Allison Loconto

Allison Loconto
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE) | INRAE · Social Science, Agriculture and Food, Rural Development and Environment

PhD

About

101
Publications
29,656
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1,332
Citations
Citations since 2017
51 Research Items
1102 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Additional affiliations
March 2013 - present
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE)
Position
  • Chargée de recherche / Researcher

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Fairtrade International (FTI) sets forth in its theory of change a food future that consists of fair trade, small farmer and farm worker empowerment and sustainable livelihoods for producers in the Global South. The enactment of this socio-technical imaginary, what we call the Fairtrade imaginary, relies upon a suite of voluntary standards as the m...
Article
Full-text available
L'agroécologie fait l’objet d’un intérêt grandissant comme moyen de progresser vers une agriculture et des systèmes alimentaires plus durables. Cependant, les preuves de la contribution de l'agroécologie à la durabilité restent fragmentées en raison de méthodes et de données hétérogènes, d'échelles différentes et de lacunes dans la recherche. Pour...
Article
The aim of this special issue is to explore emergent phenomena in the agri-food sector through the lens of prosumption, in order to highlight its heuristic value in identifying new and emerging trends in the field, especially focusing on the interplay between social and economic relations. This introduction explores the theoretical foundations of t...
Article
Full-text available
There is increasing interest in agroecology as a way to move toward more sustainable agriculture and food systems. However, the evidence of agroecology's contribution to sustainability remains fragmented because of heterogeneous methods and data, differing scales and timeframes, and knowledge gaps. Facing these challenges, 70 representatives of ag...
Book
Full-text available
Sustainable food systems are fundamental to ensuring that future generations are food secure and eat healthy diets. To transition towards sustainability, many food system activities must be reconstructed, and myriad actors around the world are starting to act locally. While some changes are easier than others, knowing how to navigate through them t...
Book
Full-text available
Les systèmes alimentaires durables sont essentiels pour assurer la sécurité alimentaire et une alimentation saine pour les générations futures. Pour faire la transition vers la durabilité, de nombreuses activités du système alimentaire doivent se transformer, et une myriade d’acteurs à travers le monde doivent agir localement. Certains changements...
Technical Report
Full-text available
https://ec.europa.eu/info/law/better-regulation/have-your-say/initiatives/12137-Deforestation-and-forest-degradation-reducing-the-impact-of-products-placed-on-the-EU-market/feedback?p_id=6348580
Article
Institutional change and diversity have been two major topics of debate in contemporary social sciences. At the core of this debate are actors’ skills to manage the institutional frame that defines limits and possibilities for their strategies. This article analyses how social movements produce institutional change and diversity in the organic food...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, standards govern and organize the production and exchange of food. This article uses insights from science and technology studies (STS), to study the translation of multiple standards in the Ghanaian pineapple industry. The data demonstrate a translation process that is best described as nesting. Nesting is the process through which produ...
Article
Globally, standards govern and organise the production and exchange of food. This article uses insights from science and technology studies to study the translation of multiple standards in the Ghanaian pineapple industry. The data demonstrate a translation process that is best described as nesting. Nesting is the process through which producers tr...
Article
Full-text available
Standardization as spaces of diversity was introduced by Loconto and Demortain (2017) to advance the sociology of standards. Their analytical framework for studying standardization processes in interactive spaces is mobilized and expanded upon in this article in order to address the problematic relationship between standards and diversity. Studying...
Chapter
What is an agroecological product and how is it valued in markets? While labels have often been used as a way to resolve the uncertainty around the quality and origin of products, this paper recognizes that labels are but one component of a broader system of governance by standards whereby the creation, control and circulation of standards create a...
Article
Full-text available
The unintended consequences of standards and certification schemes, particularly their challenges for alternative agri‐food networks, is a core concern of rural sociology. The conventionalisation of organic agriculture is a prime example. In this article, we contribute to this debate by studying standards that organic farmers developed for themselv...
Article
Achieving food security at a global scale while protecting the environment, as envisioned in the Sustainable Development Goals, will require a complex process of collaboration and the integration of analyses at multiple scales. Agricultural and land use models are increasingly being used to bridge the global/local divide, particularly as a means to...
Article
Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 on one hand, and preserving biodiversity on the other hand, are two shared policy goals at the global level. Yet while these goals are clear, they are to some extent in conflict, because agriculture is a major cause of biodiversity loss, and the path to achieve both of them is at the heart of a public controversy ar...
Chapter
This book takes a transdisciplinary approach and considers multisectoral actions, integrating health, agriculture, environment, economy, and socio-cultural issues, to comprehensively explore the topic of sustainable diets. Consideration is given to the multi-dimensional nature of diets and food systems, and the book explores the challenging issues...
Article
Full-text available
This article traces how 'agroecology' is co-produced as a global socio-technical object. The site of co-production, the Global Dialogue on Agroecology, was convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in different cities around the world between 2014 and 2018 (Rome 2014; Brasilia, Dakar, Bangkok 2015; La Paz, Kunmin...
Article
The role of consumers in the division of labour is rarely acknowledged in theories of work/production, despite the fact that the work of consumers is highly relevant and can take various forms (paid/unpaid; formal/informal; autonomous/dependent). Fuchs (1968) showed that the consumer could be treated as a factor of production similar to waged labou...
Article
Full-text available
In Europe, agroecology has become the center of many debates that animate political and professional arenas, particularly regarding the definition and scope of the concept itself. This paper attempts to understand the ways that the term agroecology is conceptualized by different participantsparticipants and how these concepts circulate so as to exp...
Article
By engaging the frameworks of boundary organizations and social worlds, this article examines the emergence of non-certified organic agri-food in China by studying its pioneer organization–the Beijing Farmers’ Market (BFM). Based on tri-angulated analysis of texts, semi-structured interviews and on-site observations, we show that BFM allows diverse...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In Europe, agroecology has become the center of many debates that animate political and professional arenas, particularly regarding the definition and scope of the concept itself. This paper attempts to understand the ways that the term agroecology is conceptualized by different actors and how these concepts circulate so to explore the interests at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Historically, agroecology was constructed in specific locales through the articulation of professional, political and intellectual spaces: the ‘agricultural professionals’ space, spaces of scientific research (agronomy, biology, ecology, entomology, social sciences) and social movement spaces that are critical (to varying degrees) of the industrial...
Book
Sustainability standards are increasingly being used to encourage, measure and prove the adoption of sustainable practices. Yet it is unclear what measures have been developed to ‘prove’ the ‘responsibility’ of standards development organizations in ‘impacting’ sustainable practices. By drawing upon the French school of pragmatic sociology, I argue...
Article
Full-text available
In the literature and in current public discourse, innovation is usually taken to mean technological innovation, which is carried out through the figure of the entrepreneur. This editorial introduction first goes back to the emergence of the notion of social innovation, dedicated to including other processes, actors and purposes. It reminds us that...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the emerging phenomenon of markets for ‘agro-ecological’ products and ask two fundamental questions: 1) Do they exist?; and 2) What forms do they take? Based on qualitative analysis of 12 case studies from different initiatives in developing countries, we focus on how different types of actors (producers, consumers and intermediaries) cr...
Book
Full-text available
This chapter analyses the debates and tensions that characterise the field of organic agriculture. 1 These tensions concern the principles, but perhaps more often, the practices and systems put in place to implement organic agriculture, which can lead to an important gap between the discourse and the facts about organic food. We analyse the specifi...
Article
Full-text available
Standards have become an important object of investigation in social science and STS scholars have called for a more systematic program of research to study standards or standardization (Busch 2011; Timmermans and Epstein 2010). In this considering concepts paper, we engage with their program for a sociology of standards and propose a new way to th...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past twenty years, standards and certification have become the leading governance mechanism for determining what sustainability entails, how to measure it, and how to assess it. This system of sustainability standards has generally relied upon the third-party certification (TPC) model to ensure that producers are complying with standards....
Chapter
Full-text available
Social and environmental standards-development organizations (SDOs) have been collaborating together to construct “meta-standards.” These exercises in standards-setting are part of a longer term process of transitioning innovative approaches to sustainable agriculture from diverse niches such as organic, fair trade, and environmental conservation i...
Article
Full-text available
Assembling Export Markets: The Making and Unmaking of Global Food Connections in West Africa by Stefan Ouma Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. Pp. 264. £55 (hbk). - Volume 55 Issue 2 - Allison Loconto
Article
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This article analyzes the institutionalization of the global organic agriculture field and sheds new light on the conventionalization debate. The institutions that shape the field form a tripartite standards regime of governance (TSR) that links standard-setting, certification, and accreditation activities, in a layering of markets for services tha...
Article
Assurance—an intermediary’s guarantee of compliance with regulatory standards—is critical for legitimate governance within the sustainability field. This legitimacy classically depends on the degrees of separation that are needed between the RIT roles to create trust in regulators and enforce the compliance of targets. Following the emergence of th...
Book
Full-text available
This chapter investigates how sustainable practices interact and co-evolve with sustainable marketinginitiatives. The research is based on an international survey of fifteen case studies of institutionalinnovations in linking sustainable agricultural practices with markets. We explore how farmers andorganisations are moving toward more sustainable...
Book
Full-text available
The foundation of recent science, technology and innovation (STI) policy in Tanzania lay in providing the ‘proper’ conditions for encouraging investment in agriculture. The authors argue that imagining activities in tea research as ‘tinkering’ helps to explain the learning processes and gaps in STI policy. Detailing how the tea industry tinkers wit...
Article
Behind the Scenes of the Quality Labels: Tripartite Regulation and Nested Markets From the Europeanization to the Globalization of Organic Agriculture This paper focuses on the actual conditions of government by tripartite standardization. This form of regulation combining voluntary standards, certification and accreditation is increasingly used in...
Article
Full-text available
Enabling consumers to identify products as being produced sustainably is fundamentalto incentivising farmers to market their products in this way. In this short article, wereflect upon what we know about efforts to link sustainable production with responsibleconsumption both within global value chains and within domestic markets in developingcountr...
Book
Full-text available
Oportunidades y Desafíos de los Sistemas Agroalimentarios Sostenibles en América Latina y el Caribe. Oportunidades y Desafíos de los Sistemas Agroalimentarios Sostenibles en América Latina y el Caribe.
Book
Le but de ce chapitre est d’analyser la trajectoire d’évolution qu’a connue l’agriculture biologique, entre posture critique et politique et constitution d’un segment de marché autour d’un label officiel, et les tensions que ces dynamiques ont suscité parmi les acteurs du champ de l’agriculture biologique. Il se base sur trois travaux portant sur l...
Book
Who is responsible for sustainable agri-food systems? In global discourse, the need to feed a growing population in a world of diminishing resources, is quickly becoming consolidated as a core societal challenge (Conway, 2012; FAO, 2012). But who is responsible for achieving this? Is this the mandate of producers, who are tilling the earth with mac...
Book
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to explore whether and how products from agroecological production systems are being valued in markets. The study is based on a meta-analysis of 12 case studies (Benin, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Ecuador, France, Kazakhstan, Mozambique, Namibia, Uganda), mainly from developing an...
Book
Full-text available
Social and environmental standards-development organizations (SDOs) have been collaborating together to construct “meta-standards.” These exercises in standards-setting are part of a longer term process of transitioning innovative approaches to sustainable agriculture from diverse niches such as organic, fair trade, and environmental conservation i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this brief, FAO presents lessons learned from experiences in 15 developing countries where developments in markets have enabled farmers to transition to sustainable practices. The brief provides recommendations on how innovative systems such as revising the rules of the market and expanding access to markets are also powerful market incentives n...
Book
Full-text available
From 2013 to 2014, the FAO and the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique(INRA) undertook a survey of innovative approaches that enable markets to act asincentives for the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices. Through a competitiveselection process, 15 cases from around the world provide insights into how small-scaleinitiatives tha...
Book
Full-text available
Res-AGorA was a three-year, EU FP7 project (2013-2016) which has co-constructed a good-practice framework, the “Responsibility Navigator”, with practitioners and strategic decision makers. This framework facilitates reflective processes involving multiple stakeholders and policy-makers with the generic aim of making European research and innovation...
Chapter
Full-text available
Knowledge is fundamental to our ability to change practices from unsustainable to sustainable ones (Grin, Rotmans and Schot, 2010). However, sustainability has often been described as a “wicked problem”, where the knowledge needed to make this transition is often inconclusive and contested (Batie, 2008; Levin et al., 2012; Peters and Pierre, 2014)....
Book
Full-text available
The Res-AGorA projectRes-AGorA was a three-year, EU FP7 project (2013–2016) which has co-constructed a good-practice framework, the “Responsibility Navigator”, with practitioners and strategic decision makers. This framework facilitates reflective processes involving multiple stakeholders and policy-makers with the generic aim of making European re...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, I focus on how MNCs are justifying the responsibility of their vision and technologies for the sustainability of agri-food systems. I pay close attention to how responsibility is distributed between actors in the institutional arrangements and which instruments are used to govern the responsibility of actors. This case is of intere...
Article
Full-text available
Entre 2013 y 2015 la FAO y el INRA llevaron a cabo una encuesta de 15 enfoques innovadores que permiten a los mercados de proveeder incentivos en la transición hacia una agricultura sostenible en los países en via de desarrollo. Los resultados son: innovaciones (i) del sistema que permiten nuevas normas para la comercialización y aseguran las cuali...
Chapter
Full-text available
2011 was a pivotal year. It was the year when the originators of the first formal normative frameworks of Responsible (Research) and Innovation (RRI), lost contact with their own history. Our paper aims to recover this history. It does so in two ways. First it develops the concept of de-facto responsible research and innovation, referring to the on...
Book
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze intermediary work in the context of sustainability transitions in relation to what we call the “environmental paradox”. While sustainability transitions are strongly related to political or social expectations in terms of management performance and measurable results and effects, environmental problems have some generic ch...
Book
Full-text available
The study presented in this chapter focused on these institutional and market intermediaries and illustrated how markets work to create incentives for the adoption of sustainable practices (Loconto et al., 2016). This chapter presents a summary of the core results of this study, with a specific focus on the six African experiences included in the s...
Book
Full-text available
Through its international and regional symposia, FAO has recognized the important roleof agroecological production systems in the development of sustainable food systems.However, there is little understanding of how agroecologically produced crops becomemarketable products that are recognized by consumers for their agroecological qualities. In2015,...
Book
Full-text available
This chapter introduces an innovation within the agriculture sector in Benin: the Songhai Centre’s integrated production model. The centre focuses on an integrated production system, but its innovation is in creating a solid network of regional hubs that excel in sustainable production and have established local markets for sustainably produced goo...
Book
Full-text available
This edited volume has gathered together a collection of selected case studies fromaround the world, documented by the innovators themselves. The preceding chaptersdetail how each case has innovated within its organizational and institutional environmentsto create markets for its sustainable products. All the case studies in this volumeare consider...
Chapter
Full-text available
When shopping for 'sustainable' products for their national habit of tea and biscuits, consumers in the UK can choose from a range of differently certified items and brands. This choice already illustrates a separation between conventional products and ‘sustainable’ products, which can be claimed to be a political action by the consumers. However,...
Article
Full-text available
A popular approach over the past twenty years has been to rely upon voluntary standards as a means to make claims, measure, and judge whether a number of social-equity concerns exist in private-sector practices. But can voluntary standards deliver gender equity? This contribution responds to this question by exploring how standards and gendered div...
Article
Full-text available
Standards that codify sustainability, such as Ethical Trade, Fairtrade, Organic and Rainforest Alliance, have become a common means for value chain actors in the Global North to make statements about the values of their products and the practices of producers in the Global South. This case study of Tanzanian tea value chains takes a closer look at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over the past twenty years, sustainability standards have been used in agri-food systems as a way to link sustainably produced products with consumers who are looking for these types of products. This system of certification has generally relied upon the third-party certification (TPC) model as a way to ensure that producers are complying with stan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze intermediary work in the context of sustainability transitions in relation to what we call the “environmental paradox”. While sustainability transitions are strongly related to political or social expectations in terms of management performance and measurable results and effects, environmental problems have some generic ch...
Book
Full-text available
The study found that the empirical evidence is limited to the analysis of mainly three standards: GlobalGAP, fair trade and organic. Moreover, most studies focus on two commodities: coffee and horticulture products. While there is a decent range of geographic cover, the majority of studies focus on a handful of countries: Mexico, Kenya, Peru, Costa...
Chapter
Full-text available
When shopping for ‘sustainable’ products for their national habit of tea and biscuits, consumers in the United Kingdom (UK) can choose from a range of differently certified items and brands. This choice illustrates a conceptual and material separation between ‘conventional’ products and ‘sustainable’ products and has been qualified as a political c...
Chapter
Full-text available
A variety of sustainability standards have emerged from social movements that stake claims on different niches in the market for sustainable food and agriculture products. We argue that we are beginning to see a transition towards a regime of 'certified sustainability'. This regime is characterized by the use of standards to govern agri-food system...
Book
Full-text available
A variety of sustainability standards have emerged from social movements that stake claims on different niches in the market for sustainable food and agriculture products. We argue that we are beginning to see a transition towards a regime of ‘certified sustainability’. This regime is characterized by the use of standards to govern agri-food system...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars describe the proliferation of sustainability standards by multi-stakeholder initiatives as part of an organizational field for sustainability. The aim of this article is to gain a better understanding of the institutionalization process of this global organizational field by focusing on the case of the ISEAL Alliance (the global associatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
We plan to present the results of a literature review of the impact of voluntary standards on smallholders’ ability to participate in markets ,conducted by FAO in 2012. The study found that the empirical evidence is limited to the analysis of mainly three standards: GlobalGAP, fair trade and organic. Moreover, most studies focus on two commodities:...
Article
Full-text available
In light of the rise of the (semi-)private regulation of markets through standards systems, this article explores the underlying processes by which private governance is developed through two case studies of fair trade. We illustrate how there are competing logics playing out in different parts of the movement with regards to how the core values th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We problematize this notion of a theoretical failure by exploring the case of the Tea Research Institute of Tanzania (TRIT). TRIT is a national agricultural research institute for the tea sector, and like other similar institutes, has a hybrid governance model that relies upon public and private funding. Our data collection follows a participatory...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over the past twenty-five years, scholars have contributed to a growing body of literature that examines standards in their various forms (e.g., codes of conduct, guidelines, checklists, regulations, metrological samples) and in numerous fields (e.g., electricity, food safety, healthcare, industry, information technology). Studies point to the mult...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to examine the different ways that smallholders are brought into Fairtrade certification schemes in the Tanzanian tea industry. We examine the different ownership relations of processing factories and the perceived benefits of these different arrangements. We use descriptive qualitative analysis based on qualitative...
Chapter
Full-text available
Standards are exemplary measures against which people and things are judged. They can be informal, resembling norms and habits; they can also be formal, resembling laws or written codes of conduct or embedded in material objects. Both formal and informal standards are involved in nearly every aspect of human life. However, we will use the term “sta...
Chapter
Full-text available
The objective of this chapter is to examine value chain governance through case studies of four different certified value chains for Tanzanian tea. This chapter takes a look at a traditional export commodity, tea, and discusses the implications of involvement in value-based certification schemes (Ethical Trading Initiative, Fairtrade, Organic and R...
Chapter
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Incités par de nouvelles attentes de la société, les acteurs ruraux expérimentent différents systèmes agricoles et alimentaires, faisant preuve de créativité et d'obstination face aux systèmes de production de masse qui restent dominants. Mais quel type de développement durable les sociétés veulent-elles ? Comment choisir les innovations qui permet...
Book
Full-text available
Standards are exemplary measures against which people and things are judged. They can be informal, resembling norms and habits; they can also be formal, resembling laws or written codes of conduct or embedded in material objects. Both formal and informal standards are involved in nearly every aspect of human life. However, we will use the term “sta...
Book
Full-text available
Section : 6. Innovations de marché axées sur la qualité : dimensions sociales et d’équité par E. Biénabe, C. Bramley, J. Kirsten