Amparo Moyano

Amparo Moyano
University of Castilla-La Mancha · Department of Civil Engineering

PhD Civil Engineering

About

39
Publications
11,140
Reads
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292
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
283 Citations
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Introduction
Amparo Moyano is currently an associate professor and researcher in the School of Civil Engineering of the University of Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Her main lines of research relate to transport and urban planning, especially focused on 1) territorial effects of high-speed rail systems and their influence on mobility patterns, 2) mobility and accessibility using new data sources (Big Data), and 3) ‘transport equity/justice’ in long-distance mobility.
Additional affiliations
April 2021 - October 2021
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Position
  • Researcher
March 2021 - present
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
December 2018 - March 2021
University of Castilla-La Mancha
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
International literature on High-Speed Rail (HSR) systems has comprehensively analysed the different socioeconomic impacts derived from the deployment of these infrastructures. The increasing phenomena of business tourism and events organisation in recent years have been identified as potential sources of revenue for cities interested in holding th...
Chapter
Full-text available
En el dilatado marco de la historiografía sobre la relación entre el ferrocarril y la ciudad iniciado en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, desde los años ochenta del siglo XX emerge una nueva fase de pensamiento y acción impulsada por el enfoque del desarrollo orientado al transporte y el modelo nodo-lugar en el seno de los paradigmas del nuevo urban...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to evaluate the impacts of the economic context on traffic congestion and its consequential effects on private vehicle accessibility. We conduct a long-term analysis of spatiotemporal traffic congestion patterns in Madrid (Spain), comparing two urban realms: the 2008 economic crisis and the following post-crisis situation. We apply...
Article
The extent to which high-speed rail (HSR) could be socially egalitarian has been disregarded, despite evidence that upper social-occupational groups are the primary users of high-speed trains (HSTs). In this context, this review aims to fill the gap by investigating the social attributes of HSR passengers based on worldwide, available ex post data...
Chapter
This chapter first investigates the geography of actual rail transport worldwide. In doing so, we set up a typology based upon network- and traffic-related indicators per country, with special attention paid to the distinction between passenger and freight traffic. Then the chapter covers the factors that explain the geography of infrastructures an...
Book
Book description (cited from the website) " Spatial Implications and Planning Criteria for High-speed Rail Cities and Regions evaluates the varied experiences that HSR systems have brought about to different station-cities and their regional territories around the world, with an eye towards better future planning and policy of such systems. This e...
Article
Full-text available
In 1998, the Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM) began to offer a 5-year civil engineering degree that, in the Spanish context, contained an innovative teaching model, which was characterized by a reduced number of students and project-based learning (PjBL) included in the curriculum. Now, 15 years after the graduation of the first civil engin...
Article
Full-text available
Technical communication is an extremely important soft skill for civil engineers at the workplace. Due to globalization trends this technical communication often should be performed in English. If we join the fact that undergraduate engineering programs in Spain have been taught exclusively in Spanish, with which in addition, in rare cases those pr...
Article
Drove roads bear testament to the social and economic relations of many Mediterranean countries over a prolonged period of time. However, scant attention has been given to the heritage value of these routes. This lack of attention is particularly significant in those historic urban landscapes that receive some type of protection as, in these cases,...
Article
Full-text available
High-speed rail edge stations, which are located within the urban fabric limits of a city, have generally a good access through motorised transportation modes while the pedestrian/bicycle access becomes, in many cases, very difficult. This paper assesses the quality of pedestrian routes linking high-speed rail edge stations to the city centre, cons...
Article
This paper presents an efficiency analysis of high-speed rail (HSR) connections in Spain, focusing on the quality of the services supplied and the friction introduced by all the links of the whole transport chain in same-day trips. The methods proposed consider variations in the efficiency of HSR connections depending first on the different purpose...
Article
Accessibility by high-speed rail (HSR) depends not only on station-to-station travel time, but also on access and egress times, which can be determining factors in total journey travel time. However, studies focusing on accessibility analyses of access/egress times to/from stations are less extended in the literature and centre mainly on the influe...
Article
The development of high-speed rail (HSR) networks is leading to a very complex situation in terms of network configuration and the variety of services. This new panorama presents very different feasible connections between city-pairs, multiplying the possibilities of travelling. This paper evaluates the characteristics of all city-pairs served by...
Article
Full-text available
The curricula of civil engineering schools in most countries exclude subjects related to heritage assessment and preservation of public works. In the very few that do include it, the teaching process continues to focus purely on the heritage of isolated public works, such as large structures and outstanding bridges. This lack of attention to the te...
Thesis
The development of high-speed rail systems in recent decades, transitioning from single lines to a complex mode of transportation that encompasses many lines and cities and involves many kinds of services, requires a global assessment to understand the real utility of HSR for each city. Since the beginning, the literature and stakeholders have foc...
Article
Full-text available
The identification and analysis of urban forms becomes relevant for two reasons: (a) it allows us to know how the city has developed, how it works, and what its problems are; (b) it inform and guide intervention processes in the design and urban project. Existing urban form classifications focus on big cities, ignoring the forms and growth logics o...
Article
High-speed rail (HSR) was originally conceived to connect large metropolitan areas in competition with air transport and suitable for distances between 400 km and 600 km. Since the opening of the first HSR, several studies have been undertaken to evaluate the increased accessibility HSR provides. The accessibility indicators used in these assessmen...
Article
Since high-speed rail (HSR) is designed primarily to connect large cities, it challenges how smaller cities en-route are still going to be serviced by rail. Scholars have focused mainly on cities bypassed by HSR that have experienced a decrease in conventional rail services or on how several smaller cities have nevertheless been able to secure appr...
Article
Full-text available
Housing policy in Spain has traditionally been conceived as being uniform throughout the country; giving preference to the housing economic dimension over the social, environmental and territorial ones; promoting the private property culture; and following an urban-metropolitan logic. Facing this notion of housing policy, this article holds the nee...
Article
Full-text available
La política de vivienda en España ha sido tradicionalmente concebida de manera uniforme para todo el territorio nacional, anteponiendo la dimensión económica de la vivienda a la social, ambiental y territorial, promoviendo la cultura de la propiedad privada, y siguiendo una lógica urbana-metropolitana. Frente a esta concepción y forma de hacer de l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Traditionally, Spanish schools of civil engineering provide their students a class on “Technical English” in order to develop their language skills. However, this class does not cover all the skills that the student would need in the labor market and mainly focuses in the reading and writing skills, and in a lower degree in the speaking and listeni...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is centred on the analysis of the commuting High Speed Rail (HSR) links that are possible nowadays in the Spanish network. The large development of the network multiplies the possibilities of travelling for commuting. However, not only the feasibility but also the characteristics of the trip, in terms of ticket cost and time spent on the...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper focuses on an analysis of the efficiency of High-Speed Rail (HSR) connections in comparison to private vehicles, with the aim of identifying the most convenient mode of transportation for weekend tourism journeys. This efficiency is centred on a person based assessment and will depend on the time available at the destination, the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the spatial influence of High-Speed Rail stations, based on the notion of catchment area. Given the features of High-Speed Rail, its operations can and must serve a role beyond the station and the city in which it is located. Using a spatial systemic approach, this paper proposes a method to analyse the factors that may affect...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen El diseño y la planificación urbana y territorial están siendo abordados por equipos multidisciplinares que afrontan desde diferentes puntos de vista la infinidad de problemas urbanos. Este hecho hace necesaria la implantación de actividades docentes orientadas al trabajo conjunto que proporcionen al alumno, ya desde la etapa formativa, her...
Conference Paper
This paper aims to establish a systematic methodology, applicable to an entire network, to compare High-Speed Rail's (HSR) relative contribution to various cities. Specifically, the objective is to assess the potential impact in different HSR cities depending on their characteristics, their position in the network and operating services. The method...
Article
This paper presents a measurement of the utility of the High-Speed Train (HST) connection between the HST cities in Spain for one-day tourism trips. Higher utility equates to more available time at destination and lower travel time and cost. Situations are very different for the more than 20 cities considered which are part of the HST network. As a...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Special Session at 2022 IGU Conference, 18-22 July 2022, Paris In contrast to air and coach transport, rail transport is still heavily regulated in most countries. However, there is a trend towards liberalisation in some markets. In the EU for instance, freight and international passenger markets have been fully liberalised and long-distance domestic routes have recently been concerned as well. However, lessons from air and coach liberalisation cannot be mechanically transposed to the rail market because the latter is unique is many aspects (strong dependence to linear, costly infrastructures, country-level technical specificities, rolling-stock homologation issues, capacity issues, high entry cost, long tradition of public service, weight of unions, etc.). In this context, this session is interested in the geographical and social dimensions of long-distance rail liberalisation, considering passenger and/or cargo and possibly any area worldwide. Potential topics include: • The degree of long-distance rail liberalisation • The geography of effective intra-modal competition • The revival of night trains in Europe • Does rail liberalisation influence long-distance travel? • Is there a specific geography of low-cost high-speed rail services? • The intermodal effects of long-distance rail liberalisation • Rail liberalisation vs crossed-subsidies • Beyond liberalisation: public service obligations in long-distance rail markets • Rail liberalisation impacts on services’ quality: network effects • Spatial/social equity perspectives derived from rail liberalisation implications • Etc. Abstract submission: https://www.ugiparis2022.org/en/communications-submission/29 Deadline: 11th January 2022
Project
Special Session at 2019 RGS Conference, 27-30 August, London There is a clear trend that in the era of widespread information and communication technological (ICT) development and large-scale transport investment, places distant apart are increasingly inter-related and connected. Therefore, people have involved more and more long-distance travel which is defined here beyond intra-metropolitan areas for at least a few hundred kilometres . Although the rise of a networked society and long-distance travel could enhance economic growth and competitiveness, social challenges have been largely neglected. Academic knowledge and policy of transport and mobility has mostly been investigated through the lens of so-called neo-classical and sustainable mobility paradigms. While these approaches diverge in many ways, they commonly depoliticise debates and ignore the role of social divides in mobility patterns and the fact that transport policies are not neutral in social terms . The emerging theme of transport justice is promising in addressing the lack of critical approaches to transport and mobility studies, but has been mostly focused on urban transport (ibid.). Therefore, this session is expected to expand the concept of transport justice toward long-distance travel and explore associated issues and policy implications via various transport modes and services, including (but not restricted to) aviation, high-speed rail and coach services. Topics could include: • How can long-distance travel and transport justice be conceptualised? • Do long-distance travellers belong to specific social groups? • How much transport justice explain modal split on long-distance mobilities? • What are the factors of social exclusion in long-distance travel markets? • How much yield management and dynamic pricing shape the spatial patterns of long-distance mobilities? • Have low-cost airlines really helped to democratise aviation? • Have low-cost high-speed rail (such as Ouigo and Izy) made high-speed rail more open to all social groups? • What policies to improve long-distance transport justice? More details at: http://conference.rgs.org/CallForPapers/View.aspx?heading=Y&session=0ae33dc4-95c3-4eb6-a529-3b7d7089a4c3
Project
This project aims to investigate the conflicts of mobility due to the confluence of tourists and residents in the historical center of different towns. It will allow identifying and analyzing these problems and also, it will be possible to propose new methodologies to guide the pedestrian flows, to redefine the public spaces, roads and edge areas and to develop a comprehensive treatment plan to improve the resulting urban landscapes. In Europe, the management of the valuable heritage that characterize many medium-sized historic cities must be done properly so as not to cause incompatibilities between the intensive tourist use and the conventional urban functions. This project focuses on historic ensembles that are into medium or small-sized cities and that are normally visited in one day. These cities are located close to or within metropolitan areas or are linked with touristic tours that allow for a massive access of tourists through high capacity transport modes. This situation implies the coincidence of the beginning and the end of the visit at the same point and the concentration of the visitors in some resources of the city. For this reason, the treatment of the cityscape is according to the predominantly tourist use of the cultural space. Even though the sustainable mobility and the quality of public spaces have been improved in the last years, it is necessary to define a methodology that allows addressing effectively the access and mobility problems in the historic areas. This mobility should be linked to the environmental qualities and, subsequently, urban landscape, considering both quantitative and qualitative data. The project is organized around three central themes: 1) Analysis of the spatial configuration of historic ensembles located into medium-sized cities in order to identify, through consolidated methods and recent techniques, landmarks, borders and main axes of the town network. 2) Interpretation of the historic city tours and analysis of the singular situations (such as overloading, tourism specialization, abandonment of urban networks, etc.) of certain routes, focusing on areas of confluence of tourists and residents. 3) Analysis and interpretation of mobility and how people perceive cityscape structure, considering not only the physiognomic or characteristic aspects of the city but also considering the dynamics of transformation of urban land and the conflicts generated by such specialization, overlap and / or collision of uses in the space. The project will make it possible: firstly, to develop a methodological tool to quantify, analyze and interpret the behavior of tourists and residents attending the mobility and, secondly, to connect these results with the definition of a specific image or urban scene of certain touristic areas that could be subject of a beautification of public spaces. The research will be developed through the study of specific cases and the comparison of methodologies or actions of national and international levels to define concrete and general hypothesis simultaneously.