Almas Heshmati

Almas Heshmati
Jönköping University · Jönköping International Business School

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247
Publications
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Publications

Publications (247)
Article
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Background As per the United Nations Women data, the maternal mortality rate in war-affected countries is critical and more than 800 million people live in war-affected countries (ICRC). External and internal conflicts such as foreign pressure, war and cross-border, civil disorder, terrorism, and civil war, are characteristics of Middle Eastern and...
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The economic complexity index's environmental implications have been thoroughly investigated in this study. In particular, an effort is made to determine the index's utility in explaining and filling in the gaps left by experimental studies on the effects of renewable energy on CO2 emissions. The study sampled 29 Asia-Pacific countries over the per...
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This paper examines households’ preferences, willingness to pay, and determinants of adopting improved cook stoves in rural Ethiopia. The study uses primary household data selected randomly from three districts in Ethiopia’s Oromia region. The data was collected using a mix of contingent and choice experiment methods of valuation. The former used a...
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Many natural resources rich countries are characterized by natural resource dependency and lack of economic diversification. They experience lower economic growth due to excessive exploitation of natural resources, high resource price volatility, undermining the competitiveness of the non-natural resources sectors, and weak institutional quality. E...
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This study analyzes uni-and multidimensional poverty and inequalities in rural and small towns in Ethiopia. Unlike the unidimensional measure, the multidimensional measure of poverty shows all the channels through which poverty may manifest itself; it also shows the extent of deprivation. The analysis uses 6 dimensions with 14 indicators to constru...
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This study analyzes efficiency in the reduction of air pollutants and the associated healthcare costs using a stochastic frontier cost function panel data approach. For the empirical analysis, we use monthly data covering 25 districts in the Seoul metropolitan city of South Korea observed over the period January 2010 to December 2017. Our results s...
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This study proposes a general standard for the circular economy (CE), and estimates a multidimensional parametric index composed of eight components which is in line with the principles of a circular economy. The concept and index are used for evaluating the practices of a circular economy at the municipality level. The index is regressed on a numb...
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This study’s aim is investigating the impacts of the determinants of knowledge management on organisational sustainability. It investigates the differences in performance among ISO 9001 certified and non-certified firms. The study uses data collected from 156 employees of various private firms in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. It uses the partial le...
Article
This study elaborates on the direct effects of the antecedents of customer trust, corporate image, and the cost of switching service providers. It also examines the indirect effects of these antecedents on customer loyalty and satisfaction through trust, improved corporate image, and lower switching costs. The results of our analysis, which covered...
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We examine the impact of regulation and policies on green patent generation and evolution of renewable energy technologies in the OECD countries. Public and private investment, investment in education, research and development, and environmental regulation are considered. There is considerable variation in innovation systems and investments in rene...
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This study elaborates on the direct effects of the antecedents of customer trust, corporate image, and the cost of switching service providers. It also examines the indirect effects of these antecedents on customer loyalty and satisfaction through trust, improved corporate image, and lower switching costs. The results of our analysis, which covered...
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During the fourth industrial revolution, based on information and communication technology (ICT), service-led growth has been an increasingly important development area. This paper focuses on service-led growth as an innovative business model in the circular economy and offers the 'product as service model'. A business model needs to be flexibly ad...
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This paper does an empirical comparison of time-invariant and time-varying technical inefficiency measures obtained from an econometric estimation of different panel data stochastic production frontier models. It estimates four panel data specifications of frontier models widely used in empirical applications using a panel dataset from the Ethiopia...
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This study attempts to verify the pollution haven hypothesis by investigating the impact of environmental regulations on foreign direct investment (FDI). It uses Korean outward FDI data covering the manufacturing sector for the period 2009–15. This study not only considers the stringency when measuring the degree of the host country’s environmental...
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This paper discusses the role of private sector development in overcoming the challenges of the resource curse. It identifies the developmental factors in the private sector in natural resource dependent countries by adapting a dynamic flexible adjustment model. Its empirical results are based on panel data from 110 natural resource producers in de...
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The shift in consumer preferences for large-sized cars has increased the energy intensity (EI) of passenger cars, while growth in battery electric vehicle (BEV) sales has decreased EI in recent years in South Korea. In order to lower passenger cars’ EI, the South Korean government has implemented the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards...
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South Korea has been suffering from high PM2.5 pollution. Previous studies have contributed to establishing PM2.5 mitigation policies but have not considered provincial features and sector-interactions. In that sense, the integrated assessment model (IAM) could complement the shortcomings of previous studies. IAM, capable of analyzing PM2.5 polluti...
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This study investigates the effect of energy use on labor productivity in the Ethiopian manufacturing industry. It uses panel data for the manufacturing industry groups to estimate the coefficients using the dynamic panel estimator. The study’s results confirm that energy use increases manufacturing labor productivity. The coefficients for the cont...
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This paper investigates energy use efficiency at the province level in China using the stochastic frontier panel data model approach. The stochastic frontier model is a parametric model which allows for the modeling of the relationship between energy use and its determinants using different control variables. The main control variables in this pape...
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In 2017, Korea became an ‘aged society,’ with the proportion of people aged 65 or older exceeding 14%, while the ratio of the working-age population declined for the first time. This study uses data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLOSA) to examine the effects of public pension on the labour supply of older people and discusses ways o...
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Background: Poverty in Korea is not gender neutral. Both male headed and female headed households experience poverty in distinct ways. This research discusses poverty and how it has evolved in Korea from a gender perspective. Methods: It describes the characteristics of poverty among the working population based on gender and other household attrib...
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This article examines the determinants of household income among urban and rural areas in India and evaluates households’ performance with different characteristics in terms of poverty. It uses four rounds of data from the consumer expenditure survey (50th, 1993/1994; 55th, 1999/2000; 61st, 2004/2005; and 66th, 2009/2010) by the National Sample Sur...
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This study examines the impact of the 1997 Asian financial crisis and the 2008 Global economic crisis on the capital structures of Korean non-financial listed companies. Using a panel data covering 1,159 Korean listed non-financial firms from 10 industrial sectors over a 31-year period (1985–2015), this study investigates the patterns of firms’ cap...
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Sustainability evaluation has been an important topic for politicians and professionals for the last few decades. A data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a popular technique for evaluating the sustainability of decision-making units (DMUs). The traditional DEA models consider a DMU as black-box thus ignoring the interactions among the different proces...
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This study uses 1971-2013 panel data to explore the implications of growth, wealth disparities and energy consumption on carbon emissions in a sample of Next-Eleven (N-11) countries. It uses modern econometric techniques to highlight a long-run interplay between selected variables in the carbon emissions function for all the N-11 nations and long-r...
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Background: Since the latter part of the 20th Century, countries have been particularly challenged by the trade-off that exists between delivering generous welfare provisions and strong economic growth. Such dynamics have stimulated a need to better understand the causes of income inequality so as to better formulate policies that foster inclusive...
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This study examines the effects of strengthened environmental regulations on employment and labor productivity in the Korean manufacturing industry using panel data from 2004 to 2015. It divides the industry into environmental (green and non-green) and carbon dioxide emitting (polluting and non-polluting) sectors to investigate the industrial secto...
Chapter
This book is an edited volume which contains empirical studies on determinants of poverty and its reduction in Africa. It looks at multidimensional measures of poverty, production and productivity-related factors, policies influencing poverty and random, hazardous but preventive factors influencing poverty levels and their reduction. The book argue...
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This paper examines conditional convergence of OECD countries in gross domestic product (GDP) and health care expenditure (HCE) per capita. It extends the augmented Solow model by incorporating health capital to explain variations in output and expenditure per capita across countries. The issue of causality between GDP and HCE is investigated. The...
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This paper revisits the dynamics of unemployment rate for 29 OECD countries over the period of 1980–2013. Numerous empirical studies of the dynamics of unemployment rate are carried out within a linear framework. However, unemployment rate can show nonlinear behaviour as a result of business cycles or some idiosyncratic factors specific to labour m...
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The main objective of this research is to analyze the determinants of youth employment in Rwanda from the point of view of the demand, supply and the general labor market. An analysis of the data shows that a skill gap is most critical for employment creation and a transition from school-to-work seems problematic. Further, questions remain about wh...
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The oil and gas industry of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq developed rapidly between 2007 and 2013, described as the “good days” of the Kurdistan Region’s economy. However, the Kurdistan Regional Government has faced a severe economic crisis since 2014, with falling oil prices and disruption to oil production. As a newly oil-exporting region, the flo...
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We seek to explore the hiring and separation rates in Tunisia before and after the Arab Spring based on quarterly business level data for 503 firms over the span of January 2007 to December 2012. Furthermore, we examine whether employers are willing to dismiss older workers to trigger an effective increase in mobility that will open new opportuniti...
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Sustained and inclusive economic growth has gained much attention in recent years (Acemoglu in Introduction to modern economic growth. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 2009; Barro in Determinants of growth: a cross country empirical study. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 1997; Barro and Sala-i-Martin in Economic growth. MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 200...
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This paper examines the efficiency of international airlines for the period 1998-2012 using some competing stochastic frontier (SF) panel data models. It estimates a cost function for multi-output airline services, separating passenger and goods transportation at the national and international levels. Our preferred SF model distinguishes airlines h...
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The unprecedented deterioration of the global environment has increased the necessity of relying on green economic policies as critical and effective environmental management tools. The current situation has stimulated extensive research and debate among global interest groups. This in turn has fostered an ever-growing volume of literature that pro...
Chapter
This paper introduces new indices quantifying country’s level of e-infrastructure deployment. These indices comprise six components, which include several indicators, and are based on parametric or nonparametric methods. They improve existing indices. Based on index calculations, variations between countries, regions, and over time are analyzed. Th...
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This study examines the determinants of women’s empowerment in Rwanda using the data obtained from the Demographic and Heath Survey (DHS) (2010). It uses a regression analysis to investigate the association between women’s empowerment and its covariates. The study also uses a multinomial logistic regression to assess what determines households’ dec...
Chapter
The service sector is an avenue for economic transformation as not all countries have a competitive edge in manufacturing. Findings from a micro-level research on the service sector confirm that ICT integration, firm’s age, the education of the owner, the boss’ attitude, family business, networks, new processes, major improvements, market share, on...
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A major policy challenge facing Africa is how to sustain a high rate of economic growth that is both socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable. Growth and its sustainability influence many other challenges facing the continent. This volume is a collection of selected empirical studies on economic development and growth in Africa. The paper...
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Objectives This study seeks to review some of the approaches employed to address health and well-being issues in the elderly population. Methods This article reviews and analyses a range of projects and approaches designed for the elderly population and aimed at preserving and/or enhancing physical and cognitive capabilities in later life. Result...
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Energy security as a dominant factor in international stability is of great importance for major economies. The global energy market with its current level of supply and demand relies on energy sources in the Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia and Russia. After the Fukushima disaster nuclear powers in Europe view renewable energy sources as a seri...
Book
This book is a collection of studies on economic development and growth in selected African countries. It consists of an introduction/summary and 15 inter-related empirical studies grouped into 5 research areas: women’s empowerment and demand for healthcare; the impact of institutions, aid, inflation and FDI on economic growth; capital structure an...
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Circular economy (CE) is a sustainable development strategy that is being proposed to tackle urgent problems of environmental degradation and resource scarcity. CE's 3R principles are to reduce, reuse and recycle materials. This study is a review of the rapidly growing literature on CE covering its concept and current practices and assessing its im...
Chapter
This chapter provides the background on the significance of an efficiency analysis of airline industry in terms of its performance, motivation, and main objectives. This introductory chapter reviews the market size and economic contributions of the aviation industry to the global economy and briefly discusses the key issues in the industry in recen...
Chapter
This chapter takes a closer look at previous studies on the efficiency and competitiveness of airlines. We provide a comprehensive review of the latest literature on airline efficiency, productivity and competitiveness, summarizing the main findings in chronological order. The various aspects of the airlines industry reviewed are classified into: e...
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This chapter provides an overview of the key issues in the passenger airline industry, in particular its current status and the challenges it faces in going forward. The air transportation industry is faced with the many global issues such as the cost burden from the fuel price fluctuations, epidemics, global economic downturn, environmental issues...
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This chapter compares production efficiency of the world’s major 39 airlines over the 1998–2012 period. Using the stochastic frontier function methodology, we estimated airlines’ production efficiency and analyzed factors accounting for differences in their level. Our findings confirmed that airlines have successfully achieved production efficiency...
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This chapter compares the cost efficiency of the world’s 39 major airlines over the 1998–2012 period. We analyzed airlines’ cost efficiency using the stochastic frontier function methodology and investigated which factors account for differences in the level of efficiency. The mean and dispersion of cost efficiency amongst airlines differ according...
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This chapter summarizes the findings of the previous chapters on production and cost function analyses and proposes the policy implications based on the key findings. The results confirmed that the airlines are successful in achieving production efficiency over the period studied but are less successful in cost efficiency. Airline size showed a pro...
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This edited volume is a collection of selected studies on economic integration, currency union and sustainable and inclusive growth in East Africa. The volume consists of 11 inter-related studies. These are largely grouped into economic integration and its trade effects; financial sector development and a common currency; research, innovation and k...
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This volume is a collection of selected studies on poverty and well-being in East Africa. Eleven authors agreed to have their papers included in this volume. The studies can be grouped into four domains: child poverty and malnutrition, dynamics and determinants of poverty, multidimensional measures of poverty, and energy-environment-poverty relatio...
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This study did an in-depth analysis of multidimensional poverty in rural and small towns in Ethiopia. As social well-being or poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon, using a multidimensional measure of poverty helps circumvent problems surrounding the conventional measures of poverty and helps show clearly the realities of households. In this lin...
Chapter
Shadow economic activity has been on the rise leading to many problems for society, the state and also when it comes to trust in its organizations. The shadow economy has a significant share of the overall economy and captures all the activities beyond those measured by official activities. The rise of the shadow economy around the world is attribu...
Article
The external circumstances for universities have been changing rapidly. In order to be competitive, survive and flourish, universities have turned to external sources to generate revenues. The literature refers to this phenomenon as academic capitalism, defined as the involvement of colleges and their faculty in market-like behaviours, which has be...
Article
This study aims to investigate the performance of energy service companies with support from the Korean government. In particular, we focus on the amount and quality of jobs created by energy service company businesses. From the results, we can observe some characteristics of the Korean energy service company industry, which is very volatile with a...
Article
The external circumstances for universities have been changing rapidly. In order to be competitive, survive and flourish, universities have turned to external sources to generate revenues. The literature refers to this phenomenon as academic capitalism, defined as the involvement of colleges and their faculty in market-like behaviours, which has be...
Book
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This book focuses on the factors that support the strengths of international airlines in general and the Asian airline carriers in particular. Defining the quality of human capital as the level of education and the competence of airline employees, it analyzes the efficiency of 39 airlines in various regions, both in terms of production and cost str...
Book
This edited volume focuses on economic integration, currency union, and sustainable and inclusive growth in East Africa. It consists of twelve interrelated studies that provide a comprehensive picture of the state and determinants of economic development and cooperation among countries in East Africa, such as Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Ta...
Book
This volume is a collection of selected studies on poverty and well-being in East Africa. Using a multidimensional approach, the authors hope to provide a broad view of poverty and a thorough account of the variables that contribute to it. As opposed to traditional studies of poverty, which focus mainly on material well-being, this volume includes...
Research
Full-text available
This paper revisits the dynamics of unemployment rate for 29 OECD countries over the period of 1980-2013. Numerous empirical studies of the dynamics of unemployment rate are carried out within a linear framework. However, unemployment rate can show nonlinear behaviour as a result of business cycles or some idiosyncratic factors specific to labour m...
Article
The need for studies on well-being in China has increased in recent years. However, women’s well-being is an area that has not received adequate attention. The purpose of this research is to have a clear understanding of how well women have compared with men on the whole in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangdong — the three developed provinces in China....
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The Korean government has invested a significant amount of resources through credit guarantee funds for promoting SMEs' survival, performance and R&D investments. This study attempts to identify the determinants of providing credit guarantees and estimates their effects on firms' R&D expenditures. It takes into account the heterogeneity of various...
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This review covers a range of measures and methods frequently employed in the empirical analysis of global income inequality and global income distribution. Different determinant factors along with the quantification of their impacts and empirical results from different case studies are presented. A number of issues crucial to the study of global i...