Alexis Ruffault

Alexis Ruffault
French Institute of Sport (INSEP) | INSEP · Research Department - Laboratory Sport, Expertise and Performance (EA 7370)

PhD (Psychology)

About

33
Publications
10,688
Reads
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316
Citations
Introduction
I am currently working on sport injury (determinants of protective behaviors, psychological determinants and outcomes, ...) and sport performance (mental skills training, decision making, ...) at the French Institute of Sport (Paris). I have a PhD in Psychology from Université Paris Descartes (France), which focused on mindfulness and obesity. I also show an interest in behavior change theories and techniques and in physical activity determinants and outcomes. I use a range of methods: RCTs, meta-analysis, experimental designs, case studies, cross-sectional designs, self-help interventions, virtual reality simulations...
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - present
French Institute of Sport (INSEP)
Position
  • Researcher
October 2017 - June 2018
University of Liège
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2014 - September 2017
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Position
  • Stand-in teacher
Description
  • English for psychologists, Communication and expression in english, English of psychological research
Education
October 2014 - June 2017
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Field of study
  • Psychology
October 2012 - June 2014
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Field of study
  • Health Psychology
October 2008 - June 2012
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (k = 12) were randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of any form...
Article
Introduction Better understanding the psychological consequences of an injury and its influence on behavior changes and the implementation of a prevention program seems relevant for injury management (treatment and prevention). Thus, the objective of this present study was (1) to analyze the perception of injury by athletes, and (2) to analyze the...
Article
Full-text available
L’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer l’impact d’une intervention de préparation mentale sur les habiletés mentales, la motivation à pratiquer le rugby, le stress, la récupération et la survenue de blessures auprès de rugbymen espoirs. Vingt-quatre joueurs d’une Académie pôle espoirs rugby ont participé à cette étude pendant une saison. Quatre sé...
Article
Full-text available
Feeling anxious and presenting self-determined motivations about returning to sport after a break may impair sport performance and increase the risk of sustaining an injury. Hence, the aim of this study is to explore differences in anxiety and motivation to return to sport according to gender, expertise, training status before and during the lockdo...
Article
Objectives To identify individual characteristics associated with the adoption of injury risk reduction programmes (IRRP) and to investigate the variations in sociocognitive determinants (ie, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and intentions) of IRRP adoption in athletics (track and field) athletes. Methods We conducted a c...
Article
This study aimed to explore how stakeholders in athletics perceived the relevance of injury prevention, determine their communication preferences, and describe their expectations regarding injury prevention. We conducted a cross-sectional study using an exploratory online survey with high-level athletes (i.e., listed by the French ministry of sport...
Article
Full-text available
In regular times, implementing exercise-based injury prevention programs into the training routine of high-level and professional athletes represents a key and challenging aspect to decrease injury risk. Barriers to implementing such prevention programs have previously been identified such as lack of resources, logistic issues or motivation. The CO...
Article
Full-text available
In badminton, the ability to quickly gather relevant visual information is one of the most important determinants of performance. However, gaze behavior has never been investigated in a real-game setting (with fatigue), nor related to performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fatigue on gaze behavior during a badminton game s...
Preprint
In March 2020, the Your COVID-19 Risk tool was developed in response to the global spread of SARS-CoV-2. The tool is an online resource based on key behavioural evidence-based risk factors related to contracting and spreading SARS-CoV-2. This article describes the development of the tool, the produced resources, the associated open repository, and...
Article
Résumé Contexte Les lésions musculaires des ischio-jambiers sont fréquentes dans les sports impliquant de la course à grande vitesse et peuvent avoir diverses conséquences. Des programmes de prévention ont été élaborés pour réduire le risque de survenue de ces blessures, mais dans la pratique, et en dehors du contexte expérimental, leur efficacité...
Chapter
Cet ouvrage s’inscrit dans la longue tradition de diffusion des connaissances et travaux des chercheurs et praticiens de la psychologie de la santé par l’Association Francophone de Psychologie de la Santé (AFPSA). Il fait suite au 10e congrès de l’association qui s’est tenu à Metz en 2018 et qui avait pour thème "Pratiques et interventions en psych...
Article
Full-text available
L'Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) alerte la population mondiale au sujet du manque d'ac-tivité physique (AP) et présente la sédentarité comme quatrième facteur de risque de décès dans le monde. « Par rapport à des in-dividus moins actifs, les personnes ayant une activité physique régu-lière et suffisante présentent un taux de mortalité infé...
Article
Full-text available
Une activité physique régulière est recommandée à la population générale, mais on peut se demander ce qu’il en est des groupes de personnes ayant des be- soins spécifiques. Moyennant quelques adaptations, l’activité physique serait également profitable à des populations vulnérables, ou des groupes de patients, et notamment les patients atteints de...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate the efficacy of mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) on eating disorder (ED) symptoms and related outcomes such as BMI, body dissatisfaction, emotion regulation, and negative affect. It also examined moderators that predicted larger intervention effects. Methods A search for studi...
Article
Résumé La pleine conscience pourrait permettre de réduire l’impulsivité alimentaire et augmenter la motivation à pratiquer des activités physiques, à condition d’être pratiquée quotidiennement par des individus souffrant d’obésité et de trouble de binge eating. L’objectif est de tester l’efficacité d’une intervention à distance basée sur la pleine...
Article
This study aimed to examine the associations of lifetime traumatic experience with presurgery and postsurgery eating pathology and postoperative weight loss in a sample of adult bariatric surgery patients using electronic medical record (EMR) data. Presurgery lifetime exposure to traumatic event, presurgery and postsurgery dysfunctional eating patt...
Thesis
Le vécu d'événements traumatiques est associé à l'obésité adulte, et cette association s'expliquerait par l'apparition de troubles alimentaires. D'autre part, il semblerait que l'exposition à une expérience traumatique soit associée à des déficits dans la régulation des émotions, eux-mêmes associés à une prévalence plus élevée de troubles alimentai...
Article
Background: The current investigation is the first large-scale population-based study from France that documents the association between excess body weight and common psychiatric disorders, and examines the influence of gender on the association between excess body weight and these disorders. A recent plan has been implemented in France to treat t...
Article
Physical activity has been shown to reduce anxiety and/or depression levels in patients with chronic physical diseases as well as healthy individuals. Similarly, mindfulness- and acceptance-based interventions have also been shown to reduce levels of anxiety and depression. Furthermore, recent research suggests that mindfulness is also associated w...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mindfulness-based interventions for healthy behaviors such as exercise and dietary modifications have aroused growing interest. This study aims to test the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention for the reduction of impulsive eating and the improvement of motivation to exercise among obese individuals. Methods: One-hundred-an...
Article
Binge eating and mood disorders are highly comorbid, but psychological therapies solely target on one or the other. The current clinical case report aims to describe one application of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with mindfulness training for binge eating and bipolar disorders. Treatment in a 49-year-old female consisted of 12 weekly individ...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to characterize the relationships between intrinsic motivation toward physical activity, mindfulness, and physical activity level. We measured self-reported mindfulness, motivational regulation toward exercise, and physical activity level in 280 French students. Analyses conducted on 244 participants revealed that self-reported mind...
Article
This study examined the contribution of situational probability information to the perceptual and cognitive processes underlying decision-making behaviour during in situ Karate performance. Experts and novices were required to make decisions about various attacks in different fight scenarios. The order in which the fight situations were presented w...
Chapter
La pratique du dressage en vue de la compétition engendre des difficultés qui dépassent les compétences techniques : gestion de sa capacité à mémoriser des mouvements, à se les représenter dans l’espace, à les enchaîner avec un équidé qui peut se comporter parfois très différemment une fois sur le carré par rapport à l’entrainement, imprévus extern...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Passenger air transport has considerably increased in the past 50 yr. It is estimated that between 7 and 40% of the population of industrialized countries is currently afraid of flying. Programs treating the fear of flying have been developed to meet this problem. This study measures the effectiveness of one of these programs by focusi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Laboratory-based studies in sport science have limited value if they do not faithfully replicate performance levels seen in the natural environment. Vine et al. (2014) demonstrated that in stressful conditions, a modification of the quiet eye is observed commensurate with a performance drop in putting. However, Fournier and Bernier (2013), when com...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The first aim of this project is to describe the effect of expertise on anticipation and on gaze behavior in real game setting. Then, the second aim is to understand the effects of fatigue on anticipation and gaze behavior. The link with performance is also studied.
Project
Athletes are exposed to a high risk of injury when playing sport (Sumilo & Stewart-Brown, 2006 ; Van Mechelen et al., 1996). The adoption of behaviors such as warming and recovery routines could decrease the risk of being injured. In order to design effective theory-based interventions to change such behaviors, there is a need to identify the most predictive determinants of warming and recovery behaviors (Crutzen, Peters, & Noijen, 2017). The Theory of Planned behaviors (TPB; Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA; Schwarzer, 2008) proposed models of health behavior change determinants for a series of behaviors (e.g., physical exercise, diet, dental flossing). While no study examined the socio-cognitive determinants of behaviors preventing sport injury has been conducted, we cannot have any specific hypothesis. However, as for other health behaviors, we can expect higher scores of health behavior change determinants in athletes who perform warming and/or recovery routines when compared to others who do not perform such behaviors. Pre-registration in Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/xt8sm
Archived project
Stress and anxiety are associated with increased risk of sport injury (Appaneal & Habif, 2013). Emotional stimuli inherent to sport competitions are seen as an additional difficulty for athletes with high trait-anxiety. Emotional competencies could help athletes to identify, express, understand, regulate, and use their emotions and others’ emotions. However, emotional competencies seem to be lower in high trait-anxiety individuals (Brasseur et al., 2013). While most studies investigate the impact of stress on injuries or sport performance, this study aims at investigating the impact of trait-anxiety on sport injury. Additionally, measuring emotional competencies will allow to identify the role of such competencies on the anxiety-injury relationship. Pre-regestration in Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/7sze6