Ali Övgün

Ali Övgün
Eastern Mediterranean University · Department of Physics

Ph.D. in Physics
Theoretical Physics, Gravitation, Cosmology, Black holes, Wormholes, Gravitational Lensing, Shadow, Quasinormal modes

Publications

Publications (253)
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the deflection angle of light by a rotating Teo wormhole spacetime is calculated in the weak limit approximation. We mainly focus on the weak deflection angle by revealing the gravitational lensing as a partially global topological effect. We apply the Gauss-Bonnet theorem (GBT) to the optical geometry osculating the Teo-Randers wormh...
Article
Full-text available
We present a careful study of accelerating black holes in anti-de Sitter spacetime, formulating the thermodynamics and resolving discrepancies that have appeared in previous investigations of the topic. We compute the dual stress-energy tensor for the spacetime and identify the energy density associated with a static observer at infinity. The dual...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we use a new asymptotically flat and spherically symmetric solution in the generalized Einstein-Cartan-Kibble-Sciama (ECKS) theory of gravity to study the weak gravitational lensing and its shadow cast. To this end, we first compute the weak deflection angle of generalized ECKS black hole using the Gauss-Bonnet theorem in plasma medi...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we propose an economical model to address some open cosmological problems such as the absence of the initial cosmological singularity, an early acceleration of the Universe and the generation of matter–antimatter asymmetry. The model is based on a scenario in which the early Universe consists of a non-linear electrodynamics (NLED) fie...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we investigate light bending in the spacetime of regular black holes with cosmic strings in weak field limits. To do so, we apply the Gauss-Bonnet theorem to the optical geometry of the black hole; and, using the Gibbons-Werner method, we obtain the deflection angle of light in the weak field limits which shows that the bending of li...
Preprint
We investigate the inflation driven by a non-linear electromagnetic field based on a NLED lagrangian density ${\cal L}_{nled} = - {\cal F} f \left( {\cal F} \right)$, where $f \left( {\cal F}\right)$ is a generalized functional depending on ${\cal F}$. We first formulate an $f$-NLED cosmological model with a more general functional $f \left( {\cal...
Preprint
In this work, we perform a systematic study of the symmergent gravity in a black hole environment. The symmergent gravity, an emergent gravity model in which gravity emerges in a way restoring the gauge symmetries and stabilizing the Higgs boson mass, possesses a quadratic-curvature term with a loop-induced coupling proportional to the boson-fermio...
Preprint
In this work, we examine the deflection angle of black hole in effective loop quantum gravity in non-plasma medium via the geometrical technique of Gibbons and Werner in weak field limits. For this, we attain the optical metric and calculate the Gaussian optical curvature and then we apply the Gauss-Bonnet theorem. We also study the influence of th...
Preprint
Poincare Gauge's theory of gravity is the most noteworthy alternative extension of general relativity that has a correspondence between spin and spacetime geometry. In this paper, we used Reissner-Nordstrom-de Sitter and anti-de Sitter solutions, where torsion $\tau$ is added as an independent field, to analyze the weak deflection angles $\hat{\alp...
Preprint
Nonlinear interaction between the electromagnetic fields (EMF) are occurred when vacuum polarization in quantum electrodynamics (QED) happens. The field of nonlinear electrodynamics which may be resulting from this interaction could have important effects on black hole physics. In this paper, we consider the asymptotically flat black hole solution...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motivated by (i) more and more interest in strong gravitational lensing by supermassive black holes due to the achievement of EHT observations, (ii) the ongoing popular topic on the possibility of Lorentz symmetry being broken in gravitation and its consequences, we will apply the Einstein bumblebee gravity with Lorentz violation (LV) to the study...
Preprint
The quasinormal modes of the Kerr-like black bounce spacetime under the scalar field perturbations are studied. We derive the effective potential of scalar perturbation in Kerr-like black bounce spacetime, and study the influence of Kerr-like black bounce spacetime parameters on quasinormal modes by using WKB method and P\"{o}schl-Teller potential...
Article
In this paper, we investigated the effect of dark matter on the weak deflection angle by black holes at the galactic center. We consider three known dark matter density profiles such as the Cold Dark Matter, Scalar Field Dark Matter, and the Universal Rotation Curve from the Burkert profile. To achieve this goal, we used how the positional angles a...
Preprint
Full-text available
The quasinormal mode (QNM) is a characteristic "sound" for a black hole which can provide us with a new method to identify black holes in our universe. Based on this, we study the quasinormal modes (QNMs) and greybody factors (GFs) of axisymmetric black holes in a dark matter halo, and make a comparison with the Kerr black hole. The main results we...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the weak deflection angle and greybody bound for a magnetized regular black hole. For this purpose, we apply the Gauss–Bonnet theorem on the black hole and obtain the deflection angle in plasma and non-plasma mediums. Moreover, we investigate graphically the effect of impact parameter on the deflection angle for regular bl...
Article
In this paper, we study the weak deflection angle in the spacetime of improved Schwarzschild black hole using the method derived by Gibbons and Werner. To do so, we derive the optical curvature from the optical metric and calculate deflection angle in weak field limits by using the Gauss–Bonnet theorem. Moreover, we study the effect of the plasma m...
Preprint
In this paper, we study the weak deflection angle using Gauss-Bonnet theorem and bounding greybody factor for electric and magnetic black holes in the background of nonlinear electrodynamics. Using Gibbons and Werner's approach, first we acquire the Gaussian optical curvature to use in Gauss-Bonnet theorem and calculate the bending angle for spheri...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the weak deflection angle and greybody factor of magnetized regular black hole. We implement the Gauss-Bonnet theorem on magnetized regular black hole to get the deflection angle. Moreover, we analyze the influence of plasma and non-plasma mediums on deflection angle of magnetized regular black hole. We observe the graphic...
Preprint
Full-text available
There had been recent advancement toward the detection of ultra-faint dwarf galaxies, which may serve as a useful laboratory for dark matter exploration since some of them contains almost 99$\%$ of pure dark matter. The majority of these galaxies contain no black hole that inhabits them. Recently, there had been reports that some dwarf galaxies may...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we study light rays in a Kazakov-Solodukhin black hole. To this end, we use the optical geometry of the Kazakov-Solodukhin black hole within the Gauss-bonnet theorem. We first show the effect of the deformation parameter $a$ on the Gaussian optical curvature, and then we use the modern method popularized by Gibbons and Werner to calc...

About

259
Publications
107,407
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3,395
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2020 - present
Eastern Mediterranean University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2019 - July 2020
Eastern Mediterranean University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2018 - July 2019
Eastern Mediterranean University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
February 2013 - June 2016
September 2011 - February 2013
September 2010 - June 2011
University of Southampton
Field of study
  • Cosmology & Dark matter Physics

Questions

Questions (21)
Question
Has LIGO detected the cross-polarized cylindrical gravitational waves of Einstein and Rosen which is published 28 years ago by M. Halilsoy?
Question
"The researchers, from the University of Cambridge and Queen Mary University of London, have successfully simulated a black hole shaped like a very thin ring, which gives rise to a series of 'bulges' connected by strings that become thinner over time. These strings eventually become so thin that they pinch off into a series of miniature black holes, similar to how a thin stream of water from a tap breaks up into droplets.
Ring-shaped black holes were 'discovered' by theoretical physicists in 2002, but this is the first time that their dynamics have been successfully simulated using supercomputers. Should this type of black hole form, it would lead to the appearance of a 'naked singularity', which would cause the equations behind general relativity to break down. The results are published in the journal Physical Review Letters."
"As long as singularities stay hidden behind an event horizon, they do not cause trouble and general relativity holds - the 'cosmic censorship conjecture' says that this is always the case," said study co-author Markus Kunesch, a PhD student at Cambridge's Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP). "As long as the cosmic censorship conjecture is valid, we can safely predict the future outside of black holes. Because ultimately, what we're trying to do in physics is to predict the future given knowledge about the state of the universe now."
But what if a singularity existed outside of an event horizon? If it did, not only would it be visible from the outside, but it would represent an object that has collapsed to an infinite density, a state which causes the laws of physics to break down. Theoretical physicists have hypothesised that such a thing, called a naked singularity, might exist in higher dimensions.
"If naked singularities exist, general relativity breaks down,"
What the Cambridge researchers, along with their co-author Pau Figueras from Queen Mary University of London, have found is that if the ring is thin enough, it can lead to the formation of naked singularities.
Question
And by Thursday, do train the English words "inspiral", "merger", and "ringdown" because what we will be told will be spectacular. They will claim to possess the confidence level 5.1 sigma, detection by both LIGO apparatuses, and a correct time delay between them. The masses of the black holes will be 36 and 29 solar masses at the beginning; and 62 for the resulting black hole. The reconstructed orbital speed will be almost exactly the speed of light. As a bonus, they will also observe the "ringdown to Kerr" at the end. Woohoo! [imagine how this word sounds in Swahili!]

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