Almeida A. Sitoe

Almeida A. Sitoe
Eduardo Mondlane University · Department of Forestry

Doctor of Philosophy
Oliver Tambo Africa Research Chair-holder

About

96
Publications
95,511
Reads
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1,407
Citations
Citations since 2017
42 Research Items
1074 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Introduction
Ph. D. in Forest Sciences (2000). I am currently Professor of Ecology and Silviculture of Tropical Forests at Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique. At present, I am focused on studies that include assessing the changes in the composition and diversity of tree species, biomass and carbon stocks associated with the change in forest cover, the potential for reducing carbon emissions through deforestation and forest degradation, and modelling ecosystem services.
Additional affiliations
February 1998 - December 2015
Eduardo Mondlane University
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Full-text available
In the last two decades, Mozambique's plantation forestry has witnessed several twists, which were driven by domestic and global changes. However, empirical evidence on the governance issues that account for a bleak plantation forestry future in Mozambique are lacking. This paper explores the governance issues that militate for the rise and fall in...
Article
Full-text available
Land use/land cover change (LULCC) is a major issue in global environmental change. Loss of functionality of protected areas from surrounding land use modification is a daunting problem. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate LULCC and its causes in the buffer zone Gile national park, central Mozambique. Landsat imagery of 1999, 2...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of the current intensified disturbances of miombo woodland, its regenerating capacity is fundamental to endure such disturbances. Miombo woodland in the buffer zone of Gile national park (Gile NP) is facing land cover change. This study aimed to assess regeneration structure, the status of restoration, and factors affecting regenerat...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical deforestation is considered a global priority due to its environmental, social, and economic impacts at international, national, and household levels. Conservation policies constitute one of the pathways to reverse this scenario. This paper examines the influence of forest protection measures on local communities’ livelihood decisions rega...
Article
Among the main effects of human activities on the environment are land use and the resulting land cover changes. Such changes impact the capacity of ecosystems to provide goods and services to human beings. The benefits obtained by people from ecosystems are called ecosystem services. This paper aims at developing a model of ecosystem services prov...
Article
The literature on land-use frontiers has overwhelmingly focused on active frontiers of expansion. We focus on an emerging frontier. We studied the decisions, narratives, and practices of the actors driving land-use change in Niassa, Mozambique. Based on ethnographic research carried out between early 2017 and late 2018 among investors engaged in co...
Article
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The Mountain landscape, described as a global biodiversity hotspot due to high endemism, is threatened by land-use change, including management and modification of vegetation. However, there is little knowledge about how road and land use affect plant diversity in mountains landscapes, particularly in southern Africa. Previous studies have studied...
Article
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Actor-level data on large-scale commercial agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. The peculiar choice of transnational investing in African land has, therefore, been subject to conjecture. Addressing this gap, we reconstructed the underlying logics of investment location choices in a Bayesian network, using firm- and actor-level interview an...
Article
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The path for bringing millions of people out of poverty in Africa is likely to coincide with important changes in land use and land cover (LULC). Envisioning the different possible pathways for agricultural, economic and social development, and their implications for changes in LULC, ecosystem services and society well-being, will improve policy-ma...
Book
Full-text available
This compilation of articles and policy briefs constitutes part of the Responsive Natural Resources Governance Research Group’s international collaboration at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Business Studies of the University of Eastern Finland. The articles have been published in Responsibilization in Natural Resources Governance, a special iss...
Article
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Charcoal is a key energy source for urban households in sub-Saharan Africa and charcoal production is the main cause of forest degradation across the region. We used multitemporal high-resolution remote sensing optical imagery to quantify the extent and intensity of forest degradation associated with charcoal production and its impact on forest car...
Research
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Apelo a uma melhor colaboração dos actores na governançã de recursos naturais: A pandemia de coronavírus COVID-19 e mudanças climáticas agravaram as condições de incerteza, desinformação e desconfiança, o que pode levar a conflitos e gestão insustentável dos recursos naturais. Apelamos pela governança colaborativa e o desenvolvimento de plataformas...
Article
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Tropical forests are the most diverse and productive ecosystems on Earth. While better understanding of these forests is critical for our collective future, until quite recently efforts to measure and monitor them have been largely disconnected. Networking is essential to discover the answers to questions that transcend borders and the horizons of...
Preprint
To understand how land-use frontiers emerge, we studied the actors driving investments in Niassa province, Mozambique. Our ethnographic research over 2017-2018 among commercial agriculture and forestry investors shows that successive waves of actors with different backgrounds, motives and business practices, arrived in Niassa to establish farms or...
Article
Full-text available
This study assesses greenhouse gas emission (GHG) reductions and sustainable development impacts connected to the nationally appropriate mitigation action (NAMA) on sustainable charcoal production in Mozambique. The analysis covers the results of the ex-ante assessment of the NAMA potential contribution to the achievement of Mozambique’s Nationally...
Preprint
Full-text available
Investment and market conditions across much of Africa are unfavorable. With scarce empirical evidence, the peculiar choice of investing in land in the African frontiers has been the subject of many conjectures. We address this gap by reconstructing the underlying logics of investment location choices in a Bayesian network with firm and actor level...
Article
Full-text available
The contribution of forest degradation to changes in forest carbon stocks remains poorly quantified and constitutes a main source of uncertainty in the forest carbon budget. Charcoal production is a major source of forest degradation in sub-Saharan Africa. We used multitemporal Sentinel-2 imagery to monitor and quantify forest degradation extent in...
Article
Full-text available
We used historical Landsat imagery to monitor forest degradation from charcoal production in the main supplying region of the Mozambican capital, Maputo, during a ten-year period (2008–2018). We applied a change detection method that exploits temporal NDVI dynamics associated with charcoal production. This forest degradation temporal sequence expos...
Chapter
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Key Points • The Paris Agreement is the principal international instrument for achieving SDG 13. Current commitments under the agreement are likely to be insufficient to remain under the 2°C limit. If average global temperature increases exceed 2°C, there will be increased risks to forest area, biodiversity and species composition, and forest ecosy...
Chapter
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Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People - edited by Pia Katila December 2019
Chapter
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A estrutura do presente estudo inclui uma revisão de literatura com a finalidade de (i) contextualizar as plantações florestais no mundo e em Moçambique, (ii) estabelecer as ligações entre plantações florestais com acesso a terra, produção de alimentos e segurança alimentar, (iii) argumentar que a utilização de tecnologias melhoradas, acesso ao ser...
Article
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Background: Worldwide, forests are an important carbon sink and thus are key to mitigate the effects of climate change. Mountain moist evergreen forests in Mozambique are threatened by agricultural expansion, uncontrolled logging, and firewood collection, thus compromising their role in carbon sequestration. There is lack of local tools for above-...
Article
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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in developing countries. In order to identify the enabling conditions for achieving progress in the implementation of an effective, efficient and equitable REDD+, this paper examines national policy settings in a compa...
Article
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Planting monocultures of fast-growing non-native (exotic) species is one way to slow or reverse deforestation and forest degradation in tropical zones. This study compared the effects on total net primary production (NPP) of first-rotation monoculture (34-year-old) plantations of Pinus taeda and Eucalyptus cloeziana and adjacent mountain miombo woo...
Article
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Total ecosystem carbon (C) stocks in tree biomass (aboveground and belowground), litter layer and soil (0–50 cm depth) were quantified in mountain miombo woodland and in 34-year-old first-rotation plantations of Pinus taeda and Eucalyptus grandis. The study was performed at three sites (Penhalonga, Rotanda and Inhamacari) in the western highlands o...
Article
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Charcoal is an important source of energy and income for millions of people in Africa. Its production often drives forest degradation and deforestation which have impacts on the local people that remain poorly understood. We present a novel methodology for analysing the contribution of woodland ecosystem services (ES) to rural well-being and povert...
Article
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Appropriate allometric models are urgently needed to assess the status and changes in biomass and carbon of the trees in miombo woodlands occupying large geographical areas in Mozambique. This study developed two new and interchangeable allometric models for estimating total above-ground biomass (AGB) of lowland miombo woodlands in the Beira corrid...
Article
Full-text available
Charcoal production constitutes a key ecosystem service in Mozambique, with an estimated market value of US$400 million a year. Due to the central role the charcoal industry plays in local livelihoods, availability of suitable wood for charcoal production has decreased because of changes in land use and land cover (LULC). This paper applied a proba...
Article
Full-text available
Charcoal production for urban energy consumption is a main driver of forest degradation in sub Saharan Africa. Urban growth projections for the continent suggest that the relevance of this process will increase in the coming decades. Forest degradation associated to charcoal production is difficult to monitor and commonly overlooked and underrepres...
Article
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in developing countries. This paper examines the national political context in 13 REDD+ countries in order to identify the enabling conditions for achieving progress with the implementation of countries? REDD+ policies...
Article
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Although communities have been living within forests and dependent on forest resources, in Mozambique, their role was not formally recognized until the late 1990s. The forest law of 1997 was the first to refer to communities as stakeholders in the forest sector, in line with the national Policy and Strategy for the Development of the Forestry and W...
Book
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Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and enhancing forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+) has emerged as a promising climate change mitigation mechanism in tropical forest countries. A number of countries are now at different phases in the process of realizing REDD+, from policy design and technical readiness...
Article
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Despite abundant land and favourable climatic conditions, Mozambique remains food insecure. We investigated the diversity, constraints and opportunities to increase smallholder productivity and achieve food self-sufficiency in maize-based farming systems in two Posts in central Mozambique. We identified four farm types in each village based on cult...
Article
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Development of stem volume for umbrella-shaped crown trees remains a big challenge for efficient use of forest resources in Mozambique. In this study, species-specific stem volume equations were developed for the first time for three of the most important timber species in Mozambique: Afzelia quanzensis Welw. (Chanfuta), Millettia stuhlmannii Taub....
Chapter
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This case study analyses community rights and participation in sustainable forest management (SFM) in Mozambique and the implications of new global interests in forests and lands. It also looks at the conditions and combinations of conditions that seem to foster positive change towards SFM. The study is based on a literature review from sources of...
Article
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Mangroves could be key ecosystems in strategies addressing the mitigation of climate changes through carbon storage. However, little is known regarding the carbon stocks of these ecosystems, particularly below-ground. This study was carried out in the mangrove forests of Sofala Bay, Central Mozambique, with the aim of quantifying carbon stocks of l...
Conference Paper
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IDS WORKING PAPER Volume 2014 No 448 2 This document is an output from a project funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the Netherlands Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) for the benefit of developing countries. However, the views expressed and information contained in it are not necessarily those...
Article
Full-text available
Chanfuta (Afzelia quanzensis Welw.), Jambire (Millettia stuhlmannii Taub.) and Umbila (Pterocarpus angolensis D.C.) are, among others, three of the main tropical tree species producing commercial timber in Mozambique. The present study employed destructive biomass estimation methods at three localities in Mozambique (Inhaminga, Mavume, and Tome) to...
Poster
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Poster Presentation: “Scrutinizing commercial agricultural expansion in Mozambique: impacts on ecosystem services and livelihoods”. GLOBAL LAND PROJECT OPEN SCIENCE MEETING “Land Transformations: Between Global Challenges and Local Realities”, organized by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme and the International Human Dimensions Progra...
Technical Report
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O presente estudo foi desenvolvido no âmbito da coperação Sul-Sul financiada pela Noruega e insere-se nas iniciativas de preparação de informação técnica que sirva de base para o entendimento e implementação do REDD+ em Moçambique. Primeiramente, discute alguns princípios e conceitos relacionados com o mecanismo de REDD+ tendo em vista um entendime...
Technical Report
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This publication offers an overview of REDD+ strategy in Mozambique through a synthesis of the current knowledge about the causes of forest carbon changes, a review of the legal and institutional context, and a description of the current political process of REDD+. The objective of the study is to collate data and relevant information, and to offer...