Amy Ehntholt

Amy Ehntholt

ScD

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14
Publications
551
Reads
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106
Citations

Publications

Publications (14)
Article
Full-text available
Social determinants are receiving renewed attention as research demonstrates the effects of social factors on individuals’ physical and mental health and elucidates the biological and psychological mechanisms underlying those effects. Through spheres of influence from policy and regulation development to direct service provision, state mental healt...
Article
Full-text available
The misuse of prescription painkillers is a major contributor to the ongoing drug overdose epidemic. This study investigated variability in non-medical use of prescription painkillers (NMUPP) by race and early-life socioeconomic status (SES) in a sample now at increased risk for opioid overdose. Data from two waves of the National Longitudinal Stud...
Article
Objective: This survey examined the experiences of individuals receiving treatment in a large public mental health system during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The survey, conducted between May and June 2020, assessed four domains: impacts on mental health, experiences with telehealth, access to care and resources, and sourc...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Since the US Supreme Court's 1973 Roe v. Wade decision legalizing abortion, states have enacted laws restricting access to abortion services. Previous studies suggest that restricting access to abortion is a risk factor for adverse maternal and infant health. The objective of this investigation is to study the relationship between the...
Article
Objectives We examined the relationship between income inequality and the risk for infant/neonatal mortality at the state and county level and tested possible mediators of this relationship.Methods We first linked state and county Gini coefficients to US Vital Statistics 2010 Cohort Linked Birth and Infant Death records (n = 3,954,325). We then fit...
Article
Background Compared to other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, US infant mortality rates (IMRs) are particularly high. These differences are partially driven by racial disparities, with non-Hispanic black having IMRs that are twice those of non-Hispanic white. Income inequality (the gap between rich and poor) is...
Article
Objectives While ecological studies indicate that high levels of structural racism within US states are associated with elevated infant mortality rates, studies using individual-level data are needed. To determine whether indicators of structural racism are associated with the individual odds for infant mortality among white and black infants in th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Using data from syndromic surveillance, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) identified an increase in the number of emergency department (ED) visits related to synthetic cannabinoids. Syndromic surveillance data were used to target community-level interventions and assess the real-time impact of control me...
Article
Objective: To investigate the possible effects of middle and high school racial composition on later reporting of lifetime non-medical use of prescription painkillers (NMUPP) in young adulthood, and to explore whether there is evidence of variability by individual race/ethnicity in such effects. Methods: Using data from Wave 1 (1994/5) of the Na...
Article
Background: Post-stroke mortality is higher among residents of disadvantaged neighborhoods, but it is not known whether neighborhood inequalities are specific to stroke survival or similar to mortality patterns in the general population. We hypothesized that neighborhood disadvantage would predict higher poststroke mortality, and neighborhood effe...
Article
There is an increased interest in how neighborhood social processes, such as collective efficacy, may protect mental health. Yet little is known about how stable these neighborhood processes are over time, or how to change them to influence other downstream factors. We used a population-based, repeat cross-sectional study of adults (n = 5135) to as...
Article
Background: Neighborhood context predicts long-term mortality of both stroke patients and stroke-free general community populations. If the association of neighborhood characteristics and mortality is stronger among stroke survivors than in the general population, it would implicate stroke-care-specific mechanisms. We hypothesized that neighborhood...
Article
Memory impairment is a predictor and a consequence of stroke, but memory decline is common even in healthy elderly individuals. We compared the long-term trajectory of memory functioning before and after stroke with memory change in stroke-free elderly individuals. Health and Retirement Study participants aged 50 years and older (n=17 340) with no...

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