Amandine Gasc

Amandine Gasc
Institute of Research for Development | IRD · 237 - Mediterranean Institute of marine and terrestrial Biodiversity (IMBE)

Doctor in Ecology

About

48
Publications
19,996
Reads
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1,558
Citations
Citations since 2016
14 Research Items
1349 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
Amandine Gasc currently works at the Mediterranean Institute of marine and terrestrial Biodiversity (IMBE), Institute of Research for Development. Amandine does research in Ecology and Animal Communications. Their current project is 'Computational Acoustics for Soundscape Ecology.'
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - present
Institute of Research for Development
Position
  • Charge de Recherche
January 2014 - October 2016
Purdue University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
March 2013 - August 2013
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
November 2009 - November 2012
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Field of study
  • Biodiversity estimation by passive acoustic methods
September 2007 - September 2009
Université Paris-Sud 11
Field of study
  • Ecology, biodiversity, evolution

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
Building upon the rich legacies of bioacoustics and animal communication, soundscape ecology represents a new perspective through which ecologists can use the acoustic properties of ecosystems to understand the complex interactions of organisms, geophysical dynamics, and human activities. In this paper, we focus on the potential benefits of a sound...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive species are a major concern for the maintenance of ecosystem services and biodiversity but are difficult to mitigate. Upstream solutions to prevent their impact, including their detection, are needed. Wasmannia auropunctata, an invasive ant living in vagile supercolonies, is especially hard to track and is a major threat for tropical ecosy...
Article
Full-text available
New Caledonia is a Pacific island with a unique biodiversity showing an extreme microendemism. Many species distributions observed on this island are extremely restricted, localized to mountains or rivers making biodiversity evaluation and conservation a difficult task. A rapid biodiversity assessment method based on acoustics was recently proposed...
Article
Full-text available
Context While remote sensing imagery is effective for quantifying land cover changes across large areas, its utility for directly assessing the response of animals to disturbance is limited. Soundscapes approaches—the recording and analysis of sounds in a landscape—could address this shortcoming. Objectives In 2011, a massive wildfire named “the H...
Article
Full-text available
Crickets (Ensifera, Grylloidea) are not commonly used as ecological indicators in con- trary to other Orthoptera (e.g., grasshoppers and katydids). However, they are sensi- tive to environmental changes and abundant in tropical regions. To evaluate whether crickets are relevant bioindicators of tropical ecosystems, we investigated cricket as- sembl...
Article
Full-text available
Context There is a long-standing quest in landscape ecology for holistic biodiversity metrics accounting for multi-taxa diversity in heterogeneous habitat mosaics. Passive acoustic monitoring of biodiversity may provide integrative indices allowing to investigate how soundscapes are shaped by compositional and configurational heterogeneity of mosai...
Data
A participatory monitoring programme of an exceptional modification of urban soundscapes during Covid-19 containment.
Article
Soundscape ecology evaluates biodiversity and environmental disturbances by investigating the interaction among soundscape components (biological, geophysical, and human-produced sounds) using data collected with autonomous recording units. Current analyses consider the acoustic properties of frequency and amplitude resulting in varied metrics, but...
Article
• Freshwater systems are globally threatened and in need of enhanced monitoring and assessment. We applied soundscape recording and analysis—which presents an opportunity for long‐term, high‐resolution animal community monitoring and assessment—to a freshwater context to better understand the acoustic diversity and dynamics of these systems. • We r...
Poster
Soundscape ecologists have collected sound recordings from large-scale studies that are difficult to analyze with traditional approaches and tools. Natural soundscapes are complex and contain a diverse mixture of biological, geophysical, and anthropogenic sources that span similar frequency bands and often lack a discernible fundamental frequency....
Poster
The world’s biodiversity is drastically decreasing due to human activity. The paleotropical rainforests of Borneo contribute 10% of the world biodiversity but are at risk of destruction due to logging and other human interests. SoundscapeEcology, defined as the composition of sounds in an environment, is a new field that offers potential for biodiv...
Poster
Full-text available
One of the major research themes of soundscape ecology is to understand ecosystem dynamics by measuring and analyzingpatterns in biological acoustic communication in the context of the local environment. The emerging field focuses at landscape scales to quantify compositional, spatial, and temporal variation in these patterns. This is reflected by...
Article
Full-text available
The past decade has produced an increased ecological interest in sonic environments, or soundscapes. However, despite this rise in interest and technological improvements that allow for long-term acoustic surveys in various environments, some habitats' soundscapes remain to be explored. Ponds, and more generally freshwater habitats, are one of thes...
Article
Few studies have assessed the relative importance of morphological, ecological and phylogenetic factors in the evolution of social behaviour.We examine the role of these factors in social evolution among blaberid cockroaches. We first analyse and compare behavioural interactions in 13 species. We then ask how the nature of these interactions relate...
Article
Full-text available
Modern biogeography now encompasses an impressive diversity of patterns and phenomena of the geography of nature, providing insights fundamental to understanding the forces influencing the spatial and temporal dynamics of biological diversity. However, rather than praise our discipline for its great breadth of visions, our purpose here is to point...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction New Caledonia archipelago is one of the smallest hotspot of biodiversity in the world. Unfortunately, this impressive endemic fauna and flora undergo strong pressures with great impacts. Human activities, such as mining, urbanism and unintended wildfire, with the occurrence of highly harmful invasive ant species represent major threats...
Article
Bioacoustics is historically a discipline that essentially focuses on individual behaviour in relation to population and species evolutionary levels but rarely in connection with higher levels of ecological complexity like community, landscape or ecosystem. However, some recent bioacoustic researches have operated a change of scale by developing ac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
New Caledonia archipelago, as a biodiversity hotspot of high endemism, is highly threatened by biological invasions. Among invasives, ants are recognized as major threats for New Caledonian fauna and flora, local agriculture and population. Three main invasive ants are established in the archipelago: Wasmannia auropunctata, Pheidole megacephala and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With only 5% of the global terrestrial area, and more than 20% of the terrestrial plant and vertebrate species in the world, islands are major components of worldwide biodiversity and receive increasingly attention to manage these areas of interest. As a threat for these hotspots of biodiversity and endemism, exotics invasive ants are considered as...
Article
Questions: Is phylogenetic diversity (PD) an accurate surrogate for functional diversity (FD)? How are FD:PD correlations affected by the diversity index used, covarying factors and/or the strength of the phylogenetic signal in ecological traits? Location: Field study, coastal marsh plain Mekhada, Algeria, complemented by simulated data. Methods: F...
Data
Acoustic differences between the ambient noises of the three sites. The ambient noises coming from the different sites measured on files with null animal activity. A: Results of Principal Coordinate Analysis (PCoA) applied to the acoustic dissimilarities among recordings with factor “Site” as a supplementary variable subsequently projected on the m...
Data
Acoustic differences between sites measured on a balanced sub-sample of hours. Results of Distance-based ReDundancy Analysis (dbRDA) measured on a balanced sub-sample of hours, applied to the acoustic dissimilarities among recordings, with factor “Site” as an explanatory variable (A: Aoupinié, K: Koghis, M: Mandjélia). (EPS)
Data
Data describing the biodiversity of the three sites through 14 genera and 4 families. Since these data come from phylogenies and inventories based on different geographical sampling, specimens are not sampled in every site. The main number determines the presence or absence of the taxa on the site, whereas the number in parenthesis determines wheth...
Data
Number and percentage of files with different activity levels for each site after the exclusion of noisy files. (DOC)
Data
Number and percentage of files associated to different noise types and number of files after exclusion of the noisy files for each site. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
We developed an approach for analysing the effects of two crossed factors A and B on the functional, taxonomic or phylogenetic composition of communities. The methodology, known as crossed-DPCoA, defines a space where species, communities and the levels of the two factors are organised as a set of points. In this space, the Euclidean distance betwe...
Data
Full-text available
Bird taxonomy. (PDF)
Data
R scripts. R scripts are used in Text S4. (TXT)
Data
Manual for R scripts. This appendix uses data available in Dataset S1 and R scripts available in Text S3. (PDF)
Data
Full-text available
Connections between crossed-DPCoA and other ordination approaches. Previously developed crossed analyses that treat species as equidistant, as with classical diversity indices are compared with crossed-DPCoA. (PDF)
Data
The data set in ascii format to be loaded by the R software. The data are described in Text S4. (RDA)
Data
Full-text available
Notations and proofs. (PDF)
Data
Detailed description of crossed-DPCoA, discussion and further propositions. We provide all equations necessary to obtain the space of DPCoA and to perform crossed-DPCoA. Our choices are justified and compared with other possible versions of crossed-DPCoA. The issues related to repetition and unbalanced schemes are discussed and solutions given. (PD...
Data
Full-text available
Species whose positions in the phylogeny were not defined by Davis. This appendix contains details on the establishment of the phylogeny. (PDF)
Article
Biodiversity assessment is one of the major challenges for ecology and conservation. With current increaseof biodiversity loss during the last decades, there is an urgent need to quickly estimate biodiversity levels. This study aims at testing the validity of new biodiversity indices based on an acoustic analysis of choruses produced by animal comm...
Data
Amplification conditions modified from Bardeleben et al. (2004). We performed 10 µL PCR reactions with 1 µL template DNA, 1X GeneAmp PCR Buffer II (Applied Biosystems), 1.5 or 2.0 mM MgCl2 (see below), 0.4 mM dNTPs, 0.25 µM of each primer (forward and reverse), and 0.3 U of Taq polymerase. PCR cycles consisted of an initial denaturation step at 94°...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive species can dramatically impact natural populations, especially those living on islands. Though numerous examples illustrate the ecological impact of invasive predators, no study has examined the genetic consequences for native populations subject to invasion. Here we capitalize on a natural experiment in which a long-term study of the bro...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
baseline survey of biophony in context of restauration and conservation especially in mining context
Project
The global COVID-19 pandemic that we are currently facing is forcing most countries around the world to put in place social distancing and/or drastic population containment measures. A notable effect of these measures is the reduction of many urban economic activities. This decline in activities is directly linked to a reduction in several inter- and intra-urban physical flows, first and foremost among which are individual travel — all modes combined — and motorized transport of people and goods. These movements and transport are two major sources of anthropogenic noise in all spaces, both urban and rural. While we recognize the severity and serious consequences of the pandemic, we want to continue to do what we do the best: searching, testing, experimenting. In other words, we want to continue to question the world in which we live. Starting from the abnormal situation generated by the COVID-19 pandemic in territories placed in more or less strict containment, we propose to the Ecoacoustic international community to participate in a collection of urban sonic environments to document these rare urban soundscapes. Based on standardized global ecoacoustic monitoring over several weeks, we hope to achieve three scientific objectives: 1. To study in “ordinary spaces” the ecoacoustic diversity usually masked by anthropogenic noise. 2. To study the relationship between biophony and anthropophony within different levels of economic activity, as the economic activity of a territory will slowly be restored. 3. To finely characterize the relationship linking the anthropogenic noise to the level of stable economic activity of a territory. Please find detailed information on the project here: https://renoir.hypotheses.org/files/2020/03/Silent%C2%B7Cities-Project.pdf
Project
Soundscape ecology studies ecosystem dynamics by measuring and analyzing patterns in biological acoustic communication in the context of the local environment. Sound propagation is an important component to analysis but is subject to significant temporal and spatial variance at landscape scales. Consequently, acoustic data is subject to variance in filtration through propagation. The challenge is to quantify compositional, spatial and temporal variation in these patterns, but current analyses do not account for either variance in environmental filtration nor patterns in the acoustic field. This limits possible comparative analyses in the spectral domain. The CASE software is being developed to address this challenge; our hypothesis is that simulating terrestrial sound propagation conditions will quantify the impact of variable environmental filtration on acoustic recordings. Moreover, applying the inverse of this filtration gives researchers the ability to analyze across ecosystems by normalizing acoustic recordings. The prototype will be implemented to begin building a database of acoustical parameters, profiles, and patterns for CGS research locations, augmenting the expansive CGS data archive with spatial and temporal simulations of sound propagation.