Amaia Arranz Otaegui

Amaia Arranz Otaegui
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle · Homme et Environnement

PhD

About

55
Publications
23,126
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Introduction
My postdoctoral investigations focus on the analyses of plant macroremains (wood charcoal, seeds, nuts, chaff, underground storage organs, dung and charred food) from archaeological sites in the Black Desert (northeastern Jordan) and the Zagros (Iran). This research examines transcendental time periods such as the late Epipalaeolithic and the early Neolithic, looking at changes on the vegetation, plant exploitation and subsistence.
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - present
University of Copenhagen
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2011 - January 2015
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
The origins of bread have long been associated with the emergence of agriculture and cereal domestication during the Neolithic in southwest Asia. In this study we analyze a total of 24 charred food remains from Shubayqa 1, a Natufian hunter-gatherer site located in northeastern Jordan and dated to 14.6-11.6 ka cal BP. Our finds provide empirical da...
Article
The Natufian culture (c. 14.6–11.5 ka cal. BP) represents the last hunter-gatherer society that inhabited southwest Asia before the development of plant-food production. It has long been suggested that Natufians based their economy on the exploitation of the wild ancestors of the Neolithic “founder crops” (i.e. cereals and large-seeded legumes), an...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have broadened our knowledge regarding the origins of agriculture in southwest Asia by highlighting the multiregional and protracted nature of plant domestication. However, there have been few archaeobotanical data to examine whether the early adoption of wild cereal cultivation and the subsequent appearance of domesticated-type cere...
Article
Full-text available
The Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (EPPNB) in southwest Asia is a fundamental period in research on the origins of domesticated plants. However, there are few archaeobotanical data with which to characterise the plant-based subsistence and crop husbandry activities during this time, which hinders the understanding of the factors that triggered the a...
Article
Archaeobotanical and genetic analysis of modern plant materials are drawing a complex scenario for the origins of cereal agriculture in the Levant. This paper presents an improved method for the study of early farming harvesting systems based on the texture analysis of gloss observed on sickle blades through confocal microscopy. Using this method,...
Article
Full-text available
The so-called Triticoid-type grains are known from several prehistoric sites in southwest Asia and their identification has long been unclear. They resemble the grains of wheats and researchers suggested they may represent an extinct Triticeae species, possibly closely related to wild crop progenitors. In this study we identify the Triticoid-type g...
Article
Communal buildings have been reported from a number of early Neolithic sites from the Levant and Anatolia, but none were known from the central Zagros. Here we report on the recent excavations at Asiab, Kermanshah province, Iran, and argue that the principal feature found during Robert Braidwood’s excavation at the site in 1960 should be interprete...
Preprint
Full-text available
Archaeobotanical and genetic analysis of modern plant materials are drawing a complex scenario for the origins of cereal agriculture in the Levant. This paper presents an improved method for the study of early farming harvesting systems based on the texture analysis of gloss observed on sickle blades. We identify different harvesting activities (un...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este trabajo se hace una presentación de las investigaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en el yacimiento de Aranbaltza (Barrika, Bizkaia), uno de los escasos yacimientos paleolíticos al aire libre conservados en la región cantábrica. Su registro es especialmente rico en ocupaciones realizadas por grupos de neandertales, desde finales del Pleist...
Research
Full-text available
Archaeologists have long searched for methods to identify the use and function of prehistoric artifacts. The increasing application of use-wear, molecular and experimental approaches to the study of pottery vessels, flint and ground stone tools have provided crucial new information about prehistoric tool use in the last decades. However, whereas an...
Article
Este trabajo aborda el desarrollo de la investigación arqueobotánica en el Próximo Oriente en las dos últimas décadas. El artículo se centra en los avances conseguidos en el estudio de la explotación de las plantas en periodos pre-agrarios así como en los orígenes de la agricultura. Se discuten los principales yacimientos paleolíticos y epipaleolít...
Presentation
Full-text available
Los análisis biomoleculares en registros arqueológicos son un ámbito de investigación en pleno apogeo. Tradicionalmente su estudio se relacionaba con análisis isotópicos del colágeno para paleodieta, de ADN y compuestos orgánicos para dataciones radiocarbónicas. Sin embargo, en los últimos años este ámbito ha experimentado una enorme revolución gra...
Article
Full-text available
Los tubérculos y otros órganos subterráneos de almacenamiento de las plantas (USOs por sus siglas en inglés) son importantes alimentos básicos, así como fuentes de materias primas, para multitud de grupos de cazadores-recolectores y comunidades agrícolas en todo el mundo. Sin embargo, hasta la fecha la información para evaluar hasta qué punto los U...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The cave of Armiña is part of the same karstic system than Atxurra cave, which has an occupation site in the entrance, covering from Gravettian to Late Magdalenian, and numerous evidences of Paleolithic rock-art in the inner part of the cave. The current entrance of Armiña was discovered at the end of XIX century when the road between Markina and L...
Article
Full-text available
The Late Epipalaeolithic Natufian (~14,600 − 11,500 cal BP) is a key period in the prehistory of southwest Asia. Often described as a complex hunting and gathering society with increased sedentism, intensive plant exploitation and associated with an increase in artistic and symbolic material culture, it is positioned between the earlier Upper- and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ethnobotany is defined as the field that studies and analyses the relationships between human groups and their surrounding vegetation. These records often help in the interpretation of plant use and exploitation in archaeological sites. In this paper we present the preliminary results of an ethnobotanical project carried out in the Jabal al-Arab (s...
Article
Full-text available
The Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA; c. 9600–8500 cal BC) period in the Levant provides the earliest confirmed evidence for plant cultivation anywhere in the world, marking a significant escalation in the human management of plants towards fully fledged agricultural food production. Until now, the majority of PPNA sites have been documented in the Jo...
Article
Full-text available
Shubayqa 1 is a newly identified early and late Natufian site in the harra desert of northeastern Jordan. In addition to buildings, and rich chipped stone, faunal, and botanical assemblages, the site has produced a large collection of ground stone tools. This paper presents the result of a preliminary study of the ground stone artefacts associated...
Article
Full-text available
The development of water flotation during the second half of the 20th century constituted a milestone in archaeobotany, since it allowed the systematic recovery of plant macroremains by processing large amounts of sediment for the first time. However, little attention has been paid to the fact that in certain cases, hyper-fragmentation or complete...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the flotation method allows for the systematic recovery of plant macroremains by processing large amounts of sediment, it is known that water processing can affect plant macroremains leading to their hyper fragmentation or complete destruction as soon as coming into contact with water. In this work a comparison of the results obtained from...
Article
Full-text available
Having found Setaria italica (foxtail millet) and Panicum miliaceum (broomcorn millet) still being cultivated traditionally in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, we carried out ethnographic interviews with farmers to help us document an agricultural process on the verge of extinction. Crop processing of S. italica and P. miliaceum varies depending...
Article
Full-text available
We present the results of the microstratigraphic, phytolith and wood charcoal study of the remains of a 10.5 ka roof. The roof is part of a building excavated at Tell Qarassa (South Syria), assigned to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (PPNB). The Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) period in the Levant coincides with the emergence of farming. This fundam...
Article
Resumen: Entre septiembre y octubre de 2011, un equipo libano-español realizó investigacio-nes arqueológicas en el yacimiento neolítico de Tell Labwe, situado a 30 km al norte de Baal-bek, en la Bekaa libanesa. El yacimiento fue sondeado por D. Kirkbride en 1966, documentan-do ocupaciones del Neolítico Precerámico B Reciente y de los inicios del Ne...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Entre septiembre y octubre de 2011, un equipo libano-español realizó investigacio-nes arqueológicas en el yacimiento neolítico de Tell Labwe, situado a 30 km al norte de Baal-bek, en la Bekaa libanesa. El yacimiento fue sondeado por D. Kirkbride en 1966, documentan-do ocupaciones del Neolítico Precerámico B Reciente y de los inicios del Ne...
Book
De cazadores-recolectores a agricultores y ganaderos en Siria Centro-Occidental y del Sur: campaña de 2010
Article
Full-text available
Les sites archéologiques autour du paléolac de Qarassa ont été découverts lors des prospections du Leja, menées entre 2005 et 2008 dans le cadre du projet «Atlas archéologique des sites pré- et protohistoriques de la Syrie du Sud». Ce projet avait été mis en oeuvre par une mission franco-syrienne, codirigée par Michel al-Maqdissi (DGAM, Syrie), Fra...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents the results of the analysis of wood charcoal remains from a roof found in Tell Qarassa North (Early PPNB), southern Syria. The analysis was carried out in 50 burnt beams found in situ, as well as in 3 flotation samples from the same structure and in a flotation sample retrieved from a post hole. The taxa selected to build up the...
Article
Full-text available
This dissertation presents the results of the analysis of seed and wood charcoal remains from Tell Qarassa North (Early PPNB), located in southern Syria. The carpological study has been carried out in 7 flotation samples and the anthracological analysis has been carried out in those samples as well as in an in situ fired roof from the first occupat...