Alistair McVittie

Alistair McVittie
Scotland's Rural College | SRUC · Rural Economy Environment and Society (REES)

MSc Environmental Management

About

71
Publications
34,599
Reads
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3,923
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
2933 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - present
Scotland's Rural College
Position
  • Ecosystem Services Economist
June 2001 - October 2012
Scottish Agricultural College
Position
  • Ecosystem Services Economist
May 2001 - October 2012
Scotland's Rural College
Position
  • Ecosystem Services Economist
Education
September 1997 - September 1998
University of Stirling
Field of study
  • Environmental Science, Economics and Policy
September 1990 - June 1994
University of Stirling
Field of study
  • Economics

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Urban greenspaces are multifunctional spaces, providing services to people and biodiversity. With space in urban areas being limited creation and maintenance of urban greenspaces relies on understanding the preferences of urban residents for their characteristics. Such preferences are expected to vary with current availability, and the availability...
Chapter
Full-text available
Understanding appropriate governance arrangements for managing cage aquaculture systems in tropical lakes is essential, yet it is still overlooked by current studies. Here we discuss the lessons obtained from our interdisciplinary research (environmental-social science, ecology, and ecological economics) evaluating cage aquaculture management scena...
Preprint
Full-text available
Forests play a fundamental role in the economy, in climate change mitigation and in halting the loss of biodiversity. The economic value of goods and services provided to the societies by forests, including forest-based recreation, is highly dependent on the way in which forests are managed. On a European scale, forests are diverse and managed in m...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to provide an in-depth investigation of the choice experiment results to facilitate appraisals of changes to the stock of urban greenspaces across Scotland. Specifically, we will (i) provide a simple look-up tool for urban greenspace values based on the choice experiment results; (ii) relate valuation data to information on...
Article
Urban greenspace is often associated with improved mental health, particularly in urban areas, with studies typically carried out at town or city scales. Population level models enable us to extend the understanding of the relationship between mental health and urban greenspace to the national level, with relevance to national level policy and fund...
Article
Full-text available
A Bayesian Belief Network, validated using past observational data, is applied to conceptualize the ecological response of Lake Maninjau, a tropical lake ecosystem in Indonesia, to tilapia cage farms operating on the lake and to quantify its impacts to assist decision making. The model captures ecosystem services trade-offs between cage farming and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to explore the potential for regionally disaggregated natural capital accounts for Scotland's marine and coastal environment. The key messages are: • The Scottish fishing sector is evenly spread across regions in terms of vessel numbers and employment, but larger vessels and total landed catch and value are concentrated in...
Article
Biodiversity offsetting aims to mitigate the impacts of development through habitat restoration or creation. Biodiversity net gain seeks to go further by achieving an increase in biodiversity. There is further interest in the wider ecosystem services impacts of development, although this broader scope may increase the resources required for assessm...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to review existing applications of natural capital accounting approaches to the marine and coastal environment in Scotland and the UK. This will allow a determination of the scope for additional research to produce a Scotland specific natural capital account for marine and coastal systems. The scoping process will also ide...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Ecosystem Services Valuation Database (ESVD) is a follow-up to the “The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity” (TEEB) database which contained over 1,300 data points from 267 case studies on monetary values of ecosystem services across all biomes. The TEEB database had not been updated since 2010 and naturally many gaps exist across biomes,...
Article
Marine ecosystems and the services they provide contribute greatly to human well-being but are becoming degraded in many areas around the world. The expansion of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) has been advanced as a potential solution to this problem but their economic feasibility has hardly been studied. We conduct an economic assessment of the cos...
Article
Full-text available
The ecosystem services framework has now been embodied in policy and practice, creating the need for governance structures that allow science, policy and practice to come together and facilitate shared learning. We describe five years of progress in developing an Ecosystem Services Community of Practice in Scotland, which brings together over 600 i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to explore the biophysical data sources available to produce spatially disaggregated natural capital accounts for the agriculture sector in Scotland. The motivation is the interest in natural capital accounting across a range of end users and scales, from highly aggregate national level accounts to the small scale such as...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to explore the biophysical data sources available to produce spatially disaggregated natural capital accounts for forests and woodlands in Scotland. The motivation is the interest in natural capital accounting across a range of end users and scales, from highly aggregate national level accounts to the small scale such as c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Natural capital is the stock of natural assets that underpins the flow of ecosystem services that benefit human society and the economy. Natural capital accounting (NCA) is a process of quantifying those natural capital stocks and service flows to determine the nature and scale of those benefits to determine how they vary over time and whether our...
Article
There is increasing interest in the use of economic valuation of ecosystem goods and services for a wide variety of purposes. These include relatively familiar uses in project appraisal and more novel applications in advocacy, performance tracking and accounting in public and private settings. Decision makers who use valuation information need to u...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The research applies a spatial Bayesian Belief Network to evaluate the natural capital and ecosystem service impacts of land use change on the island of St Helena. THe key findings were:  St Helena’s natural capital underpins and shapes the benefits that people derive from its land use and habitats. This includes both terrestrial and marine habita...
Article
Full-text available
Farm Animal Genetic Resources (FAnGR) are threatened by breed homogenisation. Rare breeds may carry important genes that allow breeders to respond to global production challenges including climate change and emerging disease risk. Yet, exploration of approaches to improve cost-effectiveness of investments in farm animal genetic diversity has been l...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter 2 makes the case for using systems thinking as a guiding perspective for TEEBAgriFood’s development of a comprehensive Evaluation Framework for the eco-agri-food system. Many dimensions of the eco-agri-food system create complex analytical and policy challenges. Systems thinking allows better understanding and forecasting of the outcomes of...
Chapter
There is a growing recognition of the fundamental importance of soils in supporting productive and sustainable agricultural systems. The term sustainable intensification is now widely used to characterise the importance of linking productivity with sustainability. This term recognises the need to maintain or increase food production without increas...
Chapter
Full-text available
The TEEBAgriFood ‘Scientific and Economic Foundations’ report addresses the core theoretical issues and controversies underpinning the evaluation of the nexus between the agri-food sector, biodiversity and ecosystem services and externalities including human health impacts from agriculture on a global scale. It argues the need for a ‘systems thinki...
Article
Disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation are connected through a common goal: reducing the impacts of extreme events and increasing resilience to disasters, particularly among vulnerable populations. By coordinating adaptation and disaster risk management policies, multiple benefits can be achieved. Ecosystem-based adaptation (Eb...
Article
A key narrative within climate change science is that conserving and improving soil carbon through agricultural practices can contribute to agricultural productivity and is a promising option for mitigating carbon loss through sequestration. This paper examines the potential disconnect between science and practice in the context of communicating in...
Article
While multiple ecosystem service benefits are increasingly emphasised in policy as an outcome for land management, most conservation management and legislation is currently focused on conserving specific species and habitats. These management interventions may provide multiple co-benefits for other ecosystem services but more information is needed...
Article
A portfolio of agricultural practices is now available that can contribute to reaching European mitigation targets. Among them, the management of agricultural soils has a large potential for reducing GHG emissions or sequestering carbon. Many of the practices are based on well tested agronomic and technical know-how, with proven benefits for farmer...
Article
Interest in models that integrate biophysical and economic components of agri-environmental systems has increased, largely in recognition of the multiple services provided by agri-environmental systems and reflecting the complexity of ‘multi-functional’ agriculture. We discuss the challenges of bio-economic modelling projects where biophysical and...
Article
Full-text available
The use of molecular tools, principally qPCR, versus traditional culture-based methods for quantifying microbial parameters (e.g., Fecal Indicator Organisms) in bathing waters generates considerable ongoing debate at the science-policy interface. Advances in science have allowed the development and application of molecular biological methods for ra...
Article
A changing climate will inevitably impact on the natural environment, including agriculture. Anticipatory adaptation is necessary to minimise the negative impacts of climate change, to take advantage of opportunities, and to ensure that food and fibre production is maintained. More detailed information is required as to which adaptation measures wi...
Article
The interface between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems contributes to the provision of key ecosystem services including improved water quality and reduced flood risk. We develop an ecological–economic model using a Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) to assess and value the delivery of ecosystem services from riparian buffer strips. By capturing the in...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, most biodiversity conservation programmes are not currently evaluated in terms of their costs and benefits, or their rate of return on the original investment. Assessing the cost-effectiveness of such schemes is challenging as the relationship between spending and the effectiveness of conservation is dependent on many biological and socio...
Technical Report
Full-text available
On the 11 th June in Victoria Quay, Edinburgh, the 5th EAWG (Ecosystem Approach Working Group) was held. In total 25 researchers and policy makers attended (see Appendix 1 for attendee list and emails). The meeting aimed to provide a forum for policy makers and strategic planners to learn about the research conducted at the James Hutton Institute...
Chapter
Every four years since 2004, the Copenhagen Consensus Center has organized and hosted a high profile thought experiment about how a hypothetical extra $75 billion of development assistance money might best be spent to solve twelve of the major crises facing the world today. Collated in this specially commissioned book, a group of more than 50 exper...
Article
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t This paper gives an overview of the value of ecosystem services of 10 main biomes expressed in monetary units. In total, over 320 publications were screened covering over 300 case study locations. Approximately 1350 value estimates were coded and stored in a searchable Ecosystem Service Value Database (ESVD). A selection of 665 valu...
Article
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t This paper examines the value of ecosystem services provided by mangroves. It presents a meta-analysis of the economic valuation literature and applies the estimated value function to assess the value of mangroves in Southeast Asia. We construct a database containing 130 value estimates, largely for mangroves in Southeast Asia. Valu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper derives a notional future carbon budget for UK agriculture, land use, land use change and forestry sectors (ALULUCF). The budget is based on a bottom-up marginal abatement cost curve (MACC) derived for a range of mitigation measures for specified adoption scenarios for the years 2012, 2017 and 2022. The results indicate that in 2022 arou...
Article
Full-text available
Results of national and pan-European consumer surveys and the growth in the demand for so-called “animal-friendly” food products suggest that consumers within the European Union (EU) show a high level of concern for the welfare of farm animals. This article analyses the determinants of British consumers' behaviour toward animal welfare using struct...
Article
Full-text available
Food security is a major current and future policy concern. The world population is projected to reach 9 billion by 2050 and continuing growth in economic output and incomes is expected to result in changing food consumption patterns. In particular the wider adoption of ‘Western’ diets will result in both higher calorie intake and greater meat cons...
Article
This paper presents the results of a stated preference choice experiment designed to estimate the non-market benefits derived by UK residents from the conservation of ecosystem goods and services resulting from implementation of proposed Marine Conservation Zones under the UK Marine and Coastal Access Bill (2008). The results inform an impact asses...
Chapter
Full-text available
Rural amenity is considered as an integral part of the ‘new’ multifunctional agriculture and is often considered to be a key driver of rural development policies. However, efficient policy design requires a clear definition of what constitutes ‘amenity’, and an understanding of its demand- and supply-side characteristics. This chapter considers the...
Article
Full-text available
McVittie A., Moran D. and Elston D. Public preferences for rural policy reform: evidence from Scottish surveys, Regional Studies. Agricultural reform across the European Union has focused debate on how agriculture delivers wider rural objectives. The authors undertook economic valuation and multicriteria studies to explore public preferences for ru...
Article
Emissions of greenhouse gases from agriculture are likely to come under increasing scrutiny as governments around the world develop proposals for large cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. Yet while there is a range of technically feasible measures for reducing agricultural emissions, it is not immediately apparent which options deliver the most econo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the challenge of developing a ‘bottom-up’ marginal abatement cost curve (MACC) for greenhouse gas emissions from UK agriculture. A MACC illustrates the costs of specific crop, soil, and livestock abatement measures against a ‘‘business as usual’’ scenario. The results indicate that in 2022 under a specific policy scenario, arou...
Article
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This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
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Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, land use, land use change and forestry (ALULUCF) are a significant percentage of UK industrial emissions. The UK Government is committed to ambitious targets for reducing emissions and all significant industrial sources are coming under increasing scrutiny. The task of allocating shares of future reduction...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report considers the issue of climate change adaptation as it applies to the UK livestock sector comprising the beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and poultry industries. Beyond an understanding of direct impacts from warming, a key policy consideration relates to indirect or ancillary costs that might arise incidental to any accelerated private adaptat...
Article
Full-text available
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture, land use, land use change and forestry (ALULUCF) are a significant percentage of UK emissions. This means that as the UK and devolved administrations set ambitious emissions reductions targets, the ALULUCF sectors will come under increasing scrutiny and pressure to reduce emissions. In order to addre...
Article
Full-text available
Territorialisation of rural policies requires moving from a sectoral approach to service provision, and policies that focus exclusively on health and education, for example, to an understanding of overall service provision and quality, differentiated by rural area definition, not primarily by sector. An investigation of the expectations of stakehol...