Alie de Boer

Alie de Boer
Maastricht University | UM · Food Claims Centre Venlo, Campus Venlo

PhD

About

41
Publications
7,233
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451
Citations
Introduction
Alie de Boer is Assistant Professor in nutrition and food information at Maastricht University Campus Venlo. As founder of the Food Claims Centre Venlo, she studies how you can generate and use scientific information on safety, health and sustainability of foods.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
Maastricht University
Position
  • Professor
December 2015 - September 2017
Maastricht University
Position
  • Researcher
September 2013 - November 2015
Maastricht University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has been detrimental to food security globally. The Netherlands, despite its advanced stage of development, saw a surge in food insecurity among its most vulnerable citizens. Dutch food aid is managed by private charities and social organisations that often aim to address the problems of food insecurity and food waste by redis...
Article
Consumers are increasingly interested in the sustainability of food products, but so far, no specific European Union (EU) legislation has been developed to harmonise sustainability claims. We analyse which efforts already undertaken within the EU dealing with sustainability claims on products apply to sustainable food claims. We show that whilst su...
Article
Since it is observed that the consumption of herbal dietary supplements is increasing, we aimed to research whether front-of-pack risk and benefit information influences a consumer’s intention to use (ITU) a dietary supplement. A total of 268 subjects participated in an online questionnaire, in which they were exposed to one of four different label...
Article
The Dutch Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb receives an increasing number of reports on products that fall within the grey area of non-registered health-enhancing products, including supplements. Currently, there is no structural vigilance approach to handling these spontaneous reports of suspected adverse events. This explorative study identified whe...
Article
Background Methods and approaches that can be used in food and nutrition research are changing at a faster pace than ever. Whereas animal methods are mostly known for their use in food safety analysis (see Part I), they also play in important role in proof-of-concept and mechanistic studies of products, as well as studying potency, efficacy, and to...
Article
Background There is considerable interest among consumers in using 'natural', plant-based nutritional supplements for their purported health benefits. However, the data required to support health claims on these so-called botanicals is subject to an ongoing debate, especially in Europe. Remarkably, pharmaceutical regulations have a provision that s...
Chapter
The consumption of antioxidants from food products can aid in preventing oxidative damage in the human body. Oxidative damage is known to be contributing to the onset of various diseases including cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer. A significant body of evidence is available on the antioxidant potential of various well-known nutrie...
Article
Full-text available
The Common Fisheries Policy of the European Union was reformed in 2013 with the aim of improving the sustainability of the fishing sector. The Landing Obligation, a cornerstone of this reform, requires fishers to land their unwanted catch instead of discarding it at sea. Existing literature pays little attention to what becomes of this unwanted cat...
Article
Full-text available
Although governments have implemented regulations to inform consumers on important product properties and protect consumers from deceptive information, empirical research on how consumers perceive, interpret and experience food packages have shown frequently that consumers may be misled by how information is presented and packages are designed. Whi...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial food packages may contain multiple messages. Packaging designers try to integrate all messages into a coherent design. Designers may use text, images or stylistic features, but these mediums may differ in their suitability to communicate specific product benefits. To evaluate the usefulness and effectiveness of these three mediums, we no...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The number of reports on products that fall within the grey area of non-registered health-enhancing products, including supplements and herbal extracts, received by the Dutch pharmacovigilance centre Lareb is increasingly yearly. Currently, such spontaneous reports of suspected adverse events are dealt with on a case-by-case basis in var...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cultured meat – animal meat produced with the help of tissue engineering techniques – is proposed as a solution to the adverse effects of the meat producing industry and its environmental impact. Only limited research has briefly touched upon safety and regulatory aspects of cultured meat. Scientific evidence demonstrating that a food do...
Article
Full-text available
Suggestions that a food contains healthy ingredients or that it can provide beneficial effects upon consumption have been regulated in the EU since 2006. This paper describes the analysis of how this nutrition and health claim regulation has resulted in over 300 authorised claims and how the authorisation requirements and processes have affected th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: With the development and use of pesticide products increasing, information on the safe handling of pesticides becomes increasingly important. In this article, the denomination of lung toxicity on labelling is reviewed. Recent findings: The results highlight that whereas hazards, warning statements and instructions for safe use...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of a well-functioning and balanced immune system has become more apparent in recent decades. Various elements have however not yet been uncovered as shown, for example, in the uncertainty on immune system responses to COVID-19. Fungal beta-glucans are bioactive molecules with immunomodulating properties. Insights into the effects and...
Article
Full-text available
Food businesses in the European Union are preparing for a carbon-neutral future by gradually transitioning to a circular way of operating. Building upon results from the EU REFRESH project, we consider the most valuable food processing by-streams in Europe and discuss potential food safety risks that must be considered while valorizing them for hum...
Article
Full-text available
Private food safety standards have become an important governance mechanism in contemporary food supply chains. While much has been written about private standards from the perspectives of different academic fields, there has never been a dedicated literature review to examine their interaction with global food supply chains. In this systematic rev...
Article
Full-text available
Safety assessment of chemicals and products in the European Union (EU) is based on decades of practice using primarily animal toxicity studies to model hazardous effects in humans. Nevertheless, there has been a long-standing ethical concern about using experimental animals. In addition, animal models may fail to predict adverse effects in humans....
Article
Full-text available
Background Methods and approaches that can be used in toxicology and safety assessment are changing at a faster pace than ever. Members of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) Europe have formed an expert group to review possibilities, opportunities and challenges for the potential use of non-animal testing strategies in food safety and...
Article
Full-text available
Background The evaluation of botanical health claims was put on hold to determine whether traditional use evidence is sufficient to substantiate these health claims. To gain a deeper understanding of the discussion on the substantiation of botanical health claims, a critical review of the stakeholders’ arguments was conducted. Methods The relation...
Article
Full-text available
Personalised nutrition, the tailoring of nutrition products, services or advice to individual characteristics such as genetics, phenotype, nutritional intake and/or exercise routine, is increasingly attracting the interest of industry, consumers and researchers. This article provides an overview of the current European Union (EU) regulatory framewo...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: In recent years, it has become clear that low-grade chronic inflammation is involved in the onset and progression of many non-communicable diseases. Many studies have investigated the association between inflammation and lycopene, however, results have been inconsistent. This systematic review aims to determine the impact of c...
Article
Full-text available
The 90-day toxicity study is one of the studies used in the safety assessment of food ingredients, medicines or other chemical substances. This paper reviews the current role of the 90-day oral toxicity study in European regulatory dossiers of chemicals by reviewing EU legislation and EU and OECD guidance documents. Regulatory provisions with regar...
Article
Full-text available
Consumers of dietary supplements should be made aware of the benefits and risks of these products. This case study therefore aimed to identify the content of the risk-benefit information provided during the purchase of St. John's wort supplements and how consumers perceive this information. Fifteen participants visited a shop to purchase St. John's...
Article
Background Dairy alternatives are foods that are made from plant-based milk instead of their usual animal products, such as cheese and yoghurt. Over the past few years, consumers increasingly choose to go dairy-free, which leads to a growth in available dairy alternatives product on the market. Although it is easiest for consumers to identify these...
Article
European food laws increasingly use scientific evidence to protect consumers from hazards and to prevent the use of misleading information. In this article, the use of risk assessment in European food law is analysed and the implications of the recently adopted adjustments to the EU's General Food Law are reviewed. The risk analysis cycle that has...
Article
The efficacy of botanicals in medicines can be substantiated with evidence on traditional use, whereas in foodstuffs, this is often not possible. In Europe, for example, the evaluation and subsequent authorization of health claims on herbal dietary supplements (HDS) have been put on hold by the European Commission. This study aims to analyze the ro...
Article
Full-text available
The rejection of many putative health claims in Europe is assumed to have negatively affected functional food innovation. This study analysed the influence of Article 13.1 health claims review procedure on the perception of functional food innovation. The analysis of all scientific opinions related to antioxidants and a subsequent qualitative revi...
Article
Consumption of dietary supplements and specifically niche products such as supplements targeting pregnant women is increasing. The advantages of dietary supplementation during pregnancy with folic acid have been established, but health effects of many other supplements have not been confirmed. EU and US legislation on dietary supplements requires t...
Article
Full-text available
Background A legal framework cannot ensure that a food will never pose a risk to any consumer. Risk management procedures are put in place to control potential risks occurring from food consumption. In the EU, this is translated into premarket authorisation decisions to allow novel food products on the market, laid down in the Novel Food Regulation...
Article
Anti-inflammatory treatment in chronic inflammatory lung diseases usually involves glucocorticosteroids. With patients suffering from serious side effects or becoming resistant, specific nutrients, that are suggested to positively influence disease progression, can be considered as new treatment options. The dietary inflammatory index is used to ca...
Article
Defining and characterising the active ingredient is the first criterion in reviewing scientific substantiation of health claims by the European Food Safety Authority under the Nutrition and Health Claim Regulation. This study analyses three health claim dossiers where the active ingredient is directly connected to the food item containing the bioa...
Article
The nutrition and health claim regulation (NHCR) aims to protect consumers against false or incorrect nutrition and health claims by requesting scientific substantiation. It also aims to establish a level playing field in the internal market for all food producers. European regulations such as the NHCR require national authorities to enforce these...
Article
The increasing public interest in dietary health benefits led to the development of different legislative texts on nutrition and health claims worldwide. Following a review of legislation of 28 jurisdictions, three prominent differences were discerned, concerning (i) the labelling of different types of nutrition and health claims and their permissi...
Article
In 2007, the Nutrition and Health Claim Regulation (NHCR) entered into force, which required scientific substantiation of health claims. In the field of antioxidants, most proposed claims were negatively assessed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This study reviews the perception of the NHCR of 14 Dutch stakeholders to unravel the groun...
Article
This article analyses the consequences of the implementation of the nutrition and health claim regulation in the field of food products containing antioxidants or food products claiming antioxidant activity. To this end, it first examines the origin and creation of the regulation and the involvement of EFSA in assessing scientific substantiation of...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
PhD project Alie de Boer, studying effects and legislation of products on the interface of nutrition and medicine.
Project
http://www.inprofood.eu/ The EU-funded project INPROFOOD aimed to find new ways to establish dialogue and mutual learning among stakeholders meant to inform subsequent work and future initiatives towards Responsible Research and Innovation. More specifically, INPROFOOD aimed to: (1) increase understanding of the landscapes of food and health innovation research programming; (2) adapt, test and evaluate the application of different stakeholder engagement methods to the area of food and health innovation research programming, which included European Awareness Scenario Workshops, PlayDecide games and an Open Space conference; and (3) to develop an action plan to progress towards Responsible Research and Innovation in this domain.