Alline Cristina Campos

Alline Cristina Campos
University of São Paulo | USP · Departamento de Farmacologia (Ribeirão Preto)

Ph.D.

About

65
Publications
14,436
Reads
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3,257
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2014 - April 2015
Max Planck Institute for Experimental Medicine
Position
  • PostDoc Position
August 2011 - May 2014
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Position
  • PostDoc Position
February 2006 - July 2011
University of São Paulo
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
Rupture and stretching of spinal roots are common incidents that take place in high-energy accidents. The proximal axotomy of motoneurons by crushing of ventral roots is directly related to the degeneration of half of the lesioned population within the first two weeks. Moreover, only a small percentage of surviving motoneurons can successfully achi...
Article
Importance: Owing to its anti-inflammatory properties and antiviral "in vitro" effect against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), cannabidiol (CBD) has been proposed as a potential treatment for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of CBD for treating patients with mild to...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To compare plasma concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD) following oral administration of two formulations of the drug (powder and dissolved in oil), and to evaluate the effects of these distinct formulations on responses to emotional stimuli in healthy human volunteers. Methods: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, paralle...
Article
Full-text available
The Coronavirus Disease - 2019 (COVID-19) presents a variability of clinical symptoms, ranging from asymptomatic to severe respiratory and systemic conditions. In a cohort of patients, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), beyond the classical respiratory manifestations, induces anosmia. Evidence has suggested SARS-CoV-2-i...
Article
Background: The recognition of emotions in facial expressions (REFE) is a core aspect of social cognition. Previous studies with the serotonergic hallucinogens lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin showed that these drugs reduced the recognition of negative (fear) faces in healthy volunteers. This trial assessed the acute and prolonged effects...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid with a broad-range of therapeutic potential in several conditions, including neurological (epilepsy, neurodegenerative diseases, traumatic and ischemic brain injuries) and psychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, addiction, major depressive disorder, and anxiety). The pharmacological mechanisms responsible for t...
Article
Antidepressant drugs are first-line treatment for panic disorder. Facilitation of 5-HT1A receptor-mediated neurotransmission in the dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG), a key panic-associated area, has been implicated in the panicolytic effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine. However, it is still unknown whether this mechanis...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although sex differences in memory tasks dependent on hippocampal function have been described in several species, including rodents and humans, the exact mechanisms involved remain debatable. The function of the small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel type 3 has been associated with cognitive deficits, and its overexpression in male mice (T/T)...
Article
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Evidence suggests that physical exercise has effects on neuronal plasticity as well as overall brain health. This effect has been linked to exercise capacity in modulating the antioxidant status, when the oxidative stress is usually linked to the neuronal damage. Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is the training-trend worldwide, its...
Article
Introduction: Recent studies have suggested that cannabidiol (CBD) could interconvert into Delta-8- and Delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol. Materials and Methods: Thus, we tested the plasma samples of 120 healthy human subjects (60 male and 60 female), 60 in fasting and the other 60 under normal feeding conditions after acute administration of an oral s...
Article
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most incident neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by accumulation of extracellular amyloid-β (Aβ), intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, and cognitive impairment. The current available treatments are mainly based on the use of reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, which only ameliorate the cogniti...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Current pharmacotherapy of Parkinson's disease (PD) is palliative and unable to modify the progression of neurodegeneration. Treatments that can improve patients' quality of life with fewer side effects are needed, but not yet available. Cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychotomimetic constituent of cannabis, has received considerable...
Article
Heavy episodic drinking or binge drinking during adolescence may elicit serious neurotoxic consequences in cerebral areas (e.g., the prefrontal cortex, i.e., PFC) and the hippocampus, delay the maturation of the brain and increase the probability of drug abuse and dependence. The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in neuroprotection by...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Among the many cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, cannabidiol (CBD) is a compound that does not produce the typical subjective effects of marijuana. Objectives: The aim of the present review is to describe the main advances in the development of the experimental and clinical use of cannabidiol CBD in neuropsychiatry. Methods: A non-sys...
Article
Cannabinoid signalling modulates several aspects of brain function, including the generation and survival of neurons during embryonic and adult periods. The present review intended to summarise evidence supporting a role for the endocannabinoid system on the control of neurogenesis and neurogenesis-dependent functions. Studies reporting participati...
Article
Repeated injections of cannabidiol (CBD), the major non-psychotomimetic compound present in the Cannabis sativa plant, attenuate the anxiogenic effects induced by Chronic Unpredictable Stress (CUS). The specific mechanisms remain to be fully understood but seem to involve adult hippocampal neurogenesis and recruitment of endocannabinoids. Here we i...
Chapter
The objectives of the present chapter are to review and describe the studies made on cannabidiol (CBD), a nonpsychotomimetic constituent of the Cannabis sativa plant, as an anxiolytic compound, and to discuss its possible mechanisms of action. The papers selected for the chapter were identified through systematic searches in the main electronic dat...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to stressful situations is one of the risk factors for the precipitation of several psychiatric disorders, including Major Depressive Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Schizophrenia. The hippocampal formation is a forebrain structure highly associated with emotional, learning and memory processes; being particularly vulnerable t...
Article
Full-text available
Beneficial effects of cannabidiol (CBD) have been described for a wide range of psychiatric disorders, including anxiety, psychosis, and depression. The mechanisms responsible for these effects, however, are still poorly understood. Similar to clinical antidepressant or atypical antipsychotic drugs, recent findings clearly indicate that CBD, either...
Article
Rationale: Few studies suggest that antidepressants exert their effects by activating some signaling pathways, including the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). Moreover, valproic acid (VPA) activates the PI3K pathway. Thus, here we investigated the antidepressant-like effect of VPA and if its effect is related to PI3K/Akt/mTOR activation. Meth...
Chapter
Neurogenesis plays an indispensable role in the formation of the nervous system during development. The discovery that the adult brain still maintains neurogenic niches that allow the continued production of new cells after birth has changed the field of neuroscience. It has also opened a new venue of opportunities for the treatment of central nerv...
Chapter
Cannabidiol (CBD), the major nonpsychotomimetic compound present in the Cannabis sativa plant, is a promising drug to treat several neuropsychiatric and nonneuropsychiatric disorders. Although its precise mechanism of action is unknown, CBD's effects seem to involve various neurotransmitter and transduction signaling systems. It acts on CB1, CB2, G...
Article
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of epilepsy in adults. The pilocarpine (PILO) experimental model of TLE portrays behavioral and pathophysiological changes in rodents that are very similar to those found in humans with TLE. However, this model is associated with an unfortunate high mortality rate. Studies have shown that intrahi...
Article
Changes in the microbiota composition of gastrointestinal tract are emerging as potential players in the physiopathology of neuropsychiatric disorders. In the present work we evaluated the relationship between the absence of gut microbiota and neuroinflammatory mechanisms in a murine model of LPS-induced behavioral alterations. Germ-free (GF) or co...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Panic disorder (PD) is a disabling psychiatry condition that affects approximately 5% of the worldwide population. Currently, long-term selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the first-line treatment for PD; however, the common side-effect profiles and drug interactions may provoke patients to abandon the treatment, leading...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease and the main cause of dementia. Substantial evidences indicate that there is over-activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR axis in AD. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of NVP-BEZ235 (BEZ; dactolisib), a dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor that is under phase I/II...
Article
Full-text available
Psychiatric disorders are one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Although several therapeutic options are available, the exact mechanisms responsible for the genesis of these disorders remain to be fully elucidated. In the last decade, a body of evidence has supported the involvement of the immune system in the pathophysiology of these...
Article
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is an enzyme involved in different pathophysiological processes, including neurological disorders. However, its role in seizures and postictal outcomes is still not fully understood. We investigated the role of PI3Kγ on seizures, production of neurotrophic and inflammatory mediators, expression of a marker for m...
Article
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a severe complication resulting from Plasmodium falciparum infection that might cause permanent neurological deficits. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a nonpsychotomimetic compound of Cannabis sativa with neuroprotective properties. In the present work, we evaluated the effects of CBD in a murine model of CM. Female mice were infected...
Article
Full-text available
Substance dependence disorder is a chronically relapsing condition characterised by neurobiological changes leading to loss of control in restricting a substance intake, compulsion and withdrawal syndrome. In the past few years, (endo)cannabinoids have been raised as a possible target in the aetiology of drug addiction. On the other hand, although...
Article
Cognitive dysfunction is a major sign of cerebral malaria (CM). However, the underlying mechanisms of CM cognitive outcome remain poorly understood. A body of evidence suggests that adult neurogenesis may play a role in learning and memory processes. It has also been reported that these phenomena can be regulated by the immune system. We hypothesiz...
Article
The neurological involvement in acute liver failure (ALF) is characterized by arousal impairment with progression to coma. There is a growing body of evidence that neuroinflammatory mechanisms play a role in this process, including production of inflammatory cytokines and microglial activation. However, it is still uncertain whether brain-derived c...
Article
A series of evidence suggests that interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) plays an important role in central nervous system (CNS) functions. However, previous studies have obtained inconsistent results regarding the role of IFN-γ in modulating emotion-related behaviors. The present study aimed to evaluate the behavioral profile of IFN-γ knockout (K.O.) mice in m...
Article
The prelimbic medial prefrontal cortex (PL) is an important encephalic structure involved in the expression of emotional states. In a previous study, intra-PL injection of cannabidiol (CBD), a major non-psychotomimetic cannabinoid present in the Cannabis sativa plant, reduced the expression of fear conditioning response. Although its mechanism rema...
Article
The neurological involvement in acute liver failure (ALF) is characterized by arousal impairment with progression to coma. There is a growing body of evidence that neuroin-flammatory mechanisms play a role in this process, including production of inflammatory cytokines and microglial activation. However, it is still uncertain whether brain-derived...
Article
Full-text available
Anxiety and stress-related disorders are severe psychiatric conditions that affect performance in daily tasks and represent a high cost to public health. The initial observation of Charles Darwin that animals and human beings share similar characteristics in the expression of emotion raise the possibility of studying the mechanisms of psychiatric d...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a clinical syndrome resulting from Plasmodium falciparum infection. A wide range of clinical manifestations follow the disease including cognitive dysfunction, seizures and coma. CM pathogenesis remains incompletely understood and without treatment this condition is invariably fatal. Artesunate has been accepted as the most...
Article
The prelimbic medial prefrontal cortex (PL) is an important encephalic structure involved in the expression of emotional states. In a previous study, intra-PL injection of cannabidiol (CBD), a major non-psychotomimetic cannabinoid present in the Cannabis sativa plant, reduced the expression of fear conditioning response. Although its mechanism rema...
Article
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder caused by the experience of a severe traumatic event. In rats this disorder has been modeled by exposure to a predator threat. PTSD has been associated to structural and functional changes in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Direct injections into this brain region of glutamate antagon...
Article
Full-text available
Similar to clinically used antidepressants, cannabinoids can also regulate anxiety and depressive symptoms. Although the mechanisms of these effects are not completely understood, recent evidence suggests that changes in endocannabinoid system could be involved in some actions of antidepressants. Chronic antidepressant treatment modifies the expres...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemic stroke may result from transient or permanent reductions of regional cerebral blood flow. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils have been described as the earliest inflammatory cells to arrive in ischemic tissue. CXCR1/2 receptors are involved in the recruitment of these cells. However, the contribution of these chemokine receptors during transien...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic constituent of Cannabis sativa plant that promotes antianxiety and anti-panic effects in animal models after acute systemic or intra-dorsal periaqueductal gray (DPAG) administration. However, the effects of CBD repeated administration, and the possible mechanisms involved, in animal models of a...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychotomimetic component of the plant Cannabis sativa, exerts therapeutically promising effects on human mental health such as inhibition of psychosis, anxiety and depression. However, the mechanistic bases of CBD action are unclear. Here we investigate the potential involvement of hippocampal neurogenesis in the an...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a major phytocannabinoid present in the Cannabis sativa plant. It lacks the psychotomimetic and other psychotropic effects that the main plant compound Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) being able, on the contrary, to antagonize these effects. This property, together with its safety profile, was an initial stimulus for the invest...
Article
Several studies have suggested that changes in hippocampal, prefrontal cortex and amygdaloid complex function are associated with the main symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Predator exposure can mimic some aspects of PSTD such as hyperarousal and chronic anxiety. However, little is known about the neural substrate involved in this m...
Article
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an incapacitating syndrome that follows a traumatic experience. Predator exposure promotes long-lasting anxiogenic effect in rodents, an effect related to symptoms found in PTSD patients. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic component of Cannabis sativa with anxiolytic effects. The present study investi...
Article
Full-text available
Adiponectin, an adipocytokine released by the adipose tissue and has important roles in the metabolic regulation and inflammatory control, may play an important roles in the physiopathology of psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. The aim of the present work was to evaluate adiponectin serum levels in patients with mild cognitive impairment...
Article
Full-text available
Administration of Cannabis sativa derivatives causes anxiolytic or anxiogenic effects in humans and laboratory animals, depending on the specific compound and dosage used. In agreement with these findings, several studies in the last decade have indicated that the endocannabinoid system modulates neuronal activity in areas involved in defensive res...
Article
Activation of 5-HT1A receptors in the dorsal periaqueductal gray (dPAG) impairs escape behavior, suggesting a panicolytic-like effect. Cannabidiol (CBD), a major non-psychotomimetic compound present in Cannabis sativa, causes anxiolytic-like effects after intra-dPAG microinjections by activating 5-HT1A receptors. In the present work we tested the h...
Article
Although several pieces of evidence indicate that the endocannabinoid system modulates anxiety-like behaviors and stress adaptation, few studies have investigated the brain sites of these effects. The ventral hippocampus (VHC) has been related to anxiety behaviors and has a high expression of cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptors. Moreover, endocannabinoid...
Article
Several studies have shown anxiolytic effects of cannabinoids after systemic or central injections. The periaqueductal gray matter is a midbrain structure involved in the control of anxiety states. Intra-cerebral administration of cannabidiol, a phytocannabinoid, or anandamide, an endocannabinoid, into the dorsolateral portion of periaqueductal gra...
Article
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid component from Cannabis sativa that does not induce psychotomimetic effects and possess anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study we tested the effects of CBD in a periodontitis experimental model in rats. We also investigated possible mechanisms underlying these effects. Periodontal disease was induced b...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabinoids play an important role in activity-dependent changes in synaptic activity and can interfere in several brain functions, including responses to aversive stimuli. The regions responsible for their effects, however, are still unclear. Cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptors are widely distributed in the central nervous system and are present i...
Article
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic constituent of Cannabis sativa plant that induces anxiolytic effects. However, the brain sites and mechanisms of these effects remain poorly understood. The dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (dlPAG) is a midbrain structure related to anxiety that contains receptors proposed to interact with CBD such as 5HT1...
Article
Glutamatergic neurotransmission in the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (dlPAG) is related to defensive responses. However, the role of group I glutamate metabotropic receptors (mGluR) in these responses has been poorly investigated. The objective of the present study, therefore, was to test the hypothesis that interference with group I mGluR-media...

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The project investigates how the maternal gut-brain axis may modulate the brain development, and outcomes to offspring.
Project
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is causing the saturation of health systems worldwide mainly due to the severity of some respiratory symptoms induced by the course of the disease in some patients. However, the report of patients about the occurrence of anosmia in course of pathology has opened questions about the participation of a neural and, perhaps neurodegenerative, component of SARS-COV-2-induced pathophysiological changes. In addition to be a symptom of respiratory viral infections, anosmia has also been reported to be an early symptom of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer´s and Parkinson´s disease and multiple sclerosis. The olfactory epithelium- olfactory bulb pathway is a neurogenic niche in the adult brain which retain regenerative capacity that participates not only in sensory inputs process but also in the control of emotions and cognition. Therefore, the present study aims to study, using in vitro and in vivo strategies, the COVID-19 neuroinvasive mechanisms in the sensory olfactory system. In addition, we will characterize possible therapeutic targets and behavioral consequences of the COVID-19 infection in neural tissue.
Project
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic phytocannabinoid derived from Cannabis sativa. It has possible therapeutic effects over a broad range of neuropsychiatric disorders. Although the mechanisms of these effects are still far from clear, they may involve its neuroprotective properties and different receptors. Of note, the dose range related to CBD effects may vary from species, animal model and neuropsychiatric disorder studied. CBD also produces bell-shaped dose response curves and, its pharmacokinetics profile after oral administration is erratic. In the present project, we aimed at generating a pharmaceutical formulation that permit the study of the pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamics and neurobiological profile of CBD when adsorbed in fluorescent nanoparticles (NP). We will trace CBD-fluorescent nanoparticles using different imaging techniques (in vivo optical imaging measurements-IVIS and, micro-computed tomography- micro-CT), ex vivo light-sheet fluorescent and two-photon microscopy) and observe if microglial cells and peripheral monocyte would participate in the CBD delivery into the CNS of mice submitted in different animal models of neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety, depression, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's Disease.