health outcomes in a large randomly selected male military cohort. Data are derived from the first stage of a cohort study comparing Iraq v...
Article
To examine patterns of drinking in the UK Armed Forces, how they vary according to gender and other demographics, and to make comparisons with the general population. Large cross-sectional postal questionnaire study (response rate 60%). United Kingdom. A random representative sample of the regular UK Armed Forces who were in service in March 2003 (...
Article
Service in the Persian Gulf in 1991 is associated with increased reporting of symptoms and distress in a proportion of those who served there. Yet despite clear evidence of an increase in symptom burden and a decrease in well being, exhaustive clinical and laboratory based scientific research has failed to document many reproducible biomedical abno...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with poor outcomes for personnel leaving the United Kingdom Armed Forces early. We studied a population thought to be at high risk of poor outcomes: those leaving the Services early via the United Kingdom Military Corrective Training Centre. Participants were interviewed 1 week before...
Article
Full-text available
Various organizations, including the Armed Forces, regularly place their personnel into potentially traumatic environments. Exposure to such events can lead to the development of psychological distress and organizational inefficiencies. It follows that the Armed Forces need to consider how best to address and prevent trauma-related problems both fr...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the patterns of alcohol use in the U.K. Armed Forces or the factors associated with heavy drinking. Analysis of existing data from the King's Military Cohort was conducted of a large, randomly selected cohort of service personnel. The original sample consisted of 8,195 service personnel who served in the U.K. Armed Forces in 1...
Article
Full-text available
A study undertaken by the King's Centre for Military Health Research had similar findings to those reported by Howerton et al.1 The study investigated the help seeking paths of young men (n=74) leaving Colchester Military Corrective Training Centre, colloquially known as the “military prison.” Young veterans found it difficult to access available r...
Article
Regrettably, exposure to trauma is common worldwide, and can have serious adverse psychological results. The introduction of the notion of post-traumatic stress disorder has led to increasing medicalisation of the problem. This awareness has helped popular acceptance of the reality of post-traumatic psychiatric sequelae, which has boosted research...
Article
Concerns have been raised about the mental and physical health of UK military personnel who deployed to the 2003 war in Iraq and subsequent tours of duty in the country. We compared health outcomes in a random sample of UK armed forces personnel who were deployed to the 2003 Iraq war with those in personnel who were not deployed. Participants compl...
Article
Full-text available
Overly strict interpretation of the law is hampering epidemiological research. Here, one research team shows why regulators and organisations holding data should adjust their approach The United Kingdom's Data Protection Act 1998 has had a substantial impact on health research, although that was not its primary purpose. It is a wide ranging piece o...
Article
Full-text available
An important feature of civil-military relations is the way in which states recognize the sacrifices that the men and women of the armed forces give to their country and provide care and support for them and their families once they leave the military as veterans. Yet states differ not only in the levels and kinds of support provided for ex-service...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the psychological health or treatment experiences of those who have left the British armed forces. To describe the frequency and associations of common mental disorders and help-seeking behaviours in a representative sample of UK veterans at high risk of mental health problems. A cross-sectional telephone survey of 496 'vulner...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the factors associated with leaving the armed forces, or what predicts subsequent employment success for veterans. It is likely that there is a complex interaction of adverse social outcomes and mental health status in this group. Analysis of existing data from the King's Military Cohort, a large, randomly selected, longitudin...
Article
Full-text available
Depleted uranium (DU) use has been implicated in the poor health of many service personnel who have served in the Gulf and the Balkans. Although the health related risks are thought to be small the UK government has offered to set up a voluntary screening programme for service personnel. This study aimed to find out the characteristics and possible...
Article
Purpose of review: Although chronic fatigue is reported by up to one third of patients contacting primary health care physicians, it remains a controversial symptom/syndrome which does not fall comfortably into either psychiatry or other branches of medicine. Relevant findings: Prospective studies suggest that the severity of fatigue reported at fi...