Alvaro Oleart

Alvaro Oleart
Université Libre de Bruxelles | ULB · Center for the Study of Politics (CEVIPOL)

About

28
Publications
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119
Citations

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Research on national parliaments in the EU has greatly expanded since the Treaty of Lisbon fully recognized their role in providing democratic legitimacy for EU decision‐making. However, the direct interaction between national parliaments and the European Commission has received little academic attention. This research note seeks to frame a researc...
Article
Full-text available
As the politicization of European integration is channeled through the media, it fundamentally implies a discursive power distribution between actors and institutions based on who and what type of argument is promoted. Scholars have started to hypothesize who will benefit from this expansion of debates to wider publics, predominantly using media lo...
Article
Full-text available
Report addressed to the European Parliament and the Commission on policy recommendations and on Treaty changes and amendments to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights
Article
Las esferas públicas son hoy objetos muy diferentes a los que iniciaron los procesos de globalización. Uno de los aspectos novedosos de las esferas públicas actuales es la creciente influencia de las plataformas de redes sociales y la desinformación que circula en ellas, pues ha sido un factor fundamental en cómo se desarrolla actualmente la comuni...
Chapter
The increasing politicisation of the EU in the last decade has further intertwined national and European politics. The progressive introduction of European issues into the national political debates has incentivised that national political leaders ‘use’ Europe in their political narratives when running for elections. One of the most salient politic...
Chapter
In recent years, internal European Union (EU) debates on migration, Brexit, the Eurozone, trade and the rule of law, among others, have focused on the legitimacy of the EU and the dissatisfaction of European citizens vis-à-vis the European project. The introduction to this book lays out the relevance of conceptual, empirical, and normative perspect...
Chapter
The epilogue reflects upon the contributions of the book, bridging their different ways of approaching, analysing, and interpreting EU politicisation. It synthesises the main results of each chapter in the three thematic clusters of the book. The book illustrates how many of the features in European politics that were intensified during the COVID-1...
Book
Departing from the idea that political controversies are embedded in the very framework of European integration, this volume focuses on the relationship between politicisation and European democracy. The contributors to this edited volume trace the various ways of understanding ‘politicisation’ before and beyond the 2019 European elections. The aim...
Chapter
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As the European Union undergoes a major, self-proclaimed democratic exercise-the Conference on the Future of Europe-and approaches treaty change, Citizen Participation in Democratic Europe: What Next for the EU? offers a new model of citizen participation to address Europe's long-standing democracy challenge, and responds to the aftermath of the CO...
Chapter
This chapter first lays out the contribution to the literature of the book, its shortcomings, and avenues for further research, and leads to a summary of the central theoretical argument of the book, which has both normative and empirical implications. Second, the chapter addresses the potential great transformation in terms of the EU policy framew...
Chapter
The chapter first presents the content and origin of the TTIP negotiations, the policy dossier that triggered the interesting transnational public debate that constitutes the subject of study of this book. Second, the chapter introduces the analytical and methodological framework of the book, and why the main empirical focus of the analysis is focu...
Article
‘This is a very well-crafted and thought-provoking book on the politicisation of EU issues within domestic politics and its role in the development of a European public sphere. An important takeaway is that EU should embrace public contestation as a means to foster the real engagement with its politics and policies.’ —Catherine de Vries, Bocconi U...
Chapter
This chapter transversally analyses the media coverage of the TTIP negotiations across countries, and will put forward the political implications that the findings have for European integration. First, the chapter reproduces the analysis conducted on each of the national public spheres, but from a transnational point of view, across the three count...
Chapter
The chapter describes the British debate on TTIP in three sections. First, a summary of the historical relationship of the United Kingdom (UK) with European integration is described, highlighting the traditionally antagonistic politicisation that has taken place in the British public sphere, best illustrated by the 2016 Brexit referendum. The frami...
Chapter
This chapter describes the French TTIP debate in three sections. First, the historical framing of Europe and European integration in the French public sphere is described. Second, the framing analysis is put forward, describing which frames circulated in the French public sphere on TTIP, and how they evolved over time. As the previous chapter, this...
Chapter
The chapter engages with the literature on the European public sphere and the Europeanisation of national public spheres, including the normative implications in regard to the democratic legitimacy of the EU (Schmidt, 2013). The chapter argues that the European public sphere literature often overlooks the role of conflict in the understanding of th...
Chapter
The chapter describes the Spanish debate on TTIP in three sections. First, the historical framing of Europe and European integration in the Spanish public sphere is described. The salience of TTIP in the Spanish public sphere was considerably high compared to most other EU issues, which are generally covered as foreign affairs or EU-level affairs f...
Chapter
There is an academic agreement regarding the EU’s growing politicisation, particularly since the Maastricht Treaty in the early 1990s and the debates surrounding the European Constitutional Treaty (Statham & Trenz, 2013a, 2013b). However, there is an academic disagreement on the public debate consequences of EU politicisation, and whether it can le...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Amidst mounting attention for populist parties and widespread concerns that pluralist democracy is under threat, this article departs from the premise that there is variation in the extent to which populist parties pose a threat to democracy. Indeed, populist parties may well enrich democratic pluralism, as they raise new voices, challenge cartel p...
Article
Full-text available
Since the argumentative turn in EU studies, research has shown that civil society activists can challenge frames promoted by EU institutions and incumbent groups, and influence public opinion in the EU. However, most studies of civil society mobilisation on EU issues have focused on the vertical framing of issues from Brussels to national capitals,...
Article
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Although never conceived as a tool of direct democracy, the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) raised hopes that it would involve citizens more directly in EU decision making. Previous research has suggested that one contribution of the ECI is its effect on fostering public deliberation on EU issues, raising questions about the ECI’s potential as...
Article
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El referéndum del Brexit es un buen ejemplo de la especial vulnerabilidad del proyecto europeo ante la desinformación. Por ello las instituciones han desarrollado una serie de iniciativas durante 2018 para definir una estrategia europea contra la desinformación que enfatiza la responsabilidad de las redes sociales en la denuncia de los contenidos f...
Article
Full-text available
The negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) saw the development of a transnational campaign that gained momentum as the negotiations reached a critical status, including in Spain. The Spanish anti-TTIP campaign is interesting in that it has gained some salience among media, civil society, trade unions and some poli...
Article
The European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) has the potential to significantly change the dynamics of interaction between EU institutions and civil society, which we conceive as a field. This article analyzes how the EU civil society field has been re-shaped by the ECI, the creation of networks and relationships between EU and national organizations an...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Governing values, governing through values, governed by values? The European Union as a risk polity Values at the core of European integration have been widely discussed in recent years due to several major evolutions in EU governance. Nevertheless, resistances showed that interpretations of these common values may differ. References to values may have three incentives. Firstly, it may be a call to identity, memory and communicative resources in a quest for legitimization (governing through values). Secondly, it may come from the necessity to deal with ethical issues calling for normative policy choices (governing values). Thirdly, values may cause legal and political conflicts and challenge established balances of powers and regulation (governed by values). The EU has encountered the three scenarios. The hypothesis is that common patterns can still be found, turning the EU into a "risk polity", a political system where values become a usual part of European politics either as an answer to or a factor creating uncertainties. Team project: Ramona Coman (co-promotor); François Foret (spokesperson) ; François Heinderyckx (co-promotor); Oriane Calligaro (post-doc); Tetiana Kudria (doc); Alvaro Oleart (doc).