Alicia Barreiro

Alicia Barreiro
FLACSO-Argentina Universidad de Buenos Aires and CONICET



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Projects (4)
This research project is aimed to understand how social knowledge is developed from childhood to adulthood. Hence, it is necessary to establish a dialogue between developmental psychology and other disciplines, particularly social psychology. Specifically, this research project studies the construction of psychological knowledge, that is, individuals’ conceptions of social phenomenons by elucidating their relations with ontogenesis of social representations. Moreover, this project analyzes the concepts that organize the constructivist approach in developmental psychology.
Archived project
Examine content and functions of shared memories about the past relevant for social identity and current political attitudes. Analysis of processes of informal communication and creation of collective memories. Study the memory of past collective violence and how dealing with historical traumas. Collaboration with the project World History Survey ruled by J.H.Liu, with the CEVI (Life Changes and Identity) project ruled by S.Cavalli and Collective Memory of "Discovery" ruled by D. Jodelet. Co-edition of Collective memory of Political Events English and Spanish version with J.Pennebaker B.Rime and J Valencia & D Jodelet
This project stems from research indicating that adolescents and adults from several different countries both underestimate actual levels of national wealth inequality while also preferring much more equitable ideal distributions of wealth. In 4 studies, the judgments of adults from the U.S. (Norton & Ariely, 2011) and Australia (Norton et al., 2014), and adolescents from lower (Arsenio, Preziosi, Silberstein, & Hamburger, 2012) and middle class U.S. communities (Arsenio & Willems, 2017) revealed that individuals are aware that the richest population quintile is substantially wealthier than the poorest quintile. The ratios of top vs. bottom 20% wealth owned estimates, for example, ranged from 20 to 1 (U.S. adults: 59% attributed to the top quintile vs. 3% to the bottom quintile) to 6-1 (U.S. adolescents). All groups substantially underestimated actual wealth inequality. In addition, adults preferred a less equal ideal wealth distribution than did U.S. adolescents. Subsequent studies conducted in Argentina (Barreiro, Wainryb, & Arsenio, in preparation) and the U.S. (Weinstein, Venkataramanan, & Arsenio, in preparation) reveal that adolescents’ and adults’ judgments for actual wealth actual distribution vary more by political affiliation and social class than originally suggested by Norton and Ariely (2011). For example, more politically conservative U.S. adults underestimated wealth inequality more than peers, whereas Argentinian adolescents from higher SES communities underestimated inequality less than peers. Surprisingly, however, all groups preferred a more egalitarian ideal distribution of wealth than what they believed to exist. We are interested in exploring how these conceptions of wealth distribution are related to individuals' perceptions of societal fairness and policy preferences. We hope to encourage researchers from other countries to conduct similar research.