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Post-treatment stability is one of the most challenging aspects of orthodontic treatment and is a concern to all orthodontists. There are some important post-treatment factors that could influence the result, such as normal maturational changes, post-treatment tooth alterations, and persistent imbalance in the neuromuscular environments. Thus, earl...
Purpose Extraction of mandibular third molars (M3) in close proximity to the mandibular canal has some inherent risks to the adjacent structures, such as neurologic damage to teeth, bone defects distal to the mandibular second molar, pathological fractures in association with enlarged dentigerous cysts, etc. The procedure for extrusion and subseque...
The introduction of Data Macros in Microsoft Access 2010 addresses a major shortcoming of Access in enforcing business rules associated with a database application. Specifically, data macros remove the onerous coordination across data entry/update forms touching a base table in order to enforce semantic integrity constraints. More importantly, simi...
The extraction of a single mandibular incisor can be employed as a compromise treatment of certain malocclusions, if the end result fulfills the requirements for a healthier dentition which is functionally and esthetically harmonized in relation to the surrounding structures. Indications, contraindications, and the procedure of treatment have been...