Alireza Zamani

Alireza Zamani
University of Turku | UTU · Biodiversity Unit / Zoological Museum

B.Sc., M.Sc.
Systematics of spiders of the Middle East and Central Asia

About

126
Publications
60,511
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Introduction
I am an arachnologist and taxonomist with a particular interest in zoogeography and systematics of spiders of the Middle East and Central Asia.
Additional affiliations
June 2014 - September 2014
Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection
Position
  • Curator
Education
January 2019 - December 2021
University of Turku
Field of study
  • Arachnology
September 2016 - September 2018
University of Tehran
Field of study
  • Animal Biosystematics
September 2012 - June 2016
University of Tehran
Field of study
  • Animal Biology

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
The whip spider genus Phrynichus (Phrynichidae, Amblypygi) is widely distributed in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and Asia with a total of 17 species. No records, however, are known from several countries in the Middle East. Here we provide the first record of a whip spider from Iran (Ilam Province), with the description and illustration of a new s...
Article
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Recently, Meierotto et al. (2019) proposed a ‘revolutionary’ protocol for the description of understudied hyperdiverse taxa. The premise of their study was to champion exclusively DNA-barcode-based species descriptions (=diagnoses), which would dramatically increase the rate of description and provide a ‘human-readable record in the literature’ (un...
Article
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Species of the spider family Zodariidae occurring in Iran and Turkmenistan are reviewed. Seventeen species of three subfamilies are described as new to science: Lachesana kavirensis sp. nov. (♂, Qom; northern Iran), L. perseus sp. nov. (♂, Alborz; northern Iran) (Lachesaninae), Pax ellipita sp. nov. (♂♀, Kermanshah and Lorestan; western Iran), P. l...
Article
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One new genus, Zagrotes gen. nov., and 19 new species of ground spiders (Gnaphosidae) are described from Iran: Berinda bifurcata sp. nov. (♂, Bushehr, Khuzestan; southwestern and southern Iran), Berinda hoerwegi sp. nov. (♂♀, Fars, Ilam, Kermanshah, Kurdistan; western and southcentral Iran), Berlandina artaxerxes sp. nov. (♂ Yazd; central Iran), Cr...
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Earth’s biodiversity is still so poorly known that only about two million (Bánki et al., 2021) of the estimated nine million or more eukaryotic species (Larsen et al., 2017; Mora et al., 2011) have been described. This puts taxonomists in a race against time to discover biodiversity before it is lost as a result of the Anthropocene mass extinction....
Article
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Plator soastus sp. nov. of the spider family Trochanteriidae Karsch, 1879 is described and illustrated on the basis of female specimens collected in the Swat Valley, representing the first record of the genus in Pakistan and its (north) westernmost record for the whole known range. Material of both sexes of P. pandeae Tikader, 1969 from northern In...
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The new zodariid genus Spinozodium gen. nov. is described, comprising two species from Tajikistan: the type species S. denisi (Spassky, 1938) comb. nov. (ex. Zodarion Walckenaer, 1826) and the new species S. khatlonicum sp. nov.; the female of the type species, displaying highly reduced receptacles, is described for the first time. Both species are...
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The results of an investigation on a small collection of spiders from Najaf Province in southern Iraq are reported. Four species are described: Hersiliola babylonica sp. n. (♂♀; Hersiliidae), Liocranoeca deserticola sp. n. (♂; Liocranidae), Talanites sumericus sp. n. (♀; Gnaphosidae) and Zelotes jakesi sp. n. (♀; Gnaphosidae). Two families (Liocran...
Article
New taxonomic considerations in the zodariid spider genus Zodariellum Andreeva & Tyshchenko, 1968 are proposed. On the basis of male specimens collected in Turkmenistan, Z. turanicum sp. n. and Z. turkmenicum sp. n. are described as new to science. Six species, namely Z. hunanense (Yin, 2012) comb. n., Z. planum (Zhang & Zhang, 2019) comb. n., Z. s...
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In the internet era, the digital architecture that keeps us connected and informed may also amplify the spread of misinformation. This problem is gaining global attention, as evidence accumulates that misinformation may interfere with democratic processes and undermine collective responses to environmental and health crises. In an increasingly poll...
Article
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New faunistic data are provided on the ground spiders (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) of Iraq. Three genera (Haplodrassus Chamberlin, 1922; Minosiella Dalmas, 1921; Odontodrassus Jézéquel, 1965) and six species (Haplodrassus dalmatensis (L. Koch, 1866); Minosiella intermedia Denis, 1958; Odontodrassus aravaensis Levy, 1999; Odontodrassus mundulus (O. Pickar...
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New faunistic and taxonomic data are provided for 27 families of Iranian spiders. Two lycosid species, Lycosa elymaisa sp. nov. (♂; Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad, southwestern Iran) and Pardosa zagrosica sp. nov. (♂♀; Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari and Hamedan, southwestern to northwestern Iran) are described as new to science, three genera (Amaurobius C. L. K...
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New cases of abnormalities in the development of the copulatory organs in several species of wolf spiders are described: three specimens with side by side duplicated epigynes, one gynandromorph, four intersexes, and one with pathologically asymmetric epigyne. The potential causes of such disorders are discussed.
Article
New taxonomic considerations on several species of the zodariid spider subfamily Zodariinae Thorell, 1881 occurring in Azerbaijan, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan are presented. Three species, Trygetus cyrus sp. n. (♀; Fars, south-central Iran), T. nakhchivanicus sp. n. (♂; Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan) and Zodarion sharurensis sp. n. (♂♀; Nakhchivan, Aze...
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New faunistic and taxonomic data are provided for 15 families of Iranian spiders. Two lycosid species, Alopecosa murphyorum sp. n. (♂, Semnan Province) and Alopecosa robertsi sp. n. (♂, Zanjan Province), are described as new to science. Nine species are recorded from Iran for the first time, and 182 new provincial records are provided for 53 specie...
Article
Roughly 18,000 species are described annually as new to science, while estimated extinction rates are comparable to or even exceeding these new discoveries. Considering the estimates of up to 15 million extant eukaryotic species on Earth, of which only about 2 million have been described so far, there has been a recent 'boom' of new potential appro...
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Mass media plays an important role in the construction and circulation of risk perception associated with animals. Widely feared groups such as spiders frequently end up in the spotlight of traditional and social media. We compiled an expert-curated global database on the online newspaper coverage of human-spider encounters over the past ten years...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the Internet era, the digital architecture that keeps us connected and informed may collaterally amplify the spread of misinformation and falsehood1,2. The magnitude of this problem is gaining global relevance3, as evidence accumulates that misinformation interferes with democratic processes and undermines collective responses to environmental a...
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Taxonomic monographs synthesize biodiversity knowledge and document biodiversity change through recent and geological time for a particular organismal group, sometimes also incorporating cultural and place-based knowledge. They are a vehicle through which broader questions about ecological and evolutionary patterns and processes can be generated an...
Article
New taxonomic considerations in the spitting spider family Scytodidae Blackwall, 1864 are proposed. Here, the family is considered to include two subfamilies: Scytodinae Blackwall, 1864, comprising the genera Scytodes Latreille, 1804 and Dictis L. Koch, 1872, and Scyloxinae subfam. n., comprising the genera Scyloxes Dunin, 1992 and Stedocys Ono, 19...
Article
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Three new species of spiders are described from different provinces in Iran: Shaitan angramainyu sp. n. (Gnaphosidae) related to Sh. elchini Kovblyuk, Kastrygina et Marusik, 2013 known from Azerbaijan to Kazakhstan, Piratula raika sp. n. (Lycosidae) related to P. logunovi Omelko, Marusik et Koponen, 2011 known from Eastern Siberia, and Orthobula mi...
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Two new species of Liocranidae, Agroeca angirasu sp.n. (♂, Iran) and Mesiotelus caucasicus sp.n. (♂♀, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran) are described and illustrated based on material collected in the Caucasus and Hyrcanian region in northern Iran. The distribution records of both species are mapped.
Article
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A new species of agelenid spiders, Draconarius nathiagalicus sp. nov., is described and illustrated on the basis of two male specimens collected in Nathia Gali, northeastern Pakistan. This is the fourth species of the genus reported from this country, all belonging to the venustus species-group.
Article
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New faunistic and taxonomic data are provided for 19 families of Iranian spiders. Stemonyphantes arta Esyunin et Zamani, sp. nov. (Linyphiidae) is described from a male and a female collected in the Zanjan Province. Five genera of the family Theridiidae (Pholcomma, Phoroncidia, Phycosoma, Rhomphaea and Rugathodes) and 21 species are recorded from I...
Article
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One new genus (Sestakovaia gen. nov.; Liocranidae) and 10 new species of five families of spiders are described from different provinces of Iran: Brigittea avicenna sp. nov. (♂♀, Alborz and Kurdistan provinces) (Dictynidae), Micaria atropatene sp. nov. (♂, East Azerbaijan Province), Zagrotes borna sp. nov. (♂, Hormozgan Province), Z. parla sp. nov....
Article
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Two new species of theridiid spiders are described from northern Iran: Episinus mikhailovi sp. n. (♂♀, Gilan and Mazandaran provinces) and Theridion arsia sp. n. (♀, Qazvin Province); the latter has a unique type of thread-like mating plug previously undocumented in the family. Furthermore, Enoplognatha submargarita Yaginuma & Zhu, 1992, stat. reva...
Presentation
Although the morphology, biology, and behavior of spiders have been used frequently as metaphors by Iranian (Persian) poets throughout the history and the first published observation of these arachnids in this country dates back to 1656, the scientific documentation of the species composition of this group in this vast and zoogeographicaly interest...
Article
This paper deals with some new material of Iranian harvestmen accumulated during and after 2017. These recent collections yielded 11 species from six families, including five species that had previously been known from Iran, and two families and six species which are established as being new for the fauna of the country. The latter include two newl...
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The pharmacological utility of various biochemical compounds in scorpion venom offers promise in several research fields but its potential economic value has placed pressure on scorpion populations already threatened by habitat destruction and over harvesting for the international trade in exotic pets. Since at least 2016, several countries in Afri...
Article
The taxonomic status of the medically important spider genus Loxosceles Heineken et Lowe, 1832 (Sicariidae) in Iran, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan is revised. Two species are described as new to science: Loxosceles coheni sp. n. (♂♀, southwestern Iran) and Loxosceles turanensis sp. n. (♂♀, southern Turkmenistan and eastern Iran). Additionally, Loxo...
Article
A new genus (Ecurobius gen. n.) and six new species of spiders are described from Iran: Aituaria iranica sp. n. (♂, Nesticidae; Mazandaran Province), Deltshevia taftanensis sp. n. (♀, Hersiliidae; Sistan & Baluchistan Province), Ecurobius parthicus sp. n. (♀, Amaurobiidae; Semnan Province), Euryopis schwendingeri sp. n. (♀, Theridiidae; Ilam Provin...
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Three new species of spiders are described from southern Iran: Filistata balouchi sp. n. (♂, Filistatidae; Sistan & Baluchistan Province), Levymanus dezfulensis sp. n. (♀, Palpimanidae; Khuzestan Province) and Scytodes kumonga sp. n. (♀, Scytodidae; Hormozgan Province). This is the first record of the genus Levymanus in Iran, and the easternmost re...
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The taxonomic and faunistic status of the spider family Oecobiidae in Iran, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan is revised. A new species, namely Uroctea gambronica sp. nov. (♂) is described from southern Iran, and the male of U. grossa Roewer, 1960 is described and illustrated for the first time. Additionally, new faunistic data are provided, including t...
Article
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New faunistic and taxonomic data are provided for 24 families of Iranian spiders. As a result, six genera (Callilepis, Leptopilos, Parasyrisca (Gnaphosidae), Mastigusa (Hahniidae), Stemonyphantes, and Styloctetor (Linyphiidae)) and 43 species are recorded from Iran for the first time; three species (Hahnia rossii Brignoli, 1977, Haplodrassus rhodan...
Article
The status of the poorly known spider genus Eutittha Thorell, 1878 which has been overlooked for more than 60 years is investigated. Examination of the type material of Eutittha insulana Thorell, 1878 (type species of the genus, currently classified in Cheiracanthium, with new designation of lecto- and paralectotype) revealed the misidentification...
Article
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Araniella Chamberlin et Ivie, 1942 from India is surveyed. As a result, two new species, A. levii sp.n. and A. maasdorpi sp.n., are described on the basis of male specimens from high altitudes of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, northern India, and a new combination is established for Araniella nympha (Simon, 1889), comb.n. (ex. Araneus). Comments...
Article
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A large burrowing wolf spider, Lycosa macrophthalma sp. nov., is described from the holotype female from central Iran. The new species can be easily distinguished from all congeners by the presence of anterior epigynal hoods and a protrusion between their edges and the septum. Lycosa macrophthalma sp. nov., L. aragogi Nadolny et Zamani, 2017, L. pi...
Article
New taxonomic data are provided on the ladybird spider genus Eresus Walckenaer, 1805 in Turkey and Iran. Eresus adaleari Zamani & Szűts, sp. n. is described as a new species, on the basis of a single male specimen collected in Semnan Province, northeastern Iran, and Eresus lavrosiae Mcheidze, 1997, previously known solely from the original descript...
Article
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A new species, Loureedia phoenixi sp.n., is described and illustrated on the basis of two male specimens from Alborz Province of Iran and its distribution is mapped based on the type locality and photographic records. These records represent the easternmost distribution limit of the genus.
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The previously unknown female of the jumping spider Heliophanus xerxesi Logunov, 2009 from Iran is described, diagnosed and illustrated. A map showing all the collecting localities of this species is provided.
Article
The spider family Phrurolithidae is revised in Azerbaijan, Iran and Tajikistan. The new genus Bosselaerius gen. n. is described to encompass three species: B. hyrcanicus sp. n. (type species, ♂ ♀, Azerbaijan, Iran), B. tajikistanicus sp. n. (♀, Tajikistan) and B. daoxianensis (Yin, Peng, Gong & Kim, 1997) comb. n. (♂, China). Furthermore, a new spe...
Article
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Agelenini occurring in Iran and Tajikistan are reviewed. As a result, four new genera are established: Persiscape gen. n., to include P. caspica sp. n. (♂♀, Mazandaran, northern Iran), P. ecbatana sp. n. (♂♀, Hamedan, western Iran), P. nassirkhanii sp. n. (♂, Lorestan, southwestern Iran), P. zagrosensis sp. n. (♂, Ilam, western Iran), P. caucasica...
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On the basis of recently collected specimens in various regions of Iran, new data on jumping spiders (Salticidae) of this country are provided. One species, Salticus lucasi sp. nov. (♂, Isfahan Province, central Iran) is described as new to science, and three species (Chalcoscirtus platnicki Marusik, 1995, Mogrus larisae Logunov, 1995 and Phlegra y...
Article
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Spider material collected from Oman and Iran revealed a new species of the genus Ischnocolus Ausserer, 1871, which is described as I. vanandelae sp. n. New records of I. jickelii L. Koch, 1875 from Saudi Arabia, Yemen and United Arab Emirates show a larger distribution of this species than previously known. The natural history of I. vanandelae sp....
Article
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New taxonomic data for species belonging to Araniella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 and Neoscona Simon, 1864 occurring in the Caucasus, Middle East and Central Asia are provided. Three species are described as new to science: A. mithra sp. nov. (♂♀, northwestern, central and southwestern Iran), A. villanii sp. nov. (♂♀, southwestern Iran, eastern Kazakhs...
Article
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During a survey of the gnaphosid spider fauna of Iran, two interesting species of Drassodes Westring 1851 were collected. Drassodes marusiki sp. n. (♂♀, Isfahan Province, central Iran) is described as new to science, and its relationship with the closely related D. bifidus Kovblyuk & Seyyar 2009 (Turkey) is discussed, and Drassodes robatus Roewer 1...
Article
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An overview of the Arachnida and their study in Iran is provided. Besides ancient poetry, relics (going back to 5,000 YBP), and early medical observations (at least 2,000 YBP), the first published taxonomical observations of arachnids from Iran were in 1807 about scorpions. The superorders Parasitiformes and Acariformes (mites and ticks) have recei...
Article
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Twenty-nine locations in Kohgiluyeh & Boyer-Ahmad Province in southwestern Iran were sampled for spiders (Araneae) in 2016-17 using different sampling methods (hand collection, pitfall traps, and aspirators). A total of 196 identifiable specimens were collected which represented 49 species belonging to 38 genera and 15 families. Six species, namely...
Article
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The surprising discovery of a new species of grass huntsman spider, Pseudomicrommata mokranica sp. nov. (♂♀), belonging to “the African clade”, is reported and described from south-eastern Iran, more than 4000 km away from the nearest recorded locality of the genus in Kenya. Similar vicariant occurrences of other sparassid taxa in Africa and Asia a...
Article
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A family (Zoropsidae), five genera (Archaeodictyna Caporiacco, 1928, Microneta Menge, 1869, Sintula Simon, 1884, Zilla C.L. Koch, 1836, Zoropsis Simon, 1878), and 26 spider species are recorded in Iran for the first time. New provincial records for 61 species are presented. Considering the new results, 746 spider species are known from Iran.
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Two Tegenariini genera occurring in Iran, Azerithonica Guseinov, Marusik et Koponen, 2005 and Tegenaria Latreille, 1804 are revised. As a result, the former genus and its type species, Azerithonica hyrcanica Guseinov, Marusik et Koponen, 2005 are recorded in Iran for the first time. A new species, A. sagartia sp.n. (♀, Mazandaran) is described from...
Article
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A complete check-list of the subtribe Aelurillina Simon, 1901 of Iran is provided. A new species of Aelurillus Simon, 1884 and two new species of Proszynskiana Logunov, 1996 are described: viz., A. westi sp.n. (♂, Isfahan Province, central Iran), P. izadii sp.n. (♂♀, Lut Desert, Kerman Province, south-eastern Iran) and P. logunovi sp.n. (♂♀, Kerman...
Article
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A female specimen of Poltys (Araneidae) is reported from southern Iran, representing the first record of the genus for the whole Middle East and its westernmost record in the entire Asian region. The specimen was identified as Poltys nagpurensis Tikader, 1982, previously known only from central and western India. Since the Iranian specimen differs i...
Article
The spider family Selenopidae is currently represented by two species in the Middle East: Selenops radiatus Latreille, 1819 and S. oculatus Pocock, 1898. We record the former species for the first time in Iran and Saudi Arabia. The latter, previously known only from the original description from Yemen, is re-described. Additionally, a new species,...
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The first inventory of the spider fauna of the Lut Desert, known as one of the hottest deserts in the world, is provided. Spiders collected during the Iranian Biological Expedition in November 2016 are reported. We identified 15 species belonging to 12 families, including the new species, Oecobius fahimii sp. n. (female, Oecobiidae), which is descr...
Article
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The pseudoscorpion genus Parolpium Beier, 1931 (Olpiidae) is reported from Iran for the first time, and a new species, Parolpium litoreum sp.n. is described on the basis of two females collected in the littoral zone of the Persian Gulf in southern Iran. In addition, illustrations, measurements, and some notes on its habitat occurrence are given.
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A new species, Duninia grodnitskyi sp.n., is described on the basis of the holotype female from Kurdistan Province of Iran. The generic assignment of the species is provisional, as it is likely to belong to an undescribed genus.
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Spiders of the gnaphosid genus Pterotricha Kulczyński, 1903 occurring in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are surveyed on the basis of a large collection deposited in the American Museum of Natural History. Within the examined material, six species were recognized, four of which are described as new to science: P. arabica sp. n. (♂♀), P. esyunini sp....
Thesis
Full-text available
In this study, the spider genus Pterotricha Kulczyński, 1903 (Gnaphosidae) in Iran has been surveyed. Until recently, three species of this genus have been known from this country: P. loeffleri (Roewer, 1955), P. lentiginosa (C. L. Koch, 1837) and P. pseudoparasyriaca Nuruyeva & Huseynov, 2016. As a result of this study, two species new to science,...