Alfredo Saad-Filho

Alfredo Saad-Filho
King's College London | KCL · Department of International Development

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173
Publications
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2,126
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Publications

Publications (173)
Chapter
The course of COVID-19 was exceptionally tragic in Brazil, arguably the country with the worst pandemic response on Earth, the only one where the government not only neglected its basic duties but actively undermined measures that could have contained the pandemic and protected the population, and the greatest experiment in ‘herd immunity’ in moder...
Chapter
This chapter explores the limitations and crises of neoliberal democracy after the GFC. It shows that, given the political, institutional and other fragilities of neoliberal democracy, the stresses caused by the most severe economic crisis since 1929 created deep fractures in society, that could not be healed easily. These tensions worsened with th...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the political forms associated with neoliberalism. It shows that the transitions to neoliberalism followed different paths but, by the 1990s, a specifically neoliberal form of democracy had become the political form of the system of accumulation. Examination of the key features, contradictions and limitations of neoliberal d...
Chapter
Pandemics are socially and historically specific. They impact upon individuals through the collectivities in which they live, travel, workd and find entertainment; correspondingly, pandemics must be tackled by societies at specific places and moments in time. The analysis of their course and the appropriate lessons must be similarly contextual.
Chapter
The USA had the highest number of COVID-19 cases (32.1 million) and deaths (572,200) in the world, as of 26 April 2021. These tragic outcomes were due to large-scale mismanagement, that started even before the arrival of the pandemic. It is widely known that the US healthcare system is both extensively privatised and highly decentralised, with a sk...
Chapter
This chapter outlines the theoretical framework and the main concepts underpinning the analysis of the three crises in this book, focusing on the concepts of neoliberalism, financialisation and system of accumulation.
Chapter
In early 2020, UK public life became dominated by the convergence of a calamitous Brexit with a catastrophic pandemic.
Chapter
In early June 2021, India had reported nearly 30 million cases and 350,000 deaths due to COVID-19, placing it near the top of the lists of worst-affected countries (these figures are likely to be significant underestimates; Gettleman et al., 2021; The Economist. (2021). India is struggling with a catastrophic second wave).
Chapter
This chapter examines the economic paradox of neoliberalism, that global neoliberalism has enjoyed the most favourable conditions for accumulation in generations, yet the neoliberal AEs have been unable to capitalise on them.
Chapter
The COVID-19 pandemic was immersed in a neoliberal context, but it also developed in national circumstances and within given political conditions.
Chapter
This chapter reviews the impact of COVID-19 across the economy, politics and the dominant ideologies. The economic contraction caused by the pandemic was the most severe since the dawn of capitalism. The speed of the collapse was stunning, and it led most governments to draw up emergency plans that, at least initially, were based on the experience...
Article
We are amidst what can be termed an ongoing authoritarian turn in global politics. While Trump, one of its important examples, is no longer in office in the United States, there remain many countries under the sway of authoritarian leaders, such as Turkey, Egypt, Brazil, Hungary and the Philippines. The policies of Trump, Sisi, Bolsonaro, Orban and...
Article
This article introduces two previously unpublished working papers by the Brazilian economist Celso Furtado (1920–2004). Following a brief outline of his life and ideas, the arguments in the two papers are examined, taking into account their context and place in Furtado’s evolving body of work. These two papers represent a crucial turning point in F...
Article
This article examines the rise of authoritarian neoliberalism in Brazil. The study draws upon a review of the achievements and limitations of the federal administrations led by the Workers’ Party (PT, 2003–2016), and the political forces pushing for the overthrow of President Dilma Rousseff. In sequence, the article examines the economic drivers an...
Article
The main feature of capital accumulation in Brazil during the administrations led by Luís Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers’ Party—PT) was the continuity of neoliberalism of two varieties: inclusive (2003–2006) and developmental (2006–2013). The PT’s attachment to neoliberalism was mitigated by the pa...
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Full-text available
Under favorable external circumstances, the pragmatic political and economic strategy of Brazil’s Partido dos Trabalhadores (Workers’ Party—PT) helped to secure short-term political stability, boosted growth, and supported an unprecedented distribution of income. However, it also meant that the PT had to accommodate to rather than transform the con...
Article
Marxist political economy is alive and well, and not just because of the habitual turn to Marx in response to any crisis of capitalism. Both through Capital and through the continuing evolution of Marxism, Marxist political economy offers valuable insights that can illuminate the modalities of social and economic reproduction and the relationships...
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Chapter
The mass movements that erupted in June 2013 were the largest Brazilian protests in a generation; they signaled the onset of a new wave of political polarization and social conflict in the country. These movements had a distinctive social, economic, and political character, which stands in sharp contrast to the mobilizations that took place between...
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This article examines the theories and practices of neoliberalism across 13 aspects of (‘things you need to know about’) neoliberalism. They include the argument that neoliberalism is not reducible to a cogent ideology or a change in economic or social policies, nor is it primarily about a shift in the relationship between the state and the market...
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The political conflicts during the Workers’ Party administrations led by Luís Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff have been driven by disputes between two fractions of the country’s bourgeoisie: the internal and the internationalized bourgeoisie. Their ideologies, policies, institutions, and forms of political representation have determined gov...
Chapter
This chapter examines the pro-poor (democratic) macroeconomic policy framework, and the scope for its deployment as a progressive alternative to Washington Consensus-type (mainstream, or neoliberal) policies. Despite their regressive outcomes, these mainstream economic policies have been implemented consistently in most Arab and developing countrie...
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This article offers a political economy critique of the fastest-growing modality of social policy in the world: conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs). CCTs allocate small conditional tax-funded sums to the " deserving destitute " as part of a strategy of moderation of inequality, poverty management and containment of dissent. This article argue...
Article
The Programa Bolsa Família (PBF) is one of the largest conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes in the world. CCTs have been described as a ‘magic bullet’ for development, and PBF is widely regarded as an exemplary programme. Examination of its conceptual underpinnings, features, impact and limitations shows that PBF provides substantial income s...
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Resumo Este artigo examina criticamente a literatura marxista sobre o neoliberalismo. Ele descreve as quatro principais interpretações do neoliberalismo a partir de uma perspectiva marxista e analisa os pontos fortes e limitações de cada uma delas. Estes incluem as abordagens do neoliberalismo como sendo, principal-mente, um conjunto de ideias; um...
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This article offers a political economy interpretation of the mass protests that took place in Brazil in June-July 2013. This interpretation is based on a review of two development strategies - import-substituting industrialization and neoliberalism - and the class structures associated with them. Examining them helps to locate the sources of curre...
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This article offers a political economy review of the literatures and the empirical evidence concerning the ‘Rise of the South’. The study focuses on global convergence (in the long-term, in the last 30 years, and in the aftermath of the 2008 global crisis), economic decoupling between developing and advanced economies, and the economic strategies...
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Procedural (formal, liberal, capitalist or bourgeois) democracy is the political form of neoliberalism, and it dominates political thought and state practice today. This modality of management of class relations is currently in crisis, expressed through the evacuation of politics, the erosion of civil liberties and the emergence of authoritarian go...
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The mass movements in June and July 2013 were the largest and most significant protests in Brazil for a generation, and they have shaken up the country’s political system. They expressed a wide range of demands about public service provision and governance, and concerns with corruption. Their social base was broad, starting with students and left-w...
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Natural resource rents, development assistance and unrequited foreign exchange inflows such as remittances relax the balance of payments constraint on economic growth. The failure of some governments to translate these resources into successful development has been attributed to an affliction called ‘Dutch disease’, or, more ominously, to a ‘curse’...
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This article reviews the emergence of neo-developmentalist economic policies in Brazil, in the early 2000s, as a heterodox alternative to neoliberalism. These policies were implemented in the second Lula administration (2006–10), and continued under Dilma Rousseff. However, neo-developmentalism has not simply replaced neoliberalism; rather, these p...
Book
This Companion takes stock of the trajectory, achievements, shortcomings and prospects of Marxist political economy. It reflects the contributors' shared commitment to bringing the methods, theories and concepts of Marx himself to bear across a wide range of topics and perspectives, and it provides a testimony to the continuing purpose and vitality...
Article
On the Crisis of Neoliberalism This discussion brings together five economists who address the major questions raised by the recent developments in the crisis of neoliberalism. The participants confront their respective definitions of neoliberalism, their understanding of the role played by financial mechanisms in the crisis and their interpretatio...
Chapter
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This chapter offers a political economy analysis of the two systems of accumulation in the post-war Brazilian economy, import-substituting industrialisation (ISI) and new liberalism, and the industrial policies associated with them1.The shift across systems of accumulation has been associated with significant changes in the role, structure, and pol...
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From political economy to economic policy: The neo-developmentalism and the Lula administration. This article critically reviews the design of neo-developmentalist economic policies in Brazil, in the first half of the last decade, and their relationship with the economic policies of the Lula administration after 2006. Paradoxically, the neo-develop...
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A review of the achievements of the Lula administration and an examination of the contrasting political and social programs that disputed the Brazilian presidential elections in October 2010 reveal that there has been significant progress toward the consolidation of a social democratic welfare state in Brazil and that further progress is possible b...
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This paper reviews recent economic policy debates about the relationship between growth, poverty and inequality. These debates have tended to focus on whether market-led growth is sufficient to eliminate poverty and reduce inequality, or whether specific policies are necessary because untargeted growth may be insufficient or even perverse. The pape...
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Full-text available
A review of the achievements of the Lula administration and an examination of the contrasting political and social programs that disputed the Brazilian presidential elections in October 2010 reveal that there has been significant progress toward the consolidation of a social democratic welfare state in Brazil and that further progress is possible b...
Article
This paper offers a political economy analysis of the two systems of accumulation in the postwar Brazilian economy: import-substituting industrialisation (ISI) and new liberalism, and the industrial policies associated with them. The transition between these two systems of accumulation from the early 1980s to the mid-1990s is reviewed in the light...

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