Alice G Vassiliou

Alice G Vassiliou
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | uoa · First Department of Critical Care Medicine and Pulmonary Services

PhD

About

73
Publications
5,608
Reads
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557
Citations
Education
November 2001 - December 2004
October 1997 - October 1999
Newcastle University
Field of study
  • Molecular Biology
March 1993 - February 1996
La Trobe University
Field of study
  • Biochemistry

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening lung injury characterized by an acute inflammatory response in the lung parenchyma. Hence, it is considered as the most appropriate clinical syndrome to study pathogenic mechanisms of lung inflammation. ARDS is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in the intensive care un...
Article
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In the last years, biomarkers of infection, such as the soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR), have been extensively studied as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in the intensive care unit (ICU). In this study, we investigated whether this biomarker can be used in COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 septic patients for mortali...
Article
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A limited number of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) cases may require treatment in an intensive care unit (ICU). Arterial blood lactate levels are routinely measured in the ICU to estimate disease severity, predict poor outcomes, and monitor therapeutic handlings. A number of studies have suggested that, simultaneously with lactate, pyruvate shou...
Article
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Current achievements in medical science and technological advancements in intensive care medicine have allowed better support of critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs) and have increased survival probability. Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) is a relatively new term introduced almost 10 years ago, defined as “new or worsening imp...
Article
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common complications in critically ill patients. In recent years, studies have focused on exploring new biomarkers for the early diagnosis and prognosis of AKI. The aim of this study was to investigate serum prognostic biomarkers (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, NGAL, and creatinine) of AKI i...
Article
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The hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis was described as the principal component of the stress response 85 years ago, along with the acute-phase reaction, and the defense response at the tissue level. The orchestration of these processes is essential since systemic inflammation is a double-edged sword; whereas inflammation that is timely and...
Article
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A bidirectional negative relationship between Hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication and gene expression of the catecholamine biosynthetic enzyme L-Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) was previously shown in the liver and attributed at least to an association of DDC with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). Here, we report that the biosynthesis and uptake of ca...
Article
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Autotaxin (ATX; ENPP2) is a secreted lysophospholipase D catalyzing the extracellular production of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a pleiotropic signaling phospholipid. Genetic and pharmacologic studies have previously established a pathologic role for ATX and LPA signaling in pulmonary injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. Here, increased ENPP2 mRNA l...
Article
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Studies have hypothesized a potential role of the interleukin (IL)-23/17 axis in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, to date, levels of IL-23 and 17 have not been compared between critically ill COVID-19 patients and critically ill non-COVID-19 patients. IL-23 and 17 were measured on admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) in criticall...
Article
Background: Low Testosterone (mainly total testosterone; TTe) has been noted in patients with COVID-19. Calculated free testosterone (FTe) and bioavailable testosterone (BavTe) may reflect more accurately this hormone's levels. In this study, we sought to assess TTe, FTe as well as BavTe in male patients with COVID-19. Subjects/methods: Sera wer...
Article
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Introduction: Immunoglobulins (Igs) comprise a critical part of the immune response. Little information exists on Ig serum levels in COVID-19 patients. We, therefore, investigated whether hospital admission Igs in patients with mild-to-critical disease are associated with clinical outcome. Materials and methods: This prospective, observational,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autotaxin (ATX; ENPP2) is a secreted lysophospholipase D catalysing the extracellular production of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a pleiotropic signalling phospholipid. Genetic and pharmacologic studies have previously established a pathologic role for ATX and LPA signalling in pulmonary injury, inflammation, and fibrosis. Here, increased ENPP2 mRNA...
Article
Full-text available
A damaged endothelium is an underlying condition of the many complications of COVID-19 patients. The increased mortality risk associated with diseases that have underlying endothelial dysfunction, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), suggests that endothelial (e) nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-derived nitric oxide could be an important...
Article
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Endothelial dysfunction, coagulation and inflammation biomarkers are increasingly emerging as prognostic markers of poor outcomes and mortality in severe and critical COVID-19. However, the effect of dexamethasone has not been investigated on these biomarkers. Hence, we studied potential prognostic biomarkers of mortality in critically ill COVID-19...
Article
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The glucocorticoid receptor (GCR) and the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) are members of the steroid receptor superfamily of hormone-dependent transcription factors. The receptors are structurally and functionally related. They are localized in the cytosol and translocate into the nucleus after ligand binding. GCRs and MRs can be co-expressed withi...
Article
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The physical and psychological consequences of critical illness may affect intensive care unit survivors for up to five years, and hence, health-related quality of life has emerged as an important measure of outcome in this population. We aimed at investigating the quality of life, the presence of anxiety and depression symptoms, and the correlatio...
Article
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25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is an important immunomodulator, whose deficiency may aggravate the incidence and outcome of infectious complications in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. The most recognized extra-skeletal action of vitamin D is the regulation of immune function. Host defense against intracellular pathogens depends upon bo...
Article
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L-Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) is the most significantly co-expressed gene with ACE2, which encodes for the SARS-CoV-2 receptor angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 and the interferon-inducible truncated isoform dACE2. Our group previously showed the importance of DDC in viral infections. We hereby aimed to investigate DDC expression in COVID-19 patients an...
Article
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Objective We aimed to measure insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and growth hormone (GH) in critically and non-critically ill patients with Covid-19 and assess them vis-a-vis clinical and laboratory parameters and prognostic tools. Subjects and Methods We included patients who were admitted to the wards or the ICU of the largest Covid-19 referral...
Article
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Objectives: Critical illness is characterized by increased serum cortisol concentrations and bioavailability resulting from the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which constitutes an essential part of the stress response. The actions of glucocorticoids are mediated by a ubiquitous intracellular receptor protein, the glucocorti...
Article
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Objective: Following evolution of COVID-19 pandemic, reports pointed on a high prevalence of thyroiditis related thyrotoxicosis. Interpretation of thyroid tests during illness, however, is hampered by changes occurring in the context of non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS). In order to elucidate these findings, we studied thyroid function in caref...
Article
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Introduction: The endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is a protein that regulates the protein C anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory pathways. A soluble form of EPCR (sEPCR) circulates in plasma and inhibits activated protein C (APC) activities. The clinical impact of sEPCR and its involvement in COVID-19 has not been explored. In this study, we...
Article
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Background/aim: Lately, studies have reported contradicting results on the cytokine storm seen in critically-ill COVID-19 patients. Depending on the control group used, cytokines have been found to be higher, similar or even lower in COVID-19 compared to critical illnesses associated with elevated cytokine concentrations. However, most of these st...
Article
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Endotheliopathy is suggested to be an important feature of COVID-19 in hospitalized patients. To determine whether endotheliopathy is involved in COVID-19-associated mortality, markers of endothelial damage were assessed in critically ill COVID-19 patients upon intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Thirty-eight critically ill COVID-19 patients were...
Article
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Background and objectives: Critically and non-critically ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection (Covid-19) may present with higher-than-expected glycemia, even in the absence of diabetes. With this study we aimed to assess glucose, glycemic gap (GlyG) and insulin secretion/sensitivity measures in patients with Covid-19. Materials and Methods: We st...
Article
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Introduction: Exacerbations are critical events in the course of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). These events are potentially life-threatening, and the studies have shown that they have tremendous implications on long-term disease control and the overall prognosis of the patients. The aim of this study was to examine adipo...
Article
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We aimed to examine whether low intensive care unit (ICU) admission 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels are associated with worse outcomes of COVID-19 pneumonia. This was a prospective observational study of SARS-CoV2 positive critically ill patients treated in a multidisciplinary ICU. Thirty (30) Greek patients were included, in whom 25(OH)D was...
Article
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Introduction A potential complication in critically ill patients is the formation of bone in soft tissues, termed heterotopic ossification. The exact pathogenetic mechanisms are still undetermined. Bone morphogenetic proteins induce bone formation, while signalling through the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β (RANK) and its ligand (RANK...
Article
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The pulmonary endothelium is a metabolically active continuous monolayer of squamous endothelial cells that internally lines blood vessels and mediates key processes involved in lung homoeostasis. Many of these processes are disrupted in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is marked among others by diffuse endothelial injury, intense...
Article
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Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) continues to be a health threat worldwide. Increased blood lactate is common in intensive care unit (ICU) patients; however, its association with outcomes in ICU COVID-19 patients remains currently unexplored. In this retrospective, observational study we assessed whether lactate is associated with outcomes in COVI...
Article
Background/aim: Reports indicate that coronaviridae may inhibit insulin secretion. In this report we aimed to describe the course of glycemia in critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Patients and methods: We studied 36 SARS-CoV-2 patients (with no history of diabetes) in one intensiv...
Article
l-Dopa Decarboxylase (DDC) is a pyridoxal requiring enzyme that catalyzes the decarboxylation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-Dopa) to Dopamine (DA). The function of DDC in physiological and pathological biochemical pathways remains poorly understood, while the function and regulation of human DDC isoforms is almost completely elusive. We have s...
Article
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Background The increased oxidative stress resulting from the inflammatory responses in sepsis initiates changes in mitochondrial function which may result in organ damage, the most common cause of death in the intensive care unit (ICU). Deficiency of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), a key cofactor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, could potentially dist...
Article
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) were once considered only to have a role in bone formation. It is now known that they have pivotal roles in other organ diseases, including heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), where genetic mutations in the type II BMP receptor (BMPR2) are the commonest cause of receptor dysfunction. However, it has a...
Article
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Introduction: Health in all Policies (HiAP) is a valuable method for effective Healthcare policy development. Big data analysis can be useful to both individuals and clinicians so that the full potential of big data is employed. Aim: The present paper deals with Health in All Policies, and how the use of Big Data can lead and support the develop...
Article
Background: Ghrelin is a hormone mainly produced by cells of the gastric mucosa, which has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. The objective of the study was to investigate ghrelin levels during sepsis, as well as in an experimental sepsis model. Methods: All consecutive admissions to the ICU of a tertiary ho...
Article
Purpose: Glucocorticoid actions are mediated by the glucocorticoid receptor (GCR) whose dysfunction leads to glucocorticoid tissue resistance. Our objective was to evaluate GCR-α and GCR-β expression and key steps in the GCR signalling cascade in critical illness. Methods: Expression of GCR and major GCR-target genes, cortisol, adrenocorticotrop...
Article
L-Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) catalyzes the decarboxylation of L-Dopa to dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) to serotonin. Although DDC has been purified from a variety of peripheral organs, including the liver, kidney and pancreas, the physiological significance of the peripherally expressed enzyme is not yet fully understood. DDC has been consi...
Article
Introduction In critically ill patients, the hypothalamic‐pituitary‐adrenal axis is activated, resulting in increased serum cortisol concentrations. However, in some patients, especially those with sepsis, cortisol levels are relatively low for the degree of illness severity. Therefore, in the present project we aim to characterize the time course...
Article
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Microdialysis (MD) can provide continuous information about tissue composition. To assess in critically ill patients adipose tissue metabolic patterns, the relationships between metabolic patterns and blood cytokine concentration associations of adipose tissue energy metabolism and clinical outcome we studied 203 mechanically ventilated general int...
Article
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Medical and environmental microbiology have two distinct, although very short, histories stemming, the first from the pioneering works of Sommelweiss, Pasteur, Lister and Koch, the second mainly from the studies of Bejerink and Winogradsky. These two branches of microbiology evolved and specialized separately producing distinct communities and evol...
Article
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Introduction: Pulmonary capillary endothelium-bound (PCEB) angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity is a direct and quantifiable index of pulmonary endothelial function that decreases early in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and correlates with its severity. Endothelial dysfunction is a major pathophysiology that underlies sepsis-re...
Article
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Introduction: A soluble (s) form of the endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) circulates in plasma and inhibits activated protein C (APC) activities. The clinical impact of sEPCR and its involvement in the septic process is under investigation. This study determined the frequencies of EPCR haplotypes H1 and H3 to investigate possible associations...
Article
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Introduction: To examine whether very low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D {25(OH)D} upon admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) are associated with worse outcomes. Methods: Retrospective observational cohort study of critically-ill patients treated in a multidisciplinary ICU. Two hundred and twenty seven initially non-septic, critically-ill pa...
Article
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Aim: The mammalian lung expresses at least three aquaporin (AQP) water channels whose precise role in lung injury or inflammation is still controversial. Materials and methods: Three murine models of lung inflammation and corresponding controls were used to evaluate the expression of Aqp1, Aqp4, Aqp5 and Aqp9: lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lu...
Poster
25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OH-D, vitamin D) is an important immunomodulator and its deficiency may exacerbate the incidence and outcome of infectious complications in critically-ill patients. We hypothesized that lower levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OH-D) upon admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) would be associated with sepsis development, lon...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: We sought to determine for serum lactate its specificity and sensitivity in sepsis development prognosis in critically-ill, non-septic patients. Additionally, we evaluated whether sE-selectin or sP-selectin add prognostic value to lactate in sepsis. Patients and methods: Using a cohort previously studied in another context, in this retrospe...
Article
Background: The endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is a protein that regulates the protein C anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory pathways. A soluble form of EPCR (sEPCR) circulates in plasma and inhibits activated protein C (APC) activities. The clinical impact of sEPCR and its involvement in the septic process is under investigation. In this s...
Article
Full-text available
Gene expression profiling was performed via DNA microarrays in leukocytes from critically-ill trauma, non septic upon admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) patients, who subsequently developed either sepsis (n = 2) or severe sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS; n = 3). By comparing our results with published expression profili...
Article
Full-text available
Endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is expressed mainly in endothelial cells and is involved in regulation of the cytoprotective and anticoagulant pathways of protein C. We assessed whether haplotypes in the EPCR gene modify the risk of severe sepsis and/or septic shock (SS/SS) development in critically ill patients. Three polymorphisms in the EP...