Alvaro Martinez Perez

Alvaro Martinez Perez
The University of Sheffield | Sheffield · Department of Sociological Studies

PhD Applied Social and Economic Research

About

38
Publications
13,108
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876
Citations
Introduction
Alvaro Martinez is Lecturer in International and Comparative Social Research Methods at the Department of Sociological Studies (University of Sheffield, United Kingdom) . He earned his doctorate in Applied Social and Economic Research from the University of Essex ( United Kingdom). Prior to joining the University of Sheffield he worked as an evaluator of public policies for the Government of the Autonomous Province of Trento (IRVAPP - Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Italy) and as a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Department of Sociology and Organisational Analysis at the University of Barcelona. In Sheffield he has been Research Associate for the Faculty of Social Sciences and the Management School. His research interests include social stratification and inequalities in the family, gender, labor
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - present
The University of Sheffield
Position
  • Lecturer
October 2014 - August 2015
The University of Sheffield
Position
  • Research Associate
July 2012 - September 2014
The University of Sheffield
Position
  • Quantitative Research Associate
Education
October 2005 - September 2010
Institute for Social and Economic Research (University of Essex)
Field of study
  • Applied Social and Economic Research

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Full-text available
Recognizing that enterprises operate at varying levels of informality, this paper evaluates the determinants of their degree of informality. Reporting a 2012 survey of 300 informal microenterprises in the city of Lahore in Pakistan, the finding is that the key predictors of their level of informality are the characteristics of the entrepreneur and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine whether men and women starting a business use the informal economy and do so to test the viability of their venture. Design/methodology/approach – To do this, the results of a survey of 595 small business owners in the UK conducted in August 2012 are reported. Findings – Of the 22 per cent of men...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate critically the dominant discourse that consumers acquiring goods and services in the informal economy are rational economic actors seeking a lower price, the results of a 2007 Eurobarometer survey involving 26,659 face-to-face interviews in 27 European Union member states form the basis for analysis. The finding is that achieving a lowe...
Article
Full-text available
Rather than portray formal and informal sector entrepreneurs as discrete groups, an emergent scholarship has conceptualized a continuum from wholly formal to wholly informal entrepreneurs. The aim of the article is to advance a degree of (in)formality approach by evaluating whether the institutional determinants found to explain whether an enterpri...
Research
Full-text available
CROOK public service fellowships • Public policy and research needs a more nuanced understanding of single parent family life, reflecting how households change over time and looking beyond households to understand the true nature of 'family'. • Experiencing single parenthood is more common than typically reported. While surveys typically suggest th...
Article
This article investigates the relationship between sharing domestic tasks in dual-earner mixed-sex couples and using of paid domestic services. Results from a small-scale survey of the domestic outsourcing practices of employees of a large service-sector organisation in the UK show that in households: full-time working by women and presence of youn...
Article
Full-text available
Real-time response methods, which were developed by media and communication researchers as early as the 1940s, have significant potential for understanding media audiences today. However, this potential is not realized fully by current methods such as “the worm,” which are limited to collecting positive and negative responses and fail to examine wh...
Article
Full-text available
To advance understanding of the entrepreneurship process in developing economies, this paper evaluates whether registered enterprises that initially avoid the cost of registration, and focus their resources on overcoming other liabilities of newness, lay a stronger foundation for subsequent growth. Analyzing World Bank Enterprise Survey data across...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Reflecting the moral theorisation of bribery as a negative phenomenon, bribery has been widely shown to have a deleterious impact at the national level on economic development and growth. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate whether it is also the case at the firm level that bribery has negative impacts on firm performance. Until now,...
Article
Conventionally, corruption is viewed as deleterious to firm performance. Analysing World Bank Enterprise Survey firm-level data across 132 countries and controlling for other firm performance determinants, this paper finds that paying corrupt public officials enhances firm performance. This is argued to be because developing economies are character...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter investigates the extent to which self-reported well-being, as measured by life satisfaction, for parents living in traditional (coupled mothers and fathers with dependant children) and new family arrangements (lone mothers and fathers) is affected by the use of work-life balance arrangements (WLB, henceforth) (formal and informal) as a...
Article
Full-text available
La crisis económica ha incrementado la proporción de personas con ingresos inferiores al umbral de la pobreza. El objetivo de este artículo es radiografiar los principales perfiles de la pobreza que surgen con la crisis, así como rastrear las trayectorias de los nuevos pobres en los años de crisis. En el trabajo nos preguntamos quiénes se empobrece...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade or so, two competing theoretical perspectives have arisen that explain participation in informal entrepreneurship as resulting from either too little or too much state intervention. To evaluate these competing explanations critically, the authors report on a 2012 UK survey of 595 small business owners. Twenty per cent of these...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to conduct an exploratory analysis of factors that might explain the cross-national variations in the level tax morality across the European Union. In order to do this, three competing explanations for the cross-national variations in tax morality will be evaluated which variously view lower levels of tax morality to be a r...
Article
Full-text available
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Article
Full-text available
The aim is to evaluate critically whether small businesses start-up in the informal economy and whether they do so to test-trade the viability of their businesses. Reporting a 2012 survey of 595 small business owners in the UK, 20% report trading informally when starting their business, 64% of whom asserted a main reason was to test its viability....
Book
Full-text available
análisis del efecto de la Ley de igualdad en la representación electoral, parlamentaria y en el comportamiento electoral de las mujeres en las elecciones generales de 2008 Doctor en Sociología por la Universidad de Essex, y doctor miembro del Instituto Juan March, Madrid. Es en la actualidad investigador contratado "García Pelayo" en el Centro de E...
Article
Full-text available
Although non-ideological voters make up a considerable share of the electorate, the literature has systematically overlooked their voting behaviour. Using Spanish electoral data from the 1979-2008 electoral period, we seek to identify the alternative cues —in the absence of ideology— these voters may use when casting their ballot. We do not find th...
Article
Full-text available
Cómo votan las personas que no tienen ideología? Análisis del comportamiento electoral de los votantes sin ideología en España, 1979-2008 ABSTRACT Although non-ideological voters make up a considerable share of the electorate, the literature has systematically overlooked their voting behaviour. Using Spanish electoral data from the 1979-2008 electo...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the relationship between religiosity and voting decisions in Spain and Portugal. We study whether religion (measured as church attendance and opinions about moral issues) influences voting for the two main political parties. Results show a different relationship between religion and voting in both countries: only in Spain reli...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although they make up a considerable share of the electorate, the literature has overlooked the voting behaviour of non-ideological voters. Using Spanish electoral data from the 1979-2004 electoral period, we seek to identify which alternative cues these voters may use when they cast their ballot – providing ideology is not available. We do not fin...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
This project uses various datasets, including the World Bank Enterprise Survey (WBES), to evaluate the prevalence and nature of entrepreneurship in the informal sector in the developing and developed world.
Project
This project reports the findings mainly of the English Localities Survey conducted in deprived and affluent urban and rural English localities, to examine the extent and character of the informal economy. This has been funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation and the then Countryside Commission.
Project
This project is the compilation of various projects and empirical surveys that evaluate the extent and character of the informal economy in Latin America as a whole, but also includes studies of various Latin American countries