# Ali ÖvgünEastern Mediterranean University · Department of Physics

Ali Övgün

Ph.D. in Physics

Theoretical Physics, Gravitation, Cosmology, Black holes, Wormholes, Gravitational Lensing, Shadow, Quasinormal modes

## About

267

Publications

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Introduction

Additional affiliations

July 2020 - present

August 2019 - July 2020

August 2018 - July 2019

Education

February 2013 - June 2016

September 2011 - February 2013

September 2010 - June 2011

## Publications

Publications (267)

In this paper the deflection angle of light by a rotating Teo wormhole spacetime is calculated in the weak limit approximation. We mainly focus on the weak deflection angle by revealing the gravitational lensing as a partially global topological effect. We apply the Gauss-Bonnet theorem (GBT) to the optical geometry osculating the Teo-Randers wormh...

We present a careful study of accelerating black holes in anti-de Sitter spacetime, formulating the thermodynamics and resolving discrepancies that have appeared in previous investigations of the topic. We compute the dual stress-energy tensor for the spacetime and identify the energy density associated with a static observer at infinity. The dual...

In this paper, we use a new asymptotically flat and spherically symmetric solution in the generalized Einstein-Cartan-Kibble-Sciama (ECKS) theory of gravity to study the weak gravitational lensing and its shadow cast. To this end, we first compute the weak deflection angle of generalized ECKS black hole using the Gauss-Bonnet theorem in plasma medi...

In this work, we propose an economical model to address some open cosmological problems such as the absence of the initial cosmological singularity, an early acceleration of the Universe and the generation of matter–antimatter asymmetry. The model is based on a scenario in which the early Universe consists of a non-linear electrodynamics (NLED) fie...

In this paper, we investigate light bending in the spacetime of regular black holes with cosmic strings in weak field limits. To do so, we apply the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to the optical geometry of the black hole; and, using the Gibbons-Werner method, we obtain the deflection angle of light in the weak field limits which shows that the bending of li...

Motivated by recent work on the Symmergent black hole [Phys. Dark Univ. 10.1016/j.dark.2021.100900, 2021], here we study spinning black holes in Symmergent gravity, with spin parameter $a$. The goal is to uncover the deviations caused by the Symmergent gravity parameters relative to the known Kerr solution. To this aim, we first investigate the dev...

In this paper, we study the deflection angle for wormhole-like static aether solution by using Gibbons and Werner technique in non-plasma, plasma and dark matter mediums. For this purpose, we use optical spacetime geometry to calculate the Gaussian optical curvature, then implement the Gauss-Bonnet theorem in weak field limits. Moreover, we compute...

In this work, we observe that in the presence of the string cloud parameter $a$ and the quintessence parameter $\gamma$, with the equation of state parameter $\omega_q={-2}/{3}$ the radius of the shadow of the Schwarzschild black hole increases as compared with the pure Schwarzschild black hole case. The existence of both quintessential dark energy...

In this paper, we study the weak deflection angle using Gauss-Bonnet theorem and bounding greybody factor for electric and magnetic black holes in the background of nonlinear electrodynamics. Using Gibbons and Werner's approach, first we acquire the Gaussian optical curvature to use in Gauss-Bonnet theorem and calculate the bending angle for spheri...

We investigate the inflation driven by a non-linear electromagnetic field based on a NLED lagrangian density ${\cal L}_{nled} = - {\cal F} f \left( {\cal F} \right)$, where $f \left( {\cal F}\right)$ is a generalized functional depending on ${\cal F}$. We first formulate an $f$-NLED cosmological model with a more general functional $f \left( {\cal...

In this work, we perform a systematic study of the symmergent gravity in a black hole environment. The symmergent gravity, an emergent gravity model in which gravity emerges in a way restoring the gauge symmetries and stabilizing the Higgs boson mass, possesses a quadratic-curvature term with a loop-induced coupling proportional to the boson-fermio...

In this work, we examine the deflection angle of black hole in effective loop quantum gravity in non-plasma medium via the geometrical technique of Gibbons and Werner in weak field limits. For this, we attain the optical metric and calculate the Gaussian optical curvature and then we apply the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. We also study the influence of th...

Poincare Gauge's theory of gravity is the most noteworthy alternative extension of general relativity that has a correspondence between spin and spacetime geometry. In this paper, we used Reissner-Nordstrom-de Sitter and anti-de Sitter solutions, where torsion $\tau$ is added as an independent field, to analyze the weak deflection angles $\hat{\alp...

Nonlinear interaction between the electromagnetic fields (EMF) are occurred when vacuum polarization in quantum electrodynamics (QED) happens. The field of nonlinear electrodynamics which may be resulting from this interaction could have important effects on black hole physics. In this paper, we consider the asymptotically flat black hole solution...

Motivated by (i) more and more interest in strong gravitational lensing by supermassive black holes due to the achievement of EHT observations, (ii) the ongoing popular topic on the possibility of Lorentz symmetry being broken in gravitation and its consequences, we will apply the Einstein bumblebee gravity with Lorentz violation (LV) to the study...

The quasinormal modes of the Kerr-like black bounce spacetime under the scalar field perturbations are studied. We derive the effective potential of scalar perturbation in Kerr-like black bounce spacetime, and study the influence of Kerr-like black bounce spacetime parameters on quasinormal modes by using WKB method and P\"{o}schl-Teller potential...

In this paper, we investigated the effect of dark matter on the weak deflection angle by black holes at the galactic center. We consider three known dark matter density profiles such as the Cold Dark Matter, Scalar Field Dark Matter, and the Universal Rotation Curve from the Burkert profile. To achieve this goal, we used how the positional angles a...

The quasinormal mode (QNM) is a characteristic "sound" for a black hole which can provide us with a new method to identify black holes in our universe. Based on this, we study the quasinormal modes (QNMs) and greybody factors (GFs) of axisymmetric black holes in a dark matter halo, and make a comparison with the Kerr black hole. The main results we...

In this paper, we examine the weak deflection angle and greybody bound for a magnetized regular black hole. For this purpose, we apply the Gauss–Bonnet theorem on the black hole and obtain the deflection angle in plasma and non-plasma mediums. Moreover, we investigate graphically the effect of impact parameter on the deflection angle for regular bl...

The objective of this paper is to analyze the weak deflection angle of Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity in the presence of plasma medium. To attain our results, we implement the Gibbons and Werner approach and use the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to Einstein gravity to acquire the resulting deflection angle of photon's ray in the weak field limit. Moreover, w...

In this paper, we study the weak deflection angle in the spacetime of improved Schwarzschild black hole using the method derived by Gibbons and Werner. To do so, we derive the optical curvature from the optical metric and calculate deflection angle in weak field limits by using the Gauss–Bonnet theorem. Moreover, we study the effect of the plasma m...

In this paper, we study the gravitational lensing by some black hole classes within the nonlinear electrodynamics in weak field limits. First, we calculate an optical geometry of the nonlinear electrodynamics black hole and then we use the Gauss–Bonnet theorem for finding deflection angle in weak field limits. The effect of nonlinear electrodynamic...

In this paper, we study the weak deflection angle using Gauss-Bonnet theorem and bounding greybody factor for electric and magnetic black holes in the background of nonlinear electrodynamics. Using Gibbons and Werner's approach, first we acquire the Gaussian optical curvature to use in Gauss-Bonnet theorem and calculate the bending angle for spheri...

In this paper, we examine the weak deflection angle and greybody factor of magnetized regular black hole. We implement the Gauss-Bonnet theorem on magnetized regular black hole to get the deflection angle. Moreover, we analyze the influence of plasma and non-plasma mediums on deflection angle of magnetized regular black hole. We observe the graphic...

There had been recent advancement toward the detection of ultra-faint dwarf galaxies, which may serve as a useful laboratory for dark matter exploration since some of them contains almost 99$\%$ of pure dark matter. The majority of these galaxies contain no black hole that inhabits them. Recently, there had been reports that some dwarf galaxies may...

In this paper, we study light rays in a Kazakov-Solodukhin black hole. To this end, we use the optical geometry of the Kazakov-Solodukhin black hole within the Gauss-bonnet theorem. We first show the effect of the deformation parameter $a$ on the Gaussian optical curvature, and then we use the modern method popularized by Gibbons and Werner to calc...

In this paper, we investigated the effect of dark matter on the weak deflection angle by black holes at the galactic center. We consider three known dark matter density profiles such as the Cold Dark Matter (CDM), Scalar Field Dark Matter (SFDM), and the Universal Rotation Curve (URC) from the Burkert profile. To achieve this goal, we used how the...

In this study, we calculate the wormhole solutions with the phantom regime via the conformal symmetry in the background of Rastall gravity. The current analysis also explores the physical aspects of the epicyclic frequencies. In the astrophysical epicyclic frequencies are widely used to explore the self-gravitating system. The exact shape function...

In this paper, we study light rays in a Kazakov–Solodukhin black hole. To this end, we use the optical geometry of the Kazakov–Solodukhin black hole within the Gauss–Bonnet theorem. We first show the effect of the deformation parameter a on the Gaussian optical curvature, and then, we use the modern method popularized by Gibbons and Werner to calcu...

In this paper, we discuss the possible effects of dark matter on a Schwarzschild black hole with the correction of extended uncertainty principle (EUP), such as the parameter α and the large fundamental length scale L∗. In particular, we surround the EUP black hole of mass m with a static spherical shell of dark matter described by the parameters m...

In this paper, we derive an exact black hole spacetime metric in the Einstein–Hilbert-Bumblebee (EHB) gravity around global monopole field. We study the horizon, temperature, and the photon sphere of the black hole. Using the null geodesics equation, we obtain the shadow cast by the Schwarzschild-like black hole with a topological defect in bumbleb...

In this project, our foremost intention is to analyze the angle of deflection of photon by NED black holes with many horizons in the context of non-linear electrodynamics. For the accomplishment of our intention at first we manipulated the optical metric of the desired black holes for the calculation of Gaussian curvature. After that, the angle of...

We explore the deflection angle in the framework of improved Schwarzschild Black hole utilizing the most advance geometrical path adopted by Gibbon-Werner. To investigate deflection angle of the photon ray by weak gravitational lensing for this black hole, we derive the optical curvature and perform the application of Gauss-Bonnet theorem on the op...

The objective of this paper is to analyze the weak deflection angle of Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity in the presence of plasma medium. To attain our results, we implement the Gibbons and Werner approach and use the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to Einstein gravity to acquire the resulting deflection angle of photon's ray in the weak field limit. Moreover, w...

In this review, various researches on finding the bending angle of light deflected by a massive gravitating object which regard the Gauss-Bonnet theorem as the premise have been revised. Primarily, the Gibbons and Werner method is studied apropos of the gravitational lensing phenomenon in the weak field limits. Some exclusive instances are delibera...

Symmergent gravity is the $R+R^2$ gravity theory which emerges in a way restoring gauge symmetries broken explicitly by the ultraviolet cutoff in effective field theories. To test symmergent gravity we construct novel black hole solutions in four dimensions, and study their shadow in the vacuum as well as plasma medium. Our detailed analyses show t...

In this article, we calculate the deflection angle of tidal charged black hole (TCBH) in weak field limits. First we obtain the Gaussian optical curvature and then apply the Gauss-Bonnet theorem on it. With the help of Gibbons-Werner method, we are able to calculate the light's deflection angle by TCBH in weak field limits. After calculating the de...

In this paper, we construct an evolving wormhole in the dark matter halo. This work is relevant since matter has two components: (i) cosmological part (only time dependent) and (ii) wormhole part (only space dependent). In order to implement this, we use the Chaplygin gas as an equation of state for the cosmic part and Navarro–Frenk–White dark matt...

Symmergent gravity is the R+R2 gravity theory which emerges in a way restoring gauge symmetries broken explicitly by the ultraviolet cutoff in effective field theories. To test symmergent gravity we construct novel black hole solutions in four dimensions, and study their shadow in the vacuum as well as plasma medium. Our detailed analyses show that...

In this paper, we discuss the effects of nonlinear electrodynamics (NED) on non-rotating black holes, parametrized by the field coupling parameter β and magnetic charge parameter P in detail. Particularly, we survey a large range of observables and physical properties of the magnetically charged black hole, including the thermodynamic properties, o...

In this paper, we discuss the effects of nonlinear electrodynamics (NED) on non-rotating black holes, parametrized by the field coupling parameter $\beta$ and magnetic charge parameter $P$ in detail. Particularly, we survey physical properties of the magnetically charged black hole, thermodynamic properties, observational appearance, quasinormal mo...

This letter aims to show the connection between the sinc approximation for high-energy absorption cross section and the shadow radius of the spherically symmetric black hole. This connection can give a physical interpretation of the absorption cross section in the eikonal limit parameters. Moreover, the use of this alternative way, one can extract...

The main goal of this paper is to study the weak gravitational lensing by Horndeski black hole in weak field approximation. In order to do so, we exploit the Gibbons-Werner method to the optical geometry of Horndeski black hole and implement the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to accomplish the deflection angle of light in weak field region. Furthermore, we h...

In this paper, we study light rays in a Kazakov-Solodukhin black hole. To this end, we use the optical geometry of the Kazakov-Solodukhin black hole within the Gauss-bonnet theorem. We first show the effect of the deformation parameter $a$ on the Gaussian optical curvature, and then we use the modern method popularized by Gibbons and Werner to calc...

In this paper, we analytically present an exact confining charged black hole solution to the scalar-tensor description of regularized 4-dimensional Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity (4DEGBG) coupled to non-linear gauge theory containing −F2 term. Part of the importance of using a non-trivial 4D theory of Gauss-Bonnet gravity is that it is proven the ab...

This study explores the Gaussian and the Lorentzian distributed spherically symmetric wormhole solutions in the gravity. The basic idea of the Gaussian and Lorentzian noncommutative geometries emerges as the physically acceptable and substantial notion in quantum physics. This idea of the noncommutative geometries with both the Gaussian and Lorentz...

In this paper, we show how the quasinormal modes (QNMs) arise from the perturbations of massive scalar fields propagating in the curved background by using the artificial neural networks. To this end, we architect a special algorithm for the feedforward neural network method (FNNM) to compute the QNMs complying with the certain types of boundary co...

The main goal of this paper is to study the weak gravitational lensing by Horndeski black hole in weak field approximation. In order to do so, we exploit the Gibbons-Werner method to the optical geometry of Horndeski black hole and implement the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to accomplish the deflection angle of light in weak field region. Furthermore, we h...

In this work, we propose an economical model to address some open cosmological problems such as the absence of the initial cosmological singularity, an early acceleration of the Universe and the generation of matter-antimatter asymmetry. The model is based on a scenario in which the early Universe consists of a non-linear electrodynamics fields. It...

In this paper, we analytically present an exact confining charged black hole solution to the $4$-dimensional ($4D$) novel Einstein Gauss-Bonnet (EGB) gravity coupled to non-linear gauge theory containing $\sqrt{-F^{2}}$ term. Part of the importance of using a non-trivial $4D$ theory of Gauss-Bonnet gravity is that it is proven the absence of the Os...

In a bid to resolve lingering problems in cosmology, more focus is being tilted towards cosmological models in which physical constants of nature are not necessarily real constants but vary with cosmic time. In this paper, we study a cosmological model in nonlinear electrodynamics with Newton's gravitational constant G, which is not a constant but...

This study explores the Gaussian and the Lorentzian distributed spherically symmetric wormhole solutions in the $f(\tau, T)$ gravity. The basic idea of the Gaussian and Lorentzian noncommutative geometries emerges as the physically acceptable and substantial notion in quantum physics. This idea of the noncommutative geometries with both the Gaussia...

In a bid to resolve lingering problems in cosmology, more focus is being tilted towards cosmological models in which physical constants of nature are not necessarily real constants but vary with cosmic time. In this paper, we study a cosmological model in nonlinear electrodynamics with Newton's gravitational constant $G$, which is not a constant bu...

In a bid to resolve lingering problems in cosmology, more focus is being tilted towards cosmological models in which physical constants of nature are not necessarily real constants but vary with cosmic time. In this paper, we study a cosmological model in nonlinear electrodynamics with Newton’s gravitational constant G, which is not a constant but...

In a bid to resolve lingering problems in cosmology, more focus is being tilted towards cosmological models in which physical constants of nature are not necessarily real constants, but varying with cosmic time. In this paper we have study cosmology in nonlinear electrodynamics with the Newton's gravitational constant $G$ not a constant but vary in...

In this paper, we discussed the possible effects of dark matter on a extended uncertainty principle (EUP) Schwarzschild black hole. In particular, we surrounded the EUP black hole with a spherical shell of dark matter whose mass is viewed as an additional effective mass to the black hole. We explored the changes in the horizon, particle ISCO radius...

In this paper, by considering Einstein-Hilbert-Bumblebee (EHB) gravity around global monopole field, we derive exactly a black hole spacetime metric. To test the effect of global monopole field and bumblebee field, which causes the spontaneous Lorentz symmetry breaking, we calculate the weak deflection angle using the Gauss-Bonnet theorem.

In this paper, we calculate the weak deflection angle by Casimir wormhole and its shadow. To do so, we derive the Gaussian optical curvature and use the Gauss–Bonnet theorem (GBT). Then we find the deflection angle by Casimir wormhole in weak field limits. Moreover, we obtain the weak deflection angle in the presence of plasma medium and see the ef...

In this paper, we first use the optical metrics of black-bounce traversable wormholes to calculate the Gaussiancurvature. Then we use the Gauss–Bonnet theorem to obtain the weak deflection angle of light from the black-bouncetraversable wormholes. We investigate the effect of dark matter medium on weak deflection angle using the Gauss–Bonnet theore...

The principal objective of this project is to investigate the gravitational lensing by asymptotically flat black holes in the framework of Horndeski theory in weak field limits. To achieve this objective, we utilize the Gauss–Bonnet theorem to the optical geometry of asymptotically flat black holes and apply the Gibbons–Werner technique to achieve...

Black hole's quasinormal frequencies are basically the complex numbers which provide information about the relaxation of perturbations and depend on the characteristics of the spacetime and types of perturbations. In this paper, we evaluate the quasinormal modes of Hayward black hole in Einstein Gauss-Bonnet gravity, Hayward black hole in anti-de S...

We study light rays in the static and spherically symmetric gravitational field of the null aether theory (NAT). To this end, we employ the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to compute the deflection angle formed by a NAT black hole in the weak limit approximation. Using the optical metrics of the NAT black hole, we first obtain the Gaussian curvature and then...

In this paper, we analyze the weak gravitational lensing in the context of Einstein-nonlinear-Maxwell–Yukawa black hole. To this desire, we derive the deflection angle of light by Einstein-nonlinear-Maxwell–Yukawa black hole using the Gibbons and Werner method. For this purpose, we obtain the Gaussian curvature and apply the Gauss–Bonnet theorem to...

In this paper, first we use the optical metrics of black-bounce traversable wormholes to calculate the Gaussian curvature. Then we use the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to obtain the weak deflection angle of light from the black-bounce traversable wormholes. Then we investigate the effect of dark matter medium on weak deflection angle using the Gauss-Bonnet...

In this paper, we study the gravitational lensing by some black hole classes within the non-linear electrodynamics in weak field limits. First, we calculate an optical geometry of the non-linear electrodynamics black hole then we use the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for finding deflection angle in weak field limits. The effect of non-linear electrodynamics...

In this work, we study the weak gravitational lensing in the background of Kerr-Newman black hole with quintessential dark energy. Initially, we compute the deflection angle of light by charged black hole with quintessential dark energy by utilizing the Gauss-Bnnet theorem. Firstly, we suppose the light rays on the equatorial plane in the axisymmet...

The principal objective of this project is to investigate the gravitational lensing by asymptotically flat black holes in the framework of Horndeski theory in weak field limits. To achieve this objective, we utilize the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to the optical geometry of asymptotically flat black holes and applying the Gibbons-Werner technique to achie...

In this article, we demonstrate the weak gravitational lensing in the context of Bocharova-Bronnikov-Melnikov-Bekenstein (BBMB) black hole. To this desire, we derive the deflection angle of light in a plasma medium by BBMB black hole using the Gibbons and Werner method. First, we obtain the Gaussian optical curvature and implement the Gauss-Bonnet...

In this paper, we study the quantum-corrected and generalizedf uncertinty principle (GUP)-corrected thermodynamics of the [Formula: see text]-dimensional charged-rotating Achucarro–Ortiz (AO) black hole. The corrected parameters include temperature, entropy, and heat capacity which help to investigate the instability phases of the Achucarro–Ortiz b...

In a bid to resolve lingering problems in cosmology, more focus is being tilted towards cosmological models in which physical constants of nature are not necessarily real constants, but varying with cosmic time. In this paper we have study cosmology in nonlinear electrodynamics with the Newton's gravitational constant $G$ not a constant but vary in...

In a bid to resolve lingering problems in cosmology, more focus is being tilted towards cosmological models in which physical constants of nature are not necessarily real constants, but varying with cosmic time. In this paper we study cosmology in nonlinear electrodynamics with the Newton's gravitational constant $G$ not a constant but varies with...

In this article, we demonstrate the weak gravitational lensing in the context of Bocharova–Bronnikov–Melnikov–Bekenstein (BBMB) black hole. To this desire, we derive the deflection angle of light in a plasma medium by BBMB black hole using the Gibbons and Werner method. First, we obtain the Gaussian optical curvature and implement the Gauss–Bonnet...

The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, we introduce a geometric approach to study the circular orbit of a particle in static and spherically symmetric spacetime based on Jacobi metric. Second, we apply the circular orbit to study the weak gravitational deflection of null and timelike particles based on Gauss-Bonnet theorem. By this way, we ob...

In this work we investigate the weak deflection angle of light from an exact black hole within nonlinear electrodynamics. First, we calculate the Gaussian optical curvature using the optical spacetime geometry. With the help of modern geometrical methods popularized by Gibbons and Werner, we examine the deflection angle of light from an exact black...

In this work, we investigate the weak deflection angle of light from exact black hole within the non-linear electrodynamics. First we calculate the Gaussian optical curvature using the optical spacetime geometry. With the help of modern geometrical way popularized by Gibbons and Werner, we examine the deflection angle of light from exact black hole...