Alexej Jerschow

Alexej Jerschow
New York University | NYU

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163
Publications
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5,158
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Publications

Publications (163)
Preprint
A proposal of quantum cognition advances the hypothesis that quantum entanglement between 31P nuclei could serve as a means of information storage in the brain. Testing this hypothesis requires an understanding of how long-lived these quantum effects may be. We used NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations to study the mechanisms that li...
Preprint
A proposal of quantum cognition advances the hypothesis that quantum entanglement between 31P nuclei could serve as a means of information storage in the brain. Testing this hypothesis requires an understanding of how long-lived these quantum effects may be. We used NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations to study the mechanisms that li...
Preprint
Full-text available
The structure and dynamics of aqueous ions such as lithium, sodium, or potassium play a pivotal role in biology and in many industrial applications. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxometry represents a powerful tool for extracting dynamic information, but obtaining detailed links to molecular motion can be challenging. The relaxation for many...
Chapter
Rechargeable batteries form a key technology for providing portable energy and are used in many applications such as mobile computing, communications, electric mobility, and consumer devices. Complementary techniques are desirable to provide insights into the processes of commercial batteries. Battery diagnostics is essential to rule out manufactur...
Article
Full-text available
Recent progress in MRI methods development led to a novel concept for operando screening of commercial battery cells. Sensing electrochemical processes inside an operating cell can be done via the detection of associated magnetic fields. This concept is based entirely on the classic phenomenon described by Ampère's circuital and Biot–Savart laws. A...
Article
Nuclear spin singlet states are often found to allow long-lived storage of nuclear magnetization, which can form the basis of novel applications in spectroscopy, imaging, and in studies of dynamic processes. Precisely how long such polarization remains intact, and which factors affect its lifetime is often difficult to determine and predict. We pre...
Preprint
Nuclear spin singlet states are often found to allow long lived storage of nuclear magnetization, which can form the basis of novel applications in spectroscopy, imaging, and in studies of dynamic processes. Precisely how long such polarization remains intact, and which factors affect its lifetime is often difficult to determine and predict. We pre...
Article
31P NMR spectroscopy and the study of nuclear spin singlet relaxation phenomena are of interest in particular due to the importance of phosphorus-containing compounds in physiology. We report the generation and measurement of relaxation of 31P singlet order in a chemically equivalent but magnetically inequivalent case. Nuclear magnetic resonance si...
Article
We report here evidence for the generation of 7Li multiple-quantum coherences in aqueous solutions outside of regimes where conventional multiple-quantum coherences due to alignment or quadrupolar relaxation could be observed. These coherences are shown to observe nonlinear behavior as a function of concentration, and hence these effects can be ide...
Article
Full-text available
Sensitive and accurate diagnostic technologies with magnetic sensors are of great importance for identifying and localizing defects of rechargeable solid batteries using noninvasive detection. We demonstrate a microwave-free alternating current (AC) magnetometry method with negatively charged NV centers in diamond based on a cross-relaxation featur...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sensitive and accurate diagnostic technologies with magnetic sensors are of great importance for identifying and localizing defects of rechargeable solid batteries in a noninvasive detection. We demonstrate a microwave-free AC magnetometry method with negatively charged NV centers in diamond based on a cross-relaxation feature between NV centers an...
Article
Batteries share their “health problems” and “memories” of hazardous life-cycle events via DC-induced magnetic field patterns revealed by MRI.
Article
We study the aqueous solvation dynamics of lithium ions using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, molecular dynamics, and viscosity measurements. Several relaxation mechanisms are examined to explain the strong increases of spin-lattice relaxation toward high concentrations. The use of both ⁶Li and ⁷Li isotopes is helpful to identify the quadr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Solid state battery technology is motivated by the desire to deliver flexible power storage in a safe and efficient manner. The increasingly widespread use of batteries from mass-production facilities highlights the need for a rapid and sensitive diagnostic for identifying battery defects. We demonstrate the use of atomic magnetometry to measure th...
Article
Rechargeable battery cells are notoriously difficult to analyze. Conductive casings and the close spacing between electrode layers prevent the penetration of radiofrequency into the active compartment, and thus preclude direct nuclear magnetic resonance studies of cells unless they are specifically designed for such studies. Recently, an inside‐out...
Article
Full-text available
Rechargeable batteries are notoriously difficult to examine nondestructively, and the obscurity of many failure modes provides a strong motivation for developing efficient and detailed diagnostic techniques that can provide information during realistic operating conditions. In-situ NMR spectroscopy has become a powerful technique for the study of e...
Article
Power storage devices such as batteries are a crucial part of modern technology. The development and use of batteries has accelerated in the past decades, yet there are only a few techniques that allow gathering vital information from battery cells in a nonivasive fashion. A widely used technique to investigate batteries is electrical impedance spe...
Preprint
Power storage devices such as batteries are a crucial part of modern technology. The development and use of batteries has accelerated in the past decades, yet there are only a few techniques that allow gathering vital information from battery cells in a nonivasive fashion. A widely used technique to investigate batteries is electrical impedance spe...
Article
The ever-increasing demand for high-capacity rechargeable batteries highlights the need for sensitive and accurate diagnostic technology for determining the state of a cell, for identifying and localizing defects, and for sensing capacity loss mechanisms. Here, we leverage atomic magnetometry to map the weak induced magnetic fields around Li-ion ba...
Article
Full-text available
A variety of pulse sequences have been described for converting nuclear spin magnetisation into long-lived singlet order for nuclear spin-1/2 pairs. Existing sequences operate well in two extreme parameter regimes. The magnetisation-to-singlet (M2S) pulse sequence performs a robust conversion of nuclear spin magnetisation into singlet order in the...
Article
The lithium-ion cell is the leading electric energy storage technology reducing the environmental impact of fossil fuels. Their high energy density makes Li-ion batteries inherently dangerous due to the possibility of thermal runaway. Pre-release battery diagnostics incorporated at the final stages of cell manufacturing can improve personal and pub...
Article
Full-text available
Non-invasive measurement of absolute temperature is important for proper characterization of various pathologies and for evaluation of thermal dose during interventional procedures. The proton (hydrogen nucleus) magnetic resonance (MR) frequency shift method can be used to map relative temperature changes. However, spatiotemporal variations in the...
Article
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of electrochemical devices have become powerful tools for the in situ investigation of electrochemical processes. The techniques often take advantage of NMR's nondestructive/noninvasive properties, its sensitivity to frequency shifts, internal interactions, and trans...
Article
Batteries and their defects are notoriously difficult to analyze non-destructively, and consequently, many defects and failures remain little noticed and characterized until they cause grave damage. The measurement of the current density distributions inside a battery could reveal information about deviations from ideal cell behavior, and could thu...
Article
Safety risks associated with modern high energy-dense rechargeable cells highlight the need for advanced battery screening technologies. A common rechargeable cell exposed to a uniform magnetic field creates a characteristic field perturbation due to the inherent magnetism of electrochemical materials. The perturbation pattern depends on the design...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ever-increasing demand for high-capacity rechargeable batteries highlights the need for sensitive and accurate diagnostic technology for determining the state of a cell, for identifying and localizing defects, or for sensing capacity loss mechanisms. Here, we demonstrate the use of atomic magnetometry to map the weak induced magnetic fields aro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Non-invasive measurement of absolute temperature is important for proper characterization of various pathologies and for evaluation of thermal dose during interventional procedures. The proton magnetic resonance (MR) frequency shift method can be used to map relative temperature changes in tissues; however, spatiotemporal variations in the main mag...
Article
Although magnetization transfer (MT) has been widely used in brain MRI, for example in brain inflammation and multiple sclerosis, the detailed molecular origin of MT effects and the role that proteins play in MT remain unclear. In this work, a proteoliposome model system was used to mimic the myelin environment and to examine the roles of protein,...
Article
The examination and optimized preparation of nuclear spin singlet order has enabled the development of new types of applications that rely on potentially long-term polarization storage. Lifetimes several orders of magnitude longer than T1 have been observed. The efficient creation of such states relies on special pulse sequences, which so far have...
Preprint
Full-text available
The manuscript investigates the role of the chemical shift difference between two exchanging pools under a spin-lock RF field. The results demonstrate that the width of the dispersion of R1rho is determined mainly by the chemical shift difference when the exchange is slow. This work may give a new insight into the spin dynamics under a spin-lock co...
Article
In this work, optimal control theory was used to design efficient excitation schemes in highly conductive materials, where both the radio frequency field strength and phase vary as a function of penetration depth. A pulse was designed to achieve phase alignment between signals at different depths within the conductor and thus to obtain higher signa...
Preprint
In the context of NMR spectroscopy and MRI, the principle of reciprocity provides a convenient method for determining the reception sensitivity from the transmitted rf field pattern. The reciprocity principle for NMR was originally described by Hoult et al. [J. Magn. Reson. (1976),24, 71], and can be seen as being based on the broader Lorentz recip...
Article
We examine here the exchange of Li ions between electrolyte and metallic lithium with 7Li NMR spectroscopy. The measurements quantify the liquid-solid exchange processes, as well as the growth of a solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer. A numerical model including diffusion in the solid phase through atom hopping, radiofrequency penetration cons...
Article
Full-text available
When and why does a rechargeable battery lose capacity or go bad? This is a question that is surprisingly difficult to answer; yet, it lies at the heart of progress in the fields of consumer electronics, electric vehicles, and electrical storage. The difficulty is related to the limited amount of information one can obtain from a cell without takin...
Article
Full-text available
Exchange between conformational states is required for biomolecular catalysis, allostery, and folding. A variety of NMR experiments have been developed to quantify motional regimes ranging from nanoseconds to seconds. In this work, we describe an approach to speed up the acquisition of chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) experiments that a...
Article
In the context of NMR spectroscopy and MRI, the principle of reciprocity provides a convenient method for determining the reception sensitivity from the transmitted rf field pattern. The reciprocity principle for NMR was originally described by Hoult et al (J Magn Reson. 1976;24:71) and is related to the broader Lorentz reciprocity principle and si...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial resolution of traditional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques is typically dictated by the strength of the applied magnetic field gradients, resulting in hard resolution limits of the order of 20–50 μm in favorable circumstances. We demonstrate here a technique which is suitable for the interrogation of regions at specified dist...
Article
Full-text available
The extension of the Bloch equations for acid-base reactions in an aqueous solution is revisited. The acid-base reactions are second order, and several reactions catalyzed by distinct catalysts may happen simultaneously. By constructing pseudo first-order reactions and assuming fast dissemination of protons from catalysts to solvent water, this ext...
Article
Nuclear spin singlet lifetimes can often exceed the T1 length scales by a large factor. This property makes them suitable for polarization storage. The measurement of such long lifetimes itself can become challenging due to the influence of even very weak relaxation mechanisms. Here we show that a judicious choice of the singlet-to-triplet conversi...
Patent
Full-text available
Apparatus, system, method and computer-readable medium for isolating chemical exchange saturation transfer contrast from magnetization transfer asymmetry under two-frequency RF irradiation. A two-pool model for magnetization transfer (MT) can be established fully based on Provotorov's theory of saturation, and then extended to the situation of simu...
Article
The mechanism of magnetization transfer (MT) in a lyotropic liquid crystal made of sodium dodecyl sulfate, decanol, and water molecules is investigated by using deuterated molecules and single- and dual-frequency RF irradiations. The resulting Z-spectra suggest that the decanol molecules are mainly responsible for the MT effects in this system, thr...
Article
Reindeer skin clothing has been an essential component in the lives of indigenous people of the arctic and sub-arctic regions, keeping them warm during harsh winters. However, the skin processing technology, which often conveys the history and tradition of the indigenous group, has not been well documented. In this study, NMR spectra and relaxation...
Article
Lithium metal is a promising anode material for Li-ion batteries due to its high theoretical specific capacity and low potential. The growth of dendrites is a major barrier to the development of high capacity, rechargeable Li batteries with lithium metal anodes, and hence, significant efforts have been undertaken to develop new electrolytes and sep...
Article
Triple Quantum Filters (TQFs) are frequently used for the selection of bi-exponentially relaxing spin 3/2 nuclei (in particular ²³Na) in ordered environments, such as biological tissues. These methods provide an excellent selection of slow-motion spins, but their sensitivity is generally low, and coherence selection requirements may lead to long ex...
Article
Full-text available
One of the major challenges in using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to study immobile samples, such as solid materials or rigid tissues like bone or ligaments, is that the images appear dark due to these samples short-lived signals. Although it is well known that narrowband signals can be excited in inhomogeneously-broadened lines, it is less wel...
Article
The synthesis of a hyperpolarized molecule was developed, where the polarization and the singlet state were preserved over two controlled chemical steps. Nuclear singlet-state lifetimes close to 6 min for protons are reported in dimethyl fumarate. Owing to the high symmetry (AA'X3 X3 ' and A2 systems), the singlet-state readout requires either a ch...
Article
Understanding the behavior of tablet disintegrants is valuable in the development of pharmaceutical solid dosage formulations. In this study, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging has been used to understand the hydration behavior of a series of commercial sodium starch glycolate (SSG) samples, providing robust estimates of tablet disintegrati...
Article
Full-text available
A chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) experiment can be performed in an ultrafast fashion if a gradient field is applied simultaneously with the saturation pulse. This approach has been demonstrated for studying dia- and para-magnetic CEST agents, hyperpolarized Xe gas and in vivo spectroscopy. In this study we present a simple method for...
Article
Lithium dendrite growth in lithium-ion and lithium rechargeable batteries is associated with severe safety concerns. To overcome these problems, a fundamental understanding of the growth mechanism of dendrites under working conditions is needed. In this work, in situ (7)Li magnetic resonance (MRI) is performed on both the electrolyte and lithium me...
Article
Full-text available
Hyperpolarized singlet states provide the opportunity for polarization storage over periods significantly longer than T1. Here, we show how the singlet state in a chemically equivalent proton spin system can be revealed by a weak power spin-lock. This procedure allowed the measurement of the lifetimes of the singlet state in protic solvents. The co...
Article
Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) has been an intensive research area in MRI, providing contrast mechanisms for the amplified detection and monitoring of biomarkers and physiologically active molecules. In biological tissues and organs, many endogenous CEST agents coexist, and their CEST effects may overlap. The interpretation of such ov...
Article
The growth of lithium microstructures during battery cycling has, to date, prohibited the use of Li metal anodes and raises serious safety concerns even in conventional lithium-ion rechargeable batteries, particularly if they are charged at high rates. The electrochemical conditions under which these Li microstructures grow have, therefore, been in...
Article
Chemical Exchange Saturation Transfer (CEST) magnetic resonance experiments have become valuable tools in magnetic resonance for the detection of low concentration solutes with far greater sensitivity than direct detection methods. Accurate measures of rates of chemical exchange provided by CEST are of particular interest to biomedical imaging comm...
Article
The study of arctic or sub-arctic indigenous skin clothing, known for its design and ability to keep the body warm, not only provides information about the tanning materials and techniques, but also provides clues about the culture that created it, since tanning processes are often specific to certain indigenous groups. Untreated skin samples, and...
Article
The last decade has seen an intensified interest in the development and use of electrochemical double-layer capacitors, fuelled by the availability of new electrode materials. The use of nanoporous carbons, in particular, with extremely high surface areas for ion adsorption has enabled the development of working devices with significantly increased...
Article
Sodium NMR spectroscopy and MRI have become popular in recent years through the increased availability of high-field MRI scanners, advanced scanner hardware and improved methodology. Sodium MRI is being evaluated for stroke and tumor detection, for breast cancer studies, and for the assessment of osteoarthritis and muscle and kidney functions, to n...
Article
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have become important techniques in many research areas. One major limitation is the relatively low sensitivity of these methods, which recently has been addressed by hyperpolarization. However, once hyperpolarization is imparted on a molecule, the magnetization typi...
Article
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have become important techniques in many research areas. One major limitation is the relatively low sensitivity of these methods, which recently has been addressed by hyperpolarization. However, once hyperpolarization is imparted on a molecule, the magnetization typi...
Article
While experiments on metals have been performed since the early days of NMR (and DNP), the use of bulk metal is normally avoided. Instead, often powders have been used in combination with low fields, so that skin depth effects could be neglected. Another complicating factor of acquiring NMR spectra or MRI images of bulk metal is the strong signal d...
Chapter
Over the last two decades, there have been numerous exciting developments in the surgical field of articular cartilage repair. Magnetic resonance imaging plays a critical role in pre-operative surgical planning, through its ability to identify the extent and severity of cartilage lesions. It also plays an important role in post-operative management...
Article
The development of chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) and magnetization transfer (MT) contrast in MRI have enabled the enhanced detection of metabolites and biomarkers in vivo. In brain MRI, the separation between CEST and MT contrast has been particularly difficult due to overlaps in the frequency responses of the contrast mechanisms. We...
Article
Full-text available
The tuning and matching conditions of rf circuits, as well as the properties of the transmission lines connecting these to the preamplifier, have direct consequences for NMR probe sensitivity and as for the optimum delivery of rf power to the sample. In addi-tion, tuning/matching conditions influence radiation damping effects, which manifest them-s...
Article
When working with hyperpolarized species, it is often difficult to maintain a stable level of magnetization over consecutive experiments, which renders their detection at the trace level cumbersome, even when combined with chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST). We report herein the use of ultra-fast Z-spectroscopy as a powerful means to dete...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy detected by recording and processing the noise originating from nuclei that have not been subjected to any radio frequency excitation. The method relies on cross-correlation of two noise blocks that bracket the evolution and mixing periods. While the sensitivity of the experiment is low in conventional...
Article
Development of NMR methods: A fast method is reported to obtain Z-spectra for studying magnetization transfer and chemical exchange saturation transfer phenomena in homogeneous systems. The method exploits gradient fields to irradiate a given system and to acquire the z polarization of water protons simultaneously at many frequency offsets.
Chapter
A comprehensive description of how to record nuclear spin noise spectra on state-of-the-art commercial NMR spectrometers is given here, followed by a discussion of the current understanding of the physical underpinnings in a simplified manner. Several recent experimental manifestations and applications of the spin noise phenomenon such as spin nois...
Chapter
The product operator formalism provides a convenient and powerful framework for analyzing NMR pulse sequences. Its appeal arises from the ability to bridge the gap between the classical vector picture and the density matrix formalism. Once product operator rules are established, it is possible to analyze pulse sequences without any knowledge of qua...
Article
Several important neurotransmitter precursors were hyperpolarized via homogeneous hydrogenation with parahydrogen. Polarization enhancement was achieved for (1)H and (13)C spins by several orders of magnitude compared to thermal spectra. Such large signal enhancements of these molecules could facilitate neurotransmitter studies.