Amador García Ramos

Amador García Ramos
University of Granada | UGR · Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva

PhD

About

277
Publications
280,953
Reads
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3,408
Citations
Introduction
Associate professor at the Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain. I completed my bachelor, master, and PhD studies at the University of Granada (Spain). International researh stays at University of Ljubljana (6 months) and University of Belgrade (1.5 years). My research is related to the areas of Strength & Conditioning, Biomechanics and Motor Control.
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - present
University of Granada
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2019 - February 2020
Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2017 - February 2019
University of Belgrade
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (277)
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to compare between three velocity variables (mean velocity [MV], mean propulsive velocity [MPV], and peak velocity [PV]): (I) the linearity of the load-velocity relationship, (II) the accuracy of general regression equations to predict relative load (%1RM), and (III) the between-session reliability of the velocity attained at each...
Article
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Purpose: This study compared the concurrent validity and reliability of previously proposed generalized group equations for estimating the bench press (BP) one-repetition maximum (1RM) with the individualized load-velocity relationship modelled with a two-point method. Methods: Thirty men (BP 1RM relative to body mass: 1.08 0.18 kg·kg(-1)) perfo...
Article
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The force-velocity relationship is being used to evaluate the maximal capacities of active muscles to produce force, velocity, and power. The load-velocity relationship has also been utilized to predict the one-repetition maximum (1RM) and, consequently, the relative loads (%1RM). The two-point method has recently emerged as a quick and fatigue-fre...
Article
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Purpose: An a-posteriori multicentre reliability study was conducted to compare the reliability of the outcomes derived from the linear force-velocity (F-V) relationship (F-intercept [F0], V-intercept [V0], F-V slope, and maximum power [Pmax]) using a two-point method based on 2 distant loads with respect to a multiple-point method based on 4 prox...
Article
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Velocity-based training (VBT) is a contemporary method of resistance training that enables accurate and objective prescription of resistance training intensities and volumes. This review provides an applied framework for the theory and application of VBT. Specifically, this review gives detail on how to: use velocity to provide objective feedback,...
Article
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Background Velocity loss (VL) experienced in a set during resistance training is often monitored to control training volume and quantify acute fatigue responses. Accordingly, various VL thresholds are used to prescribe resistance training and target different training adaptations. However, there are inconsistencies in the current body of evidence r...
Article
This study aimed to determine the effect of increasing the mass of the official handball ball on horizontal force, velocity, and power outputs. Twelve male handball players from the Spanish Asobal Handball League performed overarm throws with four balls: official (0.460 kg), Δ15% (0.529 kg), Δ45% (0.667 kg), and Δ75% (0.805 kg). The throws were fil...
Article
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Background The aim of the present study was to explore whether military-specific reaction time (RT) test performance is affected by individuals’ physical and visual skills. Method In a single testing session, the military-specific Simple and Go, No-Go RT, aerobic power (20-m Multistage Shuttle Run test), maximal upper- and lower-body mechanical ca...
Article
Ocular physiology is sensitive to cognitively demanding tasks. However, it is unknown whether the intraocular pressure is also affected by the cognitive demands of military operations. The main objective was to determine the impact of a virtual reality shooting simulation with two levels of complexity on intraocular pressure levels in military pers...
Article
Objective: To determine the effect of blood flow restriction (BFR) applied to the legs at different pressures (40% and 60%) on intraocular pressure (IOP) during the execution of ten repetitions maximum (10RM) in the half-squat exercise. Methods: Quasi-experimental, prospective study with 17 healthy physically active subjects (9 males and 8 females;...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction and Objectives: Creatine is a nutritional supplement used to increase strength and muscle mass and is helpful for delaying fatigue in high-intensity and short-term exercises (Aguiar et al., 2013 and Jose et al., 2013). Wrestling is a heavy and severe activity that it needs to certain physical and physiological such as anaerobic and it...
Article
This study aimed to explore the acute effect of two high-intensity running protocols (high-intensity interval training [HIIT] and sprint interval training [SIT]) on resistance training (RT) performance, and their combined effect on the lower-body maximal neuromuscular capacities. Eighteen healthy subjects randomly completed three experimental proto...
Article
This study aimed to assess the criterion validity and between-day reliability (accounting for technological and biological variability) of mean and peak concentric velocity from the Perch measurement system. On 2 testing occasions, 16 subjects completed repetitions at 20, 40, 60, 80, 90, and 100% of 1-repetition maximum in the free-weight barbell b...
Article
This study aimed to evaluate whether lifting velocity can be used to estimate the overhead press one repetition maximum (1RM) and to explore the differences in the accuracy of the 1RM between three velocity-based methods. Twenty-seven weightlifters (16 men and 11 women) participated. The first session was used to test the overhead press 1RM. The se...
Article
The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the shape of the load-velocity (L-V) and force-velocity (F-V) relationships obtained during the medicine ball throw (MBT) test, (2) to explore the reliability of their parameters (L-V parameters: maximal load ( L 0 ), maximal velocity ( V 0(L-V) ), slope of the L-V relationship ( a (L-V) ), and area under...
Article
This study aimed to determine the within- and between-session reliability of different variables collected during the starting block phase with the KiSprint force starting block and to identify the number of trials that maximise the reliabil- ity of the measurement. Thirty high-level sprinters (23 men and 7 women) completed two sessions separated b...
Article
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Background The possibility to selectively assess the force exerted by each leg during bilateral jumps has allowed sport scientists to explore inter-leg asymmetries, this metric being a rich source of research due to its potential applications to improve sports performance and reduce the risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to explore the r...
Article
Objective: To explore (1) the goodness of fit of generalized and individualized relationships between the maximum number of repetitions performed to failure (RTF) and the fastest mean velocity and peak velocity of the sets (RTF-velocity relationships), (2) the between-sessions reliability of mean velocity and peak velocity values associated with d...
Article
Background Using lifting straps during pulling exercises (such as deadlift) may increase absolute velocity performance. However, it remains unclear whether lifting straps could also reduce the degree of relative fatigue measured by velocity decline and maintenance in a training set. Hypothesis There will be less mean velocity decline (MVD) and gre...
Article
The main objective of this study was to determine the influence of physical fitness level and sex on intraocular pressure (IOP) during the low-intensity aerobic exercise. Forty-four participants (twenty-two men) cycled 30 minutes at low intensity (10% of the maximal power). Maximal power was determined by asking participants to perform maximal spri...
Article
Fernández-Galván, LM, Casado, A, García-Ramos, A, and Haff, GG. Effects of vest and sled resisted sprint training on sprint performance in young soccer players: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2022-The aim of the meta-analysis was to determine the effect of resisted sprint training (RST) on sprint performa...
Article
An a-posteriori multicentre reliability study was conducted to compare the between-session reliability of the force-velocity relationship parameters (force-intercept [F0], velocity-intercept [v0], and maximum power [Pmax]) between different regression models during the bench press (BP) and bench press throw (BPT) exercises. Data from four and three...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to test whether ascending to a moderate real altitude affects motoneuron pool excitability at rest, as expressed by a change in the H-reflex amplitude, and also to elucidate whether a possible alteration in the motoneuron pool excitability could be reflected in the execution of lower-body concentric explosive (squat jump; S...
Article
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Background The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of cluster (CS), rest redistribution (RR) and traditional (TS) set configurations on acute neuromuscular performance, and to determine the viability of using CS and RR as alternatives to training prescription based on velocity loss (VL). Methods Thirty-one resistance-trained men perfo...
Article
Clinical relevance: The use of face masks has demonstrated to be an effective strategy to prevent transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Wearing face masks, mainly FFP2 (Filtering Face Piece 2) masks, during exercise practice has demonstrated to affect several physiological measures, but its impact on intraocu...
Article
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Soccer is an attractive and popular team sport that has high physiological and fitness stress, and therefore requires special and controlled training programs during the season. The aim of this study was to describe the weekly average and changes in training monotony (TM) and training strain (TS) throughout different periods of the season in profes...
Article
The present study aimed to explore the possibility of comprehensively assessing whole-body muscle strength by testing as few muscle groups as possible, using a single testing method (isometric or isokinetic dynamometry) and a single variable (maximal force or rate of force development). Knee, hip, shoulder and elbow extensors and flexors were evalu...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to compare the maximal mechanical variables derived from the load-velocity (L-V) relationship and 2000-meter rowing ergometer performance between rowers of different age categories, and to identify the L-V relationship variables more closely related to 2000-meter rowing ergometer performance. Nineteen competitive rowers (15 males a...
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review aimed to synthesize the current evidence on the feasibility of volitional reaction time (RT) tests to evaluate the information processing abilities of athletes. Four databases were searched, and, finally, 38 studies exploring the reliability, validity, or sensitivity of RT tests were included. Seven studies explored the relia...
Article
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Objectives: The execution of isometric resistance training has demonstrated to cause changes in the ocular physiology. The morphology of the cornea and anterior chamber is of paramount importance in the prevention and management of several ocular diseases, and thus, understating the impact of performing isometric exercise on the eye physiology may...
Article
The present study investigates the effect of an acute intake of caffeine on the diurnal variation of neuromuscular performance in resistance-trained women. A total of 15 resistance-trained women participated in the current triple-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover experimental study. We assessed neuromuscular performance (i.e., ballistic (counter...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: While linear transducers are the most accurate velocity monitoring devices, the horizontal motion of the barbell seems to affect its measurement error. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of cable inclination of the GymAware and T-Force linear transducers on the intra-session reliability and magnitude of kinematic variables during the Smi...
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on sprint performance and the horizontal force-velocity (F-v) profile. Method: Thirty-two healthy subjects (25 men and 7 women; age = 21.8 ± 2.4 years) completed three sessions separated by 1 week following a double-blinded crossover design....
Article
Velocity-based training is a contemporary resistance training method, which uses lifting velocity to prescribe and assess the effects of training. However, the high cost of velocity monitoring devices can limit their use among strength and conditioning professionals. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the reliability and concurrent validity of...
Article
Background: The relationship between the external load lifted and movement velocity can be modelled by a simple linear regression and the variables derived from the load-velocity (L-V) relationship were recently used to estimate the maximal neuromuscular capacities during two variants of the back-squat exercise. Hypothesis: The L-V relationship var...
Article
The aims of this systematic review were to synthetize the current evidence about (i) the force-velocity (FV) profile parameters (maximal values of force [F0], velocity (V0), and power [Pmax]) obtained from the Samozino’s method in different sports; (ii) the association of the FV profile parameters with sport performance outcomes; and (iii) the effe...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of load-velocity relationship variables obtained through the two-point method using different load combinations and velocity variables. Methods: Twenty men performed two identical sessions consisting of two countermovement jumps against four external loads (20-40-60-80 kg) and a heav...
Article
This study aimed to explore the relationship between the inter-limb differences in unilateral countermovement (CMJ) height and the 15 inter-limb differences in bilateral CMJ force production, and to elucidate whether the self-reported preferred leg contributes more to force production than the non-preferred leg. Twenty-three senior basketball playe...
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of the force-velocity (F-V) profile in athletes may have important applications for training prescription, injury management, and fatigue monitoring. This study aimed to assess whether a novel single kayak stroke test (SKST) is able to provide the F-V relationship variables (maximum force, maximum velocity and maximum power) of compe...
Article
This study was designed to elucidate whether the assessment of the load-velocity relationship during the bench press throw exercise can be used as an indicator of the maximal capacity of upper-body muscles to produce force at low and high velocities as well as doing work at a maximal rate. Twenty-four resistance-trained men (bench press one-repetit...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The use of face mask is globally recommended as a preventive measure against COVID-19. However, the intraocular pressure (IOP) changes caused by face masks remains unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of wearing surgical and FFP2/N95 face masks during a 400-m walking protocol on IOP in primary open-angle glaucoma (...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to evaluate the between-session reliability of single-leg performance and asymmetry variables during unilateral and bilateral countermovement jumps (CMJ). Twenty-three basketball players completed two identical sessions which consisted of four unilateral CMJs (two with each leg) and two bilateral CMJs. Mean and peak values of force...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the concurrent validity and reliability of a functional electromechanical dynamometer (FEMD) to assess the isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP) kinetic variables: peak force (PF), rate of force development (RFD), and time-specific force values (50-, 100-, 150-, and 200-ms). Twenty-seven male collegiate athletes (age:...
Article
This study aimed to compare the reliability and agreement of mean velocity (MV) and maximal velocity (Vmax) between the two velocity monitoring devices (GymAware vs. T-Force) most commonly used in the scientific literature. Twenty resistance-trained males completed two testing sessions. The free-weight barbell back squat one-repetition maximum (1RM...
Article
Full-text available
It is currently unknown the most effective potentiation protocol to increase maximum strength. Hence, we investigated the separated and combined effects of post-tetanic potentiation (PTP) induced by whole- body electrostimulation (WB-EMS) and post-activation potentiation (PAP) induced by voluntary maximum isometric contractions on maximum isometric...
Article
Reliability and sensitivity of reaction time (RT) during quasi-realistic soccer situations was explored in 10 professional soccer players (skilled; age = 20.9 ± 3.6 years) and 10 males without soccer experience (nonskilled; age = 23.4 ± 0.5 years). The participants were instructed to react as fast as possible to a stimulus presented via the video-b...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of the PUSH BandTM 2.0 to measure barbell's velocity during unconstrained (free-weights) and constrained (Smith machine) squat exercises. After an initial assessment of the Smith machine squat one-repetition maximum (1RM), 24 resistance-trained males completed...
Article
Full-text available
Background The acute effects of resistance training (RT) set structure alteration are well established; however, less is known about their effects on chronic training adaptations.Objective The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesise the available evidence on the effectiveness of traditional (TS), cluster (CS) and rest redi...
Article
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Background: This study determined the accuracy of different velocity-based methods when predicting one-repetition maximum (1RM) in young and middle-aged resistance-trained males. Methods: Two days after maximal strength testing, 20 young (age 21.0 ± 1.6 years) and 20 middle-aged (age 42.6 ± 6.7 years) resistance-trained males completed three rep...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to compare the between-session reliability of different performance variables during 2 variants of the Smith machine back-squat exercise. Twenty-six male wrestlers performed 5 testing sessions (a 1-repetition maximum [1RM] session, and 4 experimental sessions [2 with the pause and 2 with the rebound technique]). Each experimental s...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to elucidate whether ballistic, maximal strength and strength-endurance performances are affected by the sex of the evaluator. Sixteen young male handball players attended two testing sessions that only differed in the sex of the evaluators (2 women vs. 2 men). The two sessions were performed in a counterbalanced order. Ballistic p...
Article
This study aimed to assess the within- and between-session reliability of the KiSprint system for determining force-velocity-power (FVP) profiling during sprint running. Thirty (23 males, 7 females; 18.7 ± 2.6 years;) young high-level sprinters performed maximal effort sprints in two sessions separated by one week. Split times (5, 10, 20 and 30 m),...
Article
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Understanding the relationship between mechanical variables derived from actions such as jumping, sprinting, or ballistic bench press throwing and sport-specific performance moves is of scientific and practical interest for strength and conditioning coaches for improving training programs. We examined the association between mechanical variables de...
Article
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This study aimed to compare the between-session reliability of performance and asymmetry variables between unilateral and bilateral standing broad jumps (SBJ). Twenty-four amateur basketball players (12 males and females) completed two identical sessions which consisted of four unilateral SBJs (two with each leg) and two bilateral SBJs. Mean and pe...
Article
Full-text available
Background Monitoring resistance training has a range of unique difficulties due to differences in physical characteristics and capacity between athletes, and the indoor environment in which it often occurs. Traditionally, methods such as volume load have been used, but these have inherent flaws. In recent times, numerous portable and affordable de...
Article
This study aimed to describe the response of heart rate (HR) and the subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during a simulated DanceSport competition. The mean and maximum HR of 18 dancers of the highest level were evaluated during a simulated DanceSport competition consisting of 5 Latin dances. RPE values were recorded immediately after eac...
Article
Full-text available
Background: One-repetition maximum (1RM) tests are time-consuming, and they might not always be logistically possible or warranted due to increased risk of injury when performed incorrectly or by novice athletes. Repetitions-to-failure tests are a widespread method of predicting the 1RM, but its accuracy may be compromised by several factors such a...
Article
It is possible that during resistance training, a weak link in the kinetic chain could possibly result in under-stimulated prime movers. Since grip strength can be a limiting factor during multiple sets of various pulling exercises such as deadlifts, it is important to determine how lifting straps can affect mechanical performance, grip strength, p...
Article
The role of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as an ergogenic aid is receiving attention from scientists to optimize sport performance. Most studies have examined the effects of tDCS on endurance performance during continuous tasks, while the effect of tDCS on high-intensity intermittent tasks has been less investigated. Therefore, thi...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed (I) to compare the number of repetitions that can be completed to failure (XRM) and before reaching a 15%, 30%, or 45% velocity loss threshold (XVLT) in the bench press exercise performed using different grip widths, and (II) to examine the inter-individual variability in the percentage of completed repetitions with respect to the...
Article
An a-posteriori multicentre reliability study was conducted to compare the reliability and magnitude of the maximum power (Pmax) and optimal velocity (Vopt) between the force-power-velocity relationships during the leg cycle-ergometer and bench press throw exercises. The force-power-velocity relationships were determined in two separate sessions co...
Article
Purpose: To assess the influence of wearing an elevation training mask (ETM) on IOP during low-intensity endurance training. Methods: 16 physically active young adults (age = 23.9 ± 2.9 years) cycled during 30 minutes at 10% of maximal power production with and without an ETM in two different days and randomized order. A rebound tonometer was used...