Alice Dragomir

Alice Dragomir
McGill University | McGill · Division of Urology

About

111
Publications
4,585
Reads
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2,214
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2006 - December 2011
Université de Montréal
May 2002 - September 2008
Université de Montréal

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
TPS4619 Background: Immunotherapy improves outcomes in the advanced (Bellmunt 2019; Powles 2020) as well as in the adjuvant setting post cystectomy (Bajorin 2021) for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients. Trimodality treatment (TMT) consisting of transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) followed by chemoradiotherapy (CRT) may be c...
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Background: Health economic evaluations are needed to assess the impact on the healthcare system of emerging treatment patterns for advanced prostate cancer. The objective of this study is to review the scientific literature identifying cost-effectiveness and cost analyses that are assessing treatments for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate canc...
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Introduction: Trimodal therapy (TMT) is a suitable alternative to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and radical cystectomy (RC) for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). In this study, we conducted a cost-effectiveness evaluation of RC±NAC vs. TMT for MIBC in the universal and publicly funded Canadian healthcare system. Methods: We d...
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Aims: Observational studies of various dose levels of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) found that a high proportion of patients received a dose lower than the target dose tested in randomized controlled trials. There is a need to compare low-dose DOACs with warfarin or other DOACs on effectiveness and sa...
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Background Treatment options for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) include cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) and systemic therapy (ST). Results from the CARMENA and SURTIME trials suggest that CN before ST may not be the optimal treatment strategy for mRCC. Objective To use real-world data to evaluate and compare outcomes for patients with mRCC...
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Background The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted transplant programs across Canada. Objective We evaluated the implications of delays in transplantation among Canadian end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients to allow pretransplant vaccination. Design We used a Markov microsimulation model and ESKD patient perspective to study...
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Background Novel hormonal agents (NHAs) such as abiraterone acetate (ABI) and enzalutamide (ENZ) are frequently used in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Despite their overall tolerable risk profile, certain signals of cardiovascular toxicity were reported for these agents in clinical trials but little is known about their in...
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Objective: To evaluate the role of incomplete metastasectomy (IM) for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) on overall survival (OS) and time to introduction of first-line systemic therapy. Methodology: Patients diagnosed with mRCC between Jan 2011 and Apr 2019 in 16 centers were selected from the Canadian Kidney Cancer information s...
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62 Background: Novel hormonal agents (NHAs) such abiraterone (ABI) and enzalutamide (ENZA) have demonstrated similar survival benefits against placebo groups in their respective clinical trials leading to their regulatory approval in both the pre- and post-chemotherapy settings in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Despite the...
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Background: Observational studies assessing direct oral anticoagulant (DOACs) dosage in atrial fibrillation (AF) reported that a lower proportion of patients received high-dose DOACs compared to those in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Effectiveness and safety of high-dose DOACs relative to apixaban in a real-world AF population needs to be a...
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Introduction : Existing literature suggests that bladder cancer (BC) outcome may be improved when patients use 5α-reductase inhibitors and/or α1-blockers but may be subject to publication bias. We evaluated whether preoperative use of 5α-reductase inhibitors or α1-blockers was associated with improved clinical outcomes in a cohort of patients with...
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This study aimed to assess the cost‐utility of a Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) with a systematic follow‐up according to patients' follow‐up compliance trajectories. The Lucky Bone™ FLS is a prospective cohort study conducted on women and men (≥40 years) with fragility fractures. Dedicated personnel of the program identified fractures, investigated...
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Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a cornerstone of treatment for advanced prostate cancer (PCa); however, it accelerates the loss of bone mineral density (BMD), which increases fracture risk. Guidelines recommend BMD testing when initiating ADT to assess baseline fracture risk properly. The objective of this study was to examine th...
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Background Surgical resection of metastasis can be integrated in the management of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) as it can contribute to delay disease progression and improve survival. Objective This study assessed the impact of complete metastasectomy in mRCC patients using real-world pan-Canadian data. Design, Setting and Participants...
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BACKGROUND: Existing literature provides contrasting data on statin use and bladder cancer (BC) outcome. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether (chronic) statin use was associated with clinical outcomes in patients with BC undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). METHODS: Using provincial health administrative databases, we retrospectively identified BC patien...
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40 Background: The approval of novel hormonal agents (NHAs), abiraterone and enzalutamide, have increased the therapeutic arsenal available in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). However, the use of chemotherapy and other antineoplastics at the end of life has been suggested as an indicator of poor quality of care. In this stud...
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38 Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a cornerstone of advanced prostate cancer (PCa) treatment, however several side-effects are associated with its long-term use. Notably, loss of bone mineral density (BMD) is accelerated which increases fracture risk. Guidelines recommend BMD testing when initiating ADT to properly assess baseline...
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Purpose: Several new drug therapies have been approved in CRPC in the past decade. However, little is known about their potential overuse at the end of life. Cancer therapy use at the end of life has been considered an indicator of overtreatment. The study objective was to describe CRPC drug use in the last month of life of CRPC patients in Quebec...
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Background: Docetaxel-based chemotherapy has been the cornerstone of the management of symptomatic metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) since 2004. This study aimed to describe how real-world clinical practice was changed with the public funding of novel hormonal agents (abiraterone and enzalutamide) in Quebec. Methods: We con...
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Background: Inaccurate risk classification and the burden of unnecessary biopsies are a challenge due to the limited ability of current risk assessment tools and modalities to diagnose prostate cancer (PCa) and distinguish indolent from aggressive disease. This systematic review assesses newly developed tests and interventions with high evidence of...
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Background and Objective The development of new targeted therapies in kidney cancer has shaped disease management in the metastatic phase. Our study aims to conduct a cost-utility analysis of sunitinib versus pazopanib in first-line setting in Canada for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients using real-world data. Methods A Markov model...
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Background: The benefits of PSA-based screening for prostate cancer (PCa) are controversial. The Canadian and American Task Forces on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC & USPSTF) have released recommendations against the use of routine PSA-based screening for any men. We thought to assess the impact of these recommendations on the outcomes and trends...
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Objectives: To characterize testosterone profile changes over time in a cohort of prostate cancer (PCa) patients managed with active surveillance (AS) and to assess its correlation with the initial disease characteristics and further progression. Methods: We conducted retrospective chart review of PCa patients managed with AS. Patients were foll...
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Aims To investigate the long‐term cost‐utility of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) compared with Transobturator Retroluminal Sling (AdVance) in the treatment of patients with severe post prostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (PPSUI) from a Canadian provincial health perspective. Methods A Markov model with Monte Carlo simulation was deve...
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Background: Surgical tumour removal remains the preferred treatment for most patients with renal cell carcinoma, and many medical associations have proposed guidelines for the optimal surveillance of patients following surgery. This study evaluated the adherence of Canadian urologists to the follow-up guidelines proposed by the Canadian Urological...
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Identifying tumors with high metastatic potential is key to improving the clinical management of prostate cancer. Recently, we characterized a chromosome 16p13.3 gain frequently observed in prostate cancer metastases and now demonstrate the prognostic value of this genomic alteration in surgically treated prostate cancer. Dual-color FISH was used t...
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Introduction: Late locoregional complications in prostate cancer (PCa) affect quality of life and require medical interventions. Our objective was to compare late locoregional complications in men dying of castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) who previously received external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) to radical prostatectomy (RP). No group without previ...
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Introduction: Previous studies have suggested cost-savings using blue light cystoscopy (BLC) with hexaminolevulinate (HAL) compared to white light cystoscopy (WLC) during transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), secondary to improvements in recurrence and progression rates; however, these st...
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Introduction and objectives: Management of bladder cancer imposes a great economic challenge on the health care system; with the greatest share of this burden attributed to radical cystectomy (RC) and prolonged postoperative follow-up. Our aim was to characterize health care services utilization and evaluate associated cost predictors during the l...
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Background: Abiraterone acetate was introduced in Quebec in 2012 for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in patients who had received chemotherapy with docetaxel. This study describes abiraterone use in the early postapproval period and its clinical effectiveness in Quebec, for both patients who had received doc...
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Background: Prostate cancer shows considerable heterogeneity in disease progression and we propose that markers expressed in tumour stroma may be reliable predictors of aggressive tumour subtypes. Methods: We have used Kaplan-Meier, univariate and multivariate analysis to correlate the expression of Asporin (ASPN) mRNA and protein with prostate...
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Background: To the authors' knowledge, the literature to date lacks studies examining lifetime costs and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) of prostate cancer (PCa) management strategies that integrate localized and advanced disease. The objective of the current study was to assess lifetime costs and QALYs associated with contemporary PCa managem...
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Background and objectives: There is paucity of studies on the predictors of bladder cancer (BC) management costs. We aimed to determine predictors of costs associated with radical cystectomy (RC) for BC. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis in a cohort of 2,759 patients who underwent RC for BC between 2000 and 2009. We analyzed predict...
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Introduction: Transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUSGB) is the recommended approach to diagnose prostate cancer (PCa). Overdiagnosis and sampling errors represent major limitations. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy (MRTB) detects higher proportion of significant PCa and reduces diagnosis of insignificant PCa. Costs prevent MRTB...
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Bladder cancer (BC) has the highest lifetime treatment costs per patient of all cancers. The objective of this study was to characterize the use of health-care services and costs associated with BC among patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC) in the province of Quebec. We conducted a descriptive study in a retrospective cohort of patients w...
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226 Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) death is mainly due to castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) which results from disease progression despite androgen ablation therapy (ADT). Little is known about clinical outcomes and trends of real-life CRPC management in the present era, which has become very complex. Our study aimed to analyze healthcare services...
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Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common non-skin cancer among men in developed countries. Several novel treatments have been adopted by healthcare systems to manage PCa. Most of the observational studies and randomized trials on PCa have concurrently evaluated fewer treatments over short follow-up. Further, preceding decision analytic...
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BACKGROUND Sequential bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and electromotive mitomycin (sequential therapy) have been shown in a randomized prospective trial to be superior to therapy with BCG alone in patients with high-risk non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The objective of the current study was to compare the costs and benefits of these 2 treatment...
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Objective To assess the determinants of urolithiasis in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) before and after parathyroidectomy (PTX). Methods Institutional Research Ethics approval was obtained. A retrospective review was performed for patients presenting with PHPT to the stone, surgical oncology, and otolaryngology clinics at 2 terti...
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Introduction: Radical cystectomy (RC) is a very complex urologic procedure. Despite improvements in practice, technique and process of care, it is still associated with significant complications, including death, with reported postoperative mortality rates ranging from 0.8% to 8%. We examine the quality of surgical care indicators and document the...
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For Canadian men, prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer and the 3rd leading cause of cancer mortality. Men dying of PCa do so after failing castration. The management of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is complex and the associated drug treatments are increasingly costly. The objective of this study was to estimate...
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Introduction: According to the Royal College objectives of training in urology, urologic surgical procedures are divided as category A, B and C. We wanted to determine the level of proficiency required and achieved by urology training faculty for Royal College accreditation. Methods: We conducted a survey that was sent electronically to all Cana...
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Background: Clinical consequences of active surveillance compared with immediate treatment have been evaluated in patients with low-risk prostate cancer; yet, its financial benefits have not been adequately studied in Canada or elsewhere. Our study objective was to evaluate the direct costs associated with active surveillance and immediate treatme...
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Objectives To characterize and measure different components of preoperative delays experienced by bladder cancer patients before radical cystectomy in the province of Quebec, Canada and to identify predictors of long wait times.Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data of patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder canc...
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Prostate cancer (pca) is the most common non-skin cancer among men in Canada and other Western countries. Increased prevalence and higher cost of newer treatments have led to a significant rise in the economic burden of pca. The objectives of the present study were to systematically review the literature on direct costs for the initial management o...
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TMPRSS2/ERG fusion is among the most frequent genetic anomalies in prostate adenocarcinomas. Although positive immunostaining for ERG has been shown to tightly correlate with ERG fusion status, the clinical and prognostic significance of a positive ERG stain remains undetermined. The significance of ERG immunostaining in 454 consecutive prostate ad...
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Standard survival statistics do not take into consideration the changes in the weight of individual variables at subsequent times after the diagnosis and initial treatment of bladder cancer. To assess the changes in 5-yr conditional survival (CS) rates after radical cystectomy for bladder cancer and to determine how well-established prognostic fact...
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Uncontrolled hypertension is associated with an increased risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Intensified blood pressure control may slow progression of chronic kidney disease; however, the impact of antihypertensive agent adherence on the prevention of ESRD has never been evaluated. Here we assessed the impact of antihypertensive agent adheren...
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Objective: To evaluate the relationship between antihypertensive (AH) drug adherence and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes among patients with a recent ischemic stroke and assess the validity of our approach. Methods: A cohort of 14,227 patients diagnosed with an ischemic stroke was assembled from individuals 65 years and older who were treated with...
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To determine the effect of treatment gaps on the risk of institutionalization or death among community-dwelling elderly patients treated with cholinesterase inhibitors (ChIs). A survival analysis was conducted among a cohort of community-dwelling elderly patients (age 66+) newly treated with ChIs identified in the Quebec drug claims databases (Régi...