Aliyah Morgenstern

Aliyah Morgenstern
Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3 | UP3 · Département d'Monde Anglophone

PhD, HDR

About

176
Publications
17,807
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Introduction
My current research interests are focused on - the development of children's use of gesture as part of their polysemiotic resources to communicate - adults' scaffolding and how multimodal constructions used by children are often reformulated into speech (monomodal) - family dinners and the comparison between speakers and signers - gestures and speech in adult-adult interactions
Additional affiliations
October 2008 - present
Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (176)
Article
Studies often suggest that the family meal is the locus for the acquisition of healthy eating habits. However, these studies rarely offer a deeper understanding of what it is about eating together as a family that increases the intake of healthy foods, such as fruits and vegetables. This ethnographic study examines dinners in French households, who...
Article
Full-text available
Autour de 3 ans, les enfants francophones se désignent le plus souvent à l’aide d’un sujet syntaxique lorsqu’ils réfèrent à leurs propres actions ou états internes, mais ils produisent encore parfois des prédicats sans sujet. Ce phénomène est d’autant plus surprenant que le français est une langue dans laquelle l’expression du sujet syntaxique est...
Article
This paper presents a multimodal and form-based approach to language development grounded in situated practices and focuses on the longitudinal analysis of a composite gesture, the shrug, in two datasets of mother-child interactions in French and British English. The shrug in its full-fledged form can combine a palm-up, lifted shoulders, a head til...
Article
This article applies Boutet’s kinesiological approach (2018) to a study of the expression of negation in four children evolving in contrastive language environments: predominantly monolingual (English, French, LSF) or bilingual (LSF-French), predominantly unimodal (visual modality- gestural) or bimodal (visuo-gestural and audio-vocal). We approach...
Article
In this tribute to Dominique Boutet and the kinesiological approach he founded, the authors have tried to make their memories of the scientific collective projects they worked on together resonate with the written work of this extraordinary scientific partner, gathered in his published articles and his habilitation document (Boutet 2018). His appro...
Article
Full-text available
Bakhtin’s deep insights on dialogicality resonates with views of language acquisition as a multimodal, situated, interactive process grounded in everyday experience and reverberating the voices of the care-givers. Drawing on a longitudinal videoethnography of French parent-child interactions in family life over a period of seven years, this study d...
Article
Children and praise is an under-researched area that is addressed in this study, which explores in detail praise sequences in parent-child interaction in French family life (45 h; video). Language socialization practices (Ochs & Schieffelin, 1989, 2012) are analyzed in verbal praise sequences, including response cries – like ‘ouais’, ‘bravo’, ‘oh l...
Article
Full-text available
In order to understand how children learn to recognize and use humor in their own cultural environment, we have chosen to study their production in two different languages and cultures. We studied a French-speaking monolingual child and a Brazilian Portuguese-speaking child, video-recorded once a month up to seven years old. The detailed multimodal...
Article
Full-text available
In order to understand how children learn to recognize and use humor in their speech, we have chosen to study their linguistic production in two different languages and cultures: a French-speaking monolingual child and a Brazilian Portuguese-speaking child, video-recorded once a month in a longitudinal study, whose data were analyzed for this artic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Disfluency is verbally expressed by several markers (filled, unfilled pauses, repetitions, self-repairs, etc). This study is grounded in the functionally ambivalent view of (Dis)fluency following Crible, (2017) and Götz (2013), but with a multimodal and interactional approach. Previous research has shown a coordination between speech and gesture su...
Article
Full-text available
Les interactions familiales entre l’enfant et sa famille sont un lieu favorable à la construction des structures linguistiques à partir de « routines interactives » (Bruner, 1983). Notre étude concerne les lectures partagées entre parent et enfant dans une famille de classe moyenne supérieure. Cette activité de lecture oralisée est récurrente dans...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A number of studies have highlighted the coordination of gesture and intonation (Bolinger, 1983; Darwin, 1872; Cruttenden, 1997; Balog & Brentari, 2008; Roustan & Dohen, 2010) but the technological set-ups have been insufficient to couple the acoustic and gestural data with sufficient detail. In this paper, we present the MODALISA platform which en...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines the use of ‘uh’ and ‘um’ in spontaneous speech. ‘Uh’ and ‘um’ have traditionally been labeled as markers of disfluency, and in question-answering, they are commonly said to reflect uncertainty, due to the unfamiliarity or difficulty of the questions. Our proposal is that fillers do not necessarily reflect difficulty and speech d...
Article
Résumé Pour faire référence à des événements passés ou futurs, l’enfant doit parler d’objets et de situations qui ne sont ni visibles ni audibles, mais mémorisées, imaginaires, ou désirées. L’imparfait est l’un des temps grammaticaux qui permet d’exprimer cette « déconnexion » avec l’ici et maintenant. Notre étude repose sur un suivi longitudinal d...
Article
Following a usage-based approach of language acquisition, the goal of this article is to make a detailed analysis of other and self-repairs targeting a French child’s non-conventional productions between 1;09 and 4;0. The study’s hypotheses were that (1) the mother would start by offering repairs and later in development use strategies to lead the...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article consiste en une interview de Laurent Danon-Boileau, linguiste, psychanalyste, écrivain, ses années d'étude, sa double voire multiple carrière. L'interview est menée par Sophie Vallas et Aliyah Morgenstern.
Article
The aim of this special issue is to present and pursue the challenging discussions about the links between gestures and signs and their theoretical and methodological impact that took place during the GDR ADYLOC workshop (GDR CNRS 3195) on April 4–5 2014 at Sorbonne Nouvelle University in Paris. The ADYLOC research group (led by Maya Hickmann and f...
Article
Based on her observation of two deaf children acquiring American Sign Language (ASL) who stopped pointing to persons at around 12 months and then produced reversal errors, Petitto (1987) argued that the discontinuous development of gestures and signs gives support to the hypothesis that language does not arise from general cognitive processes. Howe...
Article
Résumé Cet article présente une étude de cas de l’expression de la négation jusqu’à 3 ans chez quatre enfants évoluant dans des environnements langagiers différents : majoritairement monolingue (anglais, français, LSF) ou bilingue (LSF-français), majoritairement unimodal (modalité visuo-gestuelle de la LSF) ou bimodal (visuo-gestuelle et audio-voca...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a preliminary study of vocal hesitations in L1 and L2 productions using a multimodal perspective. It investigates the use of vocal hesitations of French learners of English interacting in tandem with American speakers in semi-spontaneous speech. Several hesitation markers were analyzed (filled pauses, unfilled pauses, prolongati...
Article
In this study, we analyze pointing and self-reference in two children: one acquiring French and the other French Sign Language (FSL). The two children internalize the adult language and acquire the linguistic markers used by their interlocutors as well as their social codes and their behaviors. We show that the presence of an explicit form of self-...
Article
L'objectif de ce numéro spécial est de présenter et de poursuivre les discussions et les échanges de points de vue à la fois théoriques et méthodologiques amorcés lors de l'atelier du GDR ADYLOC (GDR CNRS 3195) sur les liens entre gestes et signes qui s’est tenu à Paris les 4 et 5 Avril 2014. Ce Groupe de Recherche « Langues, langage oral et cognit...
Article
L'objectif de ce numéro spécial est de présenter et de poursuivre les discussions et les échanges de points de vue à la fois théoriques et méthodologiques amorcés lors de l'atelier du GDR ADYLOC (GDR CNRS 3195) sur les liens entre gestes et signes qui s’est tenu à Paris les 4 et 5 Avril 2014. Ce Groupe de Recherche « Langues, langage oral et cognit...
Book
This chapter on bilingual language acquisition is a case study of Antoine who is bilingual Italian-French and is part of an electronic book (Morgenstern & Parisse, 2017) which is presented here: http://psn.univ-paris3.fr/ouvrage/le-langage-de-lenfant-de-leclosion-lexplosion The pdf version of the book gives access to all the video clips analyzed in...
Article
Résumé Si la collecte de données par les systèmes d’information en milieu médical apporte des sources d’information inestimables pour la recherche, des données apportées par les chercheurs en sciences humaines et sociales pourraient venir compléter notre appréhension des patients. Nous décrivons ici les méthodes ethnographiques utilisées pour captu...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to conduct an exploratory study and compare the development of pointing and its specific use as self-reference in French sign language (LSF) with the development of pointing and self reference in French. Personal reference is expressed through nominal expressions and pronouns in French. In LSF, the signs used for personal r...
Chapter
We address the expression of negation in four longitudinal studies including (1) Madeleine, a hearing child in multimodal French interactions, (2) Ellie, a hearing child in multimodal English interactions, (3) Charlotte, a deaf child of deaf parents in monomodal French sign language (langue des signes française, LSF) interactions, and (4) Illana, a...
Article
The attribution of intentionality is the ability to view another's actions, behaviors, gestures, or speech as having a purpose. The emergence of intentionality in infants is thought to be a foundational feature of human communication and language. We will first discuss those issues, then trace children's developmental pathway from preverbal cogniti...
Chapter
First uses of personal pronouns are characterized by their variability and instability. Since the processes involved in reference to discourse entities and to speech roles do not overlap, the use of pronouns cannot merely be explained by grammatical factors. This chapter considers dialogue as both the context and the mediator of the formal and func...
Chapter
Full-text available
First and second person pronouns are complex categories for children to acquire. During a transitional period, when they start referring to themselvesas subjects, French-speaking children produce a variety of non-conventional forms. The analysis of these uses provide valuable insights on how they creatively process language and progressively acquir...
Article
Full-text available
This study views family dinners as essential settings for the transmission of social and food practices from adults to children. French family dinners in particular are privileged moments for children to appropriate the material and immaterial dimensions of food heritage. These lengthy commensal dinners are organized in distinctive steps to which a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Previous research on first language acquisition has highlighted the relation between actions, gestures and speech to express negation. As discussed by Watson (1925) and Clark (1978), children’s first negative constructions seem to take over from early gestures of rejection and avoidance. This study explores the status and evolution of actions, gest...
Article
The French eat more fruits and vegetables than Americans and have lower rates of childhood obesity. This ethnographic study compares various aspects of meal environment in sixteen households in LA, California and Paris, France, and offers insights on the relationship between local practices and preferences and children's consumption of fruits and v...
Article
The aim of our research is the construction of a developmental overview of children’s multimodal skills. The study of the expression of negation in longitudinal data of adult-child conversations is a privileged locus to analyze children’s multimodal skills. A number of authors have observed the transmodal continuity in the expression of negative sp...
Article
The aim of our research is the construction of a developmental overview of children’s multimodal skills. The study of the expression of negation in longitudinal data of adult-child conversations is a privileged locus to analyze children’s multimodal skills. A number of authors have observed the transmodal continuity in the expression of negative sp...
Presentation
Forms and Functions of Early Utterance Negation: a Developmental Study In previous research, negation has been described as one of the first grammatical markers children acquire. Three successive periods are differentiated in children’s syntactic development of negation (Bellugi 1967, Bloom 1970, 1991; Choi 1988; Klima and Bellugi 2004; Cameron-Fau...
Presentation
Gestures used to express negation in children data.
Presentation
We consider language as being composed of a vast set of semiotic means on which speakers rely to construct meaning and which are all part of our socially learned, intersubjective communicative system that can be analyzed as an integrative multimodal system, particularly in adult-child interaction. The study of the expression of negation in longitud...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the expression of negation in longitudinal adult-child data is a privileged locus for a multimodal approach to language acquisition. In the case of bilingual language acquisition, the necessity to enter two languages at once might have an influence on the management of the visual-gestural and the auditory modalities. In order to tackle...
Article
Full-text available
L’enjeu de cet article est de repérer le travail de reformulation-rectification de l’adulte dans le corpus longitudinal d’une enfant entre 1;09 et 4;0 en interaction avec sa mère, de l’analyser en fonction de la situation, d’en évaluer la nature et éventuellement, la portée. Cette étude montre que mère et enfant mettent en place de façon conjointe...
Article
Full-text available
Because of its syntactic, semantic and cognitive complexity, the French morphology for tense, aspect and modality is acquired slowly and gradually by children, from the moment they are born until their adolescence. The least frequent forms in adult language are acquired later. In order to understand how these forms are memorized, handled and produc...
Presentation
Through constant exposure to adult input in dialogue, children’s language gradually develops into rich linguistic constructions that contain multiple cross-modal elements subtly combined for coherent communicative functions. Prosody and gesture in particular both facilitate children’s entry into language. Children not only demonstrate sensitivity t...
Presentation
We address the expression of negation in four longitudinal follow-ups that include signed and spoken interactions. Each child combines symbolic categories and visual/aural modalities in connexion with her own linguistic environment. Our physiological study of palms-up and index-wave gestures underlines systematic properties at the junction of cover...
Presentation
This research examines the development of negation in children’s language and documents the combined use of speech and gesture in this process. After pointing, manual gestures of agreement and refusal are the first symbolic forms used by children and precede children’s first negative constructions in spoken language development (Clark, 1978). This...
Article
Children's language acquisition develops at the crossroads of the appropriation of the linguistic system and its use in dialogue. Analyzing how children and adults cooperate to overcome production or comprehension troubles in repair sequences can help us understand those interesting moments when the interdependence of ‘language’ and ‘speech’ in int...
Article
The aim of this article is to study the effects of pragmatic-discursive factors on the choice of determiners (more specifically, definite or indefinite determiners) and their distributional features. It contends that distributional features alone cannot account for mastery of the determiner category and that determiner productivity must also be exa...
Presentation
Previous research on the acquisition of negation in longitudinal data of adult-child interaction showed that the first negative constructions take over from early motions of rejection and avoidance (Pea, 1980). Thus, before using gestures or words children negate with actions. Yet, tracing the transitions from action to gesture and from gesture to...
Presentation
As they acquire language, children develop both their verbal and gestural systems. Many studies have focused on the emergence and the role of gestures prior to speech and during the one- and two-word utterance periods (e.g. Iverson & Thelen, 1999) but little work has examined how children gesture in spontaneous interaction once they can speak. This...
Presentation
Most studies on language development focus on Western dyadic interaction in which the child is interacting with an expert other and scaffolding language development in ”joint attentional processes” (Tomasello, 1988). But cross-cultural studies of children growing up in various communities suggest that young children around the world learn language...