Amy Bellmore

Amy Bellmore
University of Wisconsin–Madison | UW · Department of Educational Psychology

About

65
Publications
24,426
Reads
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2,864
Citations
Citations since 2017
18 Research Items
1627 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Latent class analysis (LCA) is a useful statistical approach for understanding heterogeneity in a population. This article provides a pedagogical introduction to LCA modeling and provides an example of its use to understand youth’s daily coping strategies. The analytic procedures are outlined for choosing the number of classes and integration of th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Latent class analysis (LCA) is a useful statistical approach for understanding heterogeneity in a population. This paper provides a pedagogical introduction to LCA modeling and provides an example of its use to understand youth’s daily coping strategies. The analytic procedures are outlined for choosing the number of classes and integration of the...
Chapter
In adolescence, individuals undergo many changes; peer relationships grow in importance, and puberty sparks a growth in sexual maturity, both of which encourage the initiation of romantic relationships. Adolescents must learn, practice, and acquire the social and relationship skills that are essential to initiating, maintaining, and sometimes termi...
Article
Full-text available
The growing prominence of social media use among teenagers has prompted researchers in psychology and communication science to consider connections between social media activities and youths’ development and well-being. This systematic, narrative review evaluated associations between social media use and the internalizing symptoms of depression, an...
Article
Full-text available
The Wisconsin School Violence and Bullying Prevention Study, funded by the National Institutes of Justice (NIJ), was a two-year case-control study in 24 Wisconsin middle schools (11 experimental; 13 control) seeking to understand the impact of a comprehensive bullying prevention program on bullying victimization rates. Participating schools’ bullyi...
Article
This study investigates whether cultural differences exist between the ways U.S. and Taiwanese college students perceive peer victimization using both an experimental vignette method and an open‐ended question format. A total of 1,125 college students (53% female) from the United States (n = 535) and Taiwan (n = 590) read and responded to vignettes...
Article
Full-text available
Ambulatory assessment (AA) offers one of the most exciting approaches for opening the dynamic “black box” of adolescents’ daily lives. In this introduction, we spotlight AA's surprisingly restricted market share within adolescent scholarship. We describe thorny challenges these intense methods can pose when conducting adolescent research “in situ”...
Article
Inclusive school contexts can promote psychological and social adjustment and enhance learning among students. Changing demographics and 21st-century workplace needs suggest that ethnic diversity is one important dimension of inclusion to consider. This article presents 4 suggestions for how schools can facilitate inclusivity for ethnic diversity t...
Article
This entry reviews the definition of trolling as well as the qualities of trolls and the targets of trolling. Various definitions of online trolling are presented to reflect the range of disciplines that have attended to the scholarship of trolling. Online trolling is contrasted with cyberbullying. The significance of anonymity and humor to trollin...
Article
Full-text available
Peer victimization is a common experience among high school students and is associated with many negative adjustment outcomes, making it necessary to investigate the individual and contextual factors that may ameliorate the consequences of peer victimization. The current study explores whether social competence offline and online mediates the relat...
Article
Understanding connections between social media use and youth's psychosocial adjustment has emerged as a goal to both psychology and communication scholars. Conclusions are presented from a systematic narrative review of 77 qualifying studies conducted between 2000-2016 evaluating the association between social media use and three forms of internali...
Conference Paper
This study combines social science and machine learning methods to address three goals related to how individuals engage with celebrities on the topic of bullying. 1) Do the perceived bullying roles of celebrities change over time? 2) If bullying roles change over time what causes the shift- a specific event, a retweet phenomenon, or an unrelated e...
Poster
Understanding connections between social media use and youth’s psychosocial adjustment has emerged as a goal to both psychology and communication scholars. Conclusions are presented from a systematic narrative review of 77 qualifying studies conducted between 2000-2016 evaluating the association between social media use and three forms of internali...
Article
Given their significance to school violence, this study quantifies the association between bullying victimization and perceptions of safety separately for victimization where the type is not specified versus victimization that is physical in nature. Generalized liner mixed modeling was employed with 5,138 sixth- to eighth-grade students in 24 schoo...
Article
Full-text available
As the U.S. becomes increasingly ethnically diverse, opportunities for cross-ethnic interaction at school may be increasing, and these interactions may have implications for academic outcomes for both ethnic minority and White youth. The current study examines how cross-ethnic peer relationships, measured using peer nominations for acceptance and d...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnic identification (i.e., one’s self-reported ethnicity) is a social construction and therefore subject to misperceptions by others. When adolescents’ self-views and others’ perceptions are not aligned, adolescents may experience adjustment challenges. The present study examined mismatches between adolescents’ ethnic identification (i.e., self-r...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of bullying peaks during the middle school years and declines over the high school years. This review examines the distinct features of bullying during the high school years that may explain this decline. We explore how changes in the social contexts of high-school aged adolescents influence whether bullying occurs and is reported. W...
Article
Background: In line with the reflected self-appraisal hypothesis, previous research finds associations between weight and maladjustment are strongest when there is a mismatch between individuals' weight and the weight norm of their social contexts. However, research has not considered associations in more proximal social contexts. We examined diff...
Article
To understand the ways that social media users connect with celebrities about bullying, 1,280,151 posts that mentioned one of the top 302 celebrity users named within bullying keyword posts on Twitter between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012 were analyzed. Social science and computer science methods were combined to identify how individuals de...
Article
Full-text available
To examine cross-cultural differences in behavior upon witnessing peer victimization and the reasons behind the behavior, this study evaluated the responses of early adolescents from both the United States and Taiwan. Two questions were addressed: (1) Do adolescents in Taiwan and in the United States differ in their willingness to help peer victims...
Poster
School-related hashtags: Age differences in hashtag and word usage among bullying tweets.
Article
In the last 20 years, public awareness of the problem of bullying has increased to the degree that legislation has been developed to protect youth in all 50 United States. Bullying is clearly harmful to students’ social, psychological, and academic functioning. Researchers are now challenged to prevent or reduce bullying and its negative effects. T...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates differences and similarities in coping responses to peer victimization and the way culture is reflected in the social cognitions adolescents used in choosing their coping responses through a mixed-method design with 731 Taiwanese and 470 U.S. adolescents. Adolescents provided coping responses to peer victimization via both h...
Article
Little is known about attributes that elicit romantic desirability in early adolescence. The current study, with a sample of 531 sixth-grade students (45 % boys) attending ethnically diverse middle schools, used a resource control framework to explore which self-reported behaviors (e.g., empathy and aggression) and peer-reported status (e.g., accep...
Article
This paper explores the utility of machine learning methods for understanding bullying, a significant social-psychological issue in the United States, through social media data. Machine learning methods were applied to all public mentions of bullying on Twitter between September 1, 2011 and August 31, 2013 to extract the posts that referred to disc...
Article
This introduction provides an overview of the special issue of the Journal of School Violence. We present a rationale for the need for new directions in cyberbullying research, and include a brief overview of the state of scholarship on this topic. We then include a brief outline of the articles included in the special issue, and point out how they...
Article
Full-text available
To understand how bullying is represented within social media, the characteristics of hashtags associated with public mentions of bullying on Twitter between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012 are explored in this study. The most frequently used 500 hashtags among the 552,831 distinct hashtags used with the keywords “bully,” “bullied,” and “bull...
Article
With a sample of 228 college students (82.5% females) from the Midwestern United States, individual factors that contribute to emerging adults' behavioral responses when witnessing relational aggression among their peers were explored. The experience of witnessing relational aggression was found to be systematically associated with college students...
Article
School-based bullying is a serious health issue among adolescents world wide. We identify several differences in microblogs of school-based bullying between Twitter (mostly representing the USA) and Weibo (mostly representing China). First, we see a smaller fraction of victim authors in Weibo than in Twitter. We hypothesize that this may be due to...
Article
The child development literature gives a resounding affirmation that parents matter in instances when a child is bullying others or being victimized. However, not all actions taken by parents are effective, and at the same time, some parents may elect to respond to children's bullying with inaction. We briefly present advice and information for par...
Article
Victims of school-based peer harassment face a range of risks including psycho-social, physical, and academic harm. The aim of the present study was to examine the behavioral coping responses used by early adolescents when they face peer victimization. To meet this aim, 216 sixth grade students (55 % girls) from two urban middle schools and 254 stu...
Article
Full-text available
Bullying is a serious national health issue among adolescents. Social media offers a new opportunity to study bullying in both physical and cyber worlds. Sentiment analysis has the potential to identify victims who pose high risk to themselves or others, and to enhance the scientific understanding of bullying overall. We identify seven emotions com...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We introduce the social study of bullying to the NLP community. Bullying, in both physical and cyber worlds (the latter known as cyberbullying), has been recognized as a serious national health issue among adolescents. However, previous social studies of bullying are handicapped by data scarcity, while the few computational studies narrowly restric...
Article
With a sample of 414 tenth‐grade students (53% girls) from the Northeastern United States, the unique mediating roles that different dimensions of best friendship quality play in linking relational victimization and psychosocial maladjustment were examined. For both boys and girls, relational victimization was found to predict higher levels of inte...
Article
Full-text available
Given the passivity of many adolescents upon witnessing peer victimization, the goal of this study was to evaluate the features of school-based peer victimization events that promote helping. A sample of 470 early adolescents (52% girls; 71% White, 9% Black, 6% Latino, 2% Asian, 1% American Indian, 8% Multiethnic, and 3% Other) reported likelihood...
Article
Full-text available
With a sample of 831 U.S. adolescents (49% girls) followed from 9th to 11th grade, the directionality of the association between school-based peer victimization and adolescents' perception of their parents' psychological control were examined. Possible mediating influences of internalizing symptoms were also explored. The results highlight the rele...
Article
Full-text available
As students transition into middle school they must successfully negotiate a new, larger peer context to attain or maintain high social standing. The goal of this study was to examine the extent to which the maintenance, attainment, and loss of a cool status over the course of the sixth grade is associated with student and classroom levels of physi...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnically diverse high school contexts present unique social opportunities for youth to form interethnic relationships, but they may also subject students to certain social challenges such as peer ethnic discrimination. With a sample of 1,072 high school students (55% girls; 54% Latino, 20% African American, 14% Asian, 12% White) attending 84 high...
Article
The unique effects of peer rejection and unpopularity on student GPAs across the transition from elementary school to middle school were investigated with a sample of 901 students followed longitudinally from 4th grade through 8th grade. Two types of longitudinal models, a cross-lagged panel model and a piecewise growth model, were used, with peer-...
Chapter
Role of Peer Relationships in Social DevelopmentConceptualizing Social CompetenceSocial Skills of Sociometrically Popular, Accepted, and Preferred ChildrenSocial Skills of Perceived Popular, Controversial, and Bistrategic ChildrenConclusion References
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined consistency and inconsistency in adolescents' ethnic identification (i.e., self-reported ethnicity) across the 6 middle-school semesters. The sample (N = 1,589, of whom 46% were boys and 54% were girls) included African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, Caucasian/White, Latino/Latina, Mexican/Mexican American, and multiet...
Article
Although peer nominations provide invaluable data on social status and reputations of classmates, the large size and organizational structure of secondary schools pose a practical challenge to utilizing nomination methods. Particularly problematic is determining the appropriate reference group when students are no longer in self-contained classroom...
Article
Peer aggression, victimization, and conflict are common occurrences during early adolescence. In the collection of articles in this special issue, several themes emerged, including the use of social psychological theory, individual difference variables, and social context. This article briefly reviews these articles and presents original data that...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the mediating role of self-blaming attributions on peer victimization-maladjustment relations in middle school and the moderating role of classroom ethnic diversity. Latino and African American 6th grade participants (N = 1105, 56% female) were recruited from middle schools in which they were either members of the numerical majo...
Article
The authors' goals in the study were to investigate the possible gains made by including multiple assessments of status in the prediction of change in psychosocial adjustment and to compare the effectiveness of continuous and categorical measures of peer status in predicting adjustment. The authors obtained continuous and categorical measures of st...
Article
This study uses latent class analysis (LCA) to empirically identify victimization groups during middle school. Approximately 2,000 urban, public middle school students (mean age in sixth grade = 11.57) reported on their peer victimization during the Fall and Spring semesters of their sixth, seventh, and eighth grades. Independent LCA analyses at ea...
Article
The study of peer group status typically involves examination of peer nominations received. In this study, the focus was on nominations given and received. We examined the degree to which middle school students from different ethnic groups demonstrate same-ethnicity preferences in their peer nominations, the effects of the classroom ethnic composit...
Article
In this article, the authors describe recent re-search on peer victimization and its mental health consequences during early adolescence. They begin with a working definition of peer victim-ization that distinguishes it from lethal school violence and from simple conflict between peers. They then present a psychosocial profile of youth who are chro...
Article
Full-text available
In order to better understand self-concept development, the association between adolescents' social self-perceptions and their peers' perceptions of them was examined in a three-year longitudinal study of 491 middle school students. Each spring for three years, adolescents' peer-perceived victimization, metaperceptions of their social preference by...
Article
An ethnically diverse sample of 6th-grade students completed peer nomination procedures that were used to create subgroups of students with reputations as victims, aggressors, aggressive victims, and socially adjusted (neither aggressive nor victimized). Self-report data on psychological adjustment, attributions for peer harassment, and perceived s...
Article
The present study examined the association between body dissatisfaction and adjustment, and the role physical development plays in this association, in an ethnically diverse sample of over 1100 urban, ninth grade boys and girls (M age = 14). More similarities than differences were found across ethnic groups: Caucasian, African American, Latino, Asi...
Article
This study evaluated the complementary roles that aggressive normative beliefs and hostile response selections play in predicting adolescents' aggressive behavior. Self-, peer-, and teacher-reported data were collected from 2003 young adolescents from a variety of ethnic backgrounds (Black, Latino, Asian, White) during the fall of their sixth grade...
Article
Recent research suggests that having a mutual antipathy, in comparison to not having an antipathy, is associated with a host of negative outcomes. However, the methods used may not have adequately controlled for rejection and therefore may have provided an incomplete description of the psychosocial correlates of having a mutual antipathy. With a sa...
Article
With a sample of 1,630 sixth-grade students from 77 classrooms, the authors used hierarchical linear modeling to examine how ethnicity within context and classroom social disorder influenced the association between peer victimization and social-psychological adjustment (loneliness and social anxiety). Victimized students in classrooms where many cl...
Article
African American (n = 350) and Latino (n = 435) 6th grade students from eight middle schools completed self-report measures of peer victimization and psychological adjustment (i.e., self-esteem, anxiety, loneliness, depression, and physical symptoms). Peer nomination procedures were used to determine which students had reputations as victims and wh...
Article
Full-text available
The goals of this study were to examine children's meta-perceptions and meta-accuracy of acceptance and rejection in the peer group, the degree to which these perceptions vary by perceiver sex and sex of the reference group, and the association between these perceptions and children's actual functioning in the peer group. Participants were 644 four...
Article
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the extent to which adolescents' meta-perception accuracy of affect (i.e., their knowledge of how well liked or disliked they are by peers) reflects actual social experiences and contributes to self-perceptions. Current theories of social-cognitive development underscore the reciprocal relationship...
Article
Full-text available
The role of children's social self-perceptions in their social development was examined. Participants were 644 fourth graders who completed peer nominations and self-ratings to measure their self-perceptions. Comparisons of children's self-ratings with ratings by teachers yielded scores for self-other agreement. Comparisons of children's perceived...

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