Amr Farouk

Amr Farouk
Eindhoven University of Technology | TUE · Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences

PhD

About

4
Publications
31,287
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21
Citations

Publications

Publications (4)
Conference Paper
Why some small and medium sized grow, while others do not, is a key question that largely remains unanswered in entrepreneurship research. In this paper, we develop a new opportunity-centric framework explaining the growth, stagnation and collapse of SMEs as well as the processes by which these changes occur. The framework is grounded in three in-d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Why some SMEs grow, and others do not is one of the key questions that largely remains unanswered in entrepreneurship research. We develop a new opportunity-centric process theory that seeks to explain the growth, stagnation and collapse of a firm as well as the processes by which these changes occur. We draw on case studies of three fast-growing S...

Questions

Questions (10)
Question
Does anyone knows  published scales to -First Person- Opportunity Feasibility and Desirability ( as described by McMullen and Shepherd 2006)
Question
I am developing a system dynamics model using Stella software.  The simulation generates  four independent variables that indirectly affect a firm’s sales
SLS= a + ß1 * XO + ß2 XT + ß3 • SG + ß4 * CAQ + e
 
I Need to estimate the correlation coefficients  ß1, ß2, ß3, ß4. This is straight forward if I used any statistical package. But Stella, which is focused on Differential equations modeling, does not provide any functions for such analysis, nor any matrix algebra  capabilities, Nor -up to my knowledge- it can be connected to any other software during the run. Only in the beginning and end of the 100 cycle time simulation it can perform export and import. But this regression model is needed to be estimated every 12 cycle times.
My Questions are:
1. What is the appropriate non-matrix (lengthy) equation to estimate ß1,2,3,4.
2. Is using estimating multiple regression while there is interdependency an appropriate one? What alternative can I use? Still no matrix capabilities.
Model Background:
Within the model the there  is a generated value that represent the amounts invested in four different practices:
XO = Investment in Market Exploration 
XT = Investment in Market Exploitation 
SG = Investment in Sales Generation
CAQ = Investment in Capacity Acquisition.
The change in the investments is followed by the change in Return, which is, in this case, the dependent variable.
SLS = Sales 
In the beginning of every simulated year (i.e. 12 cycles time), The imagined decision maker needs to calculate ROI on each Activity (ROI.xo, ROI.xt, ROI.sg, ROI.caq).  
ROI is estimated by calculating the  ∆DV (i.e. SLS) that is resulted from ∆ IVs (∆XO, ∆XT, ∆SG, ∆CAQ). 
But Since there is simultaneous  investment in more than one activity. And there is an interdependency between them. I plan to include multiple regression equations to estimate ROI.
A final question is: ‘Is there another (more simple) way to calculate the  ROI without going to multiple regression paths, yet can isolate the effect of each variable on the sales?’
Question
A new University in Netherlands are initiating their business research center, and they are interested to have research projects that are directed in identifying market opportunities in the emergent markets In order to guide the Dutch policy makers and industrial associations toward it.
I was invited to participate in establishing their research agenda. My initial suggestions was: that most of the market sizing and the estimation of market forces importance fail to deliver. This is due to the lack of Information infrastructure that enable applying standard techniques of estimation. Such absence of information disables the entire investment ecosystems.
Therefore, I suggested calling for proposals to size the markets and the value chain in emerging market (initially focusing on Egypt) using non-standard techniques (i.e. techniques that use low or incomplete information yet can generate reasonable accuracy). And attracting passionate researchers in data mining and heuristic estimation methods.
Since I’ve been invited for a meeting with the entire team to discuss this in details, I will appreciate if I can get advise with references/idea on the state of the art/literature on the on such unconventional/ unorthodox estimation techniques. And relevant projects conducted in by NGO/ Government/ Consulting that went creative in overcoming the incompleteness of information.
Question
What is a simple construct to measure the performance of channels of distribution? 
For example, if we want to compare the return on investment in channels of distribution among different companies (in my case they are SMEs). What would be a simple construct to compare channels performance?
Another example if we want to track the channels performance over the lifetime of the organization what would be the measure?
Although this is important to my current research but it is not central. Therefore, I do not need to go for multiple scales, nor I want to go in contraventional discussions I just need a simple generic construct that is safe to use in measuring the performance of the channels.
Question
What is a simple construct to measure the performance of channels of distribution? 
For example, if we want to compare the return on investment in channels of distribution among different companies (in my case they are SMEs). What would be a simple construct to compare channels performance?
Another example if we want to track the channels performance over the lifetime of the organization what would be the measure?
Although this is important to my current research but it is not central. Therefore, I do not need to go for multiple scales, nor I want to go in contraventional discussions I just need a simple generic construct that is safe to use in measuring the performance of the channels.
Question
Do you have any literature you can suggest on "Production capacity utilization and acquisition in small Business". Either in the context of “Small business Growth” and in the context of “Decision making under imperfect information". 
Question
I am looking to map the business model in an entire industry, so I am looking for a valid instrument to use it in a survey.
Question
What are the 'transformation' activities that can be considered adaptation but not mutation and vice versa?
I am currently developing a theory for the business model evolution. I am considering recalling the generic structure of the evolution theory to the paradigm of entrepreneurial firms evolution. The purpose of this question is metaphorical and not merely to enhance the conceptualization of my theory but more importantly I will support my theory with a full fledged differential equation modeling simulation. Hence I am intending to follow the generic mathematical definition of the evolution processes. Below in the comments you will find full details about the context in which I am using the evolution theory, and full description for the notions that I want to match it with evolution theory.
Question
I am looking for a word or expression that can be used to convey the following process:
"A system, that is composed of several components.
We reconfigured its components to enhance the constructive synergy among its parts and maximize the overall system performance”
Is there a word that represents what we did?
Question
When will you call it a misuse of exploratory research?

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
We seek to understand, explain and model the (lack of) growth of SMEs.