Alexey Shpenev

Alexey Shpenev
University of Pennsylvania | UP · Penn Social Norms Group

Doctor of Philosophy

About

13
Publications
1,072
Reads
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25
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - December 2019
University of Pennsylvania
Position
  • Fellow
May 2015 - July 2017
University of Pennsylvania
Position
  • Instructor
Description
  • Instructor in Health of Populations and Social Statistics
Education
August 2013 - August 2017
University of Pennsylvania
Field of study
  • Demography and Sociology

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
Full-text available
In low- and middle-income countries, poor autonomy prevents women from making financial decisions, which may impact their access to improved sanitation facilities. Inadequate access to improved sanitation disproportionately affects women’s and children’s health and wellbeing. Although socio-cultural factors are known contributors to gender inequity...
Article
Full-text available
Background Inconsistent toilet usage is a continuing challenge in India. Despite the impact of social expectations on toilet usage, few programs and studies have developed theoretically grounded norm-centric behavior change interventions to increase toilet use in low-income settings. Objective The objective of this paper is to detail the rationale...
Article
Full-text available
Social sanctions can be effective for sustaining beneficial norms by harnessing the power of social pressure and peer monitoring. Yet, field evidence regarding how norms might be linked to perceived risk of sanction is limited. In this study, we focused on communities located in peri-urban areas of Tamil Nadu, India, and examined how people’s perce...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Inconsistent toilet usage is a continuing challenge in India. Despite the impact of social expectations on toilet usage, few programs and studies have developed theoretically grounded norm-centric behavior change interventions to increase toilet use in low-income settings. OBJECTIVE The objective of this paper is to detail the rationale...
Article
Full-text available
People often form perceptions about how prevalent a behavior is in a social group. However, these perceptions can be inaccurate and biased. While persistent undesirable practices in low-income countries have drawn global attention, evidence regarding people's perception of how prevalent these practices are is scarce. Among those harmful practices,...
Preprint
Social sanctions can be effective in sustaining beneficial norms by harnessing the power of social pressure and peer monitoring. Previous laboratory experiments showed people perceived the deviator as more punishable when the socially desirable behaviors were more prevalent. Yet, there is limited field evidence on whether this relationship is obser...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: Inconsistent toilet usage is a continuing challenge in India. Despite the impact of social expectations on toilet usage, few programs and studies have developed theoretically grounded norms-centric behavior change interventions to increase toilet use in low-income settings. This protocol details the rationale and design of an ex-ante,...
Preprint
People often form perceptions about how prevalent a behavior is in a social group. However, these perceptions can be inaccurate and biased. While persistent undesirable practices in low-income countries have drawn global attention, evidence regarding people’s perception of how prevalent these practices are is scarce. Among those harmful practices,...
Article
Education is among the strongest socioeconomic predictors of health and mortality. However, the social nature of the relationship of education and health is rarely taken into account. ^ The first chapter of the dissertation looks into how macrosocial context can influence this association. I investigate the changes in the educational gradient in he...
Article
Every country faces what economists call an intertemporal (across time) budget constraint, which requires that its government’s future expenditures, including the servicing of its outstanding official debt, be covered by its government’s future receipts when measured in present value. The difference between the present value of a country’s future e...