Ali Zakir Syed

Ali Zakir Syed
Case Western Reserve University | CWRU

BDS, MHA, MS

About

49
Publications
19,595
Reads
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192
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2017 - present
CWRU School of Dental Medicine
Position
  • Managing Director
July 2017 - present
CWRU School of Dental Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA
Position
  • Managing Director
July 2014 - present
CWRU School of Dental Medicine
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: An oroantral communication (OAC) is an abnormal space between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. The causes, complications, treatment, and radiographic features of OAC in 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional imaging modalities are discussed. Materials and Methods: This pictorial review presents a broad spectrum of imaging findings of OAC. Rep...
Article
Dental caries is a dynamic, preventable, reversible, complex biofilm-mediated, multifactorial disease that involves a series of demineralization/neutrality/remineralization of dental hard tissue in primary and permanent dentition. An imbalance in the continuum with a net demineralization over time results in the initiation of caries lesions. Visual...
Article
The purpose of this article is to synthesize different technologies that are available for the creation of a virtual patient, “the digital clone” because the data can be used for diagnosis as well as treatment planning. The role of facial scans, 3-dimensional intraoral scans as well as the cone beam computed tomography in the creation of a digital...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Oroantral communication (OAC) is an abnormal space that forms between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. Purpose: To discuss the causes, complications, treatment and radiographic features of OAC in two-dimensional and three-dimensional imaging modalities. Methods: Pubmed was used to conduct a comprehensive literature search of OAC....
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Soft tissue calcifications (STC) occur when calcium salts accumulate and deposit into various soft tissue areas of the body. STCs of the head and neck region are a relatively common occurrence which are normally found incidentally on routine radiographic examinations. While some calcifications may be pathogenic and require treatment,...
Article
Full-text available
Rhinoliths are foreign bodies composed of mineralised deposits in the nasal cavity that are rarely encountered in routine dental practice. The current report presents a case of a 77-year-old female patient who visited a dental treatment centre for a routine dental check-up and prophylaxis. On the clinical examination, the patient did not report any...
Article
Full-text available
Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma is a rare malignant central jaw tumor derived from odontogenic epithelial remnants. Predominantly, it affects mandible, although both jaw bones may be involved. This report describes a 60-year-old man who was initially misdiagnosed with a periapical infection related to the right lower wisdom tooth. Afte...
Article
Full-text available
Tumors can metastasize to the oral cavity and affect the soft tissues, jaws and salivary glands. Oral cavity metastases are uncommon and represent approximately 1%- 3% of all oral malignancies. Because of their rarity and atypical clinical and radiographic clinical appearance, metastatic lesions pose a diagnostic challenge. Here we report a case of...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The purpose of this systematic review was to compare and quantify endodontic outcome using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging with intraoral periapical radiography. Methods Two reviewers independently conducted a comprehensive literature search. The MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, and PubMed databases were searched. Additional...
Poster
Full-text available
Here we report three cases of Osteoma Cutis (OC), diagnosed using conventional two-dimensional dental imaging. The osteoma cutis was an incidental finding that did not coincide with the three chief complaints. All three diagnoses were OC, and no interventions were advised. It is important to note that the most commonly affected site of OC is the fa...
Thesis
Objectives: To report the incidental findings on CBCT images taken for orthodontic purposes, compare these findings between two age groups, and discuss the potential clinical consequences of these incidental findings. Materials and Methods: 679 consecutive CBCT scans of patients who presented to the CWRU orthodontic clinic between 2014 and 2016 we...
Article
Full-text available
Fibrous dysplasia is a rare bone disorder characterized by the replacement of normal bone by abnormal fibrous tissue. Here we present a 16-year-old female with a fibrous dysplasia in the maxilla and obliteration of the sinus in the same side. Cone beam computed tomography scan revealed a mixed radiopacity that extended from the alveolar crest of th...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we report a rare case of osteoma cutis (OC) and tonsillolith, diagnosed using cone beam computed tomography. The dystrophic calcifications in the face and tonsils were incidentally found during examination of the patient’s scan with no relation to the main chief complaint. The diagnosis was OC, combined with dystrophic calcification...
Article
Full-text available
Ossifying fibroma is a rare benign bone neoplasm common in middle age, with definite female predominance. Here, we describe a case of an ossifying fibroma in a 36-year-old female, with a right facial deformity. The lesion had been present for almost 10 years. The panoramic image showed a multilocular appearance with scattered radiopacities. Advance...
Article
Full-text available
Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is a benign non-neoplastic, proliferative intraosseous lesion of the jaw with an unknown etiology often diagnosed during the first two decades of life. The true nature of this lesion is controversial and remains elusive. Here, we report a case of central giant cell granuloma, diagnosed using cone-beam computed to...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Superimposition of 2 cone-beam computed tomography images is possible by using landmarks, surfaces, or density information (voxel-based). Voxel-based superimposition is automated and uses the most image content, providing accurate results. Until recently, this superimposition was extremely laborious, but a user-friendly voxel-based s...
Article
Full-text available
Soft tissue calcification is a pathological condition in which calcium and phosphate salts are deposited in the soft tissue organic matrix. This study presents an unusual calcification noted in the cartilaginous portion of the Eustachian tube. A 67-year-old woman presented for dental treatment, specifically for implant placement, and cone-beam comp...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The present study aimed to determine the incidence and anatomic variation of the middle mesial (MM) canal in mandibular permanent first molars using cone-beam computed tomographic imaging and to evaluate the association between the presence of MM canals and anatomic landmarks of the pulp chamber floor in the mesial root. Methods: I...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To determine the prevalence of dense bone island (DBI) and its relationship to age and sex; its predominant location, amount, and shape; and its correlation with resorption of roots. Study design: A retrospective chart review was done with panoramic images of 4581 patients above the age of 14 years at Case Western Reserve University S...
Article
Full-text available
The Stafne bone defect, also known as the Stafne bone cyst, or Stafne bone cavity, is an asymptomatic, static depression of the lingual aspect of the mandible that often appears as a radiolucent area near the angle of the mandible. It noted as an incidental finding during routine dental imaging. The purpose of this article is to present a case that...
Article
Full-text available
Vascular calcification occurs with aging, and several risk factors including diabetes,hyperlipidemia, and disorders of calcium metabolism have been identified. Mönckeberg medial sclerosis (MMS) is the most common variant of medial calcification. Mönckeberg sclerosis can lead to significant adverse cardiovascular outcomes such as arterial stiffness,...
Article
Full-text available
Concrescence is a form of twinning, formed by the confluence of cementum of two teeth at the root level. The diagnosis of concrescence has largely relied on the conventional 2D imaging. The 2D imaging has inherent limitations such as distortion and superimposition. Cone-Beam CT eliminates these limitations. The aim of this article was to describe a...
Poster
Full-text available
The Pediatric dentist must frequently explain complicated anatomical and physiological changes that affect the primary dentition to patients and parents who may not possess the background to understand the biological complexities involved. The ability to convey these complex clinical concepts in a simple and easily understood fashion, remains a pri...
Poster
Full-text available
Stafne bone cavity is an asymptomatic, static, lingual depression of the mandible. The purpose of this article is to present a case that was diagnosed as Stafne bone defect using the Cone beam CT. This diagnosis is based on radiographic characteristics, which can be described as a well-defined, round radiolucent lesion in the lower left mandible. T...
Poster
Full-text available
Concrescence is a form of twining, formed by confluence of cementum of two teeth at the root level. The diagnosis of concrescence has largely relied on the conventional 2D radiographic findings. The 2D imaging has inherent limitations such as distortion, superimposition etc., Cone beam CT eliminates these limitations. Our poster describe a case of...
Article
Full-text available
A 30-year-old woman presented for orthodontic treatment, with a chief symptom of a ‘shifting bite’ and concurrent facial asymmetry with aesthetic concerns. The patient had previously received treatment from several general dentists and several specialists, without accurate diagnosis. Radiological investigation coupled with biopsy confirmed a diagno...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to present two cases of canalis basilaris medianus as identified on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the base of the skull. The CBCT data sets were sent for radiographic consultation. In both cases, multi-planar views revealed an osseous defect in the base of the skull in the clivus region, the sagittal view showed...
Article
We report a case of a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the maxilla. A patient presented with diffuse swelling of the right maxillary region following the extraction of an upper right maxillary tooth. The patient was referred for cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to visualize the area in question in three dimensions. A massive destructive maxilla...
Article
Full-text available
We report a case of a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the maxilla. A patient presented with diffuse swelling of the right maxillary region following the extraction of an upper right maxillary tooth. The patient was referred for cone beam computed tomography(CBCT) to visualize the area in question in three dimensions. A massive destructive maxillar...
Article
Full-text available
The incidental finding of an enlarged mastoid foramen on the right posterior mastoid region of temporal bone is reported, together with a discussion of its clinical significance. A 67-year-old female underwent the pre-implant assessment of a maxillary left edentulous region. A cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) image was acquired and referred fo...
Article
Full-text available
Herein, we report and discuss the detection of fossa navicularis magna, a close radiographic anatomic variant of canalis basilaris medianus of the basiocciput, as an incidental finding in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging. The CBCT data of the patients in question were referred for the evaluation of implant sites and to rule out patholog...
Article
Multiple myeloma exhibits varied clinical and radiographic presentations; therefore, awareness of suspicious oral lesions in patients with history of the disease is critical for proper diagnosis and treatment. This report illustrates a case where a patient with multiple myeloma initially presented with oral manifestations of the disease. Oral clini...
Thesis
Abstract: Purpose: To report the prevalence of calcified carotid atheromas that are seen in CBCT scans and to compare carotid atheroma calcifications with other calcifications that are noted in the neck region and to determine if there is any correlation between these calcifications. Methods: 636 scans were reviewed out of which 380 CBCT scans me...

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