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Alfredo Carvalho Filho

Alfredo Carvalho Filho
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BSc

About

110
Publications
27,835
Reads
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1,254
Citations
Introduction
Descriptions of new species of Tetraodontidae, Gobiidae, Eleotridae, Synodontidae, Sciaenidae, Synaphobranchidae, and range extension of several marine fishes
Additional affiliations
February 2013 - November 2015
Instituto Laje Viva
Instituto Laje Viva
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (110)
Book
Full-text available
Quando se fala em ictiologia no Brasil, a primeira coisa que nos vem mente a bacia do rio Amazonas que, sem d vida, cont m a ictiofauna mais diversificada do mundo. Essa simples lembran a geralmente leva a maioria dos jovens icti logos brasileiros a estudar peixes de gua doce, enquanto a fauna de peixes marinhos recebe aten o relativamente menor. I...
Article
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The North Coast of Brazil is a biogeographical area of the Exclusive Economic Zone of Brazil that share environmental features with region under influence of the Plume of the rio Amazon and Orinoco. Despite the relevance of the region's fish fauna, in biogeo-graphic, ecologic, and commercial terms, this area is poorly known. This study presents the...
Article
Five new species of Stellifer are described from the Caribbean Sea and tropical southwestern Atlantic. Among the previously recognized stelliferine genera, Stellifer is unique by having a pair of variably developed appendages on the posterior margin of the anterior gas chamber, which is lacking in Bairdiella, Corvula, Elattarchus, Odontoscion and O...
Article
Full-text available
The hapuku wreckfish Polyprion oxygeneios is recorded for the first time in Argentinian waters. Four specimens were caught off Mar del Plata (38°S, Argentina) in depths between 60 and 260 m during austral summer (three by sport fishers and one in a research cruise). Up to the present, this species was consistently misidentified with its congener, t...
Article
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Data on the deep sea fishes found off the northern Brazilian coast are restricted to the results of the surveys of the RV Oregon, a research vessel of the North American National Marine Fisheries Service, and the REVIZEE Program. The REVIZEE Score-Norte Program focused on commercial fish species and natural resources with potential for exploitation...
Article
Saint Peter and Saint Paul's Archipelago (SPSPA), one of the smallest and most isolated island groups in the world, is situated on the Mid‐Atlantic Ridge, between Brazil and the African continent. SPSPA has low species richness and high endemism, however, the diversity of fishes from deep habitats (> 30 m depth) had not been previously studied in d...
Article
The labrisomid genus Malacoctenus from Southwestern Atlantic is reviewed. Two new species of scaly blennies formerly reported by several authors as Malacoctenus triangulatus are described. One is found at the oceanic islands Fernando de Noronha Archipelago and Atol das Rocas, and the other is distributed along the Brazilian coastline. The two new s...
Article
The labrisomid genus Malacoctenus from Southwestern Atlantic is reviewed. Two new species of scaly blennies formerly reported by several authors as Malacoctenus triangulatus are described. One is found at the oceanic islands Fernando de Noronha Archipelago and Atol das Rocas, and the other is distributed along the Brazilian coastline. The two new s...
Book
Full-text available
A pictorial Catalog of Fishes larger than 40 cm that occur in Brazilian marine waters, with cientifica and common names, diagnosis, size, habitat, and commercial and occurrence data. In Portuguese.
Article
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The poorly known morid Laemonema robustum Johnson, 1862, is reported for the first time from Brazilian marine waters. Morphometric characters are compared with published works and selected vouchers. The known Atlantic Ocean range of the species is extended to the Southwestern Atlantic, thousands of kilometers from previous records. Citation: Carval...
Article
Centropomus irae sp. nov. (Centropomidae) is described from two localities in the state of Amapá, northern Brazil. The new species differs from all its congeners by the typically brown-colored lateral line, the relatively smaller mean interorbital width (4.1% of SL vs. 5.2–6.9%), mean snout length (8.9% of SL vs. 9.8–11.1%), mean diameter of the or...
Article
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Three valid species of the genus Physiculus are known from the Brazilian marinewaters. A fourth, new species, Physiculus cirm n. sp.., is described based on seventeen specimens collected in the surroundings of Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, equatorial Atlantic. A review of the Brazilian species of Physiculus is provided, as well as a key t...
Article
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Se presentan los primeros registros documentados de la morena reticulada Muraena retifera Goode & Bean, 1882 y la morena ocelada Gymnothorax ocellatus Agassiz, 1831 para Uruguay y Argentina, respectivamente. Ambos registros se basan en capturas de pesca recreacional y representan extensiones geográficas hacia el sur significativas para estas especi...
Article
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Recent studies reported the introduction of non-native species on the Brazilian coast. In this contribution, we provide the first record of Cephalopholis taeniops (Valenciennes 1828) in the western South Atlantic, based on a specimen captured off the Ilhas Cagarras, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and discuss the potential agents for its introduction. Whil...
Article
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The objective of this study was to report all fish species caught by shrimp trawlers based in Pirambu, in the state of Sergipe, Brazil and estimate the length-weight relation (LWR) for the most abundant species in the samples. Four samples were collected monthly from four shrimp trawlers. A total of 8522 fishes were caught (89 species; 38 families)...
Article
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The present study reports on the first records of the bythitid Redfin Brotula, Petrotyx sanguineus (Meek & Hildebrand, 1928), in the western South Atlantic, based on 7 specimens (50.8-152.8 mm SL) from 5 localities along the northeastern coast of Brazil: (1) Praia de Maracaípe, Ipojuca and (2) Praia de Tamandaré, Tamandaré, in Pernambuco state; and...
Article
Phylogenies based on morphological and molecular data confirm the monophyly of the subfamily Stelliferinae; however, there is no consensus on the intergeneric and interspecific relationships in the group. Previous studies suggested the non-monophyly of Ophioscion and Stellifer, and possible cryptic species in Ophioscion punctatissimus. Therefore, w...
Data
An updated and annotated checklist of the endemic reef fishes of the tropical and sub-tropical southwestern Atlantic
Article
Full-text available
To present an updated database of fish species recorded on south-western Atlantic reef environments and to explore the ecological drivers of the structure, the latitudinal gradient of biodiversity and the centre of endemism in this peripheral province. South-western Atlantic (SWA): Brazilian and Argentinian Provinces. A database composed of 733 fis...
Article
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Occurrence of multiple whitetip reef sharks Triaenodon obesus in the Atlantic Ocean is reported for the first time from near a sunken ferry off the Paraná coast in south-eastern Brazil. This occurrence is hypothesized to have been caused by either a human introduction or a remarkably long oceanic displacement.
Article
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Anthias asperilinguis was described in 1859 from a single specimen collected from an unspecified locality off the Atlantic coast of South America and subsequently reported from the coasts of Venezuela, the Guianas, and northeastern Brazil. More recently, examination of specimens obtained from St. Paul's Rocks (in the central equatorial Atlantic wel...
Article
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Two species of different families belonging to the order Anguilliformes have their ranges extended in the southwestern Atlantic: the chlopsid Chlopsis dentatus (Seale, 1917) from Rio de Janeiro and the muraenid Gymnothorax maderensis (Johnson, 1862) from Bahia. The new records extend the distribution of these species south along the Brazilian coast...
Article
Full-text available
Two species of different families belonging to the order Anguilliformes have their ranges extended in the southwestern Atlantic: the chlopsid Chlopsis dentatus (Seale, 1917) from Rio de Janeiro and the muraenid Gymnothorax maderensis (Johnson, 1862) from Bahia. The new records extend the distribution of these species south along the Brazilian coast...
Article
The Paiva’s blenny Lupinoblennius paivai is redescribed and its range redefined along the Brazilian coast. It differs from its congeners by the presence of three cephalic pores between the dorsal-fin base and lateral line, dorsal-fin elements XII, 12, anal-fin elements II, 16, pectoral-fin rays 14 and 10+20 vertebrae. It is here reported from Amazo...
Article
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The high diversity and distribution of Bathygobius Bleeker, 1878 makes it an excellent group to study evolution patterns within the Atlantic. Thus, the aims of this work were to investigate the taxonomic status, geographical distribution and evolutionary history of Bathygobius in the Atlantic and to examine the genetic structure and demographic and...
Article
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A new species of Anthiadinae, Odontanthias cauoh, is described from São Pedro and São Paulo Archipelago (SPSPA), Brazil, Equatorial Atlantic. The new species differs from its only Atlantic congener by a combination of several characters: pectoral-fin rays 20; total gill rakers on first arch 39; vomerine tooth patch with a posterior prolongation; pe...
Article
Fishes inhabiting rhodolith beds and reefs at mesophotic depths on the Abrolhos Shelf, which encompasses the largest and richest coral reef formation in the South Atlantic Ocean, were assessed through technical diving and remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). A total of 74 fish species were recorded, including at least one new species, one new record...
Article
Full-text available
We present a checklist of 278 species of reef fishes recorded along the coastline of Santa Catarina state, the southernmost limit of distribution of tropical ichthyofauna on the coast of Brazil. Twelve new species records for this state are presented: Acanthurus coeruleus, Acanthurus monroviae, Apogon americanus, Cantherhines macrocerus, Chaetodon...
Data
Full-text available
PLoS ONE - Supporting Information - Accepted: December 2014 Fish biodiversity of the Vitória-Trindade Seamount Chain, southwestern Atlantic: an updated database. Below is an annotated checklist of the fishes known to occur at VTC. Orders and families follow Nelson [1], Epinephelidae follows Craig & Hastings [2] and Craig et al. [3], and Labridae f...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a strong increase in research on seamounts and oceanic islands ecology and biogeography, many basic aspects of their biodiversity are still unknown. In the southwestern Atlantic, the Vitória-Trindade Seamount Chain (VTC) extends ca. 1,200 km offshore the Brazilian continental shelf, from the Vitória seamount to the oceanic islands of Trinda...
Data
Full-text available
Serranus aliceae n. sp. is described from Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo States, southeastern Brazilian coast. The species is readily distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: scales around the caudal peduncle 20 or 21; total gill rakers on first branchial arch 23-29; cheek-scales rows 5 or 6; and by the colora...
Article
Full-text available
Serranus aliceae n. sp. is described from Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo States, southeastern Brazilian coast. The species is readily distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: scales around the caudal peduncle 20 or 21; total gill rakers on first branchial arch 23-29; cheek-scales rows 5 or 6; and by the colora...
Article
Full-text available
Global biodiversity declines and increasing rates of extinction necessitate the assessment and prediction of the vulnerability of species to extinction. Here, we examine the relationships between conservation status and ecological traits of reef fish species of the Brazilian biogeographical province. We used binomial tests and a logistic regression...
Article
Full-text available
Grammicolepis brachiusculus, commonly known as Thorny tinselfish, was previously cited from Brazilian waters, but not thoroughly documented. Here we report about a new record of this species, based on three voucher specimens, 169.2–196.3 mm SL, collected off Bahia, Brazil. This report extends the range of the species southwards for a distance of ab...
Article
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The rare ophichthid eel Asarcenchelys longimanus is reported for the first time from Bahia State, north-eastern Brazil. To date, only two specimens of A. longimanus, the holotype and a paratype, were known. The new finding extends its distribution to about 2400 km southwards along the Brazilian coastline and provides a new maximum size for the spec...
Article
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The occurrence of the merluccid Macruronus novaezelandiae from tropical waters off Bahia, eastern Brazil, is reported for the first time due to the capture of an adult of 712.3 mm standard length in May 2008, from a depth of 400 m. Until then no specimen had been reported north of 32°29′S on the South American Atlantic coast. This new record extend...
Article
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Many reef fish use non-reef habitats (e.g. mangroves, estuaries, and seagrass/algae beds) during their life cycle. In this study we determined how many, and which percentage of Brazilian reef fish species that make use of non-reef habitats are considered threatened (i.e. red-listed) and/or targeted by fisheries. We compiled data for 559 reef fish s...
Article
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This is the third in a series of reports describing new or rare records caught with circle hooks, a method only recently being employed in exploratory fishing in Brazilian deep waters. Here we report the presence of one family and two species of perciform fishes new to, or never formerly reported from, Brazilian waters: the longfin escolar, Scombro...
Article
Full-text available
In this second paper dedicated to report on deep-sea fishes from Brazilian waters, mainly from Bahia, the presence of one family and three species of Aulopoidei is reported for the first time from Brazilian waters: the aulopid Aulopus filamentosus (royal flagfin), the synodontids Saurida normani and Synodus poeyi (shortjaw lizardfish and offshore l...
Article
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The American sciaenid genus Macrodon presently consists of only two species, the Atlantic Macrodon ancylodon (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), and the Pacific Macrodon mordax (Gilbert & Starks, 1904). The two species are distinguished mainly by the number of pored scales on the lateral line (66-78 in M. ancylodon vs. 45-55 in M. mordax). The present study...
Article
Full-text available
The American sciaenid genus Macrodon presently consists of only two species, the Atlantic Macrodon ancylodon (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), and the Pacific Macrodon mordax (Gilbert & Starks, 1904). The two species are distinguished mainly by the number of pored scales on the lateral line (66–78 in M. ancylodon vs. 45–55 in M. mordax). The present study...
Article
Full-text available
We present a list with 10 new records of reef fish on the coast of Santa Catarina State, the southernmost site of tropical reef fish occurrence on the Brazilian coast. We also comment on the distribution-range of the recently described Halichoeres sazimai (Labridae).
Article
Full-text available
This is the first in a series of reports describing new records caught with circle hooks, a method only now being employed in exploratory fishing in Brazilian deep waters. Several new records of deep-water fishes were obtained with this equipment. In this paper we record for the first time the occurrence of two genera and species of Bramidae in Bra...
Article
This is the first in a series of reports describing new records caught with circle hooks, a method only now being employed in exploratory fishing in Brazilian deep waters. Several new records of deep-water fishes were obtained with this equipment. In this paper we record for the first time the occurrence of two genera and species of Bramidae in Bra...
Article
Full-text available
A population of Pronotogrammus martinicensis (Guichenot, 1868) is described and recognized as a unique shallow-water variation of the species from the Brazilian South-Eastern coast, based on genetic, morphologic and ecological data. It is distinguished from the deep water population by its smaller eye, longer snout, shorter pectoral-fin, color of t...
Article
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The tripletail or blackfish (Lobotes surinamensis, Lobotidae) is recorded for the first time from an oceanic island in the South Atlantic, based on two individuals sighted and photographed near a buoy at Fernando de Noronha Island, off north-eastern Brazil.