Alison Rieser

Alison Rieser
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa | UH Manoa · Department of Geography

JD, LLM

About

26
Publications
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548
Citations
Introduction
Alison Rieser currently teaches marine conservation policy and politics at the Department of Geography and Environment, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. She does research in the history of fisheries governance, law and nature conservation.

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Industrial fishing has shaped Iceland for centuries, serving as social mortar, fueling Icelandic independence, and underscoring its geopolitical strategies. With the reorganization and enclosure of fishing in the twentieth century, however, rural coastal communities increasingly turned to tourism as a significant source of revenue. This transitiona...
Article
Full-text available
results of a pilot study of fishery to tourism landscape transformations in Iceland through a political ecology lens; herring era museums; national identity and geopolitics of "cod wars"
Article
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In late eighteenth-century Britain, Adam Smith was the most influential thinker to offer advice on fisheries policy. In The Wealth of Nations, Smith argued that subsidized, offshore fishing vessels were being built to catch subsidies, not fish. He argued that the tonnage bounties, intended to promote an export trade in herring, had instead raised l...
Book
The journals of early maritime explorers traversing the Atlantic Ocean often describe swarms of sea turtles, once a plentiful source of food. Many populations had been decimated by the 1950s, when Archie Carr and others raised public awareness of their plight. One species, the green turtle, has been the most heavily exploited due to international d...
Book
Full-text available
The debris of modern living frequently finds its way into our waterways and down to the ocean. Some enters as intentional or accidental discharges from ships and platforms; the rest is transported to the sea by rivers, wind, sewers, and beachgoers. Given the diversity and abundance of sources, the persistent nature of most plastics, and the ability...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of alien, or nonindigenous, animals and plants has been identified by scientists and policy makers as a major threat to biodiversity in marine ecosystems. Although government agencies have struggled to control alien species on land and freshwater for decades with mixed success, the control of alien marine species is in its infancy....
Article
Full-text available
The new essential fish habitat (EFH) provisions of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act provide a legal basis for creating marine protected areas (MPAs) in U. S. waters as a measure to protect fish habitat from fishing and gear impacts. To meet the act's other new mandates—to stop overfishing and rebuild overfished stocks—th...
Article
Full-text available
Future development of marine aquaculture in the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is constrained by legal and regulatory concerns which need to be addressed in order for the industry to become finan- cially viable and internationally competitive. These concerns relate to prop- erty rights for aquaculture operators, conflicts with competing uses of...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on measuring and explaining noncompliance in federally managed U.S. fisheries. Novel measurement techniques are used to characterize the extent and patterns of noncompliance in the northeast groundfish fishery. According to the authors’ estimates, noncompliance increased substantially in 1986 and remained high through 1988 in t...
Book
The book is based on workshops and meetings held by Canadian and US scientists working on the Bay of Fundy tidal power project. The authors believe that Tidal power is an alternative, renewable, and large-scale energy source. This study presents two basic concepts: a case study on international cooperation, and a report on the exploitation of an al...
Article
This article examines groundfish management philosophies and practices of the United States and Canada in the Gulf of Maine-Georges Bank region. The authors conclude that significant differences in the legal, administrative, and philosophical framework of the two countries' fisheries regimes must be recognized and accommodated before effective mana...
Article
Controversy among scientists over appropriate use of the ocean for waste disposal impedes U.S. policy in this area. The problem arises in part because scientific uncertainty over the fate and effects of wastes released into the ocean requires a large element of judgment, and hence value, when the uncertain science is applied to policy. Scientists o...
Chapter
Academics who suggest improvements or alternatives to decisionmaking frameworks operate under the shadow of a practical reality. Environmental decisionmaking is a dynamic process involving complex interrelationships among public interest groups, scientists, project proponents, and government officials who advocate value positions at various decisio...
Chapter
The research described in this monograph focused on four principal questions: 1. What are the potential transboundary effects of the proposed Fundy tidal power project and how adequate is the scientific information underlying these predictions? 2. What is the nature and adequacy of the legal and institutional frameworks for environmental decisionma...
Article
Although US federal regulatory agencies agree that the Flower Garden Banks coral reefs in the Gulf of Mexico are a sensitive marine environment vulnerable to damage by oil and gas drilling, they disagree on both the extent of potential harm and the methods of reducing it. Each agency relies on its own body of scientific research; each set of regula...
Article
Full-text available
In its first campaign of ocean diplomacy for the twenty-first century, the United States is trying to save the international whaling regime from breaking apart over the issue of commercial whaling. On the assumption that a reformed whaling regime could address the challenges whales face due to global warming, negotiators have come closer to a compr...
Article
A study of compliance monitoring of offshore-drilling effluents was prepared for the affected states to help them evaluate proposed drilling operations on Georges Bank and future drilling in the Mid-Atlantic. The report consists of a summary of the literature on the fate and effects of drilling-mud discharges, a history of the permits that have bee...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
discourses of inexhaustibility and geopolitics of fisheries; natural and cultural histories of Atlantic herring