Alida Bundy

Alida Bundy
Bedford Institute of Oceanography · Fisheries and Oceans Canada

PhD Resource Management UBC

About

124
Publications
45,406
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3,836
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - December 2011
January 1993 - November 1997
University of British Columbia - Vancouver

Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Full-text available
Fisheries have had major negative impacts on marine ecosystems, and effective fisheries management and governance are needed to achieve sustainable fisheries, biodiversity conservation goals and thus good ecosystem status. To date, the IndiS-eas programme (Indicators for the Seas) has focussed on assessing the ecological impacts of fishing at the e...
Article
Global change is occurring now, often with consequences far beyond those anticipated. Although there is a wide range of assessment approaches available to address specific aspects of global change, there is currently no framework to identify what governance responses have worked and where, what has facilitated change, and what preventative options...
Article
Full-text available
Trophic level (TL)-based indicators have been widely used to examine fishing impacts in aquatic ecosystems and the induced biodiversity changes. However, much debate has ensued regarding discrepancies and challenges arising from the use of landings data from commercial fisheries to calculate TL indicators. Subsequent studies have started to examine...
Article
Climate change is expected to cause profound changes in marine ecosystems that will vary in magnitude and effect among regions. We explore the potential effects of climate change on the western Scotian Shelf ecosystem in eastern Canada using an ecosystem model and two scenarios of climatic changes. The model includes the effects of temperature, pH,...
Article
Full-text available
Concern about the impact of fishing on ecosystems and fisheries production is increasing (1, 2). Strategies to reduce these impacts while addressing the growing need for food security (3) include increasing selectivity (1, 2): capturing species, sexes, and sizes in proportions that differ from their occurrence in the ecosystem. Increasing evidence...
Technical Report
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El objetivo principal del curso de capacitación transdisciplinar (TD) es involucrar actores, de todos los ámbitos y niveles, en una evaluación crítica de una variedad de temas, preocupaciones y desafíos relacionados con la pesca y la sostenibilidad de los océanos, especialmente los que afectan la pesca artesanal. El curso tiene como objetivo cuesti...
Technical Report
Full-text available
TBTI has been developing a training course on ‘Transdisciplinarity for Fisheries and Ocean Sustainability’, to help build capacity for the implementation of the SSF Guidelines, as well as for promoting viable and sustainable SSF more broadly. This handbook summaries some of the key elements covered in the course, which is now being offered both as...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document presents the coastal and offshore design strategies developed for the Scotian Shelf bioregional MPA network. Design strategies are detailed statements for each conservation priority and associated operational objective that specify the area or feature to be conserved and how much of that area or feature (i.e., the target) should be ca...
Article
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Although frequently suggested as a goal for ecosystem-based fisheries management, incorporating ecosystem information into fisheries stock assessments has proven challenging. The uncertainty of input data, coupled with the structural uncertainty of complex multi-species models, currently makes the use of absolute values from such models contentious...
Technical Report
Full-text available
DFO Maritimes Region is developing a holistic Ecosystem Based Management (EBM) Framework, that encompasses ecological, economic, social/cultural and governance objectives in support of DFO’s long-standing mandate to apply an ecosystem approach to fisheries and oceans management in Canada. This report provides a summary of a DFO Maritimes Region wor...
Article
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In recent decades, scientists and practitioners have increasingly focused on identifying and codifying the best ways to manage activities in marine systems, leading to the development and implementation of concepts such as the social-ecological systems approach, ecosystem-based management, integrated management, marine spatial planning, participato...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A DFO Maritimes Region workshop titled Developing a Consensus Ecosystem Based Management (EBM) Framework to assess the cumulative impacts of fishing was held on 17-19 December 2019. Participants included DFO Science, Oceans Management, Policy and Economics, and Fisheries Management Branches. The objectives of this workshop were to (1) Develop a ful...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Sixth Workshop on an Ecosystem Based Approach to Fishery Management for the Irish Sea (WKIRISH6), set out to operationalise the WKIrish regional benchmark process. WKIrish aimed to incorporate ecosystem information into the ICES single-species stock assessment process for the Irish Sea. Three independent ecosystems models have been in developme...
Article
Full-text available
Structured, systematic processes for decision-making can facilitate implementation of ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM). In U.S. fisheries management, existing Fishery Ecosystem Plans (FEPs) are primarily descriptive documents – not action-oriented planning processes. “Next-generation” FEPs extend existing FEPs by translating ecosystem pr...
Article
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Balanced harvest has been proposed to reduce fishing impact on ecosystems while simultaneously maintaining or even increasing fishery yield. The concept has attracted broad interest, but also received criticisms. In this paper, we examine the theory, modelling studies, empirical evidence, the legal and policy frameworks, and management implications...
Article
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Marine ecosystems are influenced by multiple stressors in both linear and non-linear ways. Using generalized additive models (GAMs) fitted to outputs from a multi-ecosystem, multi-model simulation experiment, we investigated 14 major ecological indicators across ten marine ecosystems about their responses to fishing pressure under: (i) three differ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The CoArc project (A Transatlantic Innovation Arena for Sustainable Development in the Arctic) is an initiative funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs bringing together scientists from Norway and Canada to explore innovative methods for marine management in the Arctic and sub-Arctic. The CoArc project aims to develop better management...
Article
Full-text available
Moving toward ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) necessitates a suite of ecological indicators that are responsive to fishing pressure, capable of tracking changes in the state of marine ecosystems, and related to management objectives. In this study, we employed the gradient forest method to assess the performance of 14 key ecological ind...
Article
Abstract Ecosystem indicators are key to understanding, assessing, and managing ecosystems and to implementing an Ecosystem Approach to Management. We present a guidance framework for the selection and evaluation of indicators for assessment of ecosystem status, trends monitoring and reporting and apply it to the Scotian Shelf Bioregion, Nova Scoti...
Article
Full-text available
U.S. fisheries management has made tremendous strides under the current management framework, which centers on single stocks rather than ecosystems. However, conventional management focuses on one fishing sector at a time, considers a narrow range of issues, and is separated into individual fishery management plans often leaving little opportunity...
Book
Marine social and ecological systems around the world face multiple natural and anthropogenic stressors associated with global change. The resulting changes can create hardship for local societies that depend on them for food, livelihoods and wellbeing. Knowing how to respond to global change in a timely and appropriate manner is increasingly occup...
Article
Full-text available
There is an increasing need to understand community-level or whole-ecosystem responses to multiple stressors since the impacts of multiple stressors on marine systems depend not only on species-level responses, but also on species interactions and ecosystem structure. In this study, we used a multi-model ecosystem simulation approach to explore the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ecosystem indicators have a pivotal role in understanding, assessing, and managing ecosystems and therefore in implementing an Ecosystem Approach to Management. They represent key attributes in ecosystems and are essential for ecosystem monitoring and assessment and are used to communicate findings to a wider audience. With the on-going development...
Article
Modern approaches to Ecosystem-Based Management and sustainable use of marine resources must account for the myriad of pressures (interspecies, human and environmental) affecting marine ecosystems. The network of feeding interactions between co-existing species and populations (food webs) are an important aspect of all marine ecosystems and biodive...
Article
Full-text available
Resource managers and policy makers have long recognized the importance of considering fisheries in the context of ecosystems; yet, movement towards widespread Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management (EBFM) has been slow. A conceptual reframing of fisheries management is occurring globally, which envisions fisheries as systems with interacting biophys...
Article
Between 2014 and 2016 an interdisciplinary team of researchers including physical oceanographers, biologists, economists, and anthropologists developed a working example of an Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) for three ecologically distinct regions of the Northwest Atlantic; Georges Bank, the Gulf of Maine, and the Grand Banks, as part of the...
Article
Full-text available
In many parts of the world, both wild and cultured populations of bivalves have been struck by mass mortality episodes because of climatic and anthropogenic stressors whose causes and consequences are not always clearly understood. Such outbreaks have resulted in a range of responses from the social (fishers or farmers) and governing systems. We an...
Article
Since the 1950s, invertebrate fisheries catches have rapidly expanded globally to more than 10 million tonnes annually, with twice as many target species, and are now significant contributors to global seafood provision, export, trade and local livelihoods. Invertebrates play important and diverse functional roles in marine ecosystems, yet the ecos...
Article
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In New Zealand and Nova Scotia, lobster (Jasus edwardsii and Homarus americanus, respectively) is the most valuable export fishery. Although stock assessments and indicators assist in evaluating lobster fisheries, ecosystem effects are largely unknown, hindering ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM). We employed ecosystem models for the Cook...
Technical Report
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The Government of Canada has committed to creating a national network of marine protected areas (MPAs) that will protect at least 10% of coastal and marine areas by 2020. The Scotian Shelf Bioregion is one of five bioregions in Canada currently developing an MPA network. An important design principle in the development of an MPA network is “ecologi...
Article
Trophic level (TL)-based indicators are commonly used to track the ecosystem effects of fishing as the selective removal of organisms from the food web may result in changes to the trophic structure of marine ecosystems. The use of a fixed TL per species in the calculation of TL-based indicators has been questioned, given that species’ TLs vary wit...
Article
The food habits of Melanogrammus aeglefinus were explored and contrasted across multiple north-eastern and north-western Atlantic Ocean ecosystems, using databases that span multiple decades. The results show that among all ecosystems, echinoderms are a consistent part of M. aeglefinus diet, but patterns emerge regarding where and when M. aeglefinu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of this report is to provide Science advice on the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) criteria (vii); that is, to identify areas of high biological diversity for the identification of Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas (EBSAs) in Canada’s Scotian Shelf marine bioregion (i.e., Scotian Shelf and Bay of Fundy). Biological...
Article
IndiSeas (“Indicators for the Seas”) is a collaborative international working group that was established in 2005 to evaluate the status of exploited marine ecosystems using a suite of indicators in a comparative framework. An initial shortlist of seven ecological indicators was selected to quantify the effects of fishing on the broader ecosystem us...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Lenfest Fishery Ecosystem Task Force, convened with support from the Lenfest Ocean Program, consists of 14 researchers pre-eminent in the sciences that support fisheries management. The purpose of the Task Force was to provide a blueprint for FEPs, with the goal of providing guidance to managers on implementing EBFM. The Task Force charge focus...
Article
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A global assessment of fishing patterns and fishing pressure from 110 different Ecopath models, representing marine ecosystems throughout the world and covering the period 1970–2007, show that human exploitation across trophic levels (TLs) is highly unbalanced and skewed towards low productive species at high TLs, which are around two TLs higher th...
Article
Full-text available
The Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research (IMBER) project aims at developing a comprehensive understanding of and accurate predictive capacity of ocean responses to accelerating global change and the consequent effects on the Earth system and human society. Understanding the changing ecology and biogeochemistry of marine ecosyste...
Article
Full-text available
A global assessment of fishing patterns and fishing pressure from 110 different Ecopath models, representing marine ecosystems throughout the world and covering the period 1970–2007, show that human exploitation across trophic levels (TLs) is highly unbalanced and skewed towards low productive species at high TLs, which are around two TLs higher th...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how external pressures impact ecosystem structure and functioning is essential for ecosystem based approaches to fisheries management. We quantified the relative effects of fisheries exploitation and environmental conditions on ecological indicators derived from two different data sources, fisheries catch data (catch-based) and fisher...
Conference Paper
In many parts of the world and particularly during the last decades, commercial (harvested or cultured) bivalves have been struck by mass mortality episodes due to climatic and/or anthropogenic stressors whose causes and consequences are not always clearly understood. Such outbreaks resulted in various responses from fishers or farmers. In the pres...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The concept of the Ecosystem Approach has entered the fishery harvesting discussions both from fishery perspectives (Reykjavik Declaration; FAO 2003 Annex to the Code of Conduct and from the principles of the Ecosystem Approach adopted by the CBD in 1995. Both perspectives establish the need to maintain ecosystem structure and functioning, whether...
Article
Fisheries provide critical provisioning services, especially given increasing human population. Understanding where marine communities are declining provides an indication of ecosystems of concern and highlights potential conflicts between seafood provisioning from wild fisheries and other ecosystem services. Here we use the nonparametric statistic...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how external pressures impact ecosystem structure and functioning is essential for ecosystem based approaches to fisheries management. We quantified the relative effects of fisheries exploitation and environmental conditions on ecological indicators derived from two different data sources, fisheries catch data (catch-based) and fisher...
Article
Full-text available
The report reviews the ecological role of forage fish globally and in Canada, and the policy directed at their management, with a focus on the consumption requirements of predators. The report is intended for policy makers, managers and biologists who are engaged in providing advice or making decisions concerning the management of forage species.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Inshore Scotian Shelf Ecosystem Overview Report (EOR) describes the geological, oceanographic and biological systems of the inshore region and their relationships at the habitat and ecosystem levels. Its objectives are to provide the ecological context for integrated management, a baseline for impact assessment and planning for sustainable use...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report reviews the ecological role of forage fish globally and in Canada, and the policy directed at their management, with a focus on the consumption requirements of predators. The report is intended for policy makers, managers and biologists who are engaged in providing advice or making decisions concerning the management of forage species.
Article
The international project Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research (IMBER) convenes an IMBIZO (a Zulu word meaning “a gathering”) biennially, with a format of three concurrent, interacting workshops designed to synthesize information on topical research areas in marine science. IMBIZO III, held at the National Institute of Oceanogra...
Article
Full-text available
The changes to Article 35 of the Fisheries Act include a new phrase that contains undefined terminology, i.e., “No person shall carry on any work, undertaking or activity [w/u/a] that results in serious harm to fish that are part of a commercial, recreational or Aboriginal fishery, or to fish that support such a fishery”. An ecological interpretati...