Alyssa Arentoft

Alyssa Arentoft
California State University, Northridge | CSUN · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

40
Publications
5,023
Reads
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883
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
California State University, Northridge
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2015 - present
University of California, Los Angeles
Position
  • Visiting Assistant Project Scientist
August 2014 - August 2019
California State University, Northridge
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
August 2007 - August 2012
Fordham University
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
September 2001 - May 2005
New York University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
This literature review summarizes the existing research examining the CNS penetration effectiveness (CPE) score and neurocognitive outcomes (i.e., neuropsychological assessment and neurocognitive screening) in HIV+ individuals. Despite the effectiveness of Combined Antiretroviral Therapy (CART) in reducing mortality and morbidity in HIV and control...
Article
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence is vital for optimal HIV treatment. However, there is limited ART adherence research on the US Latinx population, who are at increased risk for HIV infection and worse HIV health outcomes. This study examined electronically measured ART adherence (Medication Event Monitoring System) and its association with de...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the current study was to examine the independent and interactive effects of social adversity (SA) and HIV infection on subcortical shape alterations and cognitive functions. Participants included HIV+ (n = 70) and HIV- (n = 23) individuals who underwent MRI, neurocognitive and clinical assessment, in addition to completing questionna...
Article
Standard volumetric neuroimaging studies have demonstrated preferential atrophy of subcortical structures among individuals with HIV. However, to our knowledge, no study has investigated subcortical shape alterations secondary to HIV and whether advancing age impacts that relationship. This study employed 3D morphometry to examine the independent a...
Article
Objectives: To identify factors associated with HIV-transmission-related risk behavior among HIV+ African American men. Method: We examined biological, psychological, cognitive, and social factors and recent HIV-transmission-related risk behavior (i.e., needle sharing, unprotected sex, exchange sex) among a sample of HIV+ African American men....
Article
Objective: Given the disproportionate impact of neurologic disorders such as HIV on racial/ethnic minorities, neuropsychologists are increasingly evaluating individuals of diverse linguistic backgrounds. This study compares the utility of two brief and one comprehensive language measure to account for variation in English neuropsychological perfor...
Article
We examined how two critical constructs, health beliefs and sensation seeking, influence combination antiretroviral therapy adherence in HIV + African Americans, and whether these factors mediate the association between age and adherence. Two hundred and eighty-six HIV + African Americans participated in this observational study. Path analyses reve...
Article
Background: Deficits in lexical retrieval, present in approximately 40% of HIV+ patients, are thought to reflect disruptions to frontal-striatal functions and may worsen with immunosuppression. Coupling frontal-striatal tasks such as lexical retrieval with functional neuroimaging may help delineate the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying HIV-as...
Article
Researchers often rely on self-report measures to assess sensitive health-risk behaviors in HIV+ individuals, yet the accuracy of self-report has been questioned, particularly when inquiring about behaviors that may be embarrassing, risky, and/or taboo. We compared an anonymous reporting method – the unmatched count technique (UCT) – to direct self...
Article
Full-text available
There is limited research examining the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and neuropsychological functioning, particularly in racial/ethnic minority and HIV+ populations. However, there are complex associations between poverty, education, HIV disease, race/ethnicity, and health outcomes in the US. We explored these relationships among...
Article
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Objective: There is cross-sectional evidence that neurocognitive intra-individual variability (IIV), or dispersion, is elevated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease and is associated with declines in activities of daily living, including medication adherence. Methods: This longitudinal study extends this literature by examining whether...
Article
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The current study examined whether self-rated education quality predicts Wide Range Achievement Test-4th Edition (WRAT-4) Word Reading subtest and neurocognitive performance, and aimed to establish this subtest's construct validity as an educational quality measure. In a community-based adult sample (N = 106), we tested whether education quality bo...
Article
Objective: We aimed to elucidate why HIV-positive African Americans (AAs) demonstrate poorer antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence than HIV-positive Caucasians. We tested whether intellectual/reading abilities and health beliefs mediate the association of AA ethnicity with suboptimal ART adherence. Method: HIV-positive adult participants (238 AA,...
Article
Objective: This study examined cognitive, psychiatric, and personality factors associated with risk behavior in HIV+ men and women to help clinicians identify vulnerable individuals and inform more focused interventions. Method: Data were collected from an ethnically-diverse, community-based sample of HIV+ men (n = 228) and women (n = 48). Risk was...
Article
Objective: Increased intra-individual variability (IIV) on neuropsychological testing may be a harbinger of incipient functional decline, though considerable variability is present in healthy individuals as well. To investigate the prognostic relevance of IIV, the current study examined the relationship between increasing IIV on neuropsychological...
Article
The current study examined ethnic/racial differences in test-related anxiety and its relationship to neurocognitive performance in a community sample of African American (n = 40) and European American (n = 36) adults. The authors hypothesized the following: (a) Test-anxiety related to negative performance evaluation would be associated with lower n...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Prospective memory (ProM), a form of episodic memory related to execution of future intentions, is important for everyday functioning. Among persons living with HIV (PLWH), executive dysfunction is implicated in ProM impairments. However, specific subcomponents of executive functioning involved in ProM deficits remain poorly understood...
Article
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In recent years, HIV/AIDS populations have become older and increasingly more ethnically diverse. Concurrently, the prevalence of HIV-related neurocognitive (NC) impairment remains high. This study examined the effects of age and ethnicity on NC function in HIV-positive adults. The sample (N = 126; 84 Latina/o and 42 Non-Hispanic White) completed a...
Article
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This study sought to deconstruct gambling task (GT) performance among HIV+ individuals (N = 143) and is intended to capture other cognitive features of task performance (i.e., problem solving and strategy preference). Consistent with our hypotheses, cluster analysis identified three GT groups: a safe/advantageous (AS) strategy group, a risky/disadv...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the current study was to examine the predictive roles of stereotype threat and perceived discrimination and the mediating role of examiner-examinee racial discordance on neuropsychological performance in a non-clinical sample of African American and Caucasian individuals. Ninety-two African American (n = 45) and Caucasian (n = 47) ad...
Chapter
The US population is rapidly becoming both older and more culturally diverse. These changes in the demographic profile of the US highlight the need for clinical neuropsychologists to be equipped to competently evaluate the growing population of older individuals from culturally diverse backgrounds. However, there is a relative dearth of empirically...
Article
Approximately 50% of individuals with HIV report cognitive deficits that can affect social or occupational functioning. The present study used a longitudinal design (1 year) to examine the relationship between cognitive factors and incidental functional deficits in medication management and driving ability among a cohort of 101 HIV+ participants. P...
Article
Full-text available
Acculturation has been linked to neuropsychological performance in several ethnic groups. However, research among Latina/o samples has examined primarily Mexicans/Mexican Americans and has not examined Latina/o clinical populations of Caribbean descent. This study examined associations between a multidimensional acculturation measure and neuropsych...
Article
Recently, Fava and Morton (2009) described what they termed a 'causal model' of panic disorder (Causal modeling of panic disorder theories, Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 623-637). We examined several critical tenets of this proposed model, and offer significant revisions. Our revised causal model includes elements that have received empirical sup...
Article
Reports an error in "Characterization and sociocultural predictors of neuropsychological test performance in HIV+ Hispanic individuals" by Monica Rivera Mindt, Desiree Byrd, Elizabeth L. Ryan, Reuben Robbins, Jennifer Monzones, Alyssa Arentoft, Kaori Kubo Germano, Susan Morgello and Debra E. Henniger (Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psycholo...
Article
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a regulatory role in neuronal differentiation and synaptic plasticity and has been linked to glucose regulation and cognition. Associations among plasma BDNF, cognition, and insulin function were explored. Forty-one participants with impaired insulin function (IIF), ranging from insulin resistance to t...
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Full-text available
Hispanic individuals in the U.S. have been disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS, yet little is known regarding the neuropsychological sequelae of HIV within the Hispanic population. This study characterized neuropsychological (NP) test performance of HIV+ English-speaking Hispanic participants (n = 51) and investigated the combined roles of soci...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific attention to cultural considerations in child neuropsychological assessment has not developed parallel to the focus these issues have received in adult and elderly neuropsychological assessment. There are limited data on the presence, magnitude, etiology, and implications of culture-related differences in cognitive test performance among...
Article
Full-text available
As the number of bilinguals in the USA grows rapidly, it is increasingly important for neuropsychologists to be equipped and trained to address the unique challenges inherent in conducting ethical and competent neuropsychological evaluations with this population. Research on bilingualism has focused on two key cognitive mechanisms that introduce di...
Article
Full-text available
Our objective was to ascertain the nature of the associations between C-reactive protein (CRP) and cognition, and to examine how they are affected by gender and obesity. We evaluated 62 females and 63 males between 42 and 82 years of age. There were 20 lean females with a body mass index (BMI) of <25 kg/m2 and 42 overweight or obese females, with B...
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There is evidence of both hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis and cognitive dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the exact nature and the associations between these abnormalities remain unclear. The aim of the study was to characterize the nature of the HPA dysregulation in T2DM and ascertain whether impaired cognit...
Article
This study explored socioeconomic (SES) factors and NP performance among a racially/ethnically diverse group of HIV+ adults. Since HIV disproportionately affects lower SES and racial/ethnic minority individuals and can cause NP impairment, the relationship between SES and NP performance may be particularly relevant to this population. The utility o...

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