Alice Bosma

Alice Bosma
Tilburg University | UVT · Department of Criminal Law

dr.

About

27
Publications
1,012
Reads
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47
Citations
Citations since 2016
23 Research Items
46 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022051015

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined to what extent a valid instrument that predicts repeat victimization can be based on a victim's prior police contacts. Police records between 2010 and 2017 were retrieved for a sample of 68,229 victims. The data was split into a training set ( n = 34,224) and a test set ( n = 34,005). Using logistic regression analyses in...
Article
Full-text available
Claims of sexual assault are especially prone to scrutiny and (re)interpretation as something else. We investigated how people judged the veracity of sexual assault claims and how they subsequently framed their interpretations of these claims using ‘general knowledge’ in the form of sexual scripts, rape myths, and gender stereotypes. Participants (...
Article
Full-text available
Victims’ rights have proliferated rapidly over the past decades. However, the development of rights in the post-sentencing phase has lagged behind. In this article, we argue that victims’ rights may contribute to the acknowledgement of victims, something that victimological research suggests is important for victims’ well-being at every stage of cr...
Article
Middels een frameanalyse onderzoeken de auteurs hoe mensen slachtofferschap bevestigen, bevragen of ontkennen, of zich onthouden van interpretatie. Een frame bestaat uit een probleemstelling (de handelingen), het causaal verband (welke actoren deze handelingen verrichten) en het moreel oordeel dat daaruit voortvloeit. De resultaten bevestigen dat h...
Article
Early sexual initiation is often considered risky behaviour as it is related with adverse consequences such as sexually transmitted diseases or unwanted pregnancy. Multiple academic studies have demonstrated that in the second half of the 20th century, the age of young people's first sexual initiation was on the decline in developed countries. Howe...
Chapter
Following up on the illuminating article ‘The Ideal Victim’ by Nils Christie, this chapter expands on and reacts to its key arguments. Christie assumes that the most important reasons for perceiving a victim as legitimate and blameless lie in the specific attributions of the victim, and those of the relationship between victim and offender. The art...
Chapter
Nils Christie's legendary article on the ideal victim is firmly placed within the victimological canon. Christie drew our attention to the mechanisms underlying the extent to which we grant individuals victim status. As Daly (2014: 378) summarised: ‘A victim status is not fixed, but socially constructed, mobilized and malleable’. However, what fact...
Article
Revisiting the ‘Ideal Victim’ is a collection of academic responses to the late Nils Christie’s (1986) seminal piece on the ‘ideal victim’ in which he addressed the socially constructed concept of an idealised form of victim status or identity. Highlighting the complex factors informing the application or rejection of victim status, Christie foregr...
Article
Negative observer reactions towards victims may be related to people’s expectations of the characteristics and demeanor of an ideal victim. We examined how expressed emotion, victim sex, and type of victimization influence observers’ perceptions of victim credibility, victim character, and harm. Our hypothesis was that angry victims, male victims,...
Article
The expressive function of victim impact statements (VISs) enables victims to have a voice in legal proceedings—to speak and be heard about the harm caused by the offence. VISs have been adopted in many jurisdictions. While research reveals legal and institutional constraints on the expressive function of VISs in many jurisdictions with adversarial...
Article
The problem of trafficking in human beings (THB) is still omnipresent in Europe, despite the numerous preventive and retributive actions taken. This article evaluates the two most important EU-instruments to combat trafficking: the EU Directive and the EU Strategy. Based on secondary analysis of reports, policy reviews and scholarly writings from o...
Article
Commentaar artikelen 551-552 Sv Bosma, A. K. (2015). Artikelen 551-552. In A. L. Melai, M. S. Groenhuijsen, F. G. H. Kristen, & T. Kooijmans (Eds.), Het Wetboek van Strafvordering/IISS. Deventer: Kluwer.

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