Almir Badnjevic

Almir Badnjevic
University of Sarajevo | UNSA · Faculty of Pharmacy

PhD of Electrical Engineering
Prediction of performance and potential failures of medical devices based on evidence based measurements and AI.

About

139
Publications
58,203
Reads
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1,577
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Introduction
PhD of Electrical Engineering with special focus on Medical Devices and Expert systems; Director of Medical Devices Inspection Laboratory Verlab; Professor at the Faculty of Pharmacy Sarajevo, University of Sarajevo and IBU; Associate Member of IANUBIH; Board Member of IFMBE Clinical Engineering Division; IEEE Technical Committee on Cardiopulmonary Systems and IEEE Standards; Treasurer at EAMBES; IEEE EMBS Distinguished Lecturer; President of IFMBE/IEEE CMBEBIH Conference.
Additional affiliations
November 2019 - present
University of Sarajevo
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Health Informatics Pharmacy Informatics
February 2015 - present
International BURCH University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Biomedical Instrumentation Biomedical Signals and Systems Biosensors Introduction to Nanotechnology
February 2015 - August 2021
International BURCH University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Biomedical Instrumentation Biomedical Signals and Systems Biosensors
Education
February 2012 - September 2015
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing
Field of study
  • Electrical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Medical Devices
September 2008 - July 2010
University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Field of study
  • Electrical Engineering

Publications

Publications (139)
Conference Paper
As a consequence of the progress of the modern mobile medicine, wearable technologies, especially ECG wearables tend to become indispensable part of peoples' lives. As applications and devices for tracking cardiac electrical activity are rapidly entering the market, it is important to compare individual ECG wearable devices. This review takes a sys...
Conference Paper
While examining biomedical signals, signal classification as well as measurements, quantifications and their assessment is very important for studying different diseases and disorders. Through this paper, we have focused on different signals and biomedical devices, whose purpose is to give high quality information about diseases and disorders in pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Industry 4.0 has revolutionized the world in a way that most tasks once done by hand are now done by a single click or swipe in one of many applications used every day by billions of people. The healthcare sector has also been impacted by this, and continuous improvements are made to medical devices used in daily medical practice. Automatization of...
Conference Paper
Industrija 4.0 je revolucionirala svijet na način da se većina zadataka koji su nekada obavljani ručno sada obavljaju jednim klikom ili pokretom prsta u jednoj od mnogih aplikacija koje svakodnevno koriste milijarde ljudi. Zdravstveni sektor je također zahvaćen ovom revolucijom, te se kontinuirano poboljšavaju medicinski uređaji koji se koriste u s...
Article
Full-text available
The most common clinical sign in pediatric cardiology is heart murmur, which can often be uncharacteristic. The aim of this research was to present the results of development of a classifier based on machine learning algorithms whose purpose is to classify organic murmur that occur in congenital heart defect (CHD). The study is based on the data co...
Article
Full-text available
Pneumonia is a leading cause of mortality in limited resource settings (LRS), which are common in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Accurate referrals can reduce the devastating impact of pneumonia, especially in LRS. Discriminating pneumonia from other respiratory conditions based only on symptoms is a major challenge. Machine learning has...
Conference Paper
Abstract: Last year and part of this year, we have witnessed a large number of people being infected, and subsequently died, as a results of the corona virus COVID-19. The physical environment plays an important role in transmitting the infection. We must urgently find a solution and answer to all situations in society that have a detrimental effec...
Chapter
Consequences of cigarette smoking, on human health are significant and, in many cases, fatal. Smoking affects all hematological parameters acutely and chronically. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of the adverse effects of smoking cigarettes on the biochemical properties of blood in the male population from age 18 to 55 by...
Chapter
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, legal metrology framework has been implemented as a tool for ensuring safety and performance accuracy of medical devices. This paper presents the analysis of results for these periodical inspections of patient monitor. The analysis is based on 2118 patient monitor inspection reports from April 2015–December 2020. Inspecti...
Chapter
Last year and part of this year, we have witnessed a large number of people being infected, and subsequently died, as a result of the corona virus COVID-19. The physical environment plays an important role in transmitting the infection. We must urgently find a solution and answer to all situations in society that have a detrimental effect on human...
Chapter
Scientific progress continues to deliver new treatments that prolong survival and significantly improve the quality of life of patients. Novel treatment options introduce new challenges for healthcare systems, often requiring novel pricing and payments models. It has been common practice that healthcare problems and challenges, both here and in the...
Chapter
Hyperlipidaemia is a condition that refers to an extremely high level of lipids in the blood. Cholesterol and triglyceride levels are highest in people with hereditary hyperlipidaemias, which are divided into five types. In this article we will discuss type IIb hyperlipidaemia. It is an inherited disorder that results in accelerated atherosclerotic...
Article
In this paper, special attention was paid to the effect of snake venom on the erythrocytes of humans and horses and on human lymphocytes. The damage caused by a certain amount of snake venom is ascertained. After the snake venom was added to blood, the number of erythrocytes changed. The main reason for the usage of whole blood in the experiment is...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been drawing attention in the field of medical devices. However, due to system complexity, the variability of their architecture, as well as ethical and regulatory concerns there is an ongoing need to analyze its application and performance.This study presents a narrative commentary on the applications of artificial...
Book
This book presents cutting-edge research and developments in the field of medical and biological engineering. It gathers the proceedings of the International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, CMBEBIH 2021, held partly virtually, partly physically, on April 21–24, 2021, from and in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Focusing on the goal...
Article
Full-text available
Background The world is facing an unprecedented outbreak affecting all aspects of human lives which is caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to the virus novelty, healthcare systems are challenged by a high rate of patients and the shortage of medical products. To address an increased need for essential medical products, national authorities, worldw...
Conference Paper
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is very common and caused by various bacteria. The treatment of UTIs should be handled carefully. With the rise of neural networks, a possibility occurred to predict the outcome of consuming antibioticis for treating UTIs. This paper presents the development of expert system based on neural network for prediction of an...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the results of development of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for prediction of medical device performance based on conformity assessment data. Conformity assessment data of medical devices was obtained from periodical inspections conducted by ISO 17020 accredited laboratory during 2015–2019 period. For the development of ANNs...
Conference Paper
Increasing incidence of cardiovascular disease and their mortality rate render them as second leading cause of death worldwide. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is used in many fields of science and industry, but also has found its use in medicine for diagnosis, treatment and prediction of diseases. This paper presents the review of AI application in c...
Chapter
Due to the development of information communication technologies (ICT), the number of medical devices (MDs) with telemetric possibilities is rising, so the concept of homecare is gaining importance. Also, new generation medical devices are equipped with artificial intelligence that is able to perform real-time analysis of measurement result and pro...
Chapter
This paper presents development of Expert System for prediction of performance of infant incubators based on real-time measured data. Temperature error, preventive maintenance intervals, number of additional parts and utilization coefficient were used as input information for the development of this system. Expert system is based on Artificial Neur...
Chapter
Chromosomal aberrations are a hallmark of leukemia. The prognostication of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has vastly expanded with chromosomal analyses over the years. Current treatment strategy has been refined by discovery of genes and its muta...
Chapter
Aortic stenosis [AS] is set on the forth place of all cardiovascular disease in western world. Severe aortic stenosis [SAS] is one of the most common disease that in treatment demand cardiac surgery—replacement of native aortic valve with mechanical or biological prosthesis in our environment. SAS is often a consequence of a relapsed rheumatic hear...
Chapter
This paper presents a unique software tool, eVerlab, for the management of medical device (MD) safety and performance inspection in healthcare institutions that are part of the Legal Metrology Framework. This is an online application, a functional tool for laboratory staff that perform MD inspections and for healthcare institutions staff enabling e...
Chapter
Around the world, there are varieties of healthcare systems, each with its own characteristics and organizational structure according to national resources, requirements, and needs. Bearing this in mind it is very difficult to give a general definition for the healthcare system. Basically, it can be defined as a normatively accepted system of socie...
Chapter
This chapter will show the extent to which the introduction of medical devices into legal metrology has affected the accuracy and effectiveness of 10 medical devices. Medical devices that are introduced into the legal metrology system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as of 2015 are: ECG, defibrillator, patient monitor, infusion pumps, perfusors, respirat...
Chapter
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) cause an average of 17.7 million deaths each year (44% of NCD fatalities) making it one of the most deserving topics for research on prevention. CVD are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels which is the most significant cause of death globally. Despite the critical fatality rate 90% CVD can be prevented...
Chapter
WHO defines a hospital bed as a bed that is regularly maintained and staffed for the accommodation and full-time care of a succession of inpatients and is situated in wards or a part of the hospital where continuous medical care for inpatients is provided. The total of such beds constitutes the normally available bed complement of the hospital.
Chapter
Radiology is the branch or specialty of medicine that utilizes imaging technologies like X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) to diagnose and treat disease.
Chapter
The volume of air inspired during normal breathing is called the tidal volume (TV) (6–10 mL/kg). The minute ventilation (MV) is the TV times the respiratory rate (RR). The normal adult MV is 80 mL/kg/min. Some of the TV air does not enter the alveoli (where it gives up oxygen and takes up carbon dioxide). It remains in the oropharynx, trachea, and...
Chapter
Pediatric and neonate incubators today are more sophisticated than the first prototypes but basic functions remained the same. They provide controlled environmental conditions needed to treat prematurely born infants who are not able to endure all the conditions outside the womb or infants born with certain diseases or health conditions.
Chapter
It has been stated multiple times that we live in modern age, where technology has a great impact on our lives. We perform a lot of tasks using technology, so we communicate much quicker, plan, organize, pay bills, and control appliances at home and all by using one application. But what is the most important thing for a human? Is it the technology...
Chapter
Medical devices with a measuring function have to be periodically inspected. Periodical inspection of these devices is necessary to protect the end users as well as personnel who use them for establishing diagnoses for patient treatment. Incorrect and imprecise measuring results can lead to misdiagnosis, and therefore to wrong treatment. To avoid t...
Chapter
Intensive care units are run and staffed by specialists trained in intensive care. Once a patient is admitted to the unit, the intensive care team will manage the care of the patient in consultation with the original team that admitted the patient to the hospital and any other specialists that they think can help to aid the patient’s recovery. The...
Chapter
People usually do not make any difference between laws and regulations but there is certain difference in hierarchy between laws and regulations. In the United States, e.g., Congress, and only Congress, creates laws. Federal executive departments and administrative agencies write regulations to implement the authority of laws. Regulations (as well...
Chapter
Medical devices (MDs) are sophisticated electronic systems whose performances vary depending on the production quality and the environmental conditions in which they are used (European Commission, n.d.-a). Safety and performance of MDs are defined by international standards issued by prominent worldwide organizations and national regulatory bodies...
Book
This volume gathers the proceedings of the International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, which was held from 16 to 18 May 2019 in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Focusing on the goal to ‘Share the Vision’, it highlights the latest findings, innovative solutions and emerging challenges in the field of Biomedical Engineering. Th...
Chapter
The word “standard” is used for various issues and has different purposes and different meanings and definitions. In this chapter standard is used to describe its application in science and technology. In accordance with ISO/IEC GUIDE 2:2004 in science and technology, the English word “standard” is used with two different meanings, as normative sta...
Article
Nanocomposite material consists out of several phases where at least one, two or three dimensions are in nanometer range. Taking material dimensions down to nanometer level creates phase interfaces which are very important for enhancement of materials properties. The ratio between surface area and volume of reinforced material used during nanocompo...
Article
With development in the area of electronics and artificial intelligence (AI), medical devices (MD) have been sophisticated as well. MD management strategies today are very different than decades ago, so it is reasonable to consider how we can prepare for where we are going in the future. This paper presents the result of application of machine lear...
Book
This volume gathers the proceedings of the International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering, which was held from 16 to 18 May 2019 in Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Focusing on the goal to ‘Share the Vision’, it highlights the latest findings, innovative solutions and emerging challenges in the field of Biomedical Engineering. Th...
Chapter
Traditionally the development of the agriculture and food industry has been guided by aims to achieve maximum productivity of food and financial returns. In this process, the natural, rare and non-renewable resources were being exploited without any control while producing waste has increased continuously. Hence, conventional agriculture is one of...
Chapter
An increased worldwide population will lead to significantly higher global demands for food, water, and arable land. A projected increase of 70% in food production by 2050 (Tzounis et al. in Internet of Things in agriculture, recent advances and future challenges. Biosyst Eng 164:31–48,2017) will put enormous pressure on the global agri-food sector...
Chapter
Production of an assortment of safe and quality food-related products that will satisfy the demands of modern society (respecting economic, environmental, and social needs) is the primary goal in the agri-food sector.
Article
Full-text available
Designing safe and effective medications is the aim of drug discovery and development process to improve drug's potency and to reduce their side effects. The aim of this study was to test the efficiency of Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) in prediction antiproliferative activity of benzimidazo...
Book
This book assesses the current challenges and opportunities for the next generation of agriculture and food science. Examining the role of nanotechnology and the application of related tools and techniques to transform the future of food, it also discusses in detail nanotechnology in food production, processing and packaging, as well as the benefit...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To develop an online biofilm calculation tool (Biofilm Classifier), which calculates the optical density cut off value and accordingly determines the biofilm forming categories for the tested isolates by standardized formulas, as well as to compare the results obtained by Biofilm Classifier to manual calculations and the use of predefined valu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today's modelling approaches in Systems Medicine are increasingly multiscale, containing two or more submodels, where each operates on different temporal and/or spatial scales. In addition, as these models become increasingly sophisticated, they tend to be run as multiscale computing applications using computational infrastructures such as clusters...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the development and real-time testing of an automated expert diagnostic telehealth system for the diagnosis of 2 respiratory diseases, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The system utilizes Android, Java, MATLAB, and PHP technologies and consists of a spirometer, mobile application, and expert diagnostic sy...
Article
Full-text available
Respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are affecting a huge percentage of the world’s population with mortality rates exceeding those of lung cancer and breast cancer combined. The major challenge is the number of patients who are incorrectly diagnosed. To address this, we developed an expert diagnosti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nanotechnology has shown its great potential in different fields of science such as medicineand pharmacy. This paper presents a review on artificial neural networksused in nanotechnology based on information gathered from different research. It is important to understand applications of artificial neural networksso that they can be used even more e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an overview of a study in which the immunity and susceptibility of life-supporting medical equipment was evaluated by exposing the equipment to electromagnetic interference (EMI). Electromagnetic interference, in the past, has been proven to influence the activity and reliabilityof certain medical devices. Since there has been d...
Conference Paper
The objective of this paper was to increase safety and performance characteristics with cost benefits of medical devices (MDs) by introducing legal metrology procedures. This should directly improve the quality of patient safety and re-liability of treatment. This study is designed to cover 1100 dialysis machines used in public and private healthca...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Establishing the traceability chain of measurements for medical devices (MDs) commonly used in everyday patient treatment was the main objective of this paper. This should directly ensure that through periodical calibrations of etalons and independent inspection procedure of MDs according to international standards, safe and accurate diagnosis and...
Article
Full-text available
Background The usage of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for genome-enabled classifications and establishing genome-phenotype correlations have been investigated more extensively over the past few years. The reason for this is that ANNs are good approximates of complex functions, so classification can be performed without the need for explicitly d...
Chapter
Through the chapter Legal Metrology System—Past, Present, Future a significant role of legal metrology is presented in the area of development of human civilization, which has led to the consistency of measurements in everyday life. The current state of legal metrology on the International and on the European level is described. Furthermore, throug...
Chapter
Regulations are binding acts which are obligatory in the European Union. All members of the European Union must apply Regulations. On the other hand, there are Directives, legislative acts which represent the base setting the goal which has to be achieved by EU countries for a specific area. Each EU country has individual national laws in order to...
Chapter
Electrocardiographs are nowadays standard part of diagnostic procedure in healthcare systems since they have high significance in diagnosis of large number of diseases and disorders. Due to development of technology, especially electronics, these devices have been revolutionized since the first prototype was invented. Nowadays, these devices are ab...
Chapter
Appropriate treatment of patients largely depends on the correct and accurate diagnosis of medical experts. When diagnosing diseases and treating patients, medical personnel rely on results from tests received using various medical devices. Medical devices are classified as products of special importance for retaining the health of many people, and...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and phenotypes is noisy and cryptic due to the abundance of genetic factors and the influence of environmental factors on complex traits, which makes the idea of applying artificial neural networks (ANNs) as universal approximates of complex functions promising. In this study, we compa...
Book
This book offers all countries a guide to implementing verification systems for medical devices to ensure they satisfy their regulations. It describes the processes, procedures and need for integrating medical devices into the legal metrology framework, addresses their independent safety and performance verification, and highlights the associated s...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a review of different storage media and their efficiency in retaining periodontal ligament (PDL) cell vitality before replantation. After avulsion of a tooth, immediate replantation is recommended, however this is often not possible. Therefore, storage media that are affordable and readily available are required to avoid resorpt...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Major advancements in DNA sequencing methods introduced in the first decade of the new millennium initiated a rapid expansion of sequencing studies, which yielded a tremendous amount of DNA sequence data, including whole sequenced genomes of various species, including plants. A set of novel sequencing platforms, often collectively na...