Alvaro Ignacio Langer

Alvaro Ignacio Langer
Universidad Austral de Chile · Escuela de Psicología

MSc, PhD

About

68
Publications
41,665
Reads
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921
Citations
Citations since 2016
36 Research Items
753 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
March 2016 - present
Universidad Austral de Chile
Position
  • Principal Investigator
August 2013 - September 2015
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • Principal Investigator
January 2011 - present

Publications

Publications (68)
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a global agreement in the medical community that a significant proportion of dementia cases could be prevented or postponed. One of the factors behind this agreement comes from scientific evidence showing that mind-body interventions such as mindfulness and yoga for the elderly have been related to a range of positive outcomes...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has harmed the mental health of young people. This study aimed to assess the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental wellbeing of Chilean university students, focusing on the role of adverse family events and stressful experiences related to COVID-19. An online survey was conducted in 2021 with first-year students fro...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of evidence has portrayed mindfulness as a useful tool for dealing with a broad range of psychological problems and disorders. This has created the impression that mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) can be used to treat nearly all psychological difficulties, in all cases. Nonetheless, little research has been done on how individu...
Article
Full-text available
Psychotic experiences (PEs) are prevalent in the general population, particularly in adolescents. PEs are associated with various negative outcomes such as psychotic, depressive, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorders and suicidal behavior. Recent studies in the general population have suggested that what makes PEs relevant is not so much the...
Article
Full-text available
Depression is one of the most frequent mental health disorders in college students and variations according to social and economic factors have been reported, however, whether social and economic variations also exist in subthreshold depression is still unknown, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to estimate the prev...
Chapter
One of the basic truths is probably that we live in a changing world. People change in their behavior and in their experiences. But their social and physical environment is also changing. At the same time, people show changing attitudes and behaviors, which also represent changing social norms and values. Perhaps it is a sign of our times that in a...
Article
Full-text available
Presently, well-being is a crucial study area for psychology due to its close relationship with physical and mental health, especially among adolescents, which are considered a priority in health care. However, there is still no consensus on how to define and measure well-being, which has resulted in the generation of various measurement instrument...
Article
Background Cognition heavily relies on social determinants and genetic background. Latin America comprises approximately 8% of the global population and faces unique challenges, many derived from specific demographic and socioeconomic variables, such as violence and inequality. While such factors have been described to influence mental health outco...
Article
Psychotic experiences are prevalent in the general population and are associated with negative outcomes, including depressive symptoms. The mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear, but new insights could be obtained by exploring the role of transdiagnostic processes such as experiential avoidance, defined as a person’s attempts or de...
Article
We offer a response to four themes that result from the commentators’ inquiries and critiques: (a) the psychodynamic perspective in contem- plative research; (b) the limitations of self-reported measurements and their relationship with first-person data from micro-phenomenological interviews; (c) the role and nuances of these interviews in mindfuln...
Article
Context • Research in the contemplative field has focused on trainable capacities that foster self-regulation and integration. From a psychological perspective, mindfulness and personality research has largely grown with a categorical approach that explores the relationship between personality traits and mindfulness skills in clinical contexts. >...
Article
Full-text available
The application of mindfulness-based interventions in school settings has increased considerably in recent years, showing that di↵erences between the characteristics of programmes can impact on the receptivity and e↵ectiveness of mindfulness training. However, few studies have explored the learning process from the perspective of the children and a...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Interest in mindfulness practices aimed at children and adolescents in school and clinical contexts has increased. However, little research on the benefits of mindfulness in these age groups has been conducted. In Spanish-speaking countries, this lack of research may be due to the scarcity of reliable and valid instruments for assessing...
Chapter
Today, there is a crucial need for well-being to be a priority in the educational curriculum. 21st-century schools not only provide a broad set of academic skills, but they also promote the healthy development and mental health of children and adolescents through strengths-based education and the cultivation of socio-emotional and behavioral skills...
Chapter
Nowadays, in order to promote psychological well-being and prevent diseases (mental and physical), several interventions have been developed and tested in school settings. These involve, for instance, mindfulness and compassion. Nevertheless, despite promising results attesting to the effectiveness of mindfulness in increasing well-being, there rem...
Article
Full-text available
Medical resilience is a dynamic capacity, which has the potential to improve the well-being of physicians and to enhance the quality of the clinical relationship. Strategies to promote resilience are important to achieve a sustainable medical practice and improve patient care. Mindfulness training has demonstrated to be an effective tool to promote...
Article
In the last decade of research on metacognition, the literature has beenfocused on understanding its mechanism, function and scope; however, little is known about whether metacognitive capacity can be trained. The specificity of the potential training procedure is in particular still largely unknown. In this study, we evaluate whether metacognition...
Article
In this article, we propose a model of doctor-patient encounter that integrates the concept of therapeutic presence (TP), derived from psychotherapy research, as an indispensable substrate for the benefit of the therapeutic alliance between patient and doctor. To this end, the concepts of the doctor-patient relationship and doctor-patient communica...
Book
This book shows how to plan, refine, and implement peer-supported mindfulness-based interventions to prevent mental disorders in children and youths. It focuses on interventions designed to maintain psychosocial health and prevent emotional and behavioral problems in children and youths around the globe. By combining a range of research perspective...
Article
Full-text available
El presente escrito está dirigido al análisis de las propiedades psicométricas del programa de simulación 3D My-School (MS), el cual fue diseñado para detectar alumnos en riesgo de consumo de drogas y acoso escolar. En concreto, se han llevado a cabo dos estudios empíricos encaminados a evaluar, por un lado, la validez de contenido de las escenas,...
Article
Full-text available
Background According to the projections of the World Health Organization, 15% of all disabilities will be associated with mental illnesses by 2020. One of the mental disorders with the largest social impacts due to high personal and family costs is psychosis. Among the most effective psychological approaches to treat schizophrenia and other psychot...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mindfulness has been conceptualized as paying attention to present moment experience in a non-judgmental manner, and the practice of developing that skill. Aim: To determine the impact of a mindfulness-based intervention on negative emotional states of anxiety, stress, and depression in Chilean high schoolers. Material and methods:...
Article
Full-text available
My-School4web consists of 12 three-dimensional scenes that recreate situations in the life of adolescents in which drug use, bullying and body image problems take place. To investigate the validity of My-School4web's scenes, the answers obtained using My-School4web were compared with three questionnaires. 438 students from Spain participated. Resul...
Research
Recent meta-analyses point towards the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in the treatment of various psychopathologies, particularly anxiety and depression. However, there is a scarcity of research investigating whether mindfulness is an effective treatment for psychosis. This chapter assesses the state of the art of mindfulne...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have associated positive emotions with several variables such as learning, coping strategies or assertive behaviour. The concept of gratitude has been specifically defined as a tendency to recognise and respond to people or situations with grateful emotion. Unfortunately in Latin America, no validated measures of gratitude on differe...
Article
Full-text available
Efecto de intervenciones mente/cuerpo sobre los niveles de ansiedad, estrés y depresión en futuros docentes de educación primaria: Un estudio controlado Resumen En el presente estudio se compara el efecto de tres programas mente/cuerpo que gozan de amplia popularidad en la actualidad, como son Mindfulness, Taichí y Yoga, en el estrés, ansiedad y de...
Article
Full-text available
The present study compares the effects of three mind/body programs on stress, anxiety and depression among a sampling of university students. These three programs, which are currently experiencing great popularity, are Mindfulness, Tai Chi and Yoga. 282 undergraduate teaching students participated in this research. They were chosen as candidates be...
Article
The objective of this study was to analyze the association of bullying, eating disorders and drug use in adolescents from Chile and Spain. A secondary and high school sample of students (N= 960) from Chile (n= 666) and Spain (n= 294) participated in the study. Results indicate that students from both countries who act as bullies show a significant...
Article
Full-text available
In order to study the effects of mindfulness meditation interventions administered to adolescents within their educational institutions, a qualitative systematic review was conducted. Sixteen studies published in main databases were analysed. The results show that mindfulness, as a prevention strategy in educational contexts, resulted in significan...
Article
Full-text available
The use of virtual reality or three-dimensional (3D) simulation programs has been explored in different mental health problems and contexts. One of the applications that showed evidence of a suitable assessment for behavioral and emotional problems in adolescents is the 3D questionnaire called MySchool4web. The aim of this work was to analyze the p...
Article
Full-text available
El consumo problemático de alcohol en jóvenes se ha asociado con graves consecuencias sociales, de salud y económicas, generando enormes costos para los sistemas de la salud. Diversos estudios muestran que cuanto más temprano comienza el uso de sustancias, mayor es la probabilidad de desarrollar un trastorno de consumo de sustancias en la adultez....
Article
Problematic alcohol consumption in youth is known to be related to social, health and financial problems, generating huge costs for the public health system. A number of studies describe early onset of drinking as being associated with an increased risk for developing alcohol dependence. However, this relationship is mediated by contextual (e.g. fa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Research on Hallucination-Like Experiences (HLEs) has not yet explored whether people without psychosis who have HLEs attribute the same level of significance to them. This significance includes whether or not the HLEs elicit similar emotional reactions in people with and without psychosis, or if the HLEs occur in same context between...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la asociación entre acoso escolar, trastornos alimentarios y consumo de drogas en adolescentes de España y Chile. Participaron estudiantes de Educación Secundaria y Bachillerato procedentes de Chile (n= 666) y España (n= 294). Los resultados muestran que los estudiantes de ambos países que actúan como acosad...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An online survey was designed and sent to people potentially interested in meditation, and was also made available on a Spanish-speaking website on mindfulness (www.redmindfulness.org). The survey was open for two months, receiving 512 valid responses from 15 different countries. Participants Participants were 512 adults (70.2% female, ages between...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Antecedentes: En los últimos 15 años se ha incrementado exponencialmente la investigación sobre los efectos de la práctica de Mindfulness en distintos cuadros clínicos, entre los que están: trastorno de personalidad límite, depresión y ansiedad, por nombrar sólo algunos. La mayoría de los estudio recalcan los efectos favorables de la práctica de mi...
Article
Full-text available
Two of the problems that currently affect a large proportion of university students are high levels of anxiety and stress experienced in different situations, which are particularly high during the first years of their degree and during exam periods. The present study aims to investigate whether mindfulness training can bring about significant chan...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Experiential avoidance and psychological inflexibility have been recently found to be important constructs related to a wide range of psychological disorders and quality of life. The current study presents psychometric and factor structure data concerning the Spanish translation of a general measure of both constructs: the Acceptance a...
Article
Full-text available
There are already several existing studies that show the effectiveness of mindfulness-based approaches in varying types of disorders. Only a few studies, however, have analyzed the effectiveness of this intervention in psychosis, and without finding, up to now, significant differences from the control group. The aim of this study is two-fold: to re...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we asked people from two samples (a clinical one, consisting of patients with schizophrenia, and a non-clinical one, including university students) to complete the Revised Hallucination Scale (RHS) as a self-questionnaire. When the participants responded positively to an item, they were encouraged to provide further detailed descript...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMEN: La efectividad y viabilidad de las intervenciones terapéuticas basadas en mindfulness cuentan con un amplio respaldo empírico en contextos clínicos y de la salud. No obstante, una aproximación en primera persona, que explore la experiencia subjetiva de sus participantes, ha recibido escasa atención. El objetivo del presente trabajo es anal...
Article
Full-text available
The current study analyzes the psychometric properties of an innovative three-dimensional (3D) simulation program, entitled Mii-School (MS), designed for the early detection of drug use and bullying in Secondary School children. This computer program showed adequate reliability and construct validity. The factorial structure, as well as the explana...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have suggested the continuity of psychotic symptoms between the general population and clinical samples, and have shown that, in fact, the predisposition to hallucinations is a multi-dimensional construct. However, there is no agreement concerning the number of factors comprising it or the significance of psychotic-like experiences....
Article
The concept of Typus Melancholicus (TM) was shaped by Tellenbach to describe the premorbid and intermorbid personality vulnerable to endogenous depression. The first part of this paper aims to point out the basic principles of Tellenbach’s theory – the method, the concept of endon, of rhythmic, of situation, of rimanence, of includence and of despa...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have found that hallucinatory experiences occur in the general population. But to date, few studies have been conducted to compare clinical and nonclinical groups across a broad array of clinical symptoms that may co-occur with hallucinations. Likewise, hallucination-like experiences are measured as a multidimensional construct, wi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We present a case study of Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive Personality Disorder as an argument to describe the main therapeutic interventions used framed in so-called third-generation therapies. Method The sessions were recorded on videotape by independent observers. Both the particularities of the therapeutic relationship (based on func...
Article
Objectives The goal of this work was to find out if the clinical professional could distinguish hallucination like experiences between clinical and general population through the analyze of their responses. Method The Revised Hallucination Scale (RHS) was administered to three groups included hallucinating schizophrenic patients, non-psychotic cli...
Article
Full-text available
This article studies the relevance of several clinical symptoms to the hallucinatory experience, considering the role that experiential avoidance may play in this process. The results show that the predisposition to hallucinations is associated with several clinical symptoms. Specifically, depression is the most relevant factor in the predispositio...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of psychotic-like experiences in the general population has been amply reported. Nevertheless, the degree of concern or anxiety that such experiences may generate is an aspect that has not received as much appraisal. In this sense, mindfulness is an approach to intervention based on the modification of the individual's relationship wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a case study of Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive Personality Disorder as an argument to describe the main therapeutic interventions used framed in so-called third-generation therapies. The videotaped sessions were recorded by independent observers and analyzed both the particularities of the therapeutic relationship (based on functional an...
Poster
Full-text available
Treatment of anorexia nervosa involves significant challenges to clinicians because of the complications common biomedical, high comorbidity (especially Mood and Personality disorders), the presence of dysfunctional family relationships and the Rapport difficulties with adolescents and young women's affected (with high prevalence of drop-outs). Mor...
Chapter
Full-text available
Mindfulness es un concepto que en los últimos años ha despertado gran curiosidad y acogida entre los profesionales de la salud. Se ha utilizado en distintos contextos (salud, educación, organizacional, social-comunitario), como en distintas patologías y situaciones por ejemplo: trastorno de ansiedad, dolor crónico, depresión, enfermedad coronaria,...
Article
Full-text available
En la actualidad las alucinaciones son un síntoma primordial en Psicopatología. De hecho, cierto tipo de ellas, pueden ser sufi cientes para el diagnóstico de trastornos graves como la esquizofrenia. Igualmente, pueden estar presentes en diversas entidades como la demencia, depresión, trastornos de personalidad, etc. Sin embargo, a pesar de su rele...
Article
Resumen. En la actualidad las alucinaciones son un síntoma primordial en Psicopatología. De hecho, cierto tipo de ellas, pueden ser sufi cientes para el diagnóstico de trastornos graves como la esquizofrenia. Igualmente, pueden estar presentes en diversas entidades como la demencia, depresión, trastornos de personalidad, etc. Sin embargo, a pesar d...

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