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Optic disc segmentation is a key element in automatic screening systems, which facilitates the detection of lesions that affect the interior surface of the eye (i.e. fundus). Therefore, this paper aims to provide a fully automated technique for detecting and segmenting the optic disc. First, the fundus image is preprocessed in order to estimate the...
Optic disc detection and segmentation is one of the key elements for automatic retinal disease screening systems. The aim of this survey paper is to review, categorize and compare the optic disc detection algorithms and methodologies, giving a description of each of them, highlighting their key points and performance measures. Accordingly, this sur...
Large-scale parallel corpus has become a reliable resource to cross the language barriers between the user and the web. These parallel texts provide the primary training material for statistical translation models and testing machine translation systems. Arabic-English parallel texts are not available in sufficient quantities and manual constructio...
Question Answering (QA) is a specialized area in the field of Information Retrieval (IR). The QA systems are concerned with providing relevant answers in response to questions proposed in natural language. QA is therefore composed of three distinct modules, each of which has a core component beside other supplementary components. These three core c...
This paper provides a novel approach for the problem of detecting the yellowish lesions in the eye fundus images, such as hard and soft exudates, in a fully-automated manner. To solve this problem of segmenting exudates automatically, the fundus image was first converted into the L*a*b* color space to decouple the chromaticity information of the im...
Term-weighting techniques are responsible for giving a weight for each query term to determine its significance. This term significance is based on the generality or specificity of that term. Traditional weighting models, such as the Inverse Document Frequency (IDF), measure the generality/specificity of terms through document collection statistics...
The project aims mainly to detect and segment one of the major landmarks in the fundus images which is the optic nerve head. It also aims to the detection and diagnosis of particular lesions associated with glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy.