Alishir Kurban

Alishir Kurban
Chinese Academy of Sciences | CAS · Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography

PhD

About

100
Publications
23,472
Reads
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1,493
Citations
Citations since 2016
73 Research Items
1249 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
July 1989 - present
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Drip irrigation underneath plastic film mulch was extensively applied to mitigate water scarcity in oasis agroecosystems over arid northwest China. However, the local climate effects induced by the agricultural practice were still not appraised clearly, especially from the perspective of the Mountain-Oasis-Desert System (MODS), a basic landscape co...
Article
Biodiversity in arid-lands is very sensitive to some forms of perturbation and very slow to recover. • Arid-lands are vulnerable to agriculture such as grazing of cattle and irrigation, which need certification standards to ensure best practice and reduce impact. • Combined efforts of researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and local communities...
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The strategic goals of the United Nations and the Aichi Targets for biodiversity conservation have not been met. Instead, biodiversity has continued to rapidly decrease, especially in developing countries. Setting a new global biodiversity framework requires clarifying future priorities and strategies to bridge challenges and provide representative...
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The Aral Sea once covered 68 × 103 km², but lost 90% of its area during the last decades due to unreasonable water resources utilization. Fortunately, some measures to save the Aral Sea have been proposed. Regional climate model ALARO-SURFEX was applied in dynamic downscaling simulations to quantify the climatic effects generated by increasing gree...
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With the rapid accumulation of water flux observations from global eddy-covariance flux sites, many studies have used data-driven approaches to model water fluxes, with various predictors and machine learning algorithms used. However, it is unclear how various model features affect prediction accuracy. To fill this gap, we evaluated this issue base...
Preprint
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Using statistical methods that do not emphasize the systematic causality to attribute climate and plant traits to control ecosystem function may produce biased perceptions. We revisit this issue using a Bayesian network (BN) capable of quantifying causality. Based on expert knowledge and climate, vegetation, and ecosystem function data from the FLU...
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Net ecosystem exchange (NEE) is an important indicator of carbon cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Many previous studies have combined flux observations and meteorological, biophysical, and ancillary predictors using machine learning to simulate the site-scale NEE. However, systematic evaluation of the performance of such models is limited. Theref...
Article
The research in this paper focusses on examining the link between the karez and their location in the physical landscape. The landscape can be divided into specific classes dependent on their natural characteristics, such as slope, drainage, and soil properties. These classes are compared to the known karez locations, settlement, and vegetation thr...
Article
Having a comprehensive knowledge about commuters’ access to transportation lifelines can empower the urban planners, who are responsible for the development of infrastructure and the facilities that support approaching sustainable development. It is also beneficial for commuters to find the optimum place of residence. Access analysis is always invo...
Article
Awareness of spatio-temporal patterns in the fruit industry is important for planning planting structures and improving yield. Xinjiang is famous for its fruit because of their unique natural features. However, overall quality and yields lag behind international and national levels owing to technological and economic limitations. Using seven perenn...
Article
The effects of the guaranteed and purchasing price policy on agronomic crop cultivation patterns were investigated under three scenarios in the Qazvin plain of Iran. In all scenarios, the surface under cultivation of water-saving products, especially wheat, decreased and on the contrary, the surface under cultivation of water-taking products, such...
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Nowadays crop mapping as an interdisciplinary hot topic attracted both agriculture and remote sensing researchers' interests. This study proposed an automatic method to map citrus orchards in Juybar, Iran, where planting citrus trees is booming there. In this regard, 148 Sentinel-1, Sentinel-2, and ALOS Digital Surface Model (DSM) tiles are process...
Preprint
Full-text available
With the rapid accumulation of water flux observations from global eddy-covariance flux sites, many studies have used data-driven approaches to model site-scale water fluxes with various predictors and machine learning algorithms used. However, systematic evaluation of such models is still limited. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of 32 such...
Article
Full-text available
Net ecosystem exchange (NEE) is an important indicator of carbon cycling in terrestrial ecosystems. Many previous studies have combined flux observations, meteorological, biophysical, and ancillary predictors using machine learning to simulate the site-scale NEE. However, systematic evaluation of the performance of such models is limited. Therefore...
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Full-text available
An appraisal of training requirements responds to the issue of why training is needed and gives some assurance that the services needed to establish and conduct training can achieve the required outcomes based on performance. Therefore, the goal of this study was to examine the educational needs of female rice farmers in Sari (the capital of Mazand...
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The leaf area index (LAI), a valuable variable for assessing vine vigor, reflects nutrient concentrations in vineyards and assists in precise management, including fertilization, improving yield, quality, and vineyard uniformity. Although some vegetation indices (VIs) have been successfully used to assess LAI variations, they are unsuitable for vin...
Article
China is the largest coal consumer in the world. The massive exploitation and utilization of coal resources have resulted in serious problems of heavy metal pollution and environmental contamination, such as soil degradation, water pollution, crop damage, and even threatening human lives. Therefore, monitoring soil heavy metal pollution quickly and...
Article
Lakes play an important role in regulating the regional climate, especially the large one in the arid region. The Aral Sea located in Central Asia, was once the fourth largest lake in the world, but gradually shrunk and lost more than 80% of its surface. As the Ara Sea dries up in last 60 years, the role of Aral Sea in regulating the regional clima...
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Understanding the impacts of environmental factors on spatial–temporal and large-scale rodent distribution is important for rodent damage prevention. Investigating rat hole density (RHD) is one of the most effective methods to obtain the intensity of rodent damage. However, most of the previous field surveys or UAV-based remote sensing methods can...
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The present research aimed to identify and analyze the factors influencing water conservation behaviors (WCBs) and determine the most important ones. The research adopted a causal-relational method with a questionnaire compiled for data collection. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire based on the calculation of Cronbach's alpha for di...
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Even with significant breakthroughs in the production and delivery of meteorological information, most farmers are not able to utilize such information properly and pertinently. Up to the present time, a standardized scale has not been developed to examine farmers’ sustainability barriers to meteorological information use (BMIU). Furthermore, there...
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Indigenous knowledge about climate change that makes adaptability necessary by coping strategies leads to the sustainability of nomadic livelihoods. This paper proposed a new adaptability approach, an association coping strategy (ACS), which is established based on the association rulesʼ recommendations. The adaptability was empirically analyzed us...
Article
Ecosystem services (ESs) provided by the major basins of Central Asia are critical to human well-being and have attracted the attention of the international community. The identification of conservation priorities is of great significance for the maintenance and protection of key ESs. In this study, we quantified the spatiotemporal changes of net p...
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Global climate change and human activities are expected to have far-reaching implications for the associations between ecosystem services (ESs), especially in arid regions. Here, Central Asia (CA) was taken as a case study to describe the complex relationship among key ESs under the combined effects of future climate change and socioeconomic develo...
Article
Despite the growing interest among researchers, satellite-based prediction of soil salinity remains highly uncertain. The improvements in prediction accuracy reported in previous studies are usually limited to a single area. We performed a meta-analysis of regional satellite-based soil salinity predictions combined with in situ soil sampling and...
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Understanding the influence of land use/land cover (LULC) on water quality is pertinent to sustainable water management. This study aimed at assessing the spatio-seasonal variation of water quality in relation to land use types in Lake Muhazi, Rwanda. The National Sanitation Foundation Water Quality Index (NSF-WQI) was used to evaluate the anthropo...
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The aim of the present research was to analyze the farmers' intention towards participation in the management and conservation of wetlands through the lens of the extended theory of planned behavior (TPB). To do this, a cross-sectional survey of Iranian farmers was carried out. To select the samples, a multi-stage random sampling process with a pro...
Article
Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is seeking to overcome the food security problem and develop rural livelihoods while minimizing negative impacts on the environment. However, when such synergies exist, the situation of small-scale farmers is often overlooked, and they are unable to implement new practices and technologies. Therefore, the main aim of...
Article
The application of Land surface models (LSMs) at regional scales still faces challenges and large uncertainties exist in simulating regional energy fluxes and land surface temperature (LST). This is possibly caused by their poor representations of surface parameter properties (e.g., fractional vegetation coverage (FVC) and surface roughness length...
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Water users in the Amudarya River Basin in Uzbekistan are suffering severe water use competition and uneven water allocation, which seriously threatens ecosystems, as shown, for example, in the well-known Aral Sea catastrophe. This study explores the optimized water allocation schemes in the study area at the provincial level under different incomi...
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Climate change is a serious concern for the agricultural sector given that this sector is highly dependent on climate conditions. Moreover, farmersʼ adaptation process under changing climate can be explained by the psychological factors and the incorporation of socio-environmental background. Therefore, the current study aimed at socio-cognitive pe...
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Citation: Guo, Z.; Kurban, A.; Ablekim, A.; Wu, S.; Van de Voorde, T.; Azadi, H.; Maeyer, P.D.; Dufatanye Umwall, E. Estimation of Photosynthetic and Non-Photosynthetic Vegetation Coverage in the Lower Reaches of Tarim River Based on Sentinel-2A Data.
Article
Given the importance of measuring QOL and the need for sound and efficient planning to improve and enhance the well-being of citizens, the objective of this study was to investigate QOL in rural areas of Tehran province, Iran. To this end, the relevant literature and secondary sources were used to develop a questionnaire whose validity was determin...
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The accelerated global warming and heterogeneous change in precipitation have been resulting in climate system shifts, which plays a key role in the stability of ecosystem and social economic development. Central Asia is account 80% of the temperate desert, characterized by fragile ecosystem; however, it has experienced the fastest warming in recen...
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Hydrological modeling has always been a challenge in the data-scarce watershed, especially in the areas with complex terrain conditions like the inland river basin in Central Asia. Taking Bosten Lake Basin in Northwest China as an example, the accuracy and the hydrological applicability of satellite-based precipitation datasets were evaluated. The...
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As two competitive pathways of surface energy partitioning, latent (LE) and sensible (H) heat fluxes are expected to be strongly influenced by climate change and wide spread of global greening in recent several decades. Quantifying the surface energy fluxes (i.e., LE and H) variations and controlling factors is still a challenge because of the disc...
Article
The snowpack evolution has a significant impact on the water cycle and energy exchange at the watershed and regional scales, especially in the mountainous area with complex topography and land surface properties. An accurate description of the vegetation parameters for the regional climate model (RCM) coupled with the land surface model (LSM) is ne...
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In this article, we will present an overview of possible research methods to handle historical sources, in the specific case of karez landscapes. A karez system is an underground water collection system, prevalent in the Turpan basin of China. Sources and the associated methodology have become more important today, because of contemporary issues su...
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Terrestrial vegetation plays a crucial role in governing the land surface energy budget, which in turn drives the climate of the Earth. The climatic feedbacks of vegetation changes are different across vegetation greenness gradients and climatological conditions, which has not been studied clearly. In this study, we used remote sensing and re‐analy...
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The quality of drinking water source remains as a major concern in areas of developing and underdeveloped countries worldwide. The treatment and supply of drinking water in Rwanda are carried out by Water and Sanitation Corporation, a state-owned public company. However, it is not able to supply water to all households. Consequently, the non-servic...
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The atmospheric infrared sounder (AIRS) provides a robust and accurate data source to investigate the variability of mid-tropospheric CO 2 globally. In this paper, we use the AIRS CO 2 product and other auxiliary data to survey the spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of mid-tropospheric CO 2 and the controlling factors using linear regressi...
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Rapid cropland reclamation is underway in Cold China in response to increases in food demand, while the lack analyses of time series cropping pattern mappings limits our understanding of the acute transformation process of cropland structure and associated environmental effects. The Cold China contains different agricultural systems (state and priv...
Article
In Central Asia, desertification risk is one of the main environmental and socioeconomic issues; thus, monitoring land sensitivity to desertification is an extremely urgent issue. In this study, the combination of convergence patterns and desertification risk is advanced from a technical perspective. Furthermore, the environmentally sensitive area...
Article
Drastic rice paddy expansion and rapid upland crop loss have occurred over high latitudes in China, which would affect national food security. Different agro-ecosystems (i.e., state farms guided by the central government for agriculture and private farms guided by individual farmers for agriculture) could lead to different agricultural land use pat...
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Urbanization is among the factors which lead Land Cover Change, not only in the city as such but also in satellite cities. In this study, authors applied Landsat TM data to detect Land Cover Land Use Changes of Runda, a satellite city located in the southern province close to Kigali city, the capital city of Rwanda. The study used dataset ranges fr...
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Flooding, one of the most serious natural disasters, poses a significant threat to people’s lives and property. At present, the forecasting method uses simple snowmelt accumulation and has certain regional restrictions that limit the accuracy and timeliness of flood simulation and prediction. In this paper, the influence of accumulated temperature...
Article
Environmental flow, one of the main restoration measures for regulated rivers, aims to restore and sustain degraded riparian ecosystems and the human wellbeing that depends on these ecosystems with a reasonable magnitude, frequency, duration and timing of water flow. However, efficacies of environmental flows are often restrained by other demands a...
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The model used statistical analysis for eight causal factors (slope, curvature, elevation, TWI, NDVI, NDSI, land cover, precipitation) of landslide occurrence. All factors were weighted to apply two-dimensional statistical method of a knowledge-based analytic hierarchical process with data extracted from the spatial database and then converted into...
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The fragile ecosystem, scarce water resources, and limited ecosystem resilience of Xinjiang, China make the region especially vulnerable to climate change. Researchers need reliable analyses of climate change trends to formulate regional mitigation and adaption strategies and to support sustainable development. Therefore, two statistical downscalin...
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The article presents the results of studies on the use of Sentinel-2 satellite data and the application of SNAP and ArcGIS software for the classification and mapping of forest cover of the Naryn riverfloodplain. Available inventory maps of the Kyrgyz Forestry Administration are outdated and do not meet current requirements and need to be updated w...