Aline Arlindo de Souza

Aline Arlindo de Souza
Georgetown University | GU · Department of Medicine

PhD

About

36
Publications
1,620
Reads
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179
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2017 - present
Georgetown University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2013 - present
Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Severe food restriction (FR), as observed in disorders like anorexia nervosa, has been associated to the reduction of estrogen levels, which in turn could lead to anxiety development. Estrogen receptors, mainly ERβ type, are commonly found in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) neurons, an important nucleus related to anxiety modulation and the primary...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many studies have shown malnutrition and inadequate caloric consumption have adverse acute effects on cardiovascular structure and function. Methods To determine the adverse long term cardiovascular effects, we studied cardiac morphology and function in female (F) and male (M) severe food restricted rats 3 months after refeeding (sFR-Re...
Article
Persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are at greater risk for poor prognosis, including renal pathology, when infected with Covid-19 virus. A newer class of medications for T2D is the gliflozin class, including Empagliflozin (EMPA), which inhibits the renal proximal tubule sodium glucose cotransporter, type 2 (SGLT2) resulting in glucosuria a...
Article
Introduction: Heart failure is the major cause of death characterized by changes in myocardial energetics, including a reduced level of creatine. In organs with high energy demand such as the heart, creatine is taken up by cardiomyocytes via creatine transporter with subsequent transformation into phosphocreatine, which controls by creatine kinase...
Article
Introduction: We have shown in female rats on a severe food restricted (sFR) diet that rapid body weight (BW) loss is associated with long term cardiovascular dysfunction months after BW has returned to normal levels due to refeeding. To further investigate the long term adverse cardiovascular effects of a sFR diet, we studied a model of BW cyclin...
Article
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: The SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus-2), which underlies the current COVID-19 pandemic, among other tissues, also targets the central nervous system (CNS). The goal of this study is to investigate mechanisms of neuroinflammation in Lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-treated mouse model and SARS-CoV-2-infected hamst...
Article
Severe caloric restriction (sCR) increases the risk for acute cardiovascular disease. Less understood are the long-term effects on cardiovascular disease risk after the sCR period has ended. We investigated the effects of sCR on heart structure and function months after refeeding (sCR-Refed). Female Fischer rats (3-months-old) were maintained on (C...
Article
Much excitement exists over the cardioprotective and life-extending effects of caloric restriction (CR). This review integrates population studies with experimental animal research to address the positive and negative impact of mild and severe CR on cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology, with a particular focus on the renin-angiotensin syst...
Article
Women who undergo oophorectomy prior to the age of natural menopause have a higher risk of neurological and psychological impairment. Treatment with the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) losartan for 10 weeks following ovariectomy of Long-Evans rats at 3 months of age reduced the ovariectomy-induced cognitive decrements. Following completion of th...
Article
Full-text available
Throughout the world, including the United States, men have worse outcomes from COVID-19 than women. SARS-CoV-2, the causative virus of the COVID-19 pandemic, uses angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2 (ACE2) to gain cellular entry. ACE2 is a member of the renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) and plays an important role in counteracting the harmful effects med...
Article
New findings: What is the central question of this study? Pregnancy requires marked renal sodium/potassium retention and cumulative plasma volume expansion, in the setting of reduced blood pressure. Research in male rodents has shown that activation of PAR2 can produce peripheral vasodilation, stimulate renal sodium chloride reabsorption, and inhi...
Article
Background Prior exposure to periods of severe food restriction (sFR) is associated with increased risk of developing hypertension and cardiovascular disease later in life. Methods and Results To investigate the mechanism of these long‐term adverse effects of sFR, 4‐month‐old female Fischer rats were divided in 2 groups and maintained on a normal...
Article
We showed ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) 2 is higher in the kidney of male compared with female mice. To further investigate this sex difference, we examined the role of ACE2 in Ang-[1-8] (angiotensin [1-8])-induced hypertension and regulation of the renin-angiotensin system in the kidney of WT (wild type) and Ace2 KO (knockout) mice. Mean art...
Article
Full-text available
New findings: What is the central question of this study? What are the effects of a two-week period of severe food restriction on vascular reactivity of resistant arteries and on cardiac structure and function? What is the main finding and its importance? This study shows for the first time that a two-week period of severe food restriction in adul...
Article
Full-text available
Women who have bilateral oophorectomies prior to the age of natural menopause are at increased risk of developing mild cognitive decline, dementia, anxiety, and depressive type disorders. Clinical and animal studies indicate angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) blockers (ARBs) have blood pressure (BP)-independent neuroprotective effects. To investiga...
Article
Full-text available
We previously showed that 2 weeks of a severe food restricted (sFR) diet (40% of the caloric intake of the control (CT) diet) up-regulated the circulating renin angiotensin (Ang) system (RAS) in female Fischer rats, most likely as a result of the fall in plasma volume. In this study, we investigated the role of the central RAS in the mean arterial...
Article
Many studies suggest renal T cell infiltration contributes to the pathogenesis of salt-sensitive hypertension. To further investigate this mechanism, we determined T cell profiles in the kidney and lymphoid tissues as a function of blood pressure in the female Envigo Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rat maintained on low-sodium (LS)-diet. Mean arterial pre...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: The goal of this study was to determine if there are any sex differences in the pathophysiological effects of sFR. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: Male Fischer rats (4-month-old) were maintained on a control (CT) (ad libitum regular chow; n=8) or sFR (60% reduction of daily food intake, n=8) diet for 2 weeks. On days 1, 2, 3 and...
Article
Full-text available
Inbred salt-sensitive (SS) rats developed by John Rapp and distributed by Harlan (SS/JrHsd) were shown to model ovariectomy-induced hypertension since on a low sodium (LS) diet, ovariectomized SS (SS-OVX) animals became hypertensive in contrast to their sham-operated (SS-SHAM) normotensive littermates. After Harlan merged with Envigo in 2015, incon...
Article
Full-text available
Severe food restriction (FR) is associated with blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular dysfunction. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) regulates BP and its dysregulation contributes to impaired cardiovascular function. Female Fischer rats were maintained on a control (CT) or severe FR (40% of CT) diet for 14 days. In response to severe FR, BP allos...
Article
Purpose of review: Renal ion transport undergoes dramatic changes during the course of gestation. These adaptations are necessary to meet the dynamic requirements of pregnancy and support fetal development. Pregnancy is characterized by a high demand for both sodium and potassium. Recently there has been work in the field profiling the modificatio...
Poster
Introduction: Several studies have shown that ovariectomy increases blood pressure and that 17beta-estradiol ( E 2 ) treatment can attenuate this effect; however, the majority of these studies were conducted in young animals in which E 2 replacement was initiated soon after ovariectomy. Since most women who experience ovarian hormone loss are middl...
Poster
Introduction: Several studies in Dahl salt-sensitive ( DS ) rats suggest that T cells play a role in salt-sensitive hypertension. To further investigate the role of T cells, we compared T cell profiles in hypertensive DS and normotensive Dahl salt-resistant ( DR ) rats as well as in DS rats treated with hydralazine ( HYD ) to attenuate the developm...
Article
Overweight and obesity are conditions associated with an overall range of clinical health consequences, and they could be involved with the development of neuropsychiatric diseases, such as generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and panic disorder (PD). A crucial brain nuclei involved on the physiological functions and behavioral responses, especially...
Article
The amygdala has been associated with a variety of functions linked to physiological, behavioural and endocrine responses during emotional situations. This brain region is comprised of multiple sub-nuclei. These sub-nuclei belong to the same structure, but may be involved in different functions, thereby making the study of each sub-nuclei important...
Article
Anorexia is associated with cardiovascular dysfunction including hypotension, bradycardia and cardiac arrhythmias. In a rat model of food restriction (FR)-induced hypotension and bradycardia, we previously demonstrated that the activity of endothelial α1 adrenergic receptors and brain type 1 angiotensin receptors (AT1R) were increased. The aim of t...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: We evaluated the effect of food restriction (FR) on the various reflexes involved in short term cardiovascular regulation; we also evaluated the contribution of the sympathetic nervous systemand of the plasmatic nitric oxide (NO) in the development of the counterregulatory cardiovascular changes triggered by FR. Main methods: Female rats w...
Article
Full-text available
There is ample evidence that both lateral/dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (l/dlPAG) and basolateral amygdala (BLA) are essential for the regulation of the autonomic responses evoked during innate reactions to threatening stimuli. However, it is not well established to what extent the BLA regulates the upstream functional connection from the l/dlPA...
Article
Rats fed a high fat diet (HFD) present an exaggerated endocrine response to stress conditions, which, like obesity, show a high correlation with cardiovascular diseases. Meanwhile the GABAergic neurotransmission within the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) is involved in the regulation of the physiological responses during emotional stress. Here we ev...
Article
Full-text available
Protein restriction (PR) is associated with cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects on single ventricular cardiomyocyte contractile function of a short-term PR after weaning. Male Fischer rats that were 28 days old were randomly divided into a control group (CG, n = 16) and a protein-restricted group (PRG,...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of captopril as a promoter in modulating the oxidant-antioxidant balance in rats with type 1 diabetes, and the influence of protein kinase C (PKC) pathways in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by bradykinin in type 1 diabetic rats. This study evaluated the redox sta...

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