Alice Ludvig

Alice Ludvig
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna | boku · Department of Economics and Social Sciences

Dr.

About

56
Publications
11,789
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737
Citations
Introduction
My main current research interests are policy studies in forest policy. My main methods are qualitative. At the moment I am working on social innovation in marginalised rural areas and on forest policy recommendations for climate effective wood use.
Additional affiliations
August 2003 - August 2006
University of Vienna
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • I am currently working as a senior researcher at BOKU University of Natural and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
We present the results of a simulation experiment that evaluated three scenarios of forest management in the context of climate change mitigation. Two scenarios refer to climate change adaptation measures. The third scenario was a business-as-usual scenario representing the continuation of current forest management. We wanted to know whether a chan...
Article
Full-text available
Space for recreation is an important service provided by forests close to urban and rural areas alike. Mountain biking, as one recreational activity, is increasingly becoming widespread, which can lead to challenging trade-off situations, as some benefits from forests come at the cost of another forest benefit and vice versa. For instance, illegall...
Article
Innovation in the forest sector is a growing research interest and within this field, there is a growing attention for institutional, policy and societal dimensions and particular when it comes to the question of how to support innovativeness in the sector. This Special Issue therefore focuses on governance aspects, relating to and bridging busines...
Article
Full-text available
Social innovations can tackle various challenges related to gender equity in rural areas, especially when such innovations are initiated and developed by women themselves. We examine cases located in rural areas of Canada, Italy, Lebanon, Morocco, and Serbia, where women are mar-ginalized by gender roles, patriarchal values, male dominated economy...
Article
Full-text available
The current state of research shows that there is big potential for the use of wood, particularly harvested wood products (HWP) to mitigate climate change and increase carbon stocks. Despite of discussions on different accounting approaches, the forest-based sector can contribute with the production of long-lasting wood products to reach internatio...
Article
The forest sector in various ways fosters employment, community development and prevents depopulation in marginalized rural areas. Since the economic recession in Europe from 2009, there has been a notable change regarding the roles that public and private actors play in tackling current social and economic problems. The term Social Innovation (SI)...
Method
Full-text available
This annex cotnains the methodological tools (full questionnaire and semi structured guidelines) to the paper (it is as well publically available under the existing DOI).
Book
Full-text available
Vor dem Hintergrund großer gesellschaftlicher Herausforderungen wie den Umweltproblemen, der Klimakrise, dem demografischen Wandel oder erhöhter Krisenanfälligkeit vermag Soziale Innovation Lösungsmöglichkeiten aufzuzeigen. Sie hat unter anderem das Ziel, das gesellschaftliche Wohlbefinden zu erhöhen und wird oft von der Zivilgesellschaft initiiert...
Article
Full-text available
Political frameworks and policies have a strong influence on the institutional ecosystem and on governance patterns, which in turn shape the operational space of civil society initiatives. This article aims to explore the social and institutional conditions and policy initiatives that foster or hinder social innovation and the pathways leading from...
Article
This article conducts a systematic literature review of journal articles on innovation in forestry and forest-based industries. We include international, English language, peer-reviewed research articles included in the scientific databases Scopus and Web of Science since the 1980s. Our search for articles that specifically mention "in-novation/inn...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last decade, the term social innovation has received increased attention as a potential solution to address complex global social problems and to add collective values to society. The forest sector has great potential for fostering employment, community development and reducing increased emigration from rural to urban areas. This potential...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter proceeds as follows: the first chapter (5.2) deals with the issue of data collection, a pre-requisite for making any serious analysis and for any political decision. One of the best examples of a stable, long running system of data collection on NWFP collection and consumption is presented: that one set down since 1994 in the Czech Repu...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last decade, outdoor recreation has changed from passive (such as relaxation) to much more active (such as mountain biking) activities. Recreational infrastructure, such as mountain bike trails, often consists of technically innovative projects in urban forest areas. However, these projects tend to pose serious challenges to forest manager...
Article
There is increasing emphasis on innovation as a driver of continued prosperity in the rural economy. Globalisation poses challenges to rural areas given technological advances and intensified competition in agricultural markets, ageing rural populations and expansion of urban areas. However, in recent years, the conception of rural areas has shifte...
Chapter
Full-text available
European forests provide 25% of the resources for the EU bioeconomy, playing an important role in Europe's transition to an innovative bio-based economy. Contributions of the forestry sector are not only wood products and bioenergy, but also NWFP. Often considered only secondary and opportunistic prodcuts, many NWFP are relevant as food, packaging,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Adaptation for carbon efficient forests and the entire wood value chain (including a policy decision support tool) - Evaluating pathways supporting the Paris Agreement
Article
Full-text available
Responding to a number of longstanding challenges such as poverty, wide-ranging inequalities, environmental problems, and migration, requires new and creative responses that are often not provided by traditional governments. Social innovations can offer socio-ecological and economic solutions by introducing new practices that reduce social inequali...
Chapter
Over the last decade, the term social innovation has received increasing attention as a means to address complex global social problems and to add collective values. In earlier innovation research, the term “institutional innovation” was introduced to denote institutional efforts and the role of institutions in successful innovations. We detect ove...
Presentation
Full-text available
Today’s world society is facing a number of longstanding challenges, such as poverty, famine, inequalities, environmental challenges, and migration, which call for new and creative responses that stimulate change and are often lacking in traditional governmental approaches. Social innovations are such responses that can offer social-ecological and...
Article
Full-text available
Very recently, social innovation has become a subject of investigation in forest research. Earlier on, social innovation turned into a term used in EU policy strategies for addressing social issues and the self-empowerment of local people, as well as for tackling economic, social, or environmental challenges. The question of how the forest bioecono...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter 5 Available at: https://www.efi.int/sites/default/files/files/publication-bank/2019/efi_wsctu_10_2019.pdf#page=74&zoom=auto,81,71
Article
In the urbanizing society faced with the climate change challenge, wood has major potential as a low-carbon and renewable construction material. Yet, Wooden Multi-storey Construction (WMC) remains a niche even in countries with rich forest resources. This paper compares the institutional and policy setting and assesses the WMC growth prospects in A...
Article
Full-text available
Forests play an increasing role in bioeconomy policies, providing the material for bio-based products. However, public opinion regarding forest management in Europe is contested, which is considered a potential drawback for the social license to operate for the forest-based sector. News media articles on forest management are considered an importan...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this report we present results of evaluation of 11 Social Innovation Case Studies. The assessments of the Social Innovations were based upon three main blocks. The first step of the evaluation of the social innovation initiative focuses on five evaluation criteria: Relevance, Efficiency, Effectiveness, Impacts and Sustainability (REEIS). This wa...
Article
In the last two decades public pressure for infrastructure provision, such as mountain-bike trails, has increased and led to illegal trail constructions in some Swiss forests. This article investigates the role Social Innovation (SI) plays in successful negotiations (e.g. to legalize existing illegal mountain-bike trails) between the many interest...
Article
Full-text available
Forest management, with its diverse land-use and institutional pressures, can be considered a “wicked problem”. Transdisciplinarity and social learning are considered relevant approaches of investigating “wicked problems” because they favour creative solutions, stakeholder involvement and the reframing of problems. Taking this into account, partici...
Article
The term “social innovation” (SI) is currently applied to denote a broad range of activities connected to explicit goals and supposedly designed to address inherent societal problems. These problems are rooted in current economic and ecological crises, such as poverty, unemployment, forced migration, brain drain, social inequality or environmental...
Article
In the UK the term “Third Sector” is traditionally an umbrella term for all organisations working with civil society in a not-for-profit capacity; differentiating them from the public (first) and the private (second) sector. In other European countries, such ways of non-profit making work in non-governmental organisations are summarised under the t...
Article
Regardless of the crucial role of civil society in social innovation, European Union (EU) social innovation concepts emphasized market-economic features rather than social by prioritizing social business over social movements. By emphasizing the economic features of social innovation, social enterprises, as ventures with both social and economic go...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster is a part of a Ph.D. research project "Governance capacities of public actors for the forest-based social innovation". It focuses on the selected case of a forest-based social innovation in Slovenia, by presenting the life-story of a community initative to keep the traditional charcoal cooking practice alive.
Article
Full-text available
This paper develops and applies a comprehensive model for characterising regional forest-sector innovation systems. With this approach, we aim to describe and compare regional forest industry clusters across Europe and to assess how well their innovation systems are developed and how strongly they support innovations. By looking at a range of frame...
Article
Full-text available
Since non-Timber forest products (NTFP) are usually associated with side-Activities of forestry, their development is often neglected by companies and innovation systems. Their real value, however, is underestimated and interesting innovative examples of marketed NTFP exist. Our article thus asks: How do innovations happen in a situation where ther...
Presentation
Full-text available
Driven by political and economic reforms, forestry sectors in selected South‐East European (SEE) countries (Slovenia, Serbia and Macedonia) faced the changes in last two decades, which resulted in increment of private businesses development. Many of those entrepreneurial businesses become innovative in the sphere of various forest goods and service...
Article
The group of female forest owners is growing across Europe and currently estimated to be about 30% of all private owners. This new category of forest owner merits a closer look. By introducing a gender perspective across three different research frameworks, this paper substantiates that gender matters in forest ownership, management, operations, an...
Article
The paper sets out to examine the characteristics of support for innovation processes in Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP). The typical enterprises and start-ups which emerge in this sector tend to be small-scale and family owned. We claim that there is a large unused potential for NWFP to support rural development and increase incomes of land owners...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Find report at this link: http://facesmap.boku.ac.at/index.php/library2/doc_download/452-fp1201-country-report-austria
Book
Full-text available
The main driver for publishing this book has been to disseminate information about the scientifically proven positive effects on climate of using wood in construction. The findings are the result of a large transnational European research project. The intention has been to document findings that would be of interest to designers, construction compa...
Article
One feature of globalisation is the increasing spread of international standards. In general, standards define benchmarks and rules for production. They can stem from a variety of sources ranging from NGOs to industries and governments. This article focuses on standard setting by international standards development organisations. We explore into th...
Article
Full-text available
To contain downward pressures on labour standards, Europe's unions have attempted to coordinate their bargaining strategies. Little is known about whether such coordination can actually work. Analytical accounts have deduced its feasibility from national experiences with decentralized forms of coordination, while empirically only anecdotal evidence...
Chapter
Mitte der 1980er Jahre kam es zu einem Paradigmenwechsel innerhalb der Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung hin zum so genannten Diversity-Ansatz, der von vielen Differenzen und Pluralitäten zwischen Frauen ausgeht.
Article
Full-text available
The ‘intersectionality’ approach in feminist theory postulates that differences between women, such as age, ethnicity, class, nationality, sexuality, etc. do intersect. However, intersectionality starts to get blurred when examined concretely because the list of differences is always endless. There is frequently silence about concrete questions suc...
Article
The article compares and evaluates the two recent reforms of nationality law in Austria and Germany. Before the changes both countries were very similar cases in terms of their nationality and immigration policy. Both relied on strict ‘jus sanguinis’, the principle of descent which is anchored in their nationality laws. One implication of jus sangu...
Chapter
Feministische Wissenschaftstheorie hat es sich zur Aufgabe gemacht, „männliche“ Verzerrung, Ausblendung und Benachteiligung von Frauen im akademischen Betrieb der Produktion von Wissen sowie in deren epistemologischen Reflektionen aufzudecken. Dabei blieb oft unberücksichtigt, dass die Frauenforschung an den Akademien und Universitäten bis in die 1...
Article
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'Der vorliegende Artikel diskutiert die Einflüsse von Black Feminism auf feministische Theoriebildung. Unter Black Feminism wird im Folgenden afrikanisch-amerikanischer Feminismus verstanden, wobei dessen Hauptkritik an 'weißer' feministischer Forschungspraxis an deren unreflektierter Ausgrenzung und Dominanz ansetzt. Dabei geht es den Black Femini...
Article
Full-text available
The article provides an overview of current Black Feminist theory in the United States and then analyses the Anita Hill/Clarence Thomas controversy of 1991 as an example of the intersections of race, class and gender. Black Feminists never felt themselves represented by the feminist movement because of its gender bias and at the same time they crit...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
The project examines the effects of gender balance on economic resilience in the wood value chains. The hypothesis is that gender balance can increase economic stability and resilience against global crisis and societal challenges. Our methods are based on web surveys and expert interviews for the primary data collection in triangulation with literature review as secondary data analysis.
Project
Innovations Sociales dans les zones Rurales Marginalisées dans les pays du Maghreb
Project
CareforParis analyses and quantifies the impacts of climate change and related forest management adaptations on the GHG balance as well as on the economic situation of the entire Austrian forest-based sector. Consequences and required adaptation measures in the Austrian wood industry will be elucidated. In a first step, six climate-sensitive scenarios for forest management will be developed until 2150. Through utilisation of regionalised climate change scenarios, a business-as-usual scenario and four different silvicultural treatment and adaptation scenarios will be defined. These scenarios are the fundament for simulating material and carbon flows for the entire Austrian wood-based value chain for harvested wood products and wood fuel and subsequently conduct life cycle assessments for final wood product/fuel use and the potential use of alternative products/fuels. In a second step, an analysis of potential effects of climate change impact and adaptation measures on the GHG balance as well as economic effects on the entire forest-based sector will be identified. Policy analysis will help to derive policy relevant insights on adaptation and mitigation measures and a future Austrian adaptation strategy. The work will use CareforParis scenario outcomes in a decision support tool for adaptation and GHG optimised mitigation. In the third step, an overall evaluation of the project results will be conducted. The project results will be disseminated to relevant stakeholders and a concise break-down of the results will be made for policy makers as well as for non-researchers/researchers from other disciplines.