Amineh Ghorbani

Amineh Ghorbani
Delft University of Technology | TU · Department of Engineering Systems & Services

PhD

About

88
Publications
22,622
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
700
Citations
Introduction
I am an associate professor at TPM faculty at TU Delft. My main area of expertise is using simulation models for studying institutional dynamics; which I refer to as institutional modelling. I have also developed the "Institutional network analysis" method to study institutional interdependencies to identify points of conflict, void, non-conformance, etc. My overarching research domain is climate change action. I focus on urban commons, community energy and flood risk in this domain.
Additional affiliations
June 2013 - April 2016
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (88)
Article
Full-text available
Social systems consist of many heterogeneous decision making entities who create complexity through their interactions. These systems are governed by policies in a multi-scale institutional context. While policy is a top-down instrument, its effect is determined by a bottom-up process, in the sense that the aggregate behaviour of the social system...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A shared strategy is a social concept that refers to a type of behavioural pattern that is followed by a significant number of individuals although it is, prima facie, not associated with an obligation or a prohibition. E. Ostrom has argued in favour of the pertinence of social strategies for institutional design and evolution and proposed a charac...
Thesis
Full-text available
Socio-technical systems consist of many heterogeneous decision making entities and technological artefacts. These systems are governed through public policy that unravels in a multi-scale institutional context, which ranges from norms and values to technical standards. Simulation, agent-based modelling and simulation (ABMS) in particular, is an exp...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we introduce and motivate a conceptualization framework for agent-based social simulation, MAIA: Modelling Agent systems based on Institutional Analysis. The MAIA framework is based on Ostrom's Institutional Analysis and Development framework, and provides an extensive set of modelling concepts that is rich enough to capture a large r...
Article
Although good water governance (GWG) is a widely accepted concept, mistaking its principles for silver bullet approaches has hindered its successful applications. This highlights the idea that one-size-fits-all thinking does not satisfy the need to navigate toward sustainable outcomes in ever-changing complex water systems. This also indicates that...
Article
Like many other sectors, climate change strategies have put various restrictions on industry, the most prominent one being caps on CO2 and other energy-related emissions. At the same time, and especially in many developing economies, the industry struggles with an increasing gap between the fast development of the sector and lagging energy supply c...
Article
Full-text available
Energy communities are decentralized socio-technical systems where energy is jointly generated and distributed among a community of households locally. As the energy that is shared among the community is commonly electricity, the energy community's literature is dominated by electricity-systems and mostly neglects collective thermal energy as an al...
Preprint
Governments of nations facing flood risk have dedicated substantial effort to investigating ways to mitigate, plan for, respond to, and recover from flood events. This effort has been particularly pronounced in island nations, which face heightened expectations of flooding because of climate change. One of the central means through which government...
Chapter
Energy communities are gaining momentum in the context of the energy transition. Given the distributed and collective action nature of energy communities, energy security of these local energy systems is more than just security of supply and related to issues such as affordability and acceptability of energy to members of the community. We build an...
Article
Full-text available
Energy communities are key elements for local energy transitions, collectively generating, distributing and consuming energy, using renewable energy technologies. Thermal energy communities, as one type of energy community, are focused on thermal energy applications, such as heating, cooling, bathing, showering and providing hot tap water. As therm...
Article
Full-text available
Climate adaptation measures are shaped and implemented through processes of governance, where the interactions and decision-making among actors lead to the creation and reinforcement of institutions. Institutions in this respect are the rules that shape the interactions of actors in different phases of climate adaptation. Currently there is no comp...
Article
Full-text available
Managing water systems in a dynamic and highly uncertain environment has become a challenge. Multiple uncertainties have made the management of these systems a relatively difficult task. Technical approaches on their own, do not have the ability to address deep uncertainties in the management of water systems. Deep uncertainty cannot be easily reme...
Article
Full-text available
The growing polarization of our societies and economies has been extensively studied in various disciplines and is subject to public controversy. Yet, measuring polarization is hampered by the discrepancy between how polarization is conceptualized and measured. For instance, the notion of group, especially groups that are identified based on simila...
Article
Historical data are valuable resources for providing insights into general sociological patterns in the past. However , these data o en inform us at the macro-level of analysis but not about the role of individuals' behaviours in the emergence of long-term patterns. Therefore, it is difficult to infer 'how' and 'why' certain patterns emerged in the...
Article
Purpose This study aims to adopt a follower-centric approach in leadership and ethics research by investigating the impact of implicit followership theories (IFTs) on followers’ constructive resistance to leaders’ unethical requests. Specifically, it analyzes the mediating role of organizational citizenship behavior in the relationship between IFTs...
Article
Full-text available
In their studies of collective exploitation of common-pool resources, Ostrom and other scholars have stressed the importance of sanctioning as an essential method for preventing overuse and, eventually, the collapse of commons. However, most of the available evidence is based on data covering a relatively small period in history, and thus does not...
Article
Full-text available
Human societies and natural ecosystems are under threat by growing populations, overexploitation of natural resources and climate change. This calls for more sustainable utilization of resources based on past experiences and insights from many different disciplines. Interdisciplinary approaches to studies of historical commons have potential to ide...
Article
Full-text available
In the field of opinion dynamics, the hiding of opinions is routinely modeled as staying silent. However, staying silent is not always feasible. In situations where opinions are indirectly expressed by one’s observable actions, people may however try to hide their opinions via a more complex and intelligent strategy called obfuscation, which minimi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an agent-based model that explores the conditions for ongoing participation in community gardening projects. We tested the effects of Ostrom's well-known Design Principles for collective action and used an extensive database collected in 123 cases in Germany and two case studies in the Netherlands to validate it. The model used...
Chapter
Most focus during the Covid-19 crisis has been on which measures of governments are the most effective to curb the spread of the virus. Far less attention has been given to the best way to release the restrictions. In this chapter we discuss the various elements of the so-called exit strategies from different governments. We will group them in seve...
Chapter
In this chapter we investigate the influence of culture on the effective management of the COVID-19 crisis. In order to study culture we first describe cultures in terms of values. These values are connected to the needs of the agents, giving them a certain default priority, which differs across cultures. Then we will show how culture actually infl...
Article
A key debate in the study on land, housing and natural resources revolves around the notion that general institutional forms (such as private, common, public, and likewise formal property rights) lead to a certain institutional performance (as may be expressed in terms of prices, transaction costs or sustainability). However, a modest, yet, growing...
Article
Full-text available
This study is a comprehensive literature review about the field of the urban commons and its diversity, which we investigate through the lens of the new commons. Acknowledging a potential for adaptive capacity in the urban commons, we classify its traits into ecosystem, socioeconomic and institutional factors. To make our work more practical, we fu...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate the potential of urban commons for building community resilience. We focus on the issue of adaptability to socio-ecological issues, which depends on the social capital built by the local community of practice. We measure this capital through the variables of volunteer involvement, perceived trust, and social cohesion i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent floods in Kerala, India have led to the loss of many lives and extensive property damage. Regardless the socioeconomic impact of the floods, there is lack of understanding of their underlying factors. Apart from the climate change, it is the poor urban governance that undermines flood resilience of Kerala. Among the most challenging governan...
Article
Full-text available
Flood adaptation measures implemented at the household level play an important role in reducing commu-nities' vulnerability. The aim of this study is to enhance the current modelling practices of human-flood interaction to draw new insights for flood risk management (FRM) policy design. The paper presents a coupled agent-based and flood model for t...
Article
Full-text available
Local energy initiatives (LEIs) are communities of households who self-organize to meet their energy demand with locally produced green energy. They facilitate citizen participation by developing context-specific solutions, which calls for leadership and complex social dynamics. We present an agent-based simulation model to explore the formation of...
Article
Full-text available
The industrial sector plays a huge role in creating economic growth. While energy is vital for industries to thrive, various factors are undermining the availability of energy including phasing out of fossil fuels, CO2 emission caps and, the large gap between the fast developments of industrial clusters and the energy supply, especially in developi...
Article
Full-text available
Historical commons represent self-governed governance regimes that regulate the use and management of natural and man-made shared resources. Despite growing scientific interests, analyses of commons evolution and temporal dynamics are rare and drivers of change (birth, adaptation, dissolution) remain obscure. We apply an interdisciplinary approach...
Preprint
Full-text available
Flood adaptation measures implemented at household-level play an important role in reducing communities’ vulnerability. The aim of this study is to enhance the current modelling practices of human-flood interaction to draw new insights for FRM policy design. The paper presents a coupled agent-based and flood model for the case of Hamburg, Germany t...
Article
Full-text available
Energy communities are key elements in the energy transition at the local level as they aim to generate and distribute energy based on renewable energy technologies locally. The literature on community energy systems is dominated by the study of electricity systems. Yet, thermal energy applications cover 75% of the total energy consumption in house...
Article
Full-text available
During the COVID-19 crisis there have been many difficult decisions governments and other decision makers had to make. E.g. do we go for a total lock down or keep schools open? How many people and which people should be tested? Although there are many good models from e.g. epidemiologists on the spread of the virus under certain conditions, these m...
Preprint
Full-text available
During the COVID-19 crisis there have been many difficult decisions governments and other decision makers had to make. E.g. do we go for a total lock down or keep schools open? How many people and which people should be tested? Although there are many good models from e.g. epidemiologists on the spread of the virus under certain conditions, these m...
Article
Full-text available
We present an analysis of regulatory activities in historical commons offering a unique picture of their long-term institutional dynamics. The analysis took into account almost 3,800 regulatory activities in eighteen European commons in two countries across seven centuries. Despite differences in time and space, we found a shared pattern where an i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Inequality is considered one of the drivers for the emergence of collective action, but conventional wisdom suggests that it is equality among the stakeholders that helps sustain it. Nonetheless, more controversial findings in the collective action literature suggest that inequality can in fact be beneficial for the sustainability of collective act...
Article
Disaster risk reduction is a major concern of small island developing states. Measures to reduce risk should not only be based on the magnitude of physical hazard, but also on the exposure and vulnerability of communities. In this article, we examine flood risk management policies in the Caribbean island of Sint Maarten using coupled agent-based an...
Poster
Full-text available
Institutions are key to avoid the “tragedy” of the commons where a shared resource is at risk of depletion due to the collective action problem underlying its management (Ostrom 1990). Therefore, understanding institutional forms and how they emerge and evolve over time is of crucial importance. This research used ABM to study the dynamics of insti...
Article
In this paper, we describe a modelling framework that allows the integration of human and physical components of flood risk. Within this framework, flood risk management is conceptualized as a coupled human-flood system. The human subsystem includes individuals and their behaviour and institutions that shape human-flood interaction. The framework p...
Article
Full-text available
In order to decarbonize the energy sector, there is a widespread consensus that the role of end-users in the energy system should change from passive consumption to active prosumption and engagement. This is of particular importance as an increasing number of technologies and business models are focusing on the end-users. These developments provide...
Article
Full-text available
Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES) are an emerging local energy system focusing on the collective use of distributed energy resources (DER). These socio-technical systems (STSs) have a high potential to advance the transition towards socially inclusive, environmentally-friendly energy systems and to stimulate the local economy. While there...
Article
Full-text available
In the area of professional social networks, collaborative team formation with its NP-hard nature, has attracted the attention of many researchers. The purpose of this study is to find a collaborative team which covers required skills and minimizes the communication cost among team members. To solve this problem, BRADO (BRAin Drain Optimization), a...
Article
A appropriate bottom-up rule system can support the sustainability of common-pool resources such as forests and fisheries. The process that leads to the developments of such institutional settings requires the considerations of multiple social, physical, and institutional factors over long time horizons. In this paper, we present the SONICOM model...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cities are responsible for 70 percent of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, so they can significantly contribute to emission mitigation. Since cities are socio-technical systems, reducing emissions requires a combination of technological innovations, social engagement and institutional arrangements. In this study, we take a common pool resource (C...
Article
Although mismanagement of groundwater resources has resulted in their destruction over centuries, climate change is speeding up this process more than ever. On the one hand, urgent action by government bodies is needed to address the challenge. On the other hand, a vast body of literature proves that bottom-up collective action, although requiring...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we demonstrate how agent-based modelling can be used to understand the emergence of a new infrastructure system, more specifically, a biogas infrastructure in the Netherlands. The innovative element in our modelling approach is the use of MAIA (modelling agent systems using institutional analysis), a meta-model for agent-based modelli...
Article
Similar to other renewable energy technologies, the development of a biogas infrastructure in the Netherlands is going through social, institutional and ecological evolution. To study this complex evolutionary process, we built a comprehensive agent-based model of this infrastructure. We used an agent-based modelling framework called MAIA to build...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present an abstract replication of institutional emergence patterns observed in common pool resource (CPR) problems. We used the ADICO grammar of institutions as the basic structure to model both users’ strategies and institutions. Through an evolutionary process, users modify their behaviours and eventually establish a management...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban population is responsible for 70% of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. Consequently, citizens hold the key to mitigate these emissions. The mitigation strategy that citizens are increasingly becoming involved in, is the adaption of renewable energy sources (RES) for houses and cars. The production and consumption of renewable energy sources...
Article
Full-text available
Using ethnography to build agent-based models may result in more empirically grounded simulations. Our study on innovation practice and culture in the Westland horticulture sector served to explore what information and data from ethnographic analysis could be used in models and how. MAIA, a framework for agent-based model development of social syst...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We investigated the very real problem of congestion at gas interconnectors. Instead of suggesting further incremental change to the European regulation in force to remedy congestion problems, we took a step back and consider gas interconnectors as a Common-Pool Resource (CPR). We suggest to wait and see what institutions the shippers let emerge to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A contemporary governance challenge for govern- ments concerns the biogas domain: what incentives and policies can lead to a viable biogas economy? To support addressing this challenge, a prototype of a simulator is constructed in which horizontal governance is applied in a multi-stakeholder context. This paper reports on the modelling and knowledg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Environment is a basic concept of agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS), in which agents exist and interact, can perceive and act. Common approaches to model environment in ABMS consider environment as a physical space (typically a 2D grid) or as a virtual space that supports agent to agent interaction. In this paper, we introduce a method for...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionShould governments regulate financial markets more closely? Can investment on waste-based bio-gas systems improve farming prospects for animal farmers? How does taxation on light bulbs or subsidies on LED lamps influence the behaviour of consumers’ energy usage habits? Does imposing fines on recycling companies in a developing country p...
Article
Full-text available
The behavior of agents is not only influenced by other individual agents, but also by the overall behavior of groups of agents. Since group behaviors are the aggregation of individual behaviours, they are mostly neglected in agents' decision making process mainly because in agent-based models, the focus is on interactions and individuals behaviors...