Amir Landi

Amir Landi
University of Alberta | UAlberta · Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology

MD, PhD

About

25
Publications
6,401
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508
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Introduction
Amir Landi currently works at the Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Alberta. Amir does research in Immunology, vaccinology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases. His current projects are HCV vaccine development, Autoimmune Liver Diseases, and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 is the etiological agent of COVID19. There are currently several licensed vaccines approved for human use and most of them target the spike protein in the virion envelope to induce protective immunity. Recently, variants that spread more quickly have emerged. There is evidence that some of these variants are less sensitive to neutralizat...
Article
The three-dimensional hybrid structures of coronavirus spike proteins including the C-terminal sequence and receptor binding motif (RBM) was remodeled and energy minimized. Further, protein-protein docking show that Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) of SARSCoV 2 Lys457-Pro490 bind on the surface of ACE2 receptor near N-terminal helices to form host-pat...
Article
Full-text available
In an effort to develop potent anti-influenza drugs that inhibit the activity of influenza virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (IAV RdRp), a database of nucleoside triphosphates with ~800 molecules were docked with the homology model of IAV RdRp from A/PR/8/34/H1N1 strain. Out of top 12 molecules that bind with higher affinities to the catalytic sit...
Article
Full-text available
Infection by Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can lead to liver cirrhosis/hepatocellular carcinoma and remains a major cause of serious disease morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, current treatment regimens remain inaccessible to most patients, particularly in developing countries, and, therefore, the development of a novel vaccine capable of protec...
Article
New effective drugs to treat hepatitis C (HCV) promise to cure nearly all patients, but relying solely on antivirals without an effective vaccine has been ineffective in eliminating all other infectious diseases. A prophylactic HCV vaccine needs to be developed. Along with increased screening and drug coverage, an effective vaccine could make it po...
Article
Full-text available
Current evidence supports a protective role for virus-neutralizing antibodies in immunity against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Many cross-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies have been identified. These antibodies have been shown to provide protection or to clear infection in animal models. Previous clinical trials have shown that a gpE1/gpE2 v...
Article
The concept of dendritic cell (DC) maturation generally refers to the changes in morphology and function of DCs. Conventionally, DC maturity is based on three criteria: loss of endocytic ability, gain of high-level capacity to present antigens and induce proliferation of T cells, and mobility of DCs toward high concentrations of CCL19. Impairment o...
Article
Three decades after the discovery, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is still the leading cause of liver transplantation and poses a major threat to global health. In spite of recent advances in the development of direct acting antivirals, there is still a need for a prophylactic vaccine to limit the virus spread and protect at-risk populations, especially i...
Article
Importance: A prophylactic HCV vaccine is still needed to control this global disease despite the availability of direct-acting antivirals. Previously, we demonstrated that a recombinant envelope glycoprotein (E1E2) vaccine (genotype 1a) elicited cross-neutralizing antibodies from human volunteers. A challenge for isolating the E1E2 antigen is the...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, differences in the levels of various chemokines and cytokines were reported in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) as compared with controls. Moreover, the analyte profile differed between chronic ME/CFS patients of long duration versus patients with disease of less than 3years. In the current study,...
Article
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in the induction of the primary immune response to infection. DCs may express the tryptophan-catabolizing enzyme indolamine2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), which is an inducer of immune tolerance. Since there is evidence that chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection leads to functional impairment of certain DC po...
Article
Full-text available
New drugs to treat hepatitis C are expected to be approved over the next few years which promise to cure nearly all patients. However, due to issues of expected drug resistance, suboptimal activity against diverse hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and especially because of their extremely high cost, it is unlikely that these HCV drugs will substant...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate pathogenic mechanisms of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), serum levels of 26 chemokines and cytokines were determined and compared with patients with chronic hepatitis C or in healthy controls. The chemokine eotaxin-3 (E3; CCL26), which recruits eosinophils to site...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed cryoglobulinemia is the most common extrahepatic disease manifestation of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, where immunoglobulins precipitate at low temperatures and cause symptoms such as vasculitis, glomerulonephritis and arthralgia. HCV-associated cryoglobulinemia is also strongly linked with the development of B cell non-Hodgkin...
Article
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) are chronic inflammatory liver diseases with a combined prevalence of up to 1/1000. The overall prognosis is poor partly due to the lack of early-stage diagnosis, which places them among the most common indications for liver transplantation (PSC al...
Article
Full-text available
The gammaretroviruses xenotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV)-related virus (XMRV) and MLV have been reported to be more prevalent in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients than in healthy controls. Here, we report the complex analysis of whole blood and plasma samples from 58 CFS patients and 57 con...
Article
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes a chronic liver infection, which may result in cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Impairment of the maturation process in dendritic cells (DCs) may be one of the mechanisms responsible for immune evasion of HCV. The core and NS3 proteins are among the most conserved HCV proteins and play a key role in viral clear...
Article
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in the initiation of an immune response. As maturation is critical for effective antigen presentation, different methods have been used to generate mature DCs (mDCs) ex vivo. The use of a maturation cocktail (MC) consisting of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) initially showed promising result...
Article
The need to enhance the immunogenicity of purified subunit antigens and modulate resulting immune responses has prompted the development of new adjuvants. Here, the ability of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN), a bovine host defence peptide indolicidin, and polyphosphazene to synergistically combine and enhance innate and adaptive immune responses wa...
Article
Full-text available
At present, infections with bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) type 2 occur nearly as frequently as those with BVDV type 1, so development of vaccines that protect cattle from both type 1 and type 2 BVDV has become critical. In this study, we compared various DNA prime-protein boost vaccination strategies to protect cattle from challenge with BVDV-...
Article
Full-text available
Dendritic cells (DCs) are bone marrow-originated, professional antigen-capturing cells and APCs, which can function as vaccine carriers. Although efficient transfection of human DCs has been achieved with viral vectors, viral gene products may influence cellular functions. In contrast, nonviral methods have generally resulted in inefficient gene tr...
Article
Objective: Evaluation of ELISA test using A60 antigen of mycobacteria in rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis in early stage. Study: A cross sectional descriptive study Place and duration of study: TB Reference Centre, PHLS, and Department of Microbiology, Ahvaz, Iran, from January 2000 to December 2001. Patients and Methods: A total of 180 sera were ex...

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Projects (8)