Amanuel Abajobir

Amanuel Abajobir
African Population and Health Research Center | APHRC · MCW

MPH | RFH | PhD | Paediatric and Reproductive Medicine | Community Child Care | Adolescent Mental Health = Public Health and Health Services | Associate Research Scientist | Research Scientist at APHRC

About

173
Publications
142,821
Reads
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37,049
Citations
Citations since 2016
153 Research Items
36904 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202,0004,0006,0008,000
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - present
APHRC
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Dynamic researcher in deadline-driven environments and equipped with hands-on exposures to every phase of complex project management as a proactive team contributor.
October 2014 - October 2018
The University of Queensland
Position
  • RHD
October 2014 - December 2015
The University of Queensland
Position
  • RHD

Publications

Publications (173)
Article
Full-text available
Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the most crucial components of maternal health care services. However, less than two-third of pregnant women receive ANC at least once and only 32% had at least 4 ANC visits in Ethiopia. There is dearth of nationally representative data that indicate changes in utilization of ANC services at the end of health sector t...
Preprint
We track the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in eight Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) in Asia, Africa, and South America utilizing repeated surveys of 21,162 individuals. Many respondents were interviewed over multiple rounds pre- and post-pandemic, allowing us to control for time trends and within-year seasonal variation...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aim of this paper is to share the results of a systematic review on the state of inequalities in access to and utilization of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services in the sub-Saharan African region. The focus of the review was on urban settings where growing needs and challenges have been registered over the past few yea...
Article
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Anemia is a globally widespread condition in women and is associated with reduced economic productivity and increased mortality worldwide. Here we map annual 2000–2018 geospatial estimates of anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age (15–49 years) across 82 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), stratify anemia by severity and aggregate res...
Article
Full-text available
Background Universal Health Coverage ensures access to quality health services for all, with no financial hardship when accessing the needed services. Nevertheless, access to quality health services is marred by substantial resource shortages creating service delivery gaps in low-and middle-income countries, including Kenya. The Innovative Partners...
Article
Full-text available
Background The burden of maternal near miss (MNM) is an important public health problem in low and middle income countries including Ethiopia despite ongoing initiatives both at regional and national levels. Intricate and persistent socioeconomic inequities as well as poor health care seeking behavior contribute to MNM, although extant evidence is...
Article
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Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is only one part of a successful range of care among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Stigma and low social support are emerging issues worsening the success of ART for PLWHA. This study thus aimed to investigate the level of perceived stigma among PLWHA. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Programs promoting primary healthcare using Health Extension Workers are crucial to improve cost-effectiveness of healthcare, reaching large numbers of underserved people with expansion of high-impact basic healthcare services at grass-root levels in developing countries. Hence, this study attempted to assess Health Extension Workers...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are a major public health challenges in developing countries including Ethiopia, although few studies previously estimated the magnitude of IPIs and associated factors in the country. Reports from these scarce studies were also widely varied and remained inconsistent. This study thus aimed to synthe...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Although Ethiopia has been implementing Option B+ program, LTFU of women from the Option B+ program is one of the challenges that minimizes its implementation. Thus, this study assessed the incidence and predictors of LTFU among women under Option B+ PMTCT program in western Ethiopia. An institution-based retrospective follow-up study w...
Article
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This research assesses how low-income households in rural Kenya coped with the immediate economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. It uses granular financial data from weekly household interviews covering six weeks before the first case was detected in Kenya to five weeks after during which various containment measures were implemented. Based...
Article
Potential long-lasting adverse effects of child maltreatment have been widely reported, although little is known about the distinctive long-term impact of differing types of maltreatment. Our objective for this special article is to integrate findings from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, a longitudinal prenatal cohort study s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Universal Health Coverage (UHC) ensures access to quality health services for all, with no financial hardship when accessing the needed services. Nevertheless, access to quality health services is marred by substantial resource shortages creating service delivery gaps in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs), including Kenya. The Inno...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Direct obstetric causes have a significant contribution for severe maternal morbidities and mortalities, although the effect of grand multiparity on adverse obstetric outcomes remains controversial across studies. This study aimed to compare obstetric outcomes in grand multiparous and low multiparous women in two hospitals of southern Ethi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Women's decision-making power influences the use of family planning. It is one of the denied fundamental rights of women, particularly in developing countries. Objective: This study was aimed to assess married women's decision-making power in the use of family planning and its associated factors among married reproductive age women i...
Article
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Background: Women are often forced to recommence sexual intercourse after childbirth to maintain intimacy and fulfill their partners' desires. Early resumption of postpartum sexual intercourse leads to sexual health problems and unwanted pregnancy if not complemented with appropriate contraceptive use. However, sexual practice during the early pos...
Article
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Background: Early sexual initiation - sexual activity that begun earlier than 18 years of age - is among risky sexual behaviors which may be associated with increased risks of adverse outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortions. However, there is no nationally representative evidence on early in...
Article
Objective: A prospective record-linkage analysis to examine whether notified and/or substantiated child maltreatment is associated with the prevalence and persistence of smoking in early adulthood. Methods: The sample consisted of 3758 participants enrolled in a population-based birth cohort study in Brisbane, Australia, who were followed up at...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Diabetes and its complications including foot ulcer constitute a global public health challenge attributing to a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Foot ulcer is one of the long-term complication of diabetes mellitus which lead to infection and amputation of lower extremities. In Ethiopia, findings from few studies were inco...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Anemia is a common problem in HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infected patients, and is associated with decreased functional capacity and quality of life. Ethiopia is one of the countries which has expanded highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) over the past years. The effect of HAART on anemia among HIV remains inconsisten...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To assess the prevalence of antenatal depression and factors associated with antenatal depression among pregnant women in Aneded woreda, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019. A community based- cross sectional study was conducted in Aneded woreda among 7 kebles' of North-West, Ethiopia from March 16 to April 23, 2019. A total of 342 pregnant women...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Substance use is associated with higher odds of disabilities, mental illnesses, and loss of productivity, especially in young people. Despite a widespread use of substances by Ethiopian youth, little is known about pooled estimates and gender disparity in this target group. This meta-analysis was therefore conducted to estimate the ma...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Severe forms of malnutrition have drastic effects on childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan countries, including Ethiopia. Although few studies have previously estimated treatment outcomes of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in Ethiopia, the findings were widely varied and inconsistent. This study thus aimed to pool estimates...
Article
Full-text available
Background More than 29 million that is an estimated 5%, under-five children suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) globally, with a nine times higher risk of mortality than that of well-nourished children. However, little is known regarding outcomes and predictors of SAM in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aims to determine treatment cure rate...
Data
Abstraction tool P treatment.docx. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis in diabetic patients and to determine the effect of cigarette smoking. Results: A total of 15 studies was included in the meta-analysis. The pooled overall prevalence of tuberculosis in diabetes was 4.72% (95% CI 3.62-5.83%). In sub-grou...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Globally, approximately 19 million children under 5 years are suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM). It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low-income countries including Ethiopia. However, little is known regarding predictors of mortality among these children in Ethiopia. The current study aimed to assess the poten...
Article
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BACKGROUND: The lifetime risk of stroke has been calculated in a limited number of selected populations. We sought to estimate the lifetime risk of stroke at the regional, country, and global level using data from a comprehensive study of the prevalence of major diseases. METHODS: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016 estimates of...
Article
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Background In low resource circumstances, non-adherence for available health services is a major cause of inefficiency in health care delivery. MHealth has been projected as a possible solution to support women during pregnancy, birth and puerperium period, to increase the uptake of essential maternal services. Objectives This systematic review an...
Article
Background Retrospective studies have shown a high association between child abuse and subsequent psychiatric morbidity. Prospective studies are rarer. Aims To examine, using a prospective record-linkage analysis, whether substantiated child maltreatment is associated with adverse psychological outcomes in early adulthood. Method The participants...
Article
Full-text available
Background Giving birth in a medical institution, under the care and supervision of trained health-care providers, reduces the risk of maternal mortality and promotes child survival. Despite this, most mothers in Ethiopia are giving birth at home. Thus, this study was conducted to assess the level of skilled delivery service use and associated fact...
Article
Violence against women (VAW) is a major public health problem globally, particularly in developing countries including Ethiopia. Accordingly, sustainable development goal (SDG) 5 (by United Nation) prioritizes VAW and calls for the design and implementation of programs relevant to its elimination by 2030. However, little is known about the epidemio...
Article
There is some limited evidence of an association between maternal intimate partner victimization (IPV) and children's experience of maltreatment. Using data from a longitudinal study, we examine whether this relationship is independent of range of potential confounders including socio-economic, familial and psychological factors. Data were taken fr...
Article
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OBJECTIVES:We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to estimate trends of HIV/AIDS burden in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries between 1990 and 2015. METHODS:Tailored estimation methods were used to produce final estimates of mortality. Years of life lost (YLLs) were calculated by multiplying the mortality rate by p...
Article
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OBJECTIVES:We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. METHODS:We conducted a systematic analysis of mortality and morbidity data for LRI and its specific etiologic factors, including pn...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES:Assessing the burden of maternal mortality is important for tracking progress and identifying public health gaps. This paper provides an overview of the burden of maternal mortality in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS:We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 stu...
Article
OBJECTIVES:Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally. METHODS:We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and st...
Article
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OBJECTIVES:To report the burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) during 1990-2015. METHODS:We used the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study for estimates of mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of different CVD in 22 countries of EMR. RESULTS:A total of 1.4 million CVD deaths (95% UI: 1.3-1.5...
Article
Full-text available
Background: An understanding of the trends in tuberculosis incidence, prevalence, and mortality is crucial to tracking of the success of tuberculosis control programmes and identification of remaining challenges. We assessed trends in the fatal and non-fatal burden of tuberculosis over the past 25 years for 195 countries and territories. Methods:...
Data
This is the supplement for DOI: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30703-X
Data
Appendix to The global burden of lower respiratory infections: results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) 2015 Study This appendix provides methodological detail, supplemental figures, and comprehensive information on input data and data transformation. Contents Analytic flowcharts……………………………………....…………………………………………...
Article
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Background The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study 2015 provides an up-to-date analysis of the burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRIs) in 195 countries. This study assesses cases, deaths, and aetiologies spanning the past 25 years and shows how the burden of LRI has changed in people of all ages. Methods W...
Article
Full-text available
Summary Background Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinici...
Article
Background Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians spec...
Article
Full-text available
GBD 2016 SDG Collaborators. Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.
Article
Childhood maltreatment is associated with a range of adverse mental and physical health outcomes, including increased rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) later in life. However, the impact on risky sexual behaviors and pregnancy outcomes has not been adequately studied. This is particularly true for physical abuse, emotional abuse, and...
Article
Background: While concerns about adverse health outcomes of unintended pregnancies for the mother have been expressed, there has only been limited research on the outcomes of unintended pregnancies. This review provides an overview of antecedents and maternal health outcomes of unintended pregnancies (UIPs) carried to term live birth. Methods: The...
Article
Full-text available
GBD 2016 SDG Collaborators. Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: an analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet 2017; 390: 1423–59—In figure 8B of this Article (published Online First on Sept 12, 2017), the number of indicator...
Data
Abstract BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clini...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of risk factor exposure and attributable burden of disease. By providing estimates over a long time series, this study can monitor risk exposure trends critical to health surveillance and inform policy debates on the impo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians spec...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are grounded in the global ambition of “leaving no one behind”. Understanding today's gains and gaps for the health-related SDGs is essential for decision makers as they aim to improve the health of populations. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016...